The village green at Devauden
|Devauden shown within Monmouthshire|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
Devauden (Welsh: Y Dyfawden) is a village and community in Monmouthshire, south east Wales. It is located between Chepstow and Monmouth near the top of the Trellech ridge on the B4293 road. The community covers an area of 3,790 hectares (14.6 sq mi).
Devauden was said in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle to have been the place where the Britons were overwhelmed and defeated by the combined forces of the Anglo-Saxons monarchs, Æthelbald of Mercia and Cuthred of Wessex, in 743.[unreliable source?] The name may be derived from the Welsh Ty'r ffawydden, or "house of the beech tree". Until the mid-20th century the village was often known as The Devauden.
Devauden and the nearby hamlet of Fedw or Veddw (from Welsh Y fedw, birch grove) were originally clusters of illicit cottages built as a base by woodcutters, mule drivers, quarrymen and labourers linked to the wireworks at Tintern and the Angiddy valley.[unreliable source?] The village was historically part of the parish of Newchurch.
On 15 October 1739, John Wesley preached his first sermon in Wales on the village green at Devauden. He wrote in his journal: "Upon a pressing invitation, some time since received, I set out for Wales. About four in the afternoon I preached on a little green at the foot of the Devauden ... to three or four hundred plain people on "Christ our wisdom, righteousness, sanctification, and redemption." After sermon, one who I trust is an old disciple of Christ willingly received us into his house.."
James Davies (1765–1849) was schoolmaster at Devauden for over 30 years during the early 19th century and was responsible for establishing a village school in 1815. In 1830 the school was converted into a chapel and a new schoolroom was built next door. Davies gained a strong local reputation for enduring personal hardship in order to help the poor in the community. The school closed in 1986. The small parish church is dedicated to St. James.
Chepstow Park Wood
Chepstow Park Wood, located immediately south of the village towards Itton, is an extensive area of mixed woodland owned and managed by the Forestry Commission, popular with walkers. It was established as a hunting forest around 1280 by Roger Bigod, 5th Earl of Norfolk, the lord of Striguil or Chepstow Castle. It covers about 3,300 hectares, and was originally enclosed by a fence stretching 7.8 km. Around 1340, it was occupied and taken over by a band of outlaws led by William de Derneford and his son Robert. It was re-enclosed with a stone wall around 1630, and at the same time a stone lodge was built in the centre of the forest, with views back towards Chepstow, for the use of visitors to the forest. Later, the wood became notorious as a haunt of highwaymen. Historically, the woodland lay within the parish of Newchurch East.
- "Area: Devauden (Parish)". Office for National Statistics. 30 January 2013. Retrieved 14 August 2015.
- KELLY'S DIRECTORY OF MONMOUTHSHIRE, 1901
- Villages | Wye Valley Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB)
- History of Devauden, Monmouthshire
- Photo of church
- "Area: Devauden (Parish)". Office for National Statistics. 18 November 2004. Retrieved 14 August 2015.
- "2011 Census results by Community". Welsh Language Commissioner. 2015. Retrieved 14 August 2015.[permanent dead link]
- "Ward population 2011.Retrieved 3 April 2015".
- Forestry Commission
- Rick Turner and Andy Johnson (eds.), Chepstow Castle - its history and buildings, 2006, ISBN 1-904396-52-6
- Vision of Britain
- Devauden village hall:: OS grid ST4898 :: Geograph British Isles - photograph every grid square!
- The Masons Arms:: OS grid ST4898 :: Geograph British Isles - photograph every grid square!
- Veddw House gardens near Chepstow and places to stay
- Review of Veddw House Gardens