Devanagari numerals

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The Devanagari numerals are the symbols used to write numbers in the Devanagari script, the predominant for northern Indian languages. They are used to write decimal numbers, instead of the Western Arabic numerals.

Table[edit]

Modern
Devanagari
Western
Arabic
Words for the cardinal number
Sanskrit
(wordstem)
Hindi
0 śūnya (शून्य) शून्य (śūny)
1 eka (एक) एक (ek)
2 dvi (द्वि) दो (do)
3 tri (त्रि) तीन (tīn)
4 catur (चतुर्) चार (cār)
5 pañca (पञ्च) पांच (pāñc)
6 ṣaṭ (षट्) छह (chah)
7 sapta (सप्त) सात (sāt)
8 aṣṭa (अष्ट) आठ (āṭh)
9 nava (नव) नौ (nau)

The word śūnya for zero was borrowed into Arabic as صف sifr, meaning 'nothing', which became the term "zero" in many European languages via Medieval Latin zephirum.[1]

Variants[edit]

Devanagari digits shapes may vary depending on geographical area.[2][3]

Devanagari Numeral 1 var 1.png
Common
Devanagari Numeral 1 var 2.png
Nepali
1
Devanagari Numeral 5 var 1.png
"Bombay" Variant
Devanagari Numeral 5 var 2.png
"Calcutta" Variant
5
Devanagari Numeral 8 var 1.png
"Bombay" Variant
Devanagari Numeral 8 var 2.png
"Calcutta" Variant
8
Devanagari Numeral 9 var 1.png
Common
Devanagari Numeral 9 var 2.png
Nepali Variant
9

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ "zero - Origin and meaning of zero by Online Etymology Dictionary". www.etymonline.com.
  2. ^ Devanagari for TEX version 2.17, page 21
  3. ^ "Alternate digits in Devanagari". Scriptsource.org. Retrieved 13 September 2017.
Sources