Devanagari numerals

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The Devanagari numerals are the symbols used to write numbers in the Devanagari script, the predominant script in India. They are used in the context of the decimal Hindu–Arabic numeral system, related to the Arabic numerals used in Europe.

Table[edit]

Modern
Devanagari
Western
Arabic
Words for the cardinal number
Hindi Sanskrit
(wordstem)
0 śūnya (शून्य) śūnya (शून्य)
1 ek (एक) eka (एक)
2 do (दो) dvi (द्वि)
3 tīn (तीन) tri (त्रि)
4 cār (चार) catur (चतुर्)
5 pā͂c (पाँच) pañca (पञ्चन्)
6 chaḥ (छः) ṣaṭ (षट्)
7 sāt (सात) sapta (सप्त)
8 āṭh (आठ) aṣṭa (अष्ट)
9 nau (नौ) nava (नव)

Since Sanskrit is an Indo-European language, the words for numerals closely resemble those of Greek and Latin. The word "Shunya" for zero was translated into Arabic as "صفر" "sifr", meaning 'nothing' which became the term "zero" in many European languages from Medieval Latin, zephirum.[1]

Variants[edit]

Devanagari digits shapes may vary depending on geographical area.[2][3]

Devanagari Numeral 1 var 1.png
common
Devanagari Numeral 1 var 2.png
Nepali
Devanagari Numeral 5 var 1.png
"Bombay" variant
Devanagari Numeral 5 var 2.png
"Calcutta" variant
Devanagari Numeral 8 var 1.png
"Bombay" variant
Devanagari Numeral 8 var 2.png
"Calcutta" variant
Devanagari Numeral 9 var 1.png
common
Devanagari Numeral 9 var 2.png
Nepali

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ "zero - Origin and meaning of zero by Online Etymology Dictionary". www.etymonline.com.
  2. ^ Devanagari for TEX version 2.17, page 21
  3. ^ "Alternate digits in Devanagari". Scriptsource.org. Retrieved 13 September 2017.
Sources