Devanagari (Unicode block)

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Devanagari
RangeU+0900..U+097F
(128 code points)
PlaneBMP
ScriptsDevanagari (124 char.)
Common (2 char.)
Inherited (2 char.)
Major alphabetsHindi
Sanskrit
Marathi
Assigned128 code points
Unused0 reserved code points
Source standardsISCII
Unicode version history
1.0.0104 (+104)
4.0105 (+1)
4.1106 (+1)
5.0110 (+4)
5.1112 (+2)
5.2117 (+5)
6.0127 (+10)
7.0128 (+1)
Note: [1][2]

Devanagari is a Unicode block containing characters for writing languages such as Hindi, Marathi, Sindhi, Nepali, and Sanskrit, among others. In its original incarnation, the code points U+0900..U+0954 were a direct copy of the characters A0-F4 from the 1988 ISCII standard. The Bengali, Gurmukhi, Gujarati, Oriya, Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, and Malayalam blocks were similarly all based on their ISCII encodings.

Block[edit]

Devanagari[1]
Official Unicode Consortium code chart (PDF)
  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F
U+090x
U+091x
U+092x
U+093x ि
U+094x
U+095x
U+096x
U+097x ॿ
Notes
1.^ As of Unicode version 11.0

History[edit]

The following Unicode-related documents record the purpose and process of defining specific characters in the Devanagari block:

Version Final code points[a] Count L2 ID WG2 ID Document
1.0.0 U+0901..0903, 0905..0939, 093C..094D, 0950..0954, 0958..0970 104 (to be determined)
L2/99-235 Nepali Font Standards - White Paper Version 2
L2/99-026 Agenbroad, James E. (1999-01-27), 3.0 Devanagari--Eyelash RA (3rd version)
L2/99-046 Becker, Joe (1999-02-04), Specification of UTC Resolution on Eyelash RA
L2/99-234 N1999 Proposal for Encoding Nepalese script in the ISO/IEC 10646, 1999-03-05
N2055 Ross, Hugh McGregor (1999-07-29), Comment on Proposal for Nepalese Script
L2/01-303 Vikas, Om (2001-07-26), Letter from the Government from India on "Draft for Unicode Standard for Indian Scripts"
L2/01-304 Feedback on Unicode Standard 3.0, 2001-08-02
L2/01-305 McGowan, Rick (2001-08-08), Draft UTC Response to L2/01-304, "Feedback on Unicode Standard 3.0"
L2/01-430R McGowan, Rick (2001-11-20), UTC Response to L2/01-304, “Feedback on Unicode Standard 3.0”
L2/02-017 Whistler, Ken (2002-01-14), Character Properties for avagrahas, etc.
L2/02-215 N2466 Sato, T. K. (2002-05-15), Status in Nepal on n2055 (UK comment on encoding request for Nepali n1999-Nepal)
L2/04-279 Constable, Peter (2004-06-30), Proposal on Clarification and Consolidation of the Function of ZERO WIDTH JOINER in Indic Scripts
L2/04-328 Leca, Antoine (2004-08-04), Response to Public Review Issue #37
L2/04-418 Muller, Eric (2004-11-18), Report of the Indic ad-hoc
L2/04-361 Moore, Lisa (2004-11-23), "101-A101", UTC #101 Minutes
L2/05-049 Public Review Issue #59, Disunification of Dandas, 2005-01-28
L2/05-055 Muller, Eric (2005-01-29), Comments on PRI 59: Script Specific Danda and Double Danda
L2/05-147 Muller, Eric (2005-05-11), Comments on PRI 65: Devanagari Eyelash Ra
L2/06-203 Baums, Stefan (2006-05-14), Latin Dandas
L2/06-373 Proposal for additional character, 2006-11-04
L2/06-398 Pandey, Anshuman (2006-12-15), Comments on L2/06-373 (addition of 'apostrophe' to Devanagari)
L2/08-086 Danda Guidelines Draft, 2008-01-30
L2/08-118R N3457 Criteria for the encoding of script-specific dandas, 2008-03-02
L2/08-197 Representation of Bodo, Dogri and Maithili languages in Unicode Standard, 2008-05-06
L2/08-210 Lata, Swaran (2008-05-07), Usage examples for Bodo, Dogri, Maithili tone marker
L2/09-340 Sharma, Shriramana (2009-10-09), Request for change of annotation of 0951 Devanagari Stress Sign Udatta
L2/09-423 Sharma, Shriramana (2009-11-01), Request for an annotation for the generic Indic danda-s
L2/12-029 Whistler, Ken (2012-01-26), Error in ScriptExtensions.txt (Takri use of dandas)
L2/12-106 Sharma, Shriramana (2012-03-17), "Generic Indic", Request for editorial updates to various Indic scripts
L2/12-164 Sharma, Shriramana (2012-05-02), "Devanagari", Further editorial updates for Indic
L2/13-202 McGowan, Rick (2013-11-01), "Dandas need more scripts in ScriptExtensions.txt", Comments on Public Review Issues (July 30 - Oct 31, 2013)
L2/13-224 Pournader, Roozbeh (2013-11-07), Samples for usage of dandas in Gujarati, Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam, and Tamil
4.0 U+0904 1 L2/01-431R[b] McGowan, Rick (2001-11-08), Actions for UTC and Editorial Committee in response to L2/01-430R
L2/02-117 N2425 McGowan, Rick (2002-03-21), Additional Characters for Indic Scripts
4.1 U+097D 1 L2/02-394 N2543 Constable, Peter; Smith, Steve (2002-11-01), Proposal for Encoding Devanagari Glottal Stop
5.0 U+097B..097C, 097E..097F 4 L2/02-402 Bhaskararao, Peri (2002-12-20), Comments on Revision of Unicode Standard 3.0 for Devanagari Script
L2/03-102 Vikas, Om (2003-03-04), Unicode Standard for Indic Scripts
L2/03-101.2 Proposed Changes in Indic Scripts [Devanagari document], 2003-03-04
L2/05-063 Vikas, Om (2005-02-07), "Awaiting Updates-Devanagari", Issues in Representation of Indic Scripts in Unicode
L2/05-070 McGowan, Rick (2005-02-09), Indic ad hoc report
L2/05-082 N2934 Everson, Michael (2005-03-30), Proposal to add four characters for Sindhi to the BMP of the UCS
5.1 U+0971 1 L2/06-137 N3125 Kew, Jonathan; Smith, Steve (2006-04-20), Proposal to encode Devanagari Sign High Spacing Dot
U+0972 1 L2/07-027 Constable, Peter (2007-01-23), Encoded Representation of Devanagari Candra A
N3249 Proposal to Encode Devanagari Letter Candra A in the UCS [originally N2809], 2007-04-20
L2/07-133 Constable, Peter (2007-04-30), Proposal to Encode Devanagari Letter Candra A in the UCS
5.2 U+0900, 094E, 0955, 0979..097A 5 L2/00-155 Moore, Lisa (2000-05-31), Comments on Encoding Vedic Accents Proposal
L2/03-066 New Proposal for Vedic Characters and Symbols, 2003-02-26
L2/03-067 Joshi, R. K. (2003-02-27), Vedic Code Set; a draft
L2/04-398 Proposal to encode Vedic accents, etc., 2004-11-12
L2/05-228 Muller, Eric (2005-08-11), Analysis of a TDIL proposal for Vedic
L2/06-185 Proposal for Encoding of Vedic Characters & Symbols in Unicode, 2006-05-10
L2/06-384 Lata, Swaran (2006-10-25), Letter from T. N. Dharmadhikari in support of Vedic repertoire
L2/07-060 Scharf, Peter (2007-02-02), Vedic Unicode Workshop Report
L2/07-095R N3235R Everson, Michael; Scharf, Peter; Angot, Michel; Chandrashekar, R.; Hyman, Malcolm; Rosenfield, Susan; Sastry, B. V. Venkatakrishna; Witzel, Michael (2007-04-13), Proposal to encode characters for Vedic Sanskrit in the BMP of the UCS
L2/07-230 N3290 Everson, Michael; Scharf, Peter; Angot, Michel; Chandrashekar, R.; Hyman, Malcolm; Rosenfield, Susan; Sastry, B. V. Venkatakrishna; Witzel, Michael (2007-07-26), Revised proposal to encode characters for Vedic Sanskrit in the BMP of the UCS
L2/07-254 Bhushan, E. K. Bharat (2007-08-01), Unicode for Vedic Sanskrit (letter to Mark Davis)
L2/07-262 Scharf, Peter (2007-08-07), Outline of the development of WG2/n3290 = L2/07-230
L2/07-271 Scharf, Peter (2007-08-08), Comparison of proposed characters in Lata 2006 (L2/06-185) with Scharf and Everson WG2/n3290 (L2/07-230)
L2/07-396 Joshi, R. K.; Irani, Alka (2007-10-10), Proposal for Encoding of Vaidika Character and Symbols in Unicode
L2/07-386 Joshi, R. K. (2007-10-17), Comments on Comparison of proposed characters in Lata 2006 (L2/06-185) with Scharf and Everson WG2/n3290 (L2/07-230)
L2/07-388 Joshi, R. K. (2007-10-17), Following observations have been made with reference to the document No. L2/07-095 dated: 2007-04-13
L2/07-343 N3366 Everson, Michael; Scharf, Peter; Angot, Michel; Chandrashekar, R.; Hyman, Malcolm; Rosenfield, Susan; Sastry, B. V. Venkatakrishna; Witzel, Michael (2007-10-18), Proposal to encode 55 characters for Vedic Sanskrit in the BMP of the UCS
L2/07-394 Scharf, Peter (2007-10-18), Significant differences between L2/07-230 and L2/07-343
L2/07-395 Joshi, R. K.; et al. (2007-10-18), Request for feedback on draft proposal for encoding Vaidika characters and symbols in Unicode
L2/07-397 Joshi, R. K.; et al. (2007-10-18), Vaidika Vowels and Consonants
L2/07-400 Scharf, Peter (2007-10-18), Comments on R. K. Joshi's documents L2/07-386 and L2/07-388
L2/07-401 Scharf, Peter (2007-10-18), Equivalences between L2/07-396 and L2/07-343
L2/08-035 Scharf, Peter; Rosenfield, Susan J. (2008-01-22), Vedic Revisions 2008 Jan 14, Revisions to N3366 = L2/07-343
L2/08-042 Joshi, R. K. (2008-01-23), Proposal for Encoding of Vaidika Characters & Symbols in Unicode
L2/08-043 Joshi, R. K. (2008-01-28), Vaidika Extensions A & B (Vedic evidence to accompany L2/08-042)
L2/08-092 N3385 Everson, Michael; Scharf, Peter (2008-01-31), Comparison between two Vedic proposals of January 2008
L2/08-097 Amendments to L2/08-042, L2/08-043, 2008-01-31
L2/08-050R N3383R Everson, Michael; Scharf, Peter (2008-03-06), Summary proposal to encode characters for Vedic in the BMP of the UCS
L2/08-096 Joshi, R. K. (2008-02-02), Comparison of L2/08-042 and L2/08-050
L2/08-110 Muller, Eric (2008-02-08), South Asia Subcommittee Report
L2/08-176 N3456R Anderson, Deborah (2008-04-18), Summary of Vedic Characters based on N3385, N3383R, and the Unicode Pipeline
L2/08-196 Proposal for Encoding of Vaidika Sanskrit Characters & Symbols in the BMP of UCS, 2008-05-05
L2/08-216 Scharf, Peter (2008-05-08), Comments on L2/08-196 regarding the encoding of Sanskrit and Vedic
L2/08-294 Scharf, Peter (2008-08-06), Placement of characters in Vedic, Devanagari, and Devanagari Extended blocks
L2/08-273R3 N3488R3 Everson, Michael; Scharf, Peter (2008-08-21), Proposal to encode two characters for Vedic in the UCS
L2/09-067 Lata, Swaran (2009-01-28), Encoding of Vaidika Sanskrit Characters & Symbols in the BMP of UCS
6.0 U+093A..093B, 094F, 0956..0957, 0973..0977 10 L2/08-250 N3480 Everson, Michael; Satpute, Pravin (2006-07-03), Proposal to add four characters for Kashmiri to the BMP
L2/09-012 Lata, Swaran (2009-01-07), Encoding of additional characters in Unicode for representation of Kashmiri
L2/09-311 Lata, Swaran (2009-08-11), Letter from Swaran Lata re Kashmiri Additions to Devanagari
L2/09-389 Everson, Michael (2009-09-18), Consensus on Kashmiri additions for Devanagari
L2/09-369 N3710 Proposal to add Six characters in the Devanagari block for representation of Kashmiri language in Devanagari script, 2009-10-14
L2/09-377 Pandey, Anshuman (2009-10-26), Comments on India's Proposal to Add Devanagari Characters for Kashmiri (N3710 L2/09-369)
L2/09-403 Pandey, Anshuman (2009-11-01), Comments on 'Consensus on Kashmiri additions for Devanagari' (N3727 L2/09-389)
7.0 U+0978 1 L2/10-475R N3970 Pandey, Anshuman (2011-05-23), Proposal to Encode the Marwari Letter DDA for Devanagari
  1. ^ Proposed code points and characters names may differ from final code points and names
  2. ^ See also L2/01-303, L2/01-304, L2/01-305, and L2/01-430R

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Unicode character database". The Unicode Standard. Retrieved 2016-07-09.
  2. ^ "Enumerated Versions of The Unicode Standard". The Unicode Standard. Retrieved 2016-07-09.