Detarioideae

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Detarioideae
Brownea-grandiceps-Lemaire-1850.jpg
Brownea grandiceps Lemaire 1850
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Detarioideae
Burmeist. 1837[1]
Type genus
Detarium
Juss.
Tribes and genera

See text.

Synonyms
  • Amherstieae Benth.
  • Detariaceae J. Hess
  • Detarieae DC.
  • Tamarindaceae Martinov

The subfamily Detarioideae is one of the subdivisions of the plant family Fabaceae (legumes). This subfamily includes many tropical trees, some of which are used for timber or have ecological importance. The subfamily consists of 84 genera, most of which are native to Africa and Asia. Pride of Burma (Amherstia nobilis) and tamarind (Tamarindus indica) are two of the most notable species in Detarioideae. It has the following clade-based definition:

The most inclusive crown clade containing Goniorrhachis marginata Taub. and Aphanocalyx cynometroides Oliv., but not Cercis canadensis L., Duparquetia orchidacea Baill., or Bobgunnia fistuloides (Harms) J. H. Kirkbr. & Wiersema.[1]

Taxonomy[edit]

Detarioideae comprises the following tribes and genera:[1][2]

Schotieae[edit]

Barnebydendreae[edit]

Detarieae[edit]

Saraceae[edit]

Afzelieae[edit]

Amherstieae[edit]

Phylogenetics[edit]

Detarioideae exhibits the following phylogenetic relationships:[2][6][7][8][9][10]

Fabales

Cercideae clade (outgroup)

Detarioideae
Schotieae

Schotia

Barnebydendreae

Goniorrachis

Barnebydendron

Detarieae

Hardwickia

Colophospermum

Prioria

Brandzeia

Daniellia

Detarieae sensu stricto

Stemonocoleus

Augouardia

Eurypetalum

Eperua

Peltogyne

Guibourtia pro parte

Hymenaea

Guibourtia pro parte

Hylodendron

Gilletiodendron

Baikiaea

Detarium

Sindoropsis

Copaifera

Sindora

Tessmannia

Saraceae

Endertia

Lysidice

Saraca

Afzelieae

Brodriguesia

Afzelia

Intsia

Amherstieae

Amherstia

Brownea Clade[11][12]

Elizabetha

Heterostemon

Macrolobium

Ecuadendron

Brownea

Paloue

Tamarindus

Humboldtia

Paramacrolobium

Cryptosepalum

Polystemonanthus

Dicymbe

Cynometra pro parte

Loesenera

Talbotiella

Leonardoxa

Hymenostegia

Zenkerella

Gabonius

Annea

Scorodophloeus

Crudia pro parte

Neochevalierodendron

Crudia pro parte

Normandiodendron

Plagiosiphon

Cynometra pro parte

Maniltoa

Englerodendron

Isomacrolobium

Anthonotha

Oddoniodendron

Isoberlinia

Berlinia

Microberlinia + "Babjit" Clade

Microberlinia

Brachystegia

Julbernardia

Icuria

Aphanocalyx

Tetraberlinia

Bikinia

Didelotia

Librevillea

Gilbertiodendron

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c The Legume Phylogeny Working Group (LPWG). (2017). "A new subfamily classification of the Leguminosae based on a taxonomically comprehensive phylogeny". Taxon. 66 (1): 44–77. doi:10.12705/661.3. 
  2. ^ a b de la Estrella M, Forest F, Klitgård B, Lewis GP, Mackinder BA, de Queiroz LP, Wieringa JJ, Bruneau A. (2018). "A new phylogeny-based tribal classification of subfamily Detarioideae, an early branching clade of florally diverse tropical arborescent legumes". Scientific Reports. 8: 6884. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-24687-3. 
  3. ^ Mackinder BA, Wieringa JJ (2013). "Annea gen. nov. (Detarieae, Caesalpinioideae, Leguminosae), a home for two species long misplaced in Hymenostegia sensu lato". Phytotaxa. 142 (1): 1–14. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.142.1.1. 
  4. ^ Wieringa JJ, Mackinder BA, Van Proosdij ASJ (2013). "Gabonius gen. nov.(Leguminosae, Caesalpinioideae, Detarieae), a distant cousin of Hymenostegia endemic to Gabon". Phytotaxa. 142 (1): 15–24. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.142.1.2. 
  5. ^ Breteler FJ (2008). "Anthonotha and Isomacrolobium (Leguminosae, Caesalpinioideae): Two distinct genera". Systematics and Geography of Plants. 78 (2): 137–144. JSTOR 20649759. 
  6. ^ Bruneau A, Forest F, Herendeen PS, Klitgaard BB, Lewis GP (2001). "Phylogenetic relationships in the Caesalpinioideae (Leguminosae) as inferred from chloroplast trnL intron sequences". Syst Bot. 26 (3): 487–514. doi:10.1043/0363-6445-26.3.487. 
  7. ^ Bruneau A, Mercure M, Lewis GP, Herendeen PS (2008). "Phylogenetic patterns and diversification in the caesalpinioid legumes". Botany. 86 (7): 697–718. doi:10.1139/B08-058. 
  8. ^ Cardoso D, Pennington RT, de Queiroz LP, Boatwright JS, Van Wykd BE, Wojciechowskie MF, Lavin M (2013). "Reconstructing the deep-branching relationships of the papilionoid legumes". S. Afr. J. Bot. 89: 58–75. doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2013.05.001. 
  9. ^ de la Estrella M, Wieringa JJ, Mackinder B, van der Burgt X, Devesa JA, Bruneau A (2014). "Phylogenetic analysis of the African genus Gilbertiodendron J. Léonard and related genera (Leguminosae-Caesalpinioideae-Detarieae)". International Journal of Plant Sciences. 175 (9): 975–985. doi:10.1086/677648. 
  10. ^ Mackinder BA, Saslis-Lagoudakis H, Wieringa JJ, Devey D, Forest F, Bruneau A (2013). "The tropical African legume Scorodophloeus clade includes two undescribed Hymenostegia segregate genera and Micklethwaitia, a rare, monospecific genus from Mozambique". S. Afr. J. Bot. 89: 156–163. doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2013.07.002. 
  11. ^ Redden RM, Herendeen PS (2006). "Morphology and Phylogenetic Analysis of Paloue and Related Genera in the Brownea Clade (Detarieae, Caesalpinioideae)". 167. 6: 1229–1246. doi:10.1086/508065. 
  12. ^ Redden KM, Herendeen PS, Wurdack KJ, Bruneau A (2010). "Phylogenetic Relationships of the Northeastern South American Brownea Clade of Tribe Detarieae (Leguminosae: Caesalpinioideae) Based on Morphology and Molecular Data". Syst Bot. 35 (3): 524–533. doi:10.1600/036364410792495863.