Detroit Metropolitan Airport
|Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport|
|IATA: DTW – ICAO: KDTW – FAA LID: DTW
– WMO: 72537
|Owner||Wayne County, Michigan|
|Operator||Wayne County Airport Authority|
|Elevation AMSL||645 ft / 197 m|
FAA airport diagram
Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport (IATA: DTW, ICAO: KDTW), usually called Detroit Metro Airport, Metro Airport locally, or simply DTW, is a major international airport in the United States covering 4,850 acres (1,960 ha) in Romulus, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit. It is Michigan's busiest airport, and one of the largest air transportation hubs in the country.
The airport is Delta Air Lines' second-largest hub in terms of daily flights. Detroit serves as the primary gateway to Asia for the Eastern United States for Delta and is also the third-busiest gateway to Europe for the airline. The airport is a major gateway for tourism in metropolitan Detroit and is one of SkyTeam's major Midwestern hubs. It is also a hub for Spirit Airlines. Operated by the Wayne County Airport Authority, the airport is one of the nation's most-recently expanded and modernized airports, with six major runways, two terminals, 145 in-service gates, and an on-site Westin Hotel and conference center. Detroit Metropolitan Airport has maintenance facilities capable of servicing and repairing aircraft as large as the Boeing 747-400.
In 2012 Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport was the 16th-busiest airport in the United States and the 44th-busiest airport in the world in terms of passenger traffic. In terms of aircraft operations (takeoffs and landings), it remains one of the ten busiest airfields in North America. Metro Airport also serves the Toledo, Ohio, area, approximately 40 miles (64 km) south of the airport, and the city of Windsor, Ontario and Southwestern Ontario in nearby Canada. The airport serves over 160 destinations and was named the best large U.S. airport in customer satisfaction by J.D. Power & Associates in 2010.
- 1 History
- 2 Prospective flights
- 3 Planned development
- 4 Terminals
- 5 Airlines and destinations
- 6 Statistics
- 7 Historical terminals
- 8 Parking and ground transportation
- 9 Awards
- 10 Accidents and incidents
- 11 See also
- 12 References
- 13 External links
Wayne County began to plan an airport in the western townships of the county as early as 1927. The following year the county board of supervisors issued a $2 million bond to fund the purchase of one square mile (2.6 km2) of land at the corner of Middlebelt and Wick roads, the northeastern boundary of today's airport. Construction was completed in 1929, and the first landing was on February 22, 1930; Wayne County Airport was formally dedicated on September 4, 1930. That year Thompson Aeronautical Corporation, a forerunner of American Airlines, inaugurated service from the airport. From 1931 until 1945, the airport housed Michigan Air National Guard operations gained by the United States Army Air Forces. It was also named Romulus Field during the war. The original runway (14/32) was later decommissioned, but parts of it remain as Taxiways M-4 and P-4, crossing from southeast of Runway 3R/21L through Runway 9L/27R and ending northwest of Runway 3L/21R.
Between 1947 and 1950 the county expanded the small airport to become Detroit's primary airport. It was renamed Detroit-Wayne Major Airport in 1947, and in the next three years expanded threefold as three more runways were built. In 1949 runways 3L/21R and 9L/27R were built, and in 1950 runway 4R/22L was added. In 1946–47 most airline traffic moved from the cramped Detroit City Airport (now Coleman Young International Airport) northeast of downtown Detroit to the larger Willow Run Airport over 20 miles (32 km) west of the city, and 10 miles (16 km) west of Wayne County Airport.
Pan-Am (1954), and BOAC (1956), were the first passenger airlines at Detroit-Wayne Major. In the April 1957 Official Airline Guide, they were the only passenger airlines: three Pan Am DC-7Cs per week FRA–LHR–SNN–DTW–ORD and back, and one BOAC DC-7C per week LHR–PIK–YUL–DTW–ORD and back (skipping YUL on the return flight).
Aerial photographs of DTW from 1949 and 1956 show the airport's expansion. American Airlines shifted to Detroit-Wayne in October 1958, followed by Northwest, Allegheny and Delta in the next few months. In 1958, the Civil Aviation Administration—now the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)—announced the inclusion of Detroit-Wayne in the first group of American airports to receive new long-range radar equipment, enabling the airport to become the first inland airport in the United States certified for jet airliners. Also in 1958, the L.C. Smith (South) Terminal was completed and the airport was given its present name.
Jet flights (Pan Am and American 707s) began in 1960. Northwest's flights to MSP were DTW's only nonstops west beyond Chicago and Milwaukee until 1966, when the remaining passenger airlines at Willow Run moved to Metro Airport. The North Terminal (later renamed the Davey Terminal) opened in 1966 and a third terminal, the Michael Berry International Terminal, opened in 1974. The last of its original three parallel runways (3R/21L) was completed in 1976. A new parallel crosswind runway (9R/27L) opened in 1993.
Republic Airlines began hub operations in 1984, and its merger with Northwest Airlines in 1986 expanded the hub. Transpacific flights began in 1987, nonstop Northwest 747s to Tokyo. The last of Metro's six runways (4L/22R) was completed in December 2001 in preparation for the opening of the mile-long, 122-gate, $1.2 billion McNamara Terminal in the airport midfield in 2002. The airport remained a hub for Northwest Airlines until it merged with Delta Air Lines.
The present Runway 3L/21R has had four identifiers. When opened in 1949, it was Runway 3/21. With the opening of the new west side Runway 3L/21R in 1950, the original 3/21 became 3R/21L. With the opening of the new east side Runway 3R/21L in 1976, it became 3C/21C. With the opening of Runway 4L/22R in December 2001 and the splitting of the field into two sectors (3/21 on the east and 4/22 on the west), Runway 3C/21C became Runway 3L/21R.
In 2009 Detroit Metro Airport launched its first social media efforts with participation in Twitter, Facebook, and YouTube networks.
In April 2011 Lufthansa launched a unique curbside check-in and baggage check service for premium customers from DTW's North Terminal to Frankfurt and beyond. Lufthansa became the only airline allowing international customers departing from DTW to check their bags and receive a boarding pass at the curb, while DTW becomes Lufthansa's first North American gateway with this service.
Detroit fell greatly to the recession, causing airlines like British Airways to drop flights to London-Heathrow and airlines like Aeromexico and KLM Royal Dutch Airlines to use codeshare flights through Delta Air Lines. The city has lost population, but Detroit Airport has since re-grown and airlines are looking to expand or begin service once again. JetBlue Airways began flights to Boston, which have been so successful that the airline began Ft. Lauderdale service on April 30, 2015, and has been looking to expand service to Orlando–International, and New York-JFK. Virgin Atlantic now serves Detroit with daily flights to London-Heathrow. Virgin will operate the flight year round in conjunction with their codeshare partner Delta Air Lines.
One of Delta Connection carriers Compass Airlines, chose to close its operating base in Detroit to move operations to the new Seattle hub in early 2015. Delta has replaced many of the existing Compass flights with mainline Delta flights.
A bus shuttle service was announced and was scheduled to begin in early 2016 from Metro Airport to the transportation hub downtown, which will better connect tourists and business travelers from the airport to the downtown area. Currently the airport has no train system or a direct shuttle to the city. The SMART bus company offers a bus service to the city but with multiple connections which can take over an hour to downtown, whereas the proposed company would transport passengers in 25 minutes.
On June 26, 2015, Spirit Airlines announced a new maintenance facility on the airport. This facility would bring 31.5 million dollars and 82 jobs to the Metro Detroit area. Spirit Airlines had a hangar that closed down, forcing the airline to do maintenance at the gate and contract the workers, but with the new facility (scheduled to open in 2016) it will retain hub activity at Metro Airport, and bring along more and new air service.
Middle East: Royal Jordanian is the only Middle East carrier to serve Detroit (twice weekly). Metro Detroit is home to the largest Arab population outside of the Middle East in the United States. Qatar Airways, already serving seven and soon 10 US cities, may eventually serve Detroit. Emirates and Turkish Airlines have also shown interest in serving flights to Detroit. As of 2010, Detroit's airport gets 40 to 50 daily arriving passengers originating from Beirut, mostly on Royal Jordanian. Royal Jordanian flies the Boeing 787-8 into Detroit twice a week. CEO Tom Naughton of the Wayne County Airport Authority hints more Middle East options in the future. The authority has spoken to all three Gulf carriers about service to Detroit.
Low-cost carriers: Detroit has previously had only three stable low cost carriers, Spirit Airlines, Southwest Airlines and Frontier Airlines, who served very few destinations. On March 10, 2014, low cost carrier JetBlue Airways began service to Boston three times a day on the Embraer 190. This was so successful that the airline began service to Fort Lauderdale in April 2015, on the Airbus A320 and switching one flight on the Boston route to an Airbus A320. The airline may eventually add New York–JFK and Orlando–MCO in the future. In light of JetBlue's successful Boston service and beginning Fort Lauderdale, Spirit Airlines has begun service to Boston, in addition to upgrading Cancún to year-round service as well as adding service to several new destinations, and continues to expand. Frontier Airlines began service to Trenton (NJ) to better connect passengers to destination on the east coast. Year-round service to Orlando was introduced in November 2015 on the Airbus A321, Detroit was among only a few destinations that the Airbus A321 flew to. Frontier Airlines has also added Phoenix full-time and Fort Myers as a winter seasonal destination. Service to Wilmington (DE) was eliminated due to the close proximity to Philadelphia. Southwest added Orlando as a Saturday only flight in the winter. Southwest also operates flights with a stop and no plane change to places like Albuquerque, Houston-Hobby, Los Angeles, Fort Lauderdale, San Francisco, Seattle/Tacoma, and Tampa.
Large carriers: Many of the larger carriers have made adjustments to their schedules in 2016, and have included many more options for Detroit. American Airlines has extended their mainline operations to as many as three daily flights to Chicago-O'Hare, as well as increase seats to other hubs like Dallas-DFW and Charlotte. Alaska Airlines will begin flying two daily flights beginning in the middle of 2016, though it will only be summer seasonal, which increases competition at the airport. United Airlines previously began flying all mainline flights to Denver in replace of the regional jets, as well as adding mainline flights from Chicago-O'Hare, Houston-Intercontinental, and Newark. Delta began service to Munich, Germany as seasonal service, and has also increased capacity to other hubs such as Atlanta, Los Angeles, Seattle, and New York-JFK.
In the media: In a news article released by the Albuquerque Journal, local officials are looking to diversify destinations from Albuquerque which includes Detroit. Daytona Beach said that Detroit is listed as a potential market. In another news article, Manchester (UK) states that the airport has been targeting Detroit as a market that the airport wants to enter. The CEO of the Wayne County Airport Authority indicates that flights to India are possible for the future. Service to Munich was a priority, so Delta has stated it will begin service to Munich in early 2016. Flights to Detroit through Qatar Airways are currently being evaluated. Once Delta takes deliveries of the C-Series aircraft, routes like Spokane and Sacramento could likely return. Since Delta is doing so well in Detroit thanks to the auto-industry, Delta is interested in strengthening service to Mexico by adding service to Guadalajara and Leon.
The Airport Authority's long-term plans include an airport rail system, a new runway, and terminal expansions. The FAA projects that air traffic will grow 67% at Detroit Metro over the next 20 years, which would equate to 60 million passengers. The rail system would connect the existing McNamara Terminal and the new North Terminal together via tram with an anticipated consolidated rental car facility and a planned regional rail system. Also, the airport is considering to extend Concourses B and C in the McNamara Terminal. To pay for these projects, the Airport Authority has asked Congress to raise the current $4.50 passenger facility fee to $7.00. Former hub carrier Northwest Airlines had opposed the utilization of the passenger facility fee to fund the airport rail system.
The Wayne County Airport Authority's latest FAA Master Plan includes a number of proposed future developments to be considered at such time as demand warrants and funding is available. A significant element of this plan is growing air service nearly 60 percent until 2030. This addition would add to the airport's four existing parallel runways and its two crosswind runways in order to alleviate future congestion.
Edward H. McNamara Terminal
The McNamara Terminal, also once known as the Northwest WorldGateway, opened February 25, 2002. Designed by SmithGroup and built by Hunt Construction Group, it replaced the aged Davey Terminal. During development, the terminal was known as the Midfield Terminal. The terminal is used exclusively by Delta (which merged with Northwest), Virgin Atlantic, and SkyTeam partner Air France and has three concourses, A, B, and C, which house 121 gates with shopping and dining in the center of A concourse (known as the Central Link), as well as throughout the concourses. In addition to moving walkways spaced along the length of each concourse, concourse A has a people mover, the ExpressTram, that transports passengers between ends of the 1 mi (1.6 km) Concourse A in just over three minutes. Trams arrive almost simultaneously at the Terminal Station at the midpoint of the concourse and depart in opposite directions to the North Station and the South Station, then return. The McNamara Terminal opened a new baggage sorting facility in October 2008, which has improved the screening of baggage through 14 new explosive detection system devices along a fully automated conveyor system. Northwest Airlines said that it reduced the amount of lost baggage, and it improved the timeliness of bags getting to their correct flight.
An AAA Four Star Westin hotel is connected to the terminal. Additionally, overnight guests at the hotel who are not flying can obtain a pass to enter the concourses to visit shops and restaurants. Called the Airport Access Authorization to Commercial Establishments Beyond the Screen Checkpoint (AAACE), registered guests must be cleared through the same security background check (Secure Flight) and TSA screening process as travelers to access the terminal area. Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport is the only other airport participating in this program.
The A concourse houses 64 gates with 14 gates used for international departures and arrivals processing. The A concourse is intended for all aircraft. At the midpoint of the concourse is a large, laminar flow water feature designed by WET. The concourse contains over 1.5 miles (2.4 km) of moving walkways. Signage through the terminal is in English and Chinese Mandarin due to the large number of regular flights between Detroit and points in China (however, the ExpressTram does not have Chinese-language announcements), and signage in other languages is located inside international arrivals areas. The A concourse also includes a pet relief area for passengers traveling with pets and service animals.
There are ten international gates that are capable of dual jet bridge loading and unloading. They also contain two exit configurations depending on the arriving flight. Domestic arrivals follow the upper path directly into the terminal while international arrivals proceed downstairs to customs and immigration screening. The Customs and Border Protection processing center located in the terminal's lower level is designed to accommodate as many as 3,200 passengers per hour. International arriving passengers connecting to another flight are screened by TSA at a dedicated screening checkpoint within the international arrivals facility. Those passengers then exit directly back into the center of the A concourse. Passengers arriving from international destinations who end their trip in Detroit (or connecting to a flight via North Terminal) exit directly into a dedicated International Arrivals Hall on the lower level of the terminal.
The B and C concourses currently have 58 gates that are used for Delta's regional flights that employ smaller aircraft. All regional flights have jet bridges, eliminating the need for outdoor boarding.
The B and C concourses are connected to the main terminal building and the A Concourse by a pedestrian walkway under the Airport ramp. This walkway, known as the Light Tunnel, features an elaborate multi-colored light show behind sculpted glass panels extending the entire length of the walkway, as well several moving walkways. The light patterns are synchronized with an original musical score composed by Victor Alexeeff, which runs for nearly 30 minutes before repeating. This installation, one of the first large-scale uses of color changing LED lighting in the United States, was produced by Mills James Productions with glasswork by Foxfire Glass Works of Pontiac, Michigan. The display won multiple lighting design awards including the prestigious Guth Award of Merit. For passengers who are prone to medical conditions such as seizures, there are buttons at each end of the tunnel that will suspend the light show for five minutes so they can pass through with no adverse effects.
The terminal has undergone updates that include new electronic terminal directories to better assist passengers. A unique feature of this is that passengers can scan their boarding passes, and the screen will direct passengers to the gate their plane departs from, and can be viewed in several other languages. Also passengers may select a restaurant on the touch screen, a menu will show what items the restaurant serves. Mini tablet devices have been installed in food court areas, where someone may order food and have it delivered to them.
- Gates A1–A78, B1–B21, C1–C27
- Duty Free Americas
- Mezza Mediterranean
- PF Changs
- Longhorn Steakhouse
- Max and Erma's
- National Coney Island
- Sora Japanese
- Delta SkyClub
- Freedom Center Military Lounge
The North Terminal, designed by Gensler and built by Walbridge/Barton Malow Joint Venture, opened September 17, 2008, as the replacement for the aged Berry and Smith terminals, which housed all non-SkyTeam airlines. Initially, Wayne County Airport Authority sought bids for the naming rights of the North Terminal, however, after two years with no successful offers, the effort ceased and the North Terminal name remained.
The terminal houses all non-SkyTeam airlines serving the airport, and is considered the D Concourse of the airport; the McNamara Terminal has Concourses A, B, and C. The concourse has 26 gates, two of which opened in the middle of 2009 to accommodate international wide-body aircraft. The two gates could not be used at the time of the building's opening because they were extremely close to Smith Terminal's C Concourse. (That concourse was demolished after flights moved to the new terminal, which enabled the final two gates at the new terminal to be completed.) The terminal features four long segments of moving walkways on the departures level, and another moving walkway on the lower level; that is for international arriving passengers to access the Federal Inspection Services area.
The North Terminal houses two six-lane security checkpoints. The terminal also has U.S. Customs & Border Protection inspection facilities located on the lower level for arriving international flights.
The North Terminal has five common-use domestic baggage carousels on the lower level. Two additional carousels are located inside the Federal Inspection Services area for international flights, and a central Oversize Baggage Claim is adjacent to both the international and domestic carousel areas.
January 29, 2010, the North Terminal was named winner of the "Build Michigan" award project.
- Gates D1–D32
- Hockeytown Cafe
- Ruby Tuesday's
- Caribou Coffee
- Earl of Sandwich
- TGI Friday's
- Everything ASAP
- Sports Illustrated
- USA Today Travel Zone
- Air Canada
- Royal Jordanian
- Sun Country
Airlines and destinations
Notes: ^1 Royal Jordanian operates flights to and from Detroit year round, but in the fall, winter, and spring months make a stop in Montréal–Trudeau, the airline operates nonstop service to Amman in the summer months. Royal Jordanian does not have fifth freedom rights to transport passengers solely from Detroit to Montreal.
operated by Atlas Air
|Cincinnati, Minneapolis/St. Paul|
|FedEx Express||Chicago–O'Hare, Charlotte, Columbus–Rickenbacker, Indianapolis, Memphis, Newark|
operated by CSA Air
|UPS Airlines||Chicago/Rockford, Lansing, Louisville, Philadelphia|
|1||Atlanta, Georgia||737,000||Delta, Southwest, Spirit|
|2||Chicago–O'Hare, Illinois||531,000||American, Delta, United|
|3||Orlando, Florida||520,000||Delta, Frontier, Southwest, Spirit|
|4||Las Vegas, Nevada||490,000||Delta, Southwest, Spirit|
|5||New York–LaGuardia, New York||486,000||American, Delta, Spirit|
|6||Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas||439,000||American, Delta, Spirit|
|7||Fort Lauderdale, Florida||424,000||Delta, JetBlue, Spirit|
|8||Boston, Massachusetts||416,000||Delta, JetBlue, Spirit,|
|9||Denver, Colorado||415,000||Delta, Frontier, Southwest, Spirit, United|
|10||Charlotte, North Carolina||410,000||American/US Airways, Delta|
|2||Paris (Charles de Gaulle), France||310,428||Air France, Delta|
|3||Frankfurt, Germany||292,680||Delta, Lufthansa|
|4||Toronto (Pearson), Canada||235,907||Air Canada Express, Delta|
|5||Seoul, South Korea||229,492||Delta|
|7||Tokyo (Narita), Japan||197,070||Delta|
|8||Cancún, Mexico||181,870||Delta, Frontier, Spirit|
|9||London (Heathrow), United Kingdom||180,668||Delta|
Detroit Metropolitan Airport Departures (March 2016)
|1||Delta Air Lines and Delta Connection||430|
|2||American Airlines and American Eagle||41|
|4||United Airlines and United Express||24|
Michael Berry Terminal
The Berry Terminal, named for a former airport commissioner, was designed by Detroit architect Louis G. Redstone, and opened in 1974 as the international terminal at DTW. It was decommissioned on September 17, 2008, and replaced by the North Terminal; however, the airport authority voted May 20, 2009, to renovate the terminal to house its offices. All international passengers would arrive at this terminal, pass through customs and immigration inspection, and continue on to their connecting flights by bus to adjacent terminals.
Originally containing six gates (two of which were removed in 2003 to allow for construction of an adjacent Northwest Airlines maintenance hangar), the terminal was later used for scheduled and charter flights. There were still several international scheduled flights on low cost carriers to destinations in the Caribbean and other warm-weathered places in the early 2000s (decade), including flights from Champion Air, Ryan International Airlines and USA3000 Airlines. Four charter airlines also used this terminal.
Since its closure in 2008, the Berry Terminal has become a popular space for commercial film and television production. Films such as Up in the Air (2009), Machine Gun Preacher (2011) and This Must Be the Place have used the now-vacant terminal as a set (in addition to shooting in and around the airport's active terminals). As of April 2016, the Michael Berry Terminal has seen better days, with most of the signs and advertisements still hanging up. A stairwell that used to lead to the observation deck has been fenced off, and the former cafe has been renovated into a break room for the office employees.
During a presentation in early 2015 about upcoming construction projects, the board announced that they were looking to find a company to demolish the Berry terminal.
L. C. Smith Terminal
The Smith Terminal, named for Detroit-Wayne Major airport visionary Leroy C. Smith, was built in 1958 (also known as the old version of the North Terminal). Though cited as the oldest of Metro Airport's terminals, that designation belongs to the Executive Terminal building located near Middlebelt Road and Lucas Drive, one-quarter-mile east. The Executive Terminal was built in the late 1920s and is still in operation today as home to ASIG, a flight support company.
The Smith Terminal's 32 gates originally housed Northwest Orient Airlines, Allegheny Airlines (forerunner to US Airways), Eastern Airlines, and Pan-Am, among others. A control tower was included in the construction, and served its purpose until the late 1980s, when a new control tower was built near the site of the new McNamara Terminal.
In later years, Smith Terminal hosted North American airlines other than Northwest, Continental, and later Delta, which relocated to the McNamara Terminal in 2002 before its merger with Northwest.
State of the art for its time, the Smith Terminal eventually became victim to airline expansion. The design of the building did not allow for physical expansion of the ticketing area. To accommodate additional airlines, ticketing counters were constructed on the sides of the lobby in areas that previously held lounges and retail. In contrast, the North Terminal was constructed with future expansion in mind.
Spirit Airlines, which operated out of many of the gates once used by Northwest, made few upgrades to the gate areas in those parts of the terminal. The Northwest Airlines display boards near check-in counters at each gate remained in place, with the Northwest logos removed, and a Spirit information board simply affixed over the old signage.
On September 10, 2008, The Detroit News reported that Smith Terminal itself will not be demolished because the airport authority offices remain on the upper floors. However, the Detroit Free Press of October 9, 2008, stated that maintaining the terminal in its present condition would cost upwards of $4 million annually in utilities, a sore spot for airlines at DTW who foot the bill, in part, through airport landing fees; the airlines were hoping for a greater cost savings once the Smith and Berry terminals were decommissioned. On May 20, 2009, the airport authority formally voted to totally vacate the Smith Terminal, while retaining and renovating the Berry Terminal for its offices.
Discussions were also raised regarding proposed construction of a new structure to house the Airport Authority offices and Airport Police, with a preliminary price tag of $31.5 million.
James M. Davey Terminal
The Davey Terminal was built in 1966 and was first known as "Terminal 2" or the "North Terminal". Designed by the firm of Smith, Hinchman and Grylls, it was said to be the largest post tensioned building in the world. Tapering cruciform columns around the perimeter and curved beams supported five large concrete roof panels. The lack of columns allowed maximum flexibility in the interior space. The spaces between the roof panels and exterior columns were filled with glass to allow abundant natural light into the building. It was renamed the "J. M. Davey Terminal" in 1975 in honor of former airport manager James M. Davey. It originally contained three concourses labeled D to F, as well as a Host Hotel which later was rebranded Marriott. In the early 1980s, a separate ticketing area was constructed to the north of the Davey Terminal for international departures, along with Concourse G to accommodate Northwest Airlink's regional fleet. Concourse C, originally part of the Smith Terminal, became to be considered part of the Davey Terminal once Northwest Airlines began to use it in the 1990s.
Over time, the terminal and added concourse began showing its age due to its layout and poor maintenance, hastened further by increased aircraft traffic, which it was not designed to handle efficiently. Despite this, more gates were added to Concourse C in a short-term expansion project in the early 1990s, making it 26 gates in length. This concourse was considered the worst by most travelers due to its long distance from the center of the terminal, and for its length.
The Davey Terminal was originally the principal base of operations for Republic Airlines, which merged with Northwest Orient Airlines to become Northwest Airlines in 1986. Upon relocation of Northwest operations to the McNamara Terminal, the Davey Terminal was mothballed for three years before demolition of the ticketing area and Concourse G began October 17, 2005, to prepare for the North Terminal project. All concourses of the Davey Terminal and adjoining Marriott hotel, except gates 1 to 11 of Concourse C, were subsequently demolished in 2005–06 (the remaining gates were in use by Spirit Airlines until the new North Terminal opened on September 17, 2008, during this time these gates on C were accessed through the Smith Terminal, as originally intended).
Parking and ground transportation
The McNamara Terminal Parking Structure is an 89-acre (36 ha), 10-level facility, which opened in February 2002. It is one of the largest parking structures in the world and includes a ground transportation center, pedestrian bridge, two luggage check-in locations, conveyors and bridges to transport luggage, six restrooms, three offices for parking officials, and two electrical substations. The structure can accommodate 11,489 cars in seven user groups. Parking for the North Terminal is offered in a garage known as the Big Blue Deck. One additional surface lot, named the Green Lot serves as overflow parking. A second surface lot, the Yellow Lot closed April 5, 2012. Four additional, privately owned parking lots are located outside airport grounds (Airlines Parking, Park 'N' Go, Qwik Park, U.S. Park). Motorcycle parking is free at the airport. Motorcycles can be parked in a separate covered area from cars at the McNamara Terminal Parking Structure.
The airport is accessible from Interstate 94 (I-94) by taking exit 198 to Merriman Road, which is the closest entrance to the North Terminal, and from I-275 via Eureka Road, which is closer to the McNamara Terminal. John D. Dingell Drive, named after long-time Congressman, is an expressway built in 1999 to access the McNamara Terminal and connects the I-94 and Eureka Road entrances of the airport. Many other local roads (including Goddard Road, Northline Road, Ecorse Road, Middlebelt Road, Merriman Road, and Wick Road) provide access to the airport and its surrounding property.
Most major rental car companies serve the airport through shuttle busses to offsite locations. Taxis are provided under contract with MetroCab (approximate cost to downtown Detroit is $48), while limousine and luxury vehicle service is provided by MetroCars.
The Suburban Mobility Authority for Regional Transportation (SMART) operates bus routes 125 (Fort Street – Detroit) and 280 (Middlebelt Road), that stop at the airport hourly and connect with the rest of Metro Detroit.
Terminal To Terminal shuttles provide free transport between the McNamara and North Terminals. Robert Q. Airbus also provides independent shuttle services to destinations in Southern Ontario, and most hotels located within the airport perimeter provide their own shuttle services as well.
The McNamara and North Terminals also have cell phone lots. The McNamara Terminal cell phone lot is located south of Eureka Road between I-275 and the airport entrance ramp. The North Terminal cell phone lot is located near I-94 at the Middlebelt Road exit and near the on-airport car rental facilities. Both cell phone lots are clearly marked and unattended vehicles are prohibited.
Metro Airport has also introduced a new system called 1>2>3 PARK which enables travelers to pay by swiping their credit or debit card. This new system is simple because it does not need a parking stub to know the duration of the travelers' stay. As of now, the "Big Blue Deck", the surface parking lots, and the McNamara Terminal parking structure currently have and use this new system.
The Ground Transportation Center is directly across from the North Terminal near the Big Blue Deck parking structure and has been expanded to include 800 additional parking spaces.
Out-of-town shuttle service is available for passengers wishing to connect to flights at Toronto Pearson International Airport in Toronto.
The planned SEMCOG Commuter Rail system, with terminals at Ann Arbor and Detroit, would stop at the airport and provide rail transportation to and from the city. Because the line will use existing infrastructure, it will not directly serve the airport, but connect via shuttle. The planned airport station will be approximately 5 miles (8.0 km) north of the airport.
- J.D. Power and Associates ranked Metro Airport No. 1 in overall customer satisfaction nationwide among large airports in 2009 and 2010, up from No. 2 in 2008.
- Airports Council International (ACI) ranked Metro Airport the No. 3 best airport in North America along with the Ottawa, Canada airport in 2006. ACI also named Metro Airport the No. 3 best airport with 25–40 million passengers in 2006.
- Airports Council International (ACI) ranked Metro Airport the No. 5 best airport in North America in 2007. ACI also named Metro Airport the No. 3 best airport with 25–40 million passengers in 2007.
Accidents and incidents
- June 12, 1972, after a stopover in Detroit American Airlines Flight 96 a McDonnell Douglas DC-10-10 with 56 passengers and 11 crew from Los Angeles International Airport en route to Buffalo, New York, suffered a cargo door failure and explosive decompression shortly after departure form Detroit Metropolitan Airport while flying over Windsor, Ontario. It is thus sometimes referred to as the Windsor incident. The aircraft sustained damage which left the pilots without full flight controls but the plane returned to Detroit for a successful emergency landing. There were no fatalities but several serious to minor injuries.
- July 31, 1972, Delta Air Lines Flight 841; members of the Black Liberation Army took over the airplane in flight using weapons smuggled on board, including a Bible cut out to hold a handgun. The plane held 7 crew and 94 passengers, none of whom was killed during the hijacking. Five hijackers who had boarded with three children took over the plane. The plane flew to Miami where the passengers were exchanged for $1 million in ransom. The plane was then flown on to Boston where it refueled before flying to Algeria. Algeria seized the plane and ransom which they returned to the U.S. but the hijackers were released after a few days.
- March 4, 1987, Northwest Airlink Flight 2268, operated by Fischer Brothers Aviation, a CASA 212 was on a scheduled flight from Mansfield to Detroit with an intermediate stop in Cleveland when it crashed while landing at Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport. The plane yawed violently to the left about 70 feet (21 m) above the runway, skidded to the right, hit three ground support vehicles in front of Concourse F and caught fire. Of 19 occupants onboard (16 passengers and 3 crew), 9 were killed. The cause of the crash was determined to be pilot error.
- August 16, 1987, a McDonnell Douglas MD-82 operating as Northwest Airlines Flight 255, bound for Phoenix, Arizona, crashed on take-off from Metro's 8,500-foot-long (2,600 m) Runway 3 Center (Now Runway 3L). All but one passenger on the aircraft were killed; the lone survivor was a young girl, Cecelia Cichan, who lost both of her parents and her brother. The NTSB determined that the accident resulted from flight crew's failure to deploy the aircraft's flaps prior to take-off, resulting in a lack of necessary lift. The aircraft slammed into an overpass bridge on I-94 just northeast of the departure end of the runway.
- December 3, 1990, a McDonnell Douglas DC-9-14 operating as Northwest Airlines Flight 1482, bound for Pittsburgh, collided with a Boeing 727-200 Adv. operating as Northwest Airlines Flight 299, bound for Memphis, on runway 03C. Seven passengers and a flight attendant on Flight 1482 were killed. The cause of the accident is listed as "pilot error".
- January 9, 1997, an Embraer EMB 120 Brasilia aircraft operating as Comair Flight 3272 crashed nose down 18 miles (29 km) from the airport while on approach into Detroit. All 26 passengers and 3 crew members were killed. The cause is listed to be the "FAA's failure to establish adequate aircraft certification standards for flight in icing conditions, the FAA's failure to ensure that an FAA/CTA-approved procedure for the accident airplane's deice system operation was implemented by U.S.-based air carriers, and the FAA's failure to require the establishment of adequate minimum airspeeds for icing conditions."
- December 25, 2009, Nigerian national Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab attempted to detonate an explosive device on Northwest Airlines Flight 253, an Airbus A330 from Amsterdam to Detroit as the plane was approaching Detroit. The device failed to go off correctly, and the suspect suffered burns to his lower body. Three other passengers had minor injuries. The White House said it considered the incident an attempted terrorist attack.
- Bishop International Airport
- Detroit Region Aerotropolis
- Michigan World War II Army Airfields
- Air Transport Command
- Selfridge Air National Guard Base
- Windsor Airport
- "Airport Statistics 2011" (PDF). Wayne County Airport Authority. 2012. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
- "Comprehensive Financial Report for the year ended September 30, 2011" (PDF). Wayne County Airport Authority. January 20, 2012. p. 69. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
- "Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport". Delta News Hub. Retrieved January 13, 2016.
- "Minneapolis-St. Paul International Airport". Delta News Hub. Retrieved January 13, 2016.
- "Welcome to Detroit Metro Airport". Wayne County Airport Authority. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
- "Annual Report for the period ending 12/31/11" (PDF). Spirit Airlines. February 23, 2012. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
- "Press Room: Facts". Wayne County Airport Authority. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
- "Detroit Metropolitan Airport, Twin Bay Boeing 747 Hangar". Walbridge Construction. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
- "Travel Tips & Security Information: FAQ-Directions". Wayne County Airport Authority. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
- Pawlowski, Agnes (February 24, 2010). "Detroit Tops Airport Satisfaction Study". CNN.
- Meyer, Zlati (August 31, 2014). "This week in Michigan history: Detroit's airport is dedicated". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved September 3, 2014.
- "Detroit-area aerial pics". Wayne State University. Retrieved September 14, 2012.
- "Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport Chronological History". Wayne County Airport Authority. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
- Creager, Ellen (May 16, 2011). "Northwest Airlines Artifacts Soar in Value". USA Today. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
- "Lufthansa Launches Curbside Check-In Service at Detroit Metropolitan Airport" (PDF) (Press release). Wayne County Airport Authority. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
- Cardenas, Edward (December 1, 2014). "Metro Airport Welcomes Its First Boeing 787 Flight". CBS Detroit. Retrieved May 13, 2015.
- Fleming, Leonard (June 17, 2015). "Shuttle plan between Detroit, Metro Airport takes off". The Detroit News. Retrieved June 30, 2015.
- Reindl, JC (June 26, 2015). "Detroit Metro Airport to get new hangar, 80 jobs". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved June 27, 2015.
- "Qatar Airways chief eyes stakes in airlines beyond IAG holding". Bloomberg/Atlanta. June 10, 2015. Retrieved June 30, 2015.
- "New rules impact link to Lebanon". Detroit Free Press. January 5, 2010. p. Business A5. Retrieved August 4, 2014. (subscription required (. ))
Each day, 40 to 50 people from the Middle Eastern city arrive thanks to metro Detroit's large Lebanese population. But all passengers from Lebanon now are[...]" and "The majority of Detroit-bound travelers from Beirut arrive on flights from Amman, Jordan, operated by Royal Jordanian, Cambron said. Jordan is not on[...]
- "Aerotropolis: Still waiting for takeoff after 13 years". Detroit Free Press. May 9, 2015.
- Jessica Dyer - Journal Staff Writer. "Losing altitude".
- "Blue skies ahead for tourism in Volusia and Flagler". News-JournalOnline.com.
- Christopher Jasper (November 23, 2015). "Manchester Targets 25 More Long-Haul Routes, Led by Air China". Bloomberg.com.
- "Qatar Air says it could split Oneworld over American Air clash". gulfnews.com. Retrieved January 13, 2016.
- Howes, Daniel (May 26, 2016). "Qatar Air says it could split Oneworld over American Air clash". detnews.com. Retrieved May 26, 2016.
- Yu, Roger (November 11, 2007). "Airport Check-in: Detroit Seeks Rail System, New Runway". USA Today. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
- "Detroit Metro Airport Master Plan" (PDF). Wayne County Airport Authority. 2002. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
- "Detroit Proposes 10,000-Foot Runway, Would Displace 15% of Town". USA Today. Associated Press. February 22, 2008. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
- "McNamara Terminal Map" (PDF). Wayne County Airport Authority. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
- "Detroit (DTW) McNamara Terminal Northwest World Gateway Baggage Handling System" (PDF) (Press release). BNP Associates. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
- Hurst, Nathan (March 20, 2009). "New, Faster Baggage Screening". The Detroit News. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
- "Privacy Impact Assessment for the Airport Access Authorization To Commercial Establishments Beyond The Screening Checkpoint (AAACE) Program" (PDF). Department of Homeland Security. April 5, 2007. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
- "Water Feature". Wayne County Airport Authority. Retrieved August 30, 2015.
- "McNamara Terminal Restaurants, Shops and Services". Wayne County Airport Authority. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
- Wuebker, Marcus (November 18, 2008). "The McNamara Tunnel, Detroit Airport". JimOnLight.com. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
- . November 23, 2015 http://www.clickondetroit.com/news/detroit-metro-airport-dtw-has-variety-of-new-food-choices/36617650. Retrieved December 9, 2015. Missing or empty
- "Detroit Metropolitan Airport". Gensler. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
- Shea, Bill (July 27, 2010). "Detroit Metropolitan Airport Calls Off Plan to Sell Naming Rights". Crain's Detroit Business. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
- "North Terminal Restaurants, Shops and Services". Wayne County Airport Authority. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
- "Detroit Metro Airport's North Terminal Named 'Build Michigan' Winner" (Press release). redOrbit. February 1, 2010. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
- "Detroit, MI: Detroit Metro Wayne County (DTW)". Transtats.bts.gov. January 10, 2013. Retrieved Apr 2016.
- "Detroit International (DTW) International Statistics". Bureau of Transportation Statistics, US Department of Transportation. Retrieved February 13, 2016.
- "Aviation Statistics".
- "Berry Terminal at Detroit airport gets new life". Crain's Detroit Business. Associated Press. May 20, 2009. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
- "Detroit Metropolitan Airport Contractor Outreach for the Reconstruction of Runway 4L/22R" (PDF). p. 28. Retrieved November 15, 2015.
- "Smith Terminal Map" (PDF). Wayne County Airport Authority. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
- Masson, Mary Frances (September 17, 2008). link "Memories of Smith Terminal Not Fond" Check
|url=value (help). Detroit Free Press. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
- Mattingly–Meyer, Katherine; Martin–McElroy, C.P.; W. Hawkins Ferry, Hon A.I.A. (1980). Detroit Architecture A.I.A. Guide Revised Edition. Wayne State University Press. ISBN 0-8143-1651-4.
- "Parking: North Terminal". Wayne County Airport Authority. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
- "Parking: Overview". Wayne County Airport Authority. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
- "Maps and Directions". Wayne County Airport Authority. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
- "Ground Transportation: Overview". Wayne County Airport Authority. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
- "Destinations Served By SMART". Suburban Mobility Authority For Regional Transportation. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
- "Cell Phone Waiting Area". Wayne County Airport Authority. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
- "Parking at Detroit Metro Airport is as Easy as 1,2,3...". Wayne County Airport Authority. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
- Perkins, Tom (January 31, 2010). "Ann Arbor to Detroit Rail Could Be Running By Year-End, Officials Say". Ann Arbor News. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
- "North America Airport Satisfaction Study". J.D. Power. February 18, 2010. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
- "World's Top Customer Service Airports Recognised" (PDF) (Press release). Airports Council International. March 12, 2007. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
- "Airport Service Quality Awards 2007" (PDF). Airports Council International. February 25, 2008. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
- Faith, Nicholas (1996). Black Box: Why Airline Safety Is No Accident. Osceola, Wisconsin: Motorbooks International. pp. 157–158. ISBN 978-0-7603-0400-6.
- "9 Killed in Detroit Plane Crash". Chicago Tribune. March 5, 1987. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
- "Accident Description: Northwest Airlines Flight 255". Aviation-safety.net. August 16, 1987. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
- "The Crash". Flight255memorial.com. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
- "Accident Description: Northwest Airlines Flight 1482". Aviation-safety.net. December 3, 1990. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
- "Accident Description: Northwest Airlines Fight 299". Aviation-safety.net. December 3, 1990. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
- "Accident Description: Comair Flight 3272". Aviation-safety.net. January 9, 1997. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
- "U.S. Security for Air Travel Under New Scrutiny". MSNBC. December 28, 2009. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Detroit Metropolitan Airport.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport.|
- Official website
- Wayne County-Detroit Metro Airport History
- Detroit Spotters
- (PDF), effective May 26, 2016
- FAA Terminal Procedures for DTW, effective May 26, 2016
- Preferred Development Plan
- Resources for this airport: