Detroit Arsenal (Warren, Michigan)
|Detroit Army Arsenal|
|Part of U.S. Army Tank-automotive and Armaments Command|
The plant floor in the 1940s.
*Research, Development and Engineering Center
*Life Cycle Management Command.
|Controlled by||US Army Installation Management Command|
|Garrison||US Army Garrison - Detroit Army Arsenal|
Detroit Arsenal (DTA), formerly Detroit Arsenal Tank Plant (DATP) was the first manufacturing plant ever built for the mass production of tanks in the United States. Established in 1940 under Chrysler, this plant was owned by the U.S. government until 1996. It was designed by architect Albert Kahn. The building was designed originally as a "dual production facility, so that it could make armaments and be turned into peaceful production at war's end. Notwithstanding its name, the 113-acre (0.46 km2) site was located in Warren, Michigan, Detroit's largest suburb.
During World War II, the Detroit Arsenal Tank Plant built a quarter of the 89,568 tanks produced in the U.S. overall. The Korean War boosted production for the first time since World War II had ended; the government would suspend tank production after each war. In May 1952, Chrysler resumed control from the army, which had been unable to ramp up production.
As a Government-Owned, Contractor Operated (GOCO) facility, Chrysler retained operational control of the production facility until March 1982, when Chrysler sold its Chrysler Defense division to General Dynamics Land Systems. General Dynamics produced the M1 Abrams tank at the facility (and at another plant in Lima, Ohio) until 1996, when the plant was closed and tank assembly and maintenance operations were consolidated at the Lima plant. The plant and some of the adjoining property were transferred to the City of Warren in 2001. The site of the original tank plant has been parcelled up and is now dedicated to civilian uses.
The structure of the plant was designed to survive bombardment by the weapons of the day. It included 3-foot-thick (0.91 m) concrete walls in some areas and a reinforced roof with slats to direct bombs away from vulnerable windows and exhaust fans.
The portion of the property not sold to the city remains an active Army facility with many agencies present. The installation is managed by Installation Management Command (IMCOM) and hosts the headquarters of the United States Army Tank Automotive Research, Development and Engineering Center (TARDEC) and the United States Army TACOM Life Cycle Management Command. TACOM continues to function at the location, is in fact in a major building boom as of 2010.
- Detroit Arsenal Tank Plant, Local Legacies. Library of Congress
- Bos, Ann M. and Talbot, Randy, Enough and On Time, The Story of the Detroit Arsenal Tank Plant, Michigan History Magazine. June, 2001.
- Meredith, Robyn, Vast Plant for Tanks Has Closed. 21 December 1996. New York Times.
- Monday, 26 May. 1952 (26 May 1952). "Upheaval at the Arsenal". Time. Retrieved 21 May 2011.
- "Pure Michigan, Arsenal of Democracy". Ref.michigan.org. 28 July 2010. Retrieved 21 May 2011.
- Adler, Dennis. "Chrysler Goes to War" Chrysler, (MotorBooks/MBI Publishing Company, 2000), 192 pages. ISBN 0-7603-0695-8, ISBN 978-0-7603-0695-6
- Ogbac, Stefan (December 29, 2015). "Chyrsler Revisits Its Involvement in World War II: Tanks, turrets, airplanes, and Power Wagons" (Photos, Video). Motor Trend. Retrieved December 29, 2015.
- Press Release, Closing of Detroit Arsenal Tank Plant.
- "Land Use Distribution". Ludb.clui.org. Retrieved 21 May 2011.
- "U.S. Army TACOM Life Cycle Management Command History". Tacom.army.mil. Retrieved 21 May 2011.
- "City of Warren Community, Economic and Downtown Development". Cityofwarren.org. 23 August 2005. Retrieved 21 May 2011.
- "Michigan Historical Marker". Michmarkers.com. Retrieved 21 May 2011.
- "TACOM public website". Tacom.army.mil. Retrieved 21 May 2011.
- "Tanks Are Mighty Fine Things," a booklet about the WW2 History of the Detroit Tank Arsenal.
- Congressional Record , remarks on the dedication of the Michigan Historical Marker concerning the Detroit Arsenal Tank Plant by U.S. Senator Carl Levin.
- Description of Detroit Arsenal Tank Plant at Globalsecurity.org.
- Detroit Tank Arsenal in Warren Township, 1941.
- U.S. Army Tank Automotive Command history.
- Wikimapia, Detroit Arsenal Tank Plant.
- "Tanks are mighty fine things" (1946) on the Internet Archive
- A film clip "Assembly Lines of Defense" is available at the Internet Archive