Detroit Assembly

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Detroit Assembly (also known as Detroit Cadillac, Cadillac Assembly or Clark Street Assembly) was a General Motors automobile factory in Detroit, Michigan on Clark Avenue, south of Michigan Avenue (U.S. Route 12). It began operations in 1921 and Cadillac bodies were supplied by Fleetwood Metal Body in 1921 after Fisher Body assumed operations. It was the second location that built Cadillacs, when Cadillac originally started out as the Detroit Automobile Company, then the Henry Ford Company which was located at the intersection of Cass Street and Amsterdam Avenue.

In 1902, the Cadillac Motor Company began operations, and began building cars at the all new Clark Street facility in 1921, where the factory manufactured Cadillac models until December 23, 1987,[1] when production of Cadillac's full-size D-bodies moved to Arlington Assembly in Arlington, Texas, while production of downsized FWD DeVille/Fleetwood/Seville models were relocated to Detroit/Hamtramck Assembly and Orion Assembly by 1985. It is approximately 2 miles southeast of the original Lincoln factory located at 6200 West Warren Avenue.

All Cadillac vehicles were built only at this facility, with production of popular selling models later added to Linden, New Jersey, South Gate, California or Arlington, Texas in "knock down kits" starting in the 1930s to meet demand. The bodies were built by Fisher at Fleetwood Plant #18 at 261 W End St, and transferred by rail to Clark Street for final assembly.[2]

From 1984 to 1987, the plant also built the Oldsmobile 88 and Custom Cruiser, and the Chevrolet Caprice and Impala.

Detroit Assembly used the VIN codes "Q" and "9."

The site of the plant was redeveloped into the 88-acre Clark Street Technology Park in 1997 by General Motors and three other partners. It is now the location for Inland Waters Pollution Control.[3]

Vehicles Manufactured[edit]

Historical and classic, 1902-1949[edit]

Early Antique[edit]

  • 1902-1903 Cadillac Runabout and Tonneau — 72 in wheelbase single-cylinder engine
  • 1903-1904 Cadillac Model A — 72 in wheelbase single-cylinder engine
  • 1904 Cadillac Models A and B
    • Model A — 72 in wheelbase single-cylinder engine
    • Model B — 76 in wheelbase single-cylinder engine
  • 1905 Cadillac Models B, C, D, E and F
  • 1906 Cadillac Models H, K, L, and M
    • Model H — 102 in wheelbase four-cylinder engine
    • Model K — 74 in wheelbase single-cylinder engine
    • Model L — 110 in wheelbase four-cylinder engine
    • Model M — 76 in wheelbase single-cylinder engine
  • 1907 Cadillac Models G, H, K, and M
    • Model G — 100 in wheelbase four-cylinder engine
    • Model H — 102 in wheelbase four-cylinder engine
    • Model K — 74 in wheelbase single-cylinder engine
    • Model M — 76 in wheelbase single-cylinder engine
  • 1908 Cadillac Models G, H, M, S and T
    • Model G — 100 in wheelbase four-cylinder engine
    • Model H — 102 in wheelbase four-cylinder engine
    • Model M — 76 in wheelbase single-cylinder engine
    • Model S — 82 in wheelbase single-cylinder engine
    • Model T — 82 in wheelbase single-cylinder engine
  • 1909-1911 Cadillac Model Thirty
    • 1909 — 106 in wheelbase four-cylinder engine
    • 1910 — 110 in wheelbase; 120 in wheelbase (limousine) four-cylinder engine Fisher
    • 1911 — 116 in wheelbase four-cylinder engine Fisher
  • 1912 — Cadillac Model 1912; 116 in wheelbase four-cylinder engine Fisher
  • 1913 — Cadillac Model 1913; 120 in wheelbase four-cylinder engine Fisher
  • 1914 — Cadillac Model 1914; 120 and 134 in wheelbase four-cylinder engine Fisher
  • 1915 — Cadillac Type 51; 122  and 145 in wheelbase V8 Fisher
  • 1916 — Cadillac Type 53; 122  132  and 145 in wheelbase V8 Fisher
  • 1917 — Cadillac Type 55; 125  and 145 in wheelbase V8 Fisher
  • 1918-1919 Cadillac Type 57; 125  132  and 145 in wheelbase V8 Fisher

1920s[edit]

1930s[edit]

  • 1930 Cadillac Series 353, 370 and 452 Fisher Fleetwood
    • Series 353 — 140  and 152 in wheelbase V8 Fisher Fleetwood
    • Series 370 — 140  143  and 152 in wheelbase V12 Fisher Fleetwood
    • Series 452 — 148 in wheelbase V16 Fisher Fleetwood
  • 1931 Cadillac Series 355, 370-A and 452-A Fisher Fleetwood
    • Series 355 — 134  and 152 in wheelbase V8 Fleetwood
    • Series 370-A — 140  143  and 152 in wheelbase V12 Fleetwood
    • Series 452-A — 148 in wheelbase V16 Fisher Fleetwood
  • 1932 Cadillac Series 355-B, 370-B and 452-B Fisher Fleetwood
    • Series 355-B — 134  and 156 in wheelbase V8 Fisher Fleetwood
    • Series 370-B — 140  and 156 in wheelbase V12 Fisher Fleetwood
    • Series 452-B — 143 and 149 in wheelbase V16 Fisher Fleetwood
  • 1933 Cadillac Series 355-C, 370-C and 452-C Fisher Fleetwood
  • 1934 Cadillac Series 10, 20, 30 and 452-D Fisher Fleetwood
  • 1935 Cadillac Series 10, 20, 30 and 452-D Fisher Fleetwood
  • 1936 Cadillac Series 36-60, 36-70, 36-75, 36-80, 36-85, 36-90 Fisher Fleetwood
  • 1937 Cadillac Series 36-60, 37-65, 37-70, 37-75, 37-85, 37-90 Fisher Fleetwood
  • 1938 Cadillac Series 38-60, 38-60S, 38-65, 38-75, 38-90 Fisher Fleetwood
  • 1939 Cadillac Series 39-60S, 39-65, 39-75, 39-90 Fisher Fleetwood

1940s[edit]

Modern Era[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ward's Automotive Yearbook 1988. Ward's Communications, Inc. 1988. 
  2. ^ History of Fleetwood Metal Body Company
  3. ^ Inland Waters Pollution Control

Coordinates: 42°19′55″N 83°06′04″W / 42.331807°N 83.1012442°W / 42.331807; -83.1012442