Detroit Triple Fan Fair
|Detroit Triple Fan Fair|
Shel Dorf's design for the DTFF logo.
|Genre||Comics, fantasy books, and science fiction movies|
|Venue||Pick-Fort Shelby Hotel (1968, 1972, 1973)
Howard Johnson's New Center Motor Lodge (1969–1970)
Detroit Hilton (1973–1974)
|Organized by||Detroit Triple Fan Fair Productions|
The Detroit Triple Fan Fair (DTFF) was a U.S. multigenre convention generally held annually in Detroit, Michigan, from 1965 to 1977. It is credited as being the first regularly held convention featuring comic books as a major component. The Triple Fan Fair also gave balanced coverage to historic film showings and science-fiction literature, in a manner that provided a template for many future convention organizers — most of which have yet to attain the same level of equal service to this sort of linked fan base.
In addition to the typical convention features like a dealer room and panel-led discussions, the Detroit Triple Fan Fair featured a costume contest, and "films till dawn" (often running all night long for the convention's duration). From 1967 to at least 1969, the show presented the Nova Award to that year's guest of honor. In later years, the DTFF also sponsored an amateur film contest.
On May 24, 1964, at the Hotel Tuller, teenagers Robert Brosch and Dave Szurek organized a Detroit-based convention for about 80 fans of the comic book medium. Jerry Bails, the "father of comics fandom," was on the organizing committee, along with members of the Michigan Science Fiction Society (the so-called "Misfits.")
The next year Bails and local comics enthusiast Shel Dorf took over the event, christening it the Detroit Triple Fan Fair (referring to fantasy literature, fantasy films, and comic art) and organizing it as an annual event (although no show was held in 1966). The board of the initial official Detroit Triple Fan Fair consisted of Bails, Carl Lundgren, Tom Altschuler, Ed April, Noel Cooper, Gary Crowdus, Howard Devore, Marvin Giles, Dennis Kowicki, Larry Larson, and Eugene Seeger. Robert Brosch, an authority on horror films, also stayed involved with the DTFF in various capacities at least through 1970.
In what soon became a trend, aspiring local comic book creators flocked to the early events, and often became involved with organizing the show each year. For instance, the then-18-year-old Carl Lundgren was co-chairman of the 1965 DTFF, and Rich Buckler also attended the initial shows as a teenager, eventually "running things." Arvell Jones recalls many members of the so-called "Detroit Mob" making appearances at various shows, including Buckler, Greg Theakston, Tom Orzechowski, Keith Pollard, Jim Starlin, Mike Vosburg, Al Milgrom, Terry Austin, and Michael Netzer (Nasser). The reputation of the convention was such that a number of other industry professionals would appear at the event unbilled.
Among the films screened at the 1969 show were the Boris Karloff films The Mummy, Frankenstein, and The Bells. Letterer Ken Bruzenak attended the 1969 convention, where he met his hero Jim Steranko, and also crossed paths with future collaborator Howard Chaykin for the first time.
The 1970 show, organized by Buckler and DTFF originator Robert Brosch, expanded to a five-day affair that shared events with "Dum-Dum '70" (put on by Burroughs' Bibliophiles). Guests and attending professionals included Philip José Farmer (the Dum-Dum Guest of Honor), Jim Steranko, Algis Budrys, Don & Maggie Thompson, Jerry Bails, Marv Wolfman, Len Wein, Bernie Wrightson, Alan Weiss, Mike Friedrich, and John Jakes. Panels were held on such topics as Carl Barks & Walt Kelly, the future of comics, and a "sword & sorcery symposium." The Academy of Comic Book Arts provided an exhibit of original art. The dealer room was known as the "Huckster Room" and "movies till dawn" were shown every night from Sept. 3–6. A masquerade ball, with prizes for the best costume, was held Saturday night. In addition to co-organizer Buckler, other attendees at the 1970 DTFF who later became comics industry professionals included Arvell Jones, Tom Orzechowski, Greg Theakston, and Tony Isabella.
No DTFF was held in 1971, and Detroit-area enthusiasts Tom Orzechowski, Terry Austin, Tony Isabella, Arvell Jones, Martin Pasko, and Jerry Bails feared it would fade away entirely. Accordingly, in August 1972 they organized the Detroit Tri-Con, held August 3–6 at the Pick-Fort Shelby Hotel. Official guests were Gray Morrow, Lin Carter, and Fan Guest of Honor Rick Yager; other guests included Edmond Hamilton, Leigh Brackett, Al Williamson, Russ Myers, John Jakes, T. Casey Brennan, and Robert Taylor; the program cover was by Gray Morrow. Films included Fritz Lang's Metropolis, Douglas Fairbanks' The Thief of Bagdad, Arthur Conan Doyle's The Lost World, and Humphrey Bogart's The Maltese Falcon.
Greg Theakston became a major player in the DTFF after Shel Dorf left, coming to own it from 1973 until its 1978 dissolution. In response to the Detroit Tri-Con, and asserting that the Triple Fan Fair was "alive and well," Theakston staged a DTFF from October 19–22, 1972. That year's show shared billing with Al Schuster's Star Trek Convention; guests included Gene Roddenberry and Majel Barrett, as well as Neal Adams. "Films till dawn" shown at the 1972 DTFF included such Pre-Code Hollywood classics as The Invisible Man, Bela Lugosi's Dracula, and Boris Karloff's Frankenstein and Bride of Frankenstein; a selection of Hammer Horror films; an uncut version of Night of the Living Dead; four Marx Brothers films; and 12 Star Trek episodes. In addition, Vaughn Bodē debuted his "Bodē Cartoon Concert" at the 1972 show, in front of a crowd of 80 people. Admission each day to the 1972 DTFF was $4 at the door. (Illustrator Joe Barney — who later worked for Neal Adams' Continuity Studios — claims to have met his idol Jim Steranko at the 1971 Detroit Triple Fan Fair, but there is no record of a DTFF being held in 1971. Barney remembers Vaughn Bodē, Jeff Jones, Greg Theakston, Michael Nasser, and Keith Pollard being at the same show, which means he was probably thinking of the 1972 edition of DTFF.)
One of Theakston's first acts as official DTFF owner was to hold two shows in 1973, one over Memorial Day weekend, and one in October. "Films all night" from the May show included seven Marx Brothers movies and the Pre-Code Hollywood films Mad Love and Mystery of the Wax Museum. Chuck Rozanski, later a major Denver-area comics retailer, hitchhiked to Detroit for the Memorial Day DTFF, slept in Jerry Bails' home, and set up as a dealer at the show. Rozanski converted 50 high-value comics he brought with him into an inventory of more than 2,000 comics. By the end of the show, he had made more than $400 and had over 1000 comics which he sent back to Denver for future sales. (Rozanski opened his first store in Denver the following year.)
The October 1973 show, featuring Barry Smith, Michael Kaluta, George A. Romero, and Russ Heath, sponsored an amateur film contest and the annual "masque" (with a $100 first prize). "Films till dawn" included two Marx Brothers films, 20 Warner Bros. cartoons, and six Amos 'n' Andy episodes.
In 1974, DTFF was considered the largest fan convention, in terms of attendance, in the Midwest. The 1974 edition featured an Academy of Comic Book Arts exhibit, an amateur film contest, and the annual "masque" with a $150 first prize. Thursday night's "films till dawn" and "fractured flickers" included six Amos 'n' Andy episodes. Artist Michael Netzer (then known as Michael Nasser) remembers that Greg Theakston introduced him to Neal Adams at the 1974 DTFF. Adams took interest in Netzer's art and invited him to join Continuity Studios.
By the mid-to-late 1970s, many of the Detroit-area creators who had helped organize the show had relocated to New York City to work for Marvel and DC. The DTFF would continue sporadically through the 1970s. There was no DTFF held in 1975. In 1977, there was a final Triple Fan Fair held at the now-defunct Hilton in Troy, Michigan — that edition of the DTFF was known as the "Detroit Triple Fan Fair (in Exile)." Guests of honor at that event were Chuck Jones, Charles H. Schneer, and Ray Harryhausen. Films screened at the 1977 DTFF included the Harryhausen movies It Came from Beneath the Sea, The 7th Voyage of Sinbad, and Sinbad and the Eye of the Tiger.
From 1984–1986, local-area grad student Gary Reed (later publisher of Caliber Press) ran a local convention known as King Kon. Starting in 1989, comics retailer Michael Goldman launched a for-profit endeavor called the Motor City Comic Con; it continues as an annual show to the present day.
Detroit has a very strong connection with comic conventions and fandom. Some of the earliest fandom magazines came out of the Detroit area in the late 1960s and the Detroit Triple Fan Fair was the first convention of its kind. ... Detroit Fanfare is both proud and excited to bring back home some of the major participants that helped to grow the comic industry into the behemoth it is today. There will [be] panels and discussions where the people who started so much will have a chance to discuss the early days, and reflect on their memories of the great stars that attended the convention. They will provide rare pictures and original drawings of some of the masters of the medium.
Dates and locations
This section is missing information about dates, venues, films, and guests.(May 2015)
- 1967 Roger Zelazny — "in recognition of outstanding contribution to science fiction and fantasy"
- 1968 Harlan Ellison
- 1969 Al Williamson — "in recognition of his achievements in illustrative art"
- 1965 Program cover designed by Shel Dorf
- 1969 Program cover by Jack Kirby
- 1970 Program cover by Jim Steranko and interior art pages by Neal Adams and Bernie Wrightson. The program booklet was dedicated to Jack Kirby.
- 1972 Program cover by Neal Adams, featuring Batman, Deadman, Green Lantern, and Green Arrow
- 1973 Program covers by Barry Windsor-Smith (Conan) and Virgil Finlay
- 1974 Program featured a cover illustration of The Spirit by Will Eisner
- 1976 Program cover by Joe Kubert, showing Tarzan fighting some elephants
- 1977 Program cover by Chuck Jones, billed as "Detroit Triple Fan Fair 13"
The DTFF published "progress reports" in 1969, 1970, 1972, 1973, with multiple issues per year. Contributors included Allen Park and Robert Brosch; cover illustrations were by Al Williamson, Frank Frazetta, and Neal Adams (Batman).
- Detroit Triple Fan Fair, registered as a Domestic Nonprofit Corporation on October 16, 1973, by Greg Allan Theakston (Agent) of Detroit, MI; dissolved on October 1, 1978. Accessed Feb. 15, 2016.
- Henrickson, Eric (July 7, 2010). "New comic convention, Detroit Fanfare, coming this fall". The Detroit News. Archived from the original on August 30, 2010.
- Duncan, Randy; and Smith, Matthew J. The Power of Comics: History, Form and Culture (Continuum International Publishing Group, 2009), p. 183.
- Skinn, Dez. "Early days of UK comics conventions and marts," DezSkinn.com. Retrieved March 3, 2013.
- "Historian Collects Comics: They Are Works of Art," Detroit News (1965).
- Schelly, Bill. "Jerry Bails' Ten Building Blocks of Fandom," Alter Ego Vol. 3, Issue #25 (June 2003), pp. 5-8.
- Cooke, Jon B. "Rich Buckler Breaks Out! The Artist on Deathlok, T'Challa, and Other Marvel Tales," Comic Book Artist Collection, Volume 3 (TwoMorrows Publishing, 2005).
- Davidoff, Kale. "San Diego Comic-Con's Detroit Roots," Woodwords (July 9, 2015).
- Detroit Triple Fan Fair program book (Detroit Triple Fan Fair, 1972).
- Thomas, Phil. "Comic Strips Are Collectors' Items," The Owosso Argus-Press (April 3, 1965).
- Callwood, Brett. "Dark stars: How Detroit more than matches Gotham City and Metropolis, all from the minds of comic genius," Metro Times (January 5, 2011).
- Moore, Vince. "Standing On The Shoulders Of Giants: Arvell Jones," Comic Book Resources (February 22, 2006).
- Talbert, Bob. "Bob Talbert's Detroit," Detroit Free Press (June 4, 1969), p. 11.
- Cooke, Jon B. (February 4, 2000). "Interview with Ken Bruzenak". Comic Book Artist. Archived from the original on July 16, 2007.
- Rowe, Peter. "Obituary: Sheldon Dorf; Comic-Con co-founder," U-T San Diego (November 4, 2009).
- Buckler entry, Who's Who of American Comic Books, 1928–1999. Retrieved February 5, 2016.
- "Program," 1970 convention booklet.
- "Attending...," Detroit Triple Fan Fair program booklet (1970).
- Turner, Greg. "Fabulous Find: 1972 Detroit Tri Con Program," Back to the Past website (February 20, 2015).
- Morrow, John. "Greg Theakston Interview," Collected Jack Kirby Collector (TwoMorrows Publishing, 2004), p. 97.
- "Steady Sketches," Detroit Free Press (October 23, 1972), p. 19.
- Bob Levin. "I See My Light Come Shining," The Comics Journal vol. 5, (March 2005). Archived at The Official Bodē website. Retrieved February 18, 2016.
- Daudt, Ron E. "Joe Barney Interview (Pt. 2)," The Silver Age Sage: A Tribute to the Silver Age of DC Comics. Retrieved May 18, 2013.
- Rozanski, Chuck. "The Summer of 1973 - Part II: Detroit Triple Fan Fair," Tales From the Database. Retrieved July 8, 2010.
- "Motor City Con," Monster Times #38 (Jan. 1975).
- Offenberger, Rik (July 2005). "Michael Netzer's New Comic Book of Life". Silver Bullet Comic Books. Archived from the original on October 21, 2007. Retrieved December 3, 2011.
- Netzer, Michael. Crazy About Comics: The Art of Michael Netzer (Detroit Fanfare, 2010).
- Talbert, Bob. "Slow Going at RenCen, Speed at Indy," Detroit Free Press (May 26, 1977).
- Morrow entry, Who's Who of American Comic Books, 1928–1999. Retrieved February 5, 2016.
- "Con Reports: King Kon Strikes Again!". CBGXtra.com. August 22, 2008. Archived from the original on November 24, 2015.
- Henrickson, Eric. "A feast for geeks," Detroit News (October 28, 2010), p. M.14.
- "Panels," Archived September 13, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. Detroit Fanfare website. Retrieved July 8, 2010.
- Shel Dorf Awards official site. Retrieved December 13, 2011.
- MacDonald, Heidi. "Detroit Fanfare convention shuts down," The Beat (Dec. 26, 2014).
- Cantor, George. "Krazy Kat Kavorts Again," Detroit Free Press (July 26, 1965), p. 3.
- "Special Events," Detroit Free Press (June 11, 1967), p. 143.
- Shapiro, Hal (chairman). 1969 DTFF program booklet.
- "Fans of Fantasy Recall Their Idols," Detroit Free Press (June 19, 1967).
- Thompson, Maggie. Newfangles #8 (Mar. 1968).
- DeVore, Howard. "DTTF Con Report," Science Fiction Times (August 1968).
- Sloane, Leonard. "Nostalgia for Extinct Pop Culture Creates Industry," The New York Times (March 22, 1970)
- Cantor, George. "Pop Culture Fans Turn Relics to Art," Detroit Free Press (September 7, 1970), p. 3.
- Talbert, Bob. "Bob Talbert's Detroit," Detroit Free Press (April 4, 1972), p. 15.
- Ayres, Bruce. "Editorials," The Vault of Mindless Fellowship #2 (Wildwood Press, Ltd., 1972). pp. 30-32.
- Detroit Free Press (May 25, 1973), p. 23.
- "Fiction for Sale," Detroit Free Press (October 19, 1973), p. 3.
- Sim, Dave. Interview with Mike Kaluta, Comic Art News and Reviews #14 (October 1973).
- Sim, Dave. Interview with Russ Heath, Comic Art News and Reviews #14 (October 1973).
- Detroit Free Press (October 19, 1973), p. 31.
- 1/2-page ad for the fair, The Buyer's Guide to Comics Fandom #152 (October 15, 1976).
- 1976 DTFF program booklet.
- 1/2-page ad for the fair, The Buyer's Guide to Comics Fandom #182 (May 13, 1977).
- Ringgenberg, Steve "S.C." 50 Girls 50: And Other Stories: Al Williamson (Fantagraphics Books, 2013), p. 239.