Devanagari (Unicode block)

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Devanagari
Range U+0900..U+097F
(128 code points)
Plane BMP
Scripts Devanagari (124 char.)
Common (2 char.)
Inherited (2 char.)
Major alphabets Hindi
Sanskrit
Assigned 128 code points
Unused 0 reserved code points
Source standards ISCII
Unicode version history
1.0.0 104 (+104)
4.0 105 (+1)
4.1 106 (+1)
5.0 110 (+4)
5.1 112 (+2)
5.2 117 (+5)
6.0 127 (+10)
7.0 128 (+1)
Note: [1][2]

Devanagari is a Unicode block containing characters for writing Hindi, Marathi, Sindhi, Nepali and Sanskrit. In its original incarnation, the code points U+0900..U+0954 were a direct copy of the characters A0-F4 from the 1988 ISCII standard. The Bengali, Gurmukhi, Gujarati, Oriya, Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, and Malayalam blocks were similarly all based on their ISCII encodings.

Block[edit]

Devanagari[1]
Official Unicode Consortium code chart (PDF)
  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F
U+090x
U+091x
U+092x
U+093x ि
U+094x
U+095x
U+096x
U+097x ॿ
Notes
1.^ As of Unicode version 10.0

History[edit]

The following Unicode-related documents record the purpose and process of defining specific characters in the Devanagari block:

Version Final code points[a] Count L2 ID WG2 ID Document
1.0.0 U+0901..0903, 0905..0939, 093C..094D, 0950..0954, 0958..0970 104 (to be determined)
L2/99-235 Nepali Font Standards - White Paper Version 2 
L2/99-026 Agenbroad, James E. (1999-01-27), 3.0 Devanagari--Eyelash RA (3rd version) 
L2/99-046 Becker, Joe (1999-02-04), Specification of UTC Resolution on Eyelash RA 
L2/99-234 N1999 Proposal for Encoding Nepalese script in the ISO/IEC 10646, 1999-03-05 
N2055 Ross, Hugh McGregor (1999-07-29), Comment on Proposal for Nepalese Script 
L2/01-303 Vikas, Om (2001-07-26), Letter from the Government from India on "Draft for Unicode Standard for Indian Scripts" 
L2/01-304 Feedback on Unicode Standard 3.0, 2001-08-02 
L2/01-305 McGowan, Rick (2001-08-08), Draft UTC Response to L2/01-304, "Feedback on Unicode Standard 3.0" 
L2/01-430R McGowan, Rick (2001-11-20), UTC Response to L2/01-304, “Feedback on Unicode Standard 3.0” 
L2/02-017 Whistler, Ken (2002-01-14), Character Properties for avagrahas, etc. 
L2/02-215 N2466 Sato, T. K. (2002-05-15), Status in Nepal on n2055 (UK comment on encoding request for Nepali n1999-Nepal) 
L2/04-279 Constable, Peter (2004-06-30), Proposal on Clarification and Consolidation of the Function of ZERO WIDTH JOINER in Indic Scripts 
L2/04-328 Leca, Antoine (2004-08-04), Response to Public Review Issue #37 
L2/04-418 Muller, Eric (2004-11-18), Report of the Indic ad-hoc 
L2/04-361 Moore, Lisa (2004-11-23), "101-A101", UTC #101 Minutes 
L2/05-049 Public Review Issue #59, Disunification of Dandas, 2005-01-28 
L2/05-055 Muller, Eric (2005-01-29), Comments on PRI 59: Script Specific Danda and Double Danda 
L2/05-147 Muller, Eric (2005-05-11), Comments on PRI 65: Devanagari Eyelash Ra 
L2/06-203 Baums, Stefan (2006-05-14), Latin Dandas 
L2/06-373 Proposal for additional character, 2006-11-04 
L2/06-398 Pandey, Anshuman (2006-12-15), Comments on L2/06-373 (addition of 'apostrophe' to Devanagari) 
L2/08-086 Danda Guidelines Draft, 2008-01-30 
L2/08-118R N3457 Criteria for the encoding of script-specific dandas, 2008-03-02 
L2/08-197 Representation of Bodo, Dogri and Maithili languages in Unicode Standard, 2008-05-06 
L2/08-210 Lata, Swaran (2008-05-07), Usage examples for Bodo, Dogri, Maithili tone marker 
L2/09-340 Sharma, Shriramana (2009-10-09), Request for change of annotation of 0951 Devanagari Stress Sign Udatta 
L2/09-423 Sharma, Shriramana (2009-11-01), Request for an annotation for the generic Indic danda-s 
L2/12-029 Whistler, Ken (2012-01-26), Error in ScriptExtensions.txt (Takri use of dandas) 
L2/12-106 Sharma, Shriramana (2012-03-17), "Generic Indic", Request for editorial updates to various Indic scripts 
L2/12-164 Sharma, Shriramana (2012-05-02), "Devanagari", Further editorial updates for Indic 
L2/13-202 McGowan, Rick (2013-11-01), "Dandas need more scripts in ScriptExtensions.txt", Comments on Public Review Issues (July 30 - Oct 31, 2013) 
L2/13-224 Pournader, Roozbeh (2013-11-07), Samples for usage of dandas in Gujarati, Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam, and Tamil 
4.0 U+0904 1 L2/01-431R[b] McGowan, Rick (2001-11-08), Actions for UTC and Editorial Committee in response to L2/01-430R 
L2/02-117 N2425 McGowan, Rick (2002-03-21), Additional Characters for Indic Scripts 
4.1 U+097D 1 L2/02-394 N2543 Constable, Peter; Smith, Steve (2002-11-01), Proposal for Encoding Devanagari Glottal Stop 
5.0 U+097B..097C, 097E..097F 4 L2/02-402 Bhaskararao, Peri (2002-12-20), Comments on Revision of Unicode Standard 3.0 for Devanagari Script 
L2/03-102 Vikas, Om (2003-03-04), Unicode Standard for Indic Scripts 
L2/03-101.2 Proposed Changes in Indic Scripts [Devanagari document], 2003-03-04 
L2/05-063 Vikas, Om (2005-02-07), "Awaiting Updates-Devanagari", Issues in Representation of Indic Scripts in Unicode 
L2/05-070 McGowan, Rick (2005-02-09), Indic ad hoc report 
L2/05-082 N2934 Everson, Michael (2005-03-30), Proposal to add four characters for Sindhi to the BMP of the UCS 
5.1 U+0971 1 L2/06-137 N3125 Kew, Jonathan; Smith, Steve (2006-04-20), Proposal to encode Devanagari Sign High Spacing Dot 
U+0972 1 L2/07-027 Constable, Peter (2007-01-23), Encoded Representation of Devanagari Candra A 
N3249 Proposal to Encode Devanagari Letter Candra A in the UCS [originally N2809], 2007-04-20 
L2/07-133 Constable, Peter (2007-04-30), Proposal to Encode Devanagari Letter Candra A in the UCS 
5.2 U+0900, 094E, 0955, 0979..097A 5 L2/00-155 Moore, Lisa (2000-05-31), Comments on Encoding Vedic Accents Proposal 
L2/03-066 New Proposal for Vedic Characters and Symbols, 2003-02-26 
L2/03-067 Joshi, R. K. (2003-02-27), Vedic Code Set; a draft 
L2/04-398 Proposal to encode Vedic accents, etc., 2004-11-12 
L2/05-228 Muller, Eric (2005-08-11), Analysis of a TDIL proposal for Vedic 
L2/06-185 Proposal for Encoding of Vedic Characters & Symbols in Unicode, 2006-05-10 
L2/06-384 Lata, Swaran (2006-10-25), Letter from T. N. Dharmadhikari in support of Vedic repertoire 
L2/07-060 Scharf, Peter (2007-02-02), Vedic Unicode Workshop Report 
L2/07-095R N3235R Everson, Michael; Scharf, Peter; Angot, Michel; Chandrashekar, R.; Hyman, Malcolm; Rosenfield, Susan; Sastry, B. V. Venkatakrishna; Witzel, Michael (2007-04-13), Proposal to encode characters for Vedic Sanskrit in the BMP of the UCS 
L2/07-230 N3290 Everson, Michael; Scharf, Peter; Angot, Michel; Chandrashekar, R.; Hyman, Malcolm; Rosenfield, Susan; Sastry, B. V. Venkatakrishna; Witzel, Michael (2007-07-26), Revised proposal to encode characters for Vedic Sanskrit in the BMP of the UCS 
L2/07-254 Bhushan, E. K. Bharat (2007-08-01), Unicode for Vedic Sanskrit (letter to Mark Davis) 
L2/07-262 Scharf, Peter (2007-08-07), Outline of the development of WG2/n3290 = L2/07-230 
L2/07-271 Scharf, Peter (2007-08-08), Comparison of proposed characters in Lata 2006 (L2/06-185) with Scharf and Everson WG2/n3290 (L2/07-230) 
L2/07-396 Joshi, R. K.; Irani, Alka (2007-10-10), Proposal for Encoding of Vaidika Character and Symbols in Unicode 
L2/07-386 Joshi, R. K. (2007-10-17), Comments on Comparison of proposed characters in Lata 2006 (L2/06-185) with Scharf and Everson WG2/n3290 (L2/07-230) 
L2/07-388 Joshi, R. K. (2007-10-17), Following observations have been made with reference to the document No. L2/07-095 dated: 2007-04-13 
L2/07-343 N3366 Everson, Michael; Scharf, Peter; Angot, Michel; Chandrashekar, R.; Hyman, Malcolm; Rosenfield, Susan; Sastry, B. V. Venkatakrishna; Witzel, Michael (2007-10-18), Proposal to encode 55 characters for Vedic Sanskrit in the BMP of the UCS 
L2/07-394 Scharf, Peter (2007-10-18), Significant differences between L2/07-230 and L2/07-343 
L2/07-395 Joshi, R. K.; et al. (2007-10-18), Request for feedback on draft proposal for encoding Vaidika characters and symbols in Unicode 
L2/07-397 Joshi, R. K.; et al. (2007-10-18), Vaidika Vowels and Consonants 
L2/07-400 Scharf, Peter (2007-10-18), Comments on R. K. Joshi's documents L2/07-386 and L2/07-388 
L2/07-401 Scharf, Peter (2007-10-18), Equivalences between L2/07-396 and L2/07-343 
L2/08-035 Scharf, Peter; Rosenfield, Susan J. (2008-01-22), Vedic Revisions 2008 Jan 14, Revisions to N3366 = L2/07-343 
L2/08-042 Joshi, R. K. (2008-01-23), Proposal for Encoding of Vaidika Characters & Symbols in Unicode 
L2/08-043 Joshi, R. K. (2008-01-28), Vaidika Extensions A & B (Vedic evidence to accompany L2/08-042) 
L2/08-092 N3385 Everson, Michael; Scharf, Peter (2008-01-31), Comparison between two Vedic proposals of January 2008 
L2/08-097 Amendments to L2/08-042, L2/08-043, 2008-01-31 
L2/08-050R N3383R Everson, Michael; Scharf, Peter (2008-03-06), Summary proposal to encode characters for Vedic in the BMP of the UCS 
L2/08-096 Joshi, R. K. (2008-02-02), Comparison of L2/08-042 and L2/08-050 
L2/08-110 Muller, Eric (2008-02-08), South Asia Subcommittee Report 
L2/08-176 N3456R Anderson, Deborah (2008-04-18), Summary of Vedic Characters based on N3385, N3383R, and the Unicode Pipeline 
L2/08-196 Proposal for Encoding of Vaidika Sanskrit Characters & Symbols in the BMP of UCS, 2008-05-05 
L2/08-216 Scharf, Peter (2008-05-08), Comments on L2/08-196 regarding the encoding of Sanskrit and Vedic 
L2/08-294 Scharf, Peter (2008-08-06), Placement of characters in Vedic, Devanagari, and Devanagari Extended blocks 
L2/08-273R3 N3488R3 Everson, Michael; Scharf, Peter (2008-08-21), Proposal to encode two characters for Vedic in the UCS 
L2/09-067 Lata, Swaran (2009-01-28), Encoding of Vaidika Sanskrit Characters & Symbols in the BMP of UCS 
6.0 U+093A..093B, 094F, 0956..0957, 0973..0977 10 L2/08-250 N3480 Everson, Michael; Satpute, Pravin (2006-07-03), Proposal to add four characters for Kashmiri to the BMP 
L2/09-012 Lata, Swaran (2009-01-07), Encoding of additional characters in Unicode for representation of Kashmiri 
L2/09-311 Lata, Swaran (2009-08-11), Letter from Swaran Lata re Kashmiri Additions to Devanagari 
L2/09-389 Everson, Michael (2009-09-18), Consensus on Kashmiri additions for Devanagari 
L2/09-369 N3710 Proposal to add Six characters in the Devanagari block for representation of Kashmiri language in Devanagari script, 2009-10-14 
L2/09-377 Pandey, Anshuman (2009-10-26), Comments on India's Proposal to Add Devanagari Characters for Kashmiri (N3710 L2/09-369) 
L2/09-403 Pandey, Anshuman (2009-11-01), Comments on 'Consensus on Kashmiri additions for Devanagari' (N3727 L2/09-389) 
7.0 U+0978 1 L2/10-475R N3970 Pandey, Anshuman (2011-05-23), Proposal to Encode the Marwari Letter DDA for Devanagari 
  1. ^ Proposed code points and characters names may differ from final code points and names
  2. ^ See also L2/01-303, L2/01-304, L2/01-305, and L2/01-430R

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Unicode character database". The Unicode Standard. Retrieved 2016-07-09. 
  2. ^ "Enumerated Versions of The Unicode Standard". The Unicode Standard. Retrieved 2016-07-09.