Detroit Arsenal (Warren, Michigan)

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Detroit Army Arsenal
Part of U.S. Army Tank-automotive and Armaments Command
Warren, Michigan
US Army Detroit Tank Plant.jpg
The plant floor in 1942
TypeTACOM
  • Research, Development and Engineering Center
  • Life Cycle Management Command
Site information
Controlled byUS Army Installation Management Command
Garrison information
GarrisonUS Army Garrison - Detroit Army Arsenal

Detroit Arsenal (DTA), formerly Detroit Arsenal Tank Plant (DATP) was the first manufacturing plant ever built for the mass production of tanks in the United States. Established in 1940 under Chrysler, the plant was owned by the U.S. government until 1996. It was designed by architect Albert Kahn. The building was designed originally as a "dual production facility", so that it could make armaments and be turned into peaceful production at war's end.[1] Notwithstanding its name, the 113-acre (0.46 km2) site was located in Warren, Michigan, Detroit's most populous suburb.[2]

History[edit]

US Army Detroit Arsenal, 2013.

Chrysler's construction effort at the plant in 1941 was one of the fastest on record.[3] The first tanks rumbled out of the plant before its complete construction.[4]

During World War II, the Detroit Arsenal Tank Plant built a quarter of the 89,568 tanks produced in the U.S. overall. The Korean War boosted production for the first time since World War II had ended; the government would suspend tank production after each war. In May 1952, Chrysler resumed control from the army, which had been unable to ramp up production.[1]

External image
image icon Aerial view of the site, 2006[5]

As a government-owned, contractor operated (GOCO) facility, Chrysler retained operational control of the production facility until March 1982, when Chrysler sold its Chrysler Defense division to General Dynamics Land Systems. General Dynamics produced the M1 Abrams tank at the facility (and at another plant in Lima, Ohio) until 1996, when the plant was closed and tank assembly and maintenance operations were consolidated[6] at the Lima plant.[7] The plant and some of the adjoining property were transferred to the City of Warren[8] in 2001. The site of the original tank plant has been parcelled up and is now dedicated to civilian uses.[9]

This important production site of the Arsenal of Democracy is memorialized by a Michigan Historical Marker.[10]

The structure of the plant was designed to survive bombardment by the weapons of the day. It included 3-foot-thick (0.91 m) concrete walls in some areas and a reinforced roof with slats to direct bombs away from vulnerable windows and exhaust fans.

The portion of the property not sold to the city remains an active Army facility with many agencies present. The installation is managed by Installation Management Command (IMCOM) and hosts the headquarters of the United States Army CCDC Ground Vehicle Systems Center (GVSC), formerly United States Army Tank Automotive Research, Development and Engineering Center (TARDEC),[11] and it hosts the United States Army TACOM Life Cycle Management Command. TACOM continues to function at the location, and experienced a major building boom in the 2010s.[12]

Tenant units[edit]

Tanks produced[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Upheaval at the Arsenal". Time. May 26, 1952. Archived from the original on October 24, 2008. Retrieved May 21, 2011.
  2. ^ "Pure Michigan, Arsenal of Democracy". Ref.michigan.org. July 28, 2010. Archived from the original on June 1, 2009. Retrieved May 21, 2011.
  3. ^ Dennis Adler (2000). Chrysler. MotorBooks International. p. 68. ISBN 978-1-61060-871-8.
  4. ^ Ogbac, Stefan (December 29, 2015). "Chrysler Revisits Its Involvement in World War II: Tanks, turrets, airplanes, and Power Wagons" (Photos, Video). Motor Trend. Retrieved December 29, 2015.
  5. ^ Detroit Arsenal, Michigan, Center for Land Use Interpretation
  6. ^ "Closing of Detroit Arsenal Tank Plant" (Press release). August 12, 1996. Archived from the original on May 5, 2006.
  7. ^ "Land Use Distribution". Ludb.clui.org. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved May 21, 2011.
  8. ^ "U.S. Army TACOM Life Cycle Management Command History". Tacom.army.mil. Archived from the original on July 22, 2011. Retrieved May 21, 2011.
  9. ^ "City of Warren Community, Economic and Downtown Development". Cityofwarren.org. August 23, 2005. Archived from the original on May 20, 2011. Retrieved May 21, 2011.
  10. ^ "Michigan Historical Marker". Michmarkers.com. Archived from the original on March 15, 2010. Retrieved May 21, 2011.
  11. ^ Dasch, Jean M.; Gorsich, D.J. (2012). The TARDEC Story. Sixty-five Years of Innovation 1946-2010. US Army Tank Automotive Research, Development and Engineering Center.
  12. ^ "TACOM public website". Tacom.army.mil. Retrieved May 21, 2011.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°29′49″N 83°02′30″W / 42.49694°N 83.04167°W / 42.49694; -83.04167