Detroit Department of Transportation

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Detroit Department of Transportation
Ddot-logo.svg
DDOT 2022 New Flyer XD40 2223.jpg
ParentCity of Detroit
Founded1922
Headquarters100 Mack Avenue
Service areaDetroit, limited suburban service
Service typeBus, express bus, paratransit
Routes36
HubsRosa Parks Transit Center
State Fairgrounds Transit Center
Fleet323
Annual ridership8,465,800 (2021)[1]
Fuel typeDiesel
Electric
OperatorCity of Detroit
DirectorC. Mikel Oglesby[2]
Websitedetroitmi.gov/ddot

The Detroit Department of Transportation (DDOT, pronounced DEE-dot) is the primary public transportation operator serving Detroit, Michigan. In existence since 1922, DDOT is a division of the city government, with headquarters in Midtown. Primarily serving Detroit and its enclaves, DDOT is supplemented by suburban service from the Suburban Mobility Authority for Regional Transportation (SMART). It is the largest transit agency in Michigan, with a ridership of 8,465,800 in 2021.[citation needed]

History[edit]

Department of Street Railways[edit]

Restored ex-DSR bus 7618 built by Checker Cab at the AACA Museum in Hershey, Pennsylvania

The DDOT began its life as the Department of Street Railways (DSR) in 1922 after the municipalization of the privately-owned Detroit United Railway (DUR), which had controlled much of Detroit's mass transit operations since its incorporation in 1901.[3] The DSR added bus service when it created the Motorbus Division in 1925. At the height of its operation in 1941, the DSR operated 20 streetcar lines with 910 streetcars.[4] By 1952, only four streetcar lines remained: Woodward, Gratiot, Michigan and Jefferson. Streetcar services was discontinued in April 1956 with the decommissioning of the Woodward line. The DSR formally became the DDOT in 1974 under the Detroit City Charter.[5]

2000s-present[edit]

Between 2009 and 2012, the system's seven remaining limited and express bus routes (70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 76, and 78) were discontinued.[6]

Starting January 1, 2012, management of DDOT was contracted out to Parsons Brinckerhoff, an engineering and management firm. The firm subsequently subcontracted the management of the system to Envisurage, LLC a consultancy run by the former CEO of the Rochester-Genesee Regional Transportation Authority.[7][8] On March 3, 2012, 24-hour service was discontinued, and other weekday and weekend routes and services were pared down, or eliminated entirely, in an attempt to produce savings for the department.[9] In August 2013, management of DDOT was contracted out to MV Transportation under the direction of Paul Toliver until September 2014. Dan Dirks was appointed director of the department by mayor Mike Duggan on January 9, 2014, for the duration of MV Transportation's contract.[10] MV Transportation's contract was extended for another two years on August 12, 2014.[11]

On January 23, 2016, DDOT reintroduced 24-hour service on three principal routes along with other smaller service changes.[12]

On September 1, 2018, the system's ten most popular routes were branded as "ConnectTEN" and renumbered as routes 1–10, and received 24/7 service among other changes. The existing routes numbered 7, 9, and 10 were given higher route numbers to avoid conflict.[13]

On November 6, 2022, the original State Fair Transit Center closed permanently, and was promptly demolished.[14] A temporary transit center was constructed in a parking lot 500 feet to the north, and will be used until the new State Fair Transit Center opens in 2024.[15]

Services[edit]

Fixed-route buses[edit]

DDOT's primary service is fixed-route buses, mostly serving the city of Detroit and its enclaves, Hamtramck and Highland Park. Some routes service neighboring suburban communities, including Dearborn, Harper Woods, Livonia, Redford, River Rouge, and Southfield.[16][17]

Bus service generally operates between 5 a.m. and 12:30 a.m. Monday through Saturday, while Sunday service starts approximately 7 a.m. and ends between 8 and 9 p.m.[18] Routes 3–8, 10, 16 and 17 have 24/7 service.[13]

Routes[edit]

Route
1 Vernor
2 Michigan
3 Grand River
4 Woodward
5 Van Dyke-Lafayette
6 Gratiot
7 Seven Mile
8 Warren
9 Jefferson
10 Greenfield
11 Clairmount
12 Conant
13 Conner
15 Chicago/Davidson
16 Dexter
17 Eight Mile
18 Fenkell
19 Fort
23 Hamilton
27 Joy
29 Linwood
30 Livernois
31 Mack
32 McNichols
38 Plymouth
39 Puritan
40 Russell
41 Schaefer
42 Mid-City Loop
43 Schoolcraft
46 Southfield
47 Tireman
52 Chene
54 Wyoming
60 Evergreen
67 Cadillac/Harper
68 Chalmers

Paratransit[edit]

Along with fixed-route bus service, DDOT also offers MetroLift, an on-demand paratransit service. MetroLift service is operated by three private contractors: Checker Cab, Enjoi Transportation, and Lakeside Divisions.[19]

Detroit Downtown Trolley[edit]

An ex-Lisbon streetcar on Jefferson Avenue in 1991

The Detroit Downtown Trolley (originally the Detroit Citizens' Railway) was a heritage trolley built in 1976 as a U.S. Bicentennial project.[20] The trolley ran over a one-mile L-shaped route from Grand Circus Park to near the Renaissance Center, via Washington Boulevard and Jefferson Avenue, using narrow-gauge trams acquired from municipal rail services outside the U.S. Most of the Detroit cars that saw service from 1976 to 2003 had been acquired from Lisbon, Portugal.[21] Many Detroiters old enough to remember streetcar service from before 1956 were delighted with the nod to nostalgia that the service represented, but lack of business activity in downtown Detroit meant that ridership of the Downtown Trolley never became more than a novelty and declined to only about 3000 per year in the late 1990s; service was suspended in June 2003.[22][23]

Fares[edit]

Since 2019, DDOT, SMART, and the QLINE have had a unified fare payment system, Dart.[24][25] Dart passes are available as digital passes through the Dart app, or as physical passes, which can be purchased from SMART's ticket offices in downtown Detroit and Royal Oak, the Rosa Parks Transit Center, SMART's online store, and select local businesses.[26] 4-hour and 24-hour passes can be purchased with cash onboard buses.

Standard Fares[edit]

Type Fare 24-Hour Pass
Regular $2 $5
Student $0.50 $2
Senior/Disabled^
Medicare Cardholder^^
Children under 44 inches (110 cm) with adult (limit 3) Free

^To receive discounted fares, seniors (age 65+) and disabled passengers must present either DDOT Special Fares ID card or state ID with visual impairment designation.

^^Medicare cardholders pay same rates as children 6–17, seniors at least 65 & disabled.

Fleet[edit]

2012 Gillig Low Floor
2015 XD60, rewrapped in the 2017-18 livery like many of DDOT's 2014-15 Xcelsiors

Current Fleet[edit]

2021 ZX5
Current Detroit Department of Transportation fleet[27]
Fleet Series Year Make Model Length Capacity Propulsion Engine Quantity
1001–1050 2010 New Flyer D40LF 40 39 Diesel Cummins ISL-07 50
1201–1242 2011-12 Gillig Low Floor 40 39 Diesel Cummins ISL9-10 42
1243–1246 2012 Gillig Low Floor 40 39 Diesel Electric Cummins ISB6.7 4
1400–1430 2014 New Flyer XD40 41 40 Diesel Cummins ISL9 31
1500–1508
1519–1538
2015 New Flyer XD40 41 40 Diesel Cummins ISL9 29
1509–1518 2015 New Flyer XDE40 41 40 Diesel Electric Cummins ISB6.7 10
1539–1548 2015 New Flyer XD60 60.8 60 Diesel Cummins ISL9 10
1700–1728 2017 New Flyer XD40 41 40 Diesel Cummins L9 29
1800–1829 2018 New Flyer XD40 41 40 Diesel Cummins L9 30
1900–1924 2019 New Flyer XD40 41 40 Diesel Cummins L9 25
1960–1964 2019 New Flyer XD60 60.8 60 Diesel Cummins L9 5
2000–2025 2020 New Flyer XD40 41 40 Diesel Cummins L9 26
2100e-2103e 2021 Proterra ZX5 40 40 Electric 4
2200-2227 2022 New Flyer XD40 41 40 Diesel Cummins L9 28

Retired Fleet[28][edit]

2010 D40LF
Year Make Model Length Capacity Propulsion Engine Fleet Series Quantity Retired
1975 GM Coach New Look 40 36 Diesel Detroit Diesel 6V-71 3001 1 1986
1975 GM Coach New Look 30 33 Diesel GMC D-478 Toro-Flow II 3002-3006 5 1986
1975 GM Coach New Look 40 48 Diesel Detroit Diesel 6V-71 1001–1148 148 1996
1975 AM General Corp. Metropolitan Series 40 49 Diesel Detroit Diesel 6V-71 1201–1251 51 1986
1978 GM Coach RTS-II 40 47 Diesel Detroit Diesel 8V-71N 1300–1369 70 1993
1978 GM Coach RTS-II 40 43 Diesel Detroit Diesel 8V-71N 1370L-1410L 41 1997
1979 GM Coach RTS-II 40 46 Diesel Detroit Diesel 8V-71N 1501L-1605L 105 1999
1979 GM Coach RTS-II 35 36 Diesel Detroit Diesel 8V-71N 1701L-1717L 17 1997
1980 GM Coach RTS-II 40 41-46 Diesel Detroit Diesel 8V-71N 1801L-1874L 74 1999
1981 Bus Industries of America Inc. Orion II 21.9 26 Diesel Detroit Diesel Allison 8.2 Liter "Fuel Pincher" 001-002 2 1997
1985 GM Coach New Look 40 48 Diesel Detroit Diesel 6V-71 2521-2534 14 1986
1987 GM of Canada GMC Classic 40 47-49 Diesel Detroit Diesel 6V-71N 1900–1999 100 2002
1989 Motor Coach Industries MCI Classic 40 51 Diesel Detroit Diesel 8V-92TA 2000–2084 85 2003
1989 Neoplan USA AN460 60 65 Diesel Detroit Diesel 6V-92TA 8900-8913 14 2002
1992 New Flyer D40HF 40 45 Diesel Detroit Diesel 8V-92 3000-3120 121 2005
1995 Nova Bus RTS 06 40 43 Diesel Detroit Diesel Series 50 3200-3232 33 2008
1996 Goshen Coach MB19FD 30 19 Diesel Cummins 5.9L B-Series 3300-3328 29 2001
1996 Nova Bus RTS 06 40 43 Diesel Detroit Diesel Series 50 3500-3599 100 2012
1997 Nova Bus RTS 06 40 43 Diesel Detroit Diesel Series 50 3250-3282 33 2012
1996–97 Nova Bus RTS 06 40 43 Diesel Detroit Diesel Series 50 3600-3617 18 2012
1997 Nova Bus RTS 06 40 39 Diesel Detroit Diesel Series 50 3290-3299 10 2010
1998 Chance Bus Corp CNG-28 28 27 CNG Cummins 5.9L B-Series 4000-4003 4 2004
1998 Chance Bus Corp CNG-28 28 27 CNG Cummins 5.9L B-Series 4004-4013 10 2004
2000 Chance Bus Corp CNG-28 28 27 CNG Cummins 5.9L B-Series 4014-4024 11 2004
2001 Nova Bus RTS 06 40 43 Diesel Detroit Diesel Series 50 3700-3799 100 2015
2001-02 Nova Bus RTS 06 40 43 Diesel Detroit Diesel Series 50 3800-3859 60 2015
2003 New Flyer D40LF 40 39 Diesel Detroit Diesel Series 50 3900-3959 60 2019
2004 New Flyer D40LF 40 39 Diesel Detroit Diesel Series 50 3975-3989 15 2016–17
2005 New Flyer D40LF 40 39 Diesel Cummins ISL-05 4100-4220 121 2020

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Transit Ridership Report Fourth Quarter 2021" (PDF). American Public Transportation Association. March 10, 2022. Retrieved June 7, 2022.
  2. ^ Frank, Annalise (6 May 2020). "Detroit's new public transportation director comes from south Florida, Boston transit programs". Crain's Detroit Business. KC Crain. Retrieved 7 May 2020.
  3. ^ Houston, Kay (2000-01-17). "Clang, clang, clang went the trolley". The Detroit News. Gannett. Archived from the original on 2013-02-15.
  4. ^ "Department of Street Railways (D.S.R.) 1941 Streetcar Route Map". detroittransithistory.info. Retrieved 2014-03-23.
  5. ^ "A Brief Look-Back at Detroit's Transit History". detroittransithistory.info. Retrieved 2014-03-23.
  6. ^ "DDOT Routes & Numbers". detroittransithistory.info. Retrieved 7 January 2014.
  7. ^ Kaffer, Nancy (5 January 2012). "Bing: Detroit won't run out of cash in April — thanks to cuts, more revenue". Crain's Detroit Business. Crain Communications.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  8. ^ Bukowski, Diane (9 February 2012). "Bing to Slash Bus Routes, D-DOT Jobs Feb. 24; Contractor Gets Big $$$". Voice of Detroit. Retrieved 19 February 2012.
  9. ^ Phelps, Greenwood, Laura, Tom (3 March 2012). "Changes to Detroit bus service in effect". The Detroit News. Retrieved 4 March 2012.[permanent dead link]
  10. ^ "Mayor Duggan Names Dan Dirks as DDOT Director". City of Detroit Department of Communications and Creative Services. 9 January 2014. Archived from the original on 25 February 2014. Retrieved 19 February 2014.
  11. ^ "City of Detroit Extends Administrative Support Services Contract with MV Transportation". MV Transportation. Archived from the original on 11 November 2014. Retrieved 11 November 2014.
  12. ^ "DDOT Service Change Proposal, January 2016" (PDF). Detroit Department of Transportation. Retrieved 27 January 2016.
  13. ^ a b "New DDOT ConnectTen service to add 500 trips per week with 15-minute peak hour frequency, Wi-Fi". Detroit Department of Transportation. August 28, 2018. Retrieved November 1, 2018.
  14. ^ "STATE FAIR TRANSIT CENTER CLOSURE & RELOCATION NOVEMBER 7, 2022". Suburban Mobility Authority for Regional Transportation. 2022-11-03.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  15. ^ Huffman, Bryce (2022-11-21). "Some bus riders left cold and confused by temporary State Fair transit hub". Bridge Detroit.
  16. ^ "System Map" (PDF). Detroit Department of Transportation. 2009-02-26. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-03-08.
  17. ^ "System Map" (PDF). Detroit Department of Transportation. 2021-11-15.
  18. ^ "Pocket Schedules". Detroit Department of Transportation. Archived from the original on 2011-09-16. Retrieved 2011-04-16.
  19. ^ "Detroit MetroLift's Disabled Riders Enjoy Benefits of New, Expanded Service" (PDF). Detroit Department of Transportation. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 March 2015.
  20. ^ "Detroit Downtown Trolley". www.jtbell.net. Retrieved 31 October 2018.
  21. ^ Thompson, Richard. "Portuguese Trams Imported by Gales Creek Enterprises (1974-1993)" (PDF). The Transfer. Vol. 25, no. 1. Oregon Electric Railway Historical Society. pp. 3–4.
  22. ^ King, R.J. (2004-10-24). "Historic trolleys are history". The Detroit News – via Seashore Trolley Museum.
  23. ^ Gallagher, John (2003-10-31). "Near the end of the riderless line: Detroit plans to sell its 9 trolleys". Detroit Free Press – via Seashore Trolley Museum.
  24. ^ Lawrence, Eric D. (2019-04-17). "DDOT, SMART to launch unified payment system to cut hassle for Detroit bus riders". Detroit Free Press. Gannett. Retrieved 2022-10-02.
  25. ^ Lawrence, Eric D. (2019-08-20). "QLINE to join DDOT, SMART unified payment system beginning in October". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved 2022-10-02.
  26. ^ "Buy Passes". Suburban Mobility Authority for Regional Transportation. Retrieved 2022-10-02.
  27. ^ "Detroit Transit History Roster". detroittransithistory.info.
  28. ^ "Detroit Transit Info Retired Fleet". detroittransithistory.info.

External links[edit]