Devdaha

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Devdaha Municipality
देवदह नगरपालिका
Municipality
Devdaha Municipality is located in Nepal
Devdaha Municipality
Devdaha Municipality
Location in Nepal
Coordinates: 27°39′40″N 83°33′58″E / 27.661°N 83.566°E / 27.661; 83.566Coordinates: 27°39′40″N 83°33′58″E / 27.661°N 83.566°E / 27.661; 83.566
Country    Nepal
Zone Lumbini Zone
District Rupandehi District
Population (2011)
 • Total 28,214[1]
Time zone UTC+5:45 (NST)
Area code(s) 071
Website www.devdahamun.gov.np

Devdaha (Dev Daha, देवदह) is a municipality in Rupandehi District of Nepal, the ancient capital of Koliya Kingdom, located 57 km east of Lumbini and east of Butwal and shares a border with Nawalparasi district on the east side. It is identified as the maternal home of Queen Mayadevi, Prajapati Gautami and Princess Yasodhara. There are many places to visit in Devdaha. It is believed that Prince Siddhartha had spent some years of his childhood with his step-mother/aunt Prajapati Gautami in Devdaha.[2]

History[edit]

Devdaha was a township of the koliyan in what is now the Rupandehi District of Nepal. The Buddha stayed there during his tours and preached to the monks on various topics.[3] According to the Commentaries,[4] it was the city of birth of the Buddha's mother (Mayadevi), and of Pajāpatī Gotamī and their companions (Koliyans), who married the Sākiyans of Kapilavatthu.

Origin of the name[edit]

In Sanskrit Language, Deva means god and Daha means a pond hence the literal meaning of Devdaha is "pond of a God". It is believed that the gods and goddesses and saints bathed in this pond. Prince Siddartha himself is believed to have bathed in this holy pond during his visit here in Devdaha. Because it came into existence without human intervention, hence divine (Pali: sayañjāto vā so daho, tasmā pi Devadaho) and the water of this holy pond was supplied in the Koliya Palace. The ancient Koliya Kingdom and present Devdaha received its name Devdaha from this very holy pond.[5]

According to the Buddhist text Dulva (Rockhill, p. 12), the city was founded by Sākiyans from Kapilavatthu, when they grew very numerous. The spot was pointed out by a deva, hence its name.

Tourism Place[edit]

Pakari Tree(पाकरी वृक्ष)[edit]

Pakari Brikshya is peepal or weeping fig (Ficus benjamina). The evergreen tree has a trunk of about 82 ft. Circumference and height about 96 ft. the branches are wide spread creating circumference about 500 ft is believed to be one of the biggest tree in Asia. Pakari Tree a giant and considered to be holy tree. There are many myth and beliefs related to this tree. According to the locals, the large Pakari Tree Date to the time of the Shakyas. The fact that birds never nest on it, vultures and crows never perch on it and elephants never go near it , amaze the people. Its unique structure and public belief of historical relation to the period of Lord Buddha, has made it a famous external and internal tourist attraction spot in last few decades. Pakari Tree can be reached in 5 minute drive from Khaireni bazar in South.[6][7]

Bhawanipur(भवानीपुर)[edit]

Pillar in Bhawanipur Rupandehi.

The historical site of Bhawanipur, also known as Devidamar, is located 4 km South of Mahendra Highway at Devdaha Municipality Ward No. 4. It is believed to have been ancient Devdaha, capital of the Koliya. The site consists of a temple dedicated to the Queen Mayadevi and other archaeological sites. Significants religious and archaeological and objects here include a long stone column(some consider it to be an Ashoka Pillar), stone image of Sun God, ancient brick well etc. Structural wall of ancient constructions are visible even at the surface level here.

Kanya Mai Temple(कन्या माइ मन्दिर )[edit]

Located at Devdaha Municipality just 1 Km south from the junction of Shitalnagar, the Kanya Mai Temple is believed to be built in the memory of Queen Prajapati Gautami, the step mother of Lord Buddha. Major images found in the temple, include standing image of Lokeshwore holding Lotus flower in one hand, while the other is broken off, and many stone idols. Ancient potteries are still visible on the near by mound. Excavation carried out by the Department of Archaeology and LDT have uncovered several structural ruins and stone antiquities at these sites.

The structures of traditional palace and well also have been uncovered during the excavation of 2011 AD.[8]

Devdaha Park[edit]

Prince Siddhartha was born in Lumbini while Queen Maya Devi was on her way to Devdaha.[9] Queen Maya Devi died on the seventh day of Siddhartha's birth. He was then brought up by his second mother, Queen Prajapati Gautami. During his childhood, Prince Siddhartha paid several visits to Devdaha. After seven years of his Enlightenment, Prince Siddhartha – now Gautama Buddha – again visited Devdaha and was greatly welcomed there.

This Park is the eastern front gate of Devdaha. It contains a huge garden and a pagoda. There is a big statue of Buddha (7 feet or 2.1 metres) and a gilded statue of Sariputra. The garden contains various flowers including bodhi brichha. The park was built by Devdaha Conservation Academy, and it was inaugurated by Former Crown Prince of Nepal Paras Bir Bikram Shah Dev. This park is the entrance and the symbol of peace in Devdaha. Previously due to lack of advertisement, people used to get confused about this place, but nowadays this problem has been solved.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Census 2011 Report" (PDF).
  2. ^ "Lumbini Development Trust- Birthplace of Buddha, Historical Place of Nepal, The World Heritage Site". Lumbini Development Trust. Retrieved 2018-02-11.
  3. ^ S.iii.5f; iv.124f; M.ii.214
  4. ^ J.i.52; BuA.226; MA.ii.924, 1021, etc; ThigA.182
  5. ^ SA. ii. 186; also MA.ii.810
  6. ^ "Pakari Brikshya | Wondermondo". www.wondermondo.com. Retrieved 2018-02-11.
  7. ^ "Devdaha".
  8. ^ "KAnya Mai".
  9. ^ Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "Lumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha - UNESCO World Heritage Centre". whc.unesco.org. Retrieved 4 July 2016.

External links[edit]