Deuel Vocational Institution

Coordinates: 37°44′52″N 121°19′49″W / 37.7479°N 121.3302°W / 37.7479; -121.3302
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Deuel Vocational Institution (DVI)

Deuel Vocational Institution main entrance
LocationSan Joaquin County, California
Coordinates37°44′52″N 121°19′49″W / 37.7479°N 121.3302°W / 37.7479; -121.3302
Population2,047 (121.8% capacity) (as of April 30, 2020[1])
Managed byCalifornia Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation

Deuel Vocational Institution (DVI) was a state prison located in unincorporated San Joaquin County, California, near Tracy.[2][3] The prison closed on September 30, 2021.[4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11]


Location of Tracy within San Joaquin County and San Joaquin County within California

DVI opened in 1953 and named for California state senator Charles H. Deuel, who sponsored legislation establishing the institution. The facility has been expanded and reorganized several times, in 1959, 1981 and 1993.

As of April 30, 2020, DVI was incarcerating people at 121.8% of its design capacity, with 2,047 occupants.[1]

In 1956 the Mexican Mafia was established at Deuel.[12]

One purpose of DVI was to serve as a reception center for newly committed prisoners to the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation from northern California county jails. The facility also housed "mainline" inmates classified by CDCR as levels II and III. There was also a minimum security "ranch" that supports a dairy. As of January 2006, the total count of prisoners at DVI was 3,748, with 3,162 of that number assigned to the reception center.[citation needed]

As a result of DVI's primary function as a reception center, in which a large number of felons of different propensities for violence, disciplinary and security issues pass through before being classified and transferred to other facilities, DVI has a long-standing reputation for being violent and dangerous. The facility used to be referred to as "gladiator school" by inmates and staff, because the DVI was widely known for the fights and homicides that took place within the prison walls.[citation needed]

As recently as June 2010, an inmate murder in the facility has been recorded.[13]

DVI also had a 110-inmate farm and operate a 1200-cow dairy. They grew cattle grain and supply milk to other state prisons and tax-supported public agencies.

Notable inmates[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation: Monthly Report of Population As of Midnight April 30, 2020" (PDF). California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation, Division of Internal Oversight and Research. April 30, 2020. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 3, 2020. Retrieved May 2, 2020.
  2. ^ "Deuel Vocational Institution." California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation. Retrieved on June 6, 2011. "23500 Kasson Road Tracy, CA 95376"
  3. ^ "Tracy city, California Archived 2008-02-03 at the Wayback Machine." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on June 6, 2011.
  4. ^ "Tracy's Deuel Vocational Institution closes following state's 2020 multi-year budget plan".
  5. ^ "CDCR Closing Two Prisons and Experiencing Staffing Shortages". 6 December 2021.
  6. ^ "Prison Closure Information".
  7. ^ "Deuel Vocational Institution is now closed". 2 September 2021.
  8. ^ "Legislative Analyst's Office Skeptical after 'Warm Shutdown' of Deuel Vocational Institution". 9 February 2021.
  9. ^ "California Closing Deuel Vocational Institute in Tracy; 1st of 2 State Prisons to be Shuttered". CBS News. 25 September 2020.
  10. ^ "CDCR plans to close DVI in 2021".
  11. ^[bare URL]
  12. ^ Wood, Graeme. "How Gangs Took Over Prisons." The Atlantic. October 2014. Retrieved on August 8, 2016.
  13. ^ "Cellmate to be charged with murder – for a second time". RecordNet. 2010. Retrieved 2010-09-09.
  14. ^ Gerbasi, Thomas (2001-01-20). " - BOXING - Diego Corrales: No More Drama". Retrieved 2022-08-19.
  15. ^ Davis Jordan, Fania (March 1974). "The San Quentin Six: A Case of Vengeance". The Black Scholar. Paradigm Publishers. 5 (6): 44–50. doi:10.1080/00064246.1974.11431392. JSTOR 41065690.
  16. ^ Inmate Information: ENRIQUEZ, RENE OLMOS. Admission Date: 03/25/1993. Current Location: Ironwood State Prison. Information current as of: 07/22/2018
  17. ^ "Joe Fong: From gang leader to grad school". 2 July 2012.
  18. ^ "- YouTube". YouTube.
  19. ^ Krist v. Smith, 309 F. Supp. 497, 89 (S.D. Ga. 1970).
  20. ^[bare URL PDF]
  21. ^ "Venus and Serena Williams' Sister's Killer Released from Prison". 31 July 2018.
  22. ^ "Lodi News-Sentinel - Google News Archive Search".
  23. ^ "Archives". Los Angeles Times.

External links[edit]