Deva (composer)

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Deva
Music Director Deva at KJ Yesudas 50 Concert Press Meet.jpg
Background information
Birth name Devanesan Chokkalingam
Born (1950-11-20) 20 November 1950 (age 66)[1]
Origin Tamil Nadu, India
Occupation(s) Film composer, music director
Instruments Vocals (playback singing), guitar, keyboard/harmonium/piano
Years active 1988–present

Devanesan Chokkalingam, popularly known as Deva, is an Indian film composer and singer. He has composed songs and provided background music for Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam and Kannada films in a career spanning about 20 years. Many know his gaana songs, written mostly using Madras Tamil. He is known as the "Father of Gaana Genre" in the Tamil film industry.[2][3]

Deva has composed music for many films within a very short period. He debuted as a film music director in the film Manasukkeththa Maharaasa in 1989. In the intervening years he has composed music for a total of more than 400 films.[4]

Personal life[edit]

Deva was born to M. C. Chokkalingam and M. C. Krishnaveni. Even in his childhood, Deva was attracted to the world of music. Teaming up with Chandra Bose, he staged many musical programmes. He started learning classical music under Dhanraj and completed a course in Western music at Trinity College of Music in London. His son Srikanth Deva is also a music director, as are his brothers, who have formed the duo Sabesh-Murali. His nephew Jai is an actor.

Career[edit]

Before coming to cinema, Deva worked for some time in the television field. In those days Deva's brothers were working in the musical troupes of Illayaraja and other music directors as instrumentalists. His first film, Manasukketha Maharasa, was released in 1989. He was then called to work on the movie Vaigasi Poranthachu. After the release of Vaikaasi Poranthaachu, his name became known throughout the Tamil community.[1][5]

So far he has composed music for more than 400 films, which include Tamil, Telugu and Malayalam films. He is also famous for his compositions for religious films. He was widely acclaimed for his scores for Rajinikanth starrer Basha. His other famous compositions include Annamalai and Baasha, both starring Super Star Rajnikanth.

In 2014, Anirudh Ravichander chose Deva to sing a gaana song in his album Maan Karate and labelled Deva as the "father of the Gaana genre".[6]

Honours[edit]

Veteran music director M. S. Viswanathan conferred the title Thenisai Thendral upon Deva for his contributions. He mostly uses Singers Swarnalatha, Anuradha sriram & Chitra.

Awards[edit]

In 1990, he received his first Tamil Nadu State Film Award for Best Music Director. He received the Tamil Nadu Government's Kalaimamani Award in the year 1992. In 1995, the film Aasai brought him another state film award. For Baasha, he got the Tamil Nadu Arts and Cultural Academy Award. Award by Guinness world records for Sivappu Mazhai world fastest movie from script to screening. He has also been honoured by awards from popular journals like Dinakaran, Cinema Express and Screen.He won Filmfare Award for Best Music Director - Kannada film Amrutha Varshini [7][8]

Partial filmography[edit]

Tamil films[edit]

Year Film Title Notes
1989 Manasukketha Maharasa Debut film as a composer
1990 Vaigasi Poranthachu Winner Tamil Nadu State Film Award for Best Music Director
Mannukketha Maindhan
sakkadey bootham
1991 Pudhu Manithan
Vasanthakala Paravai
Kizhakku Karai
Nadodi Kadhal
Gangai Karai Paattu
Mangalyam Thanthunane
Aatha Un Koyilile
Marikozhundhu
1992 Tamil Ponnu
Amma Vanthachu
Annamalai
Ilavarasan
Oor Mariyadhai
Madhumathi
Government Mappillai
Brahmachari
Pondatti Rajyam
Samundi
Suriyan
Therku Theru Machan
Unakkaga Piranthen
Solaiyamma
Pattathu Raani
Natchathira Nayagan
1993 Kattabomman
Sendhoorapandi
Rojavai Killathe
Moondravadhu Kann
Pass Mark
Madurai Meenakshi
Vedan
Maravan
Nallathe Nadakkum
Thanga Pappa
Idhaya Nayagan
1994 En Aasai Machan
Rasigan
Manja Virattu
Nila
Subramaniya Swamy
Indhu
Namma Annachi
Karuppu Nila
Jallikattu Kaalai
Pathavi Pramanam
Maindhan
Thamarai
Manasu Rendum Pudhusu
Watchman Vadivel
Thaai Manasu
Vaa Magale Vaa
Sevatha Ponnu
Sarigamapadani
1995 Aasai Winner Tamil Nadu State Film Award for Best Music Director
Baasha
Deva
Seethanam
Gandhi Pirantha Mann
Nadodi Mannan
Thirumoorthy
Marumagan
Maaman Magal
Mannai Thottu Kumbidanum
Thaikulame Thaikulame
Pullakuttikaran
Chinna Mani
En Pondatti Nallava
Varraar Sandiyar
Dear Son Maruthu
1996 Avvai Shanmugi
Gokulathil Seethai
Senathipathi
Gopala Gopala
Kadhal Kottai
Kalloori Vaasal
Maanbumigu Maanavan
Panchalankurichi
Kalki
Vaanmathi
Kaalam Maari Pochu
Vishwanath
Summa Irunga Machan
Mappillai Manasu Poopola
1997 Aahaa
Abhimanyu
Arunachalam
Bharathi Kannamma
Saathisanam
Thadayam
Iniyavale
Dharma Chakkaram
Ettupatti Rasa
Vaimaye Vellum
Sishya
Kadhal Palli
Kaalamellam Kadhal Vaazhga
Kaalamellam Kaathiruppen
Kalyana Vaibhogam
Mappillai Gounder
Nerukku Ner
Nalla Manasukkaran
Nesam
Once More
Pagaivan
Pathhini
Periya Thambi
Pongalo Pongal
Porkkaalam
Rettai Jadai Vayasu
Periya Manushan
Pudhalvan
Thedinen Vanthathu
1998 En Uyir Nee Thaane
Iniyavale
Kaadhali
Manasakkul Varalaama
Kaadhale Nimmadhi
Kannedhirey Thondrinal
Urimai Por
Santhosham
Sivappu Nila
Ponnu Velayira Bhoomi
Natpukkaga
Ponvizha
Ninaithen Vandhai
Priyamudan
Sandhippoma
Sundara Pandian
1999 Aasaiyil Oru Kaditham
Anantha Poongathe
Ullathai Killathe
Chinna Raja
Oruvan
Ooty
Hello
Kanave Kalaiyadhe
Kannodu Kanbathellam
Nenjinile
Anbulla Kadhalukku
Minsara Kanna
Unnaithedi
Unnaruge Naan Irundhal
Guru Paarvai
Vaali
2000 Appu
Vetri Kodi Kattu
Eazhaiyin Sirippil
Kushi Winner Tamil Nadu State Film Award for Best Music Director
Mugavaree
Vallarasu
Koodi Vazhnthal Kodi Nanmai
Sandhitha Velai
Unnai Kann Theduthey
Seenu
Thai Porandachu
Manu Needhi
2001 Chocolate
Citizen
Engalukkum Kaalam Varum
En Purushan Kuzhandhai Maadhiri
Kannukku Kannaga
Maayan
Sri Raja Rajeshwari
Lovely
Veettoda Mappillai
Love Channel
Love Marriage
Lootie
Virumbugiren
Kadal Meengal
Ulagai Vilai Pesava
2002 Bagavathi
Panchathanthiram
Red
Pammal K. Sambandam
Samasthanam
Vivaramana Aalu
Maaran
2003 Chokka Thangam
Dum
Soori
Kadhal Kirukkan
Ramachandra
Kadhal Sadugudu
Indru Mudhal
Thathi Thavadhu Manasu
Indru
Military
2004 Devathayai Kanden
Adi Thadi
Jore
Ramakrishna
Kavithai
Super Da
Engal Anna
Jaisurya
Gajendra
Maha Nadigan
2005 Englishkaran
Nanbanin Kadhali
Girivalam
Selvam
Sivakasi BGM only
2007 Thirumagan
Viyabari
Solli Adippen
Manikanda
Adavadi
Pasupathi c/o Rasakkapalayam
Cheena Thaana 001
2008 Kodaikanal
2009 Aarumugam
Mattuthavani
2010 Sivappu Mazhai
Pen Singam
Kutti Pisasu
2012 Kondaan Koduthaan
2014 Dummy Tapassu
2016 Mugappair Sri Kanaka Durga
2017 Unnai Thottu Kolla Vaa

Kannada films[edit]

Year Film Title Notes
1997 Raja
Amrutha Varshini Winner: Filmfare Award for Best Music Director - Kannada
2000 Independence Day
Vande Mataram
Galate Aliyandru
2001 Kotigobba
2002 Naanu Naane
Nata
Sainika
Simhadriya Simha
2003 Vijayadashami
Raja Narasimha
2004 Kadamba
2005 Vishnu Sena
2008 Aakasha Gange
2010 Bombat Car
2011 Olave Mandara
2012 Super Shastri
2016 Bheeshma

Telugu films[edit]

Year Film Title Notes
1994 Bhale Pellam
1997 Master
1998 Auto Driver
Tholi Prema
2000 Bagunnara
2003 Naaga
2005 Naayudamma
2010 Cara Majaka

Malayalam films[edit]

Year Film Title Notes
1996 The Prince
King Solomon
2002 Phantom

Television[edit]

Discography[edit]

Year Film Title Song(s) Notes
2016 Enakku Veru Engum Gilaigai Kidaiyathu "Kodambakkam Maru Peru"
2016 Theri "Jithu Jilladi"
2016 Anjala "Tea Podu"
2014 Maan Karate "Open The Tasmac"
2009 Modhi Vilayadu "Modhi Vilayadu"
2004 Adithadi "Thagadu"
1998 Kannethire Thondrinaal "Salomiya"
1998 Priyamudan "White Lagaan"
1998 Ninaithen Vandhai "Manisha Manisha"
1998 Kaadhale Nimmadhi "Vidha Vidhama"
1996 Kadhal Kottai "Kavalaipadathe Sagothara"
1996 Vaanmathi "Pillayarpatti Hero"

Onscreen appearances[edit]

Year Film Title Notes
1998 Unnidathil Ennai Koduthen as himself
1999 Chinna Raja as himself
2004 Adi Thadi himself in song "Thagadu"
2005 Englishkaran as himself
2009 Modhi Vilayadu himself in song "Modhi Vilayadu"

Reused tunes[edit]

  • Kotigobba (2001) from Baashha (1995) (3 songs added with one of them being reused version of "Athanda Ithanda" from Arunachalam (1997))
  • Simhadriya Simha from Kattabomman (1 song "Priya Priya" has been reused; while "Kalladre Naanu" was reused as "Poove Mudhal Poove" in Kadhal Kirukkan with different vocals and instrumentations; "Malnad Adike" was reused from "Kottapaakum" in Nattamai).
  • Naaga from Kushi (3 songs "Megam Karukuthu", "Macarina" and "Oru Ponnu" has been reused).

References[edit]