Devdas (2002 Hindi film)

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Devdas
Devdas.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Sanjay Leela Bhansali
Produced by Bharat Shah
Screenplay by Prakash Kapadia
Based on Devdas by Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay
Starring Shahrukh Khan
Aishwarya Rai
Madhuri Dixit Nene
Jackie Shroff
Kirron Kher
Dina Pathak
Milind Gunaji
Narrated by Sanjay Leela Bhansali
Music by Songs:
Ismail Darbar
Background score:
Monty Sharma
Cinematography Binod Pradhan
Edited by Bela Sehgal
Production
company
Distributed by

Mega Bollywood Pvt.LTD
SLB Films

Universal Pictures Warner Bros. Pictures
Release dates
12 July 2002
Running time
185 minutes
Country India
Language Hindi
Budget est. 500 million (US$7.4 million)[1][2][3]
Box office est. 840 million (US$12 million)[4][5]

Devdas is a 2002 Indian romantic drama film directed by Sanjay Leela Bhansali and based on the 1917 Sharat Chandra Chattopadhyay's novel Devdas. This is the third Hindi version and the first film version of the story in Hindi done in colour.[6][7] The film follows Devdas (Shah Rukh Khan), a wealthy law graduate in the early 1900s, who returns from his studies in London to marry his childhood sweetheart, Paro (Aishwarya Rai). However, the rejection of this marriage by his own family sparks his descent into alcohol, ultimately leading to his emotional deterioration. The film was screened retrospective, during the 2014 International Film Festival of India in the Celebrating Dance in Indian cinema section.[8] Devdas was declared a hit in India by Box Office India and won the Filmfare Award for Best Film. The film also won five National Awards and a further nine Filmfare Awards, tied with Dilwale Dulhania Le Jayenge with the most Filmfare Awards any film had won at the time (later beaten in 2005 by Bhansali's Black).

It was received well by western audiences alike and was nominated for the BAFTA Award for Best Foreign Language Film and was also India's submission for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film. It was ranked #74 in Empire magazines "The 100 Best Films Of World Cinema" in 2010.[9] Time Magazine named Devdas as the best movie of 2002 among all the movies released around the world that year.[10] The film was recently included in Time Magazine's top 10 movies of the millennium worldwide.[11]

The acting was seen by many as the primary factor for the film's success, with Shah Rukh Khan, Aishwarya Rai and Madhuri Dixit all winning Filmfare Awards for their performances. The film's success was also attributed to the dance performances, with Dixit's "Maar Daala" considered one of the most iconic of her career and the song "Dola Re Dola" becoming a hit due to the unique dance duet between Aishwarya Rai and Madhuri Dixit, two of the leading actresses of the epoch. At the time of its release, Devdas was the most expensive Bollywood film ever produced, with a reported budget of 50 crore (US$7.4 million).[1] The film was a major commercial success in India and abroad, becoming the highest grossing Indian film of the year.

Plot[edit]

In the early 1900s, Kaushalya (Smita Jaykar) hears that her younger son, Devdas (Shah Rukh Khan), is about to return home after leaving 10 years ago for law school in England. Kaushalya tells her neighbor Sumitra (Kirron Kher), who is overjoyed.

Sumitra's daughter, Parvati "Paro" Chakraborty (Aishwarya Rai) and Devdas share a deep friendship rooted in childhood. When Devdas was sent to England, Paro had lit an oil lamp to prompt his return and never allowed it to extinguish.

When Devdas returns, the childhood friendship between him and Paro turns to love. Everyone believes that Devdas and Paro will get married, but Devdas' scheming sister-in-law Kumud (Ananya Khare) reminds Kaushalya of Paro's maternal lineage of nautch girls and nautanki performers, which is inappropriate for the Mukherjee family. Sumitra publicly announces her desire for Devdas and Paro to marry, and Kaushalya rejects and humiliates her in public by saying that she is from a lower class. Devastated, Sumitra hastily arranges Paro's marriage to a man from a family wealthier than the Mukherjees: Thakur Bhuvan Chaudhry (Vijayendra Ghatge), a forty-year-old widower aristocrat with three grown children.

When Devdas' father also rejects Paro, Devdas leaves his parents' house and takes refuge at a brothel. He leaves a letter for Paro, falsely stating that love had never existed between them. At the brothel, he meets a good-hearted tawaif (courtesan) named Chandramukhi (Madhuri Dixit), who falls in love with him. Soon, Devdas realizes his mistake in abandoning Paro. He returns to her during her wedding and asks her to elope but Paro refuses, reminding him of the way he had discarded her so easily.

Paro learns from her new husband that he has married her only to be mother to his children and lady of the estate, but that his love is only for his late first wife. She dutifully fulfills her responsibilities, while Devdas, heartbroken at having lost Paro, permanently moves to Chandramukhi's brothel and becomes an alcoholic. When Devdas' father is on his deathbed, he asks to see his son Devdas, but Devdas arrives later, at his father's funeral—shamefully and obviously drunk. He causes a scene and eventually passes out.

Eventually, Devdas becomes so ill that the slightest dose of alcohol could kill him. He returns to the family home to heal, and discovers that his sister-in-law has stolen his mother's keys to the family safe. He confronts her but Kumud tells his mother that Devdas had stolen the keys. His mother believes her and Devdas leaves, banished. Paro arrives at Chandramukhi's brothel, accusing her of driving Devdas to drink, but quickly realizes that Chandramukhi loves Devdas. Paro urges Devdas to stop drinking, but Devdas remains stubborn. He promises Paro that before he dies, he will come to her doorstep one last time.

Paro invites Chandramukhi to a celebration of Durga Puja at her husband's home and introduces her to her in-laws without revealing Chandramukhi's profession. However, Bhuvan's ill-natured son-in-law Kalibabu (Milind Gunaji), a frequent visitor to the brothel, reveals Chandramukhi's background and humiliates her in front of the guests. He also tells Bhuvan of Paro's relationship with Devdas. As a result, Bhuvan permanently forbids Paro from leaving the mansion. Devdas tells Chandramukhi that she must let him go, and decides to travel the country; on a train, he meets his old college friend Chunnibabu (Jackie Shroff), who urges him to drink in the name of friendship. Devdas drinks, knowing full well it will be fatal.

On the verge of death, Devdas travels to Paro's house to honor his promise, collapsing under a tree in front of the main gate. Paro runs through the mansion, attempting to reach him. Bhuvan sees this and orders the servants to shut the gates. Devdas sees a blurred image of Paro running towards him, but the gates close just before she can reach him, leaving her sobbing inside. Devdas whispers Paro's name with his last breath as he slowly dies, and immediately Paro's lamp flickers out.

Cast[edit]

Khan played the central role of Devdas at the age of 37, receiving several accolades.
Rai played the role of Paro at the age of 29, establishing her foothold in the industry.
Dixit played the role of Chandramukhi at the age of 35, she was praised by critics for her performance.

Location and sets[edit]

The major part of the movie was filmed at Dharavi, Mumbai, recreating the early 20th century Calcutta.[6] Chandramukhi's kotha was constructed next to an artificial lake, to make it look like a set in Benaras on the Ganges.[12] A temple city surrounded the set, for which inspiration was taken from the Dilwara Temples in Rajasthan.[13] For the creation of Paro's room in a haveli 12,20,00,008 pieces of stained glass were used.[14]

Music[edit]

Devdas
Devdas 2002 soundtrack.jpg
Soundtrack album by Ismail Darbar, Monty Sharma and Birju Maharaj
Released March 1, 2002 (2002-03-01)
Genre Feature film soundtrack
Length 52:56
Label Universal Music India
Ismail Darbar chronology
Tera Jadoo Chal Gayaa
(2002)
Devdas
(2002)
Shakti: The Power
(2002)
Monty Sharma chronology
Mitti
(2001)
Devdas
(2002)
Black
(2005)
Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
Planet Bollywood 9/10 stars[15]

The film soundtrack has been predominantly composed by Ismail Darbar, while lyrics have been penned by Nusrat Badr, Prakash Kapadi and Pandit Birju Maharaj. It features playback singers Shreya Ghoshal (as Parvati), Kavita Krishnamurthy (as Chandramukhi), and Udit Narayan (as Devdas). Ghoshal made her Bollywood debut through this film. She caught the attention of Sanjay Leela Bhansali, who noticed her as a participant in Sa Re Ga Ma while she was singing a bhajan of Lata Mangeshkar, and later offered her the opportunity to playback for the character of Paro. The first Bollywood song Ghoshal recorded in her singing career was "Bairi Piya" when she was 16 years old.[16] She sang five songs in the album, which won her much critical acclaim and several accolades, including the prestigious National Film Award for Best Female Playback Singer for "Bairi Piya".[17] Aniket Joshi of Planet Bollywood gave 9 stars stating, "Rarely have we an album where ALL the songs are perfectly sung, Devdas is such an album."[15]

Devdas (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack)
No. Title Lyrics Music Artist(s) Length
1. "Silsila Ye Chahat Ka"   Nusrat Badr Ismail Darbar Shreya Ghoshal 5:26
2. "Maar Daala"   Nusrat Badr, Prakash Kapadia Ismail Darbar Kavita Krishnamurthy 4:40
3. "Bairi Piya"   Nusrat Badr Ismail Darbar Shreya Ghoshal, Udit Narayan 5:23
4. "Kaahe Chhed"   Birju Maharaj Birju Maharaj Kavita Krishnamurthy, Madhuri Dixit, Birju Maharaj 5:23
5. "Chalak Chalak"   Nusrat Badr Ismail Darbar Shreya Ghoshal, Udit Narayan, Vinod Rathod 5:12
6. "Hamesha Tumko Chaha"   Nusrat Badr Ismail Darbar Kavita Krishnamurthy, Udit Narayan 6:02
7. "Woh Chand Jaisi Ladki"   Nusrat Badr Ismail Darbar Udit Narayan 4:32
8. "Morey Piya"   Sameer Ismail Darbar Shreya Ghoshal, Jaspinder Narula 5:40
9. "Dev's Last Journey" (The Theme)   Monty Sharma Rashmi Sharma, Raghab Chatterjee, Supriy 4:03
10. "Dola Re Dola"   Nusrat Badr Ismail Darbar Shreya Ghoshal, Kavita Krishnamurthy, K.K. 6:35
Total length:
52:56

Awards[edit]

Filmfare Awards

Devdas won ten awards at the 2002 Filmfare Awards, and was the fourth film to win the four major awards (Best Movie, Best Director, Best Actor and Best Actress).[19]

Award Category Recipient(s)
48th Filmfare Awards Best Film Bharat Shah
Best Actor Shahrukh Khan
Best Actress Aishwarya Rai Bachchan
Best Director Sanjay Leela Bhansali
Best Supporting Actress Madhuri Dixit
Best Female Playback Shreya Ghoshal
Kavita Krishnamurthy for "Dola Re Dola"
Best Cinematographer Binod Pradhan
Best Art Direction Nitin Chandrakant Desai
Best Choreography Saroj Khan
Best Scene of the Year Confrontation scene between Parvati and Chandramukhi.
National Film Awards

Devdas won five awards at the 2002 national awards:

Award Category Recipient(s)
50th National Film Awards National Film Award for Best Popular Film Providing Wholesome Entertainment Bharat Shah
Sanjay Leela Bhansali
National Film Award for Best Art Direction Nitin Chandrakant Desai
National Film Award for Best Female Playback Singer Shreya Ghoshal for "Bairi Piya"
National Film Award for Best Choreography Saroj Khan
National Film Award for Best Costume Design Neeta Lulla, Abu Jani, Sandeep Khosla and Reza Shariffi
Star Screen Awards

Devdas won five awards at the 2002 Star Screen Awards:

Category Recipient(s)
Best Actor Shahrukh Khan (shared with Ajay Devgan)
Best Actress Aishwarya Rai
Best Supporting Actress Madhuri Dixit
Jodi No. 1 Aishwarya Rai & Shahrukh Khan
Screen Award Best Male Playback Udit Narayan for "Woh Chand Jaisi Ladki"
IIFA Awards

Devdas won sixteen awards at the 2003 IIFA Awards:

Award Category Recipient(s)
4th IIFA Awards Best Movie Bharat Shah
Best Director Sanjay Leela Bhansali
Best Actor Shahrukh Khan
Best Actress Aishwarya Rai
Best Actress in a Supporting Role Kirron Kher
Best Female Playback Shreya Ghoshal and Kavita Krishnamurthy for "Dola Re Dola"
Best Dialogue Prakash Kapadia
Best Lyrics Nusrat Badr for "Dola Re Dola"
Best Song Recording Bishwadeep Chatterjee, Daman Sood, Tanay Gajjar
Best Cinematographer Binod Pradhan
Best Choreography Saroj Khan
Best Costume Design Neeta Lulla, Abu Jani, Sandeep Khosla, Reza Shariffi
Best Makeup Arun Pillai
Best Sound Recording Jitendra Chaudhary, Vikramaditya Motwane, Kunal Sharma
Best Art Direction Nitin Chandrakant Desai
Best Sound Re-Recording Leslie Fernandes
Zee Cine Awards

Devdas won six awards at the 2003 Zee Cine Awards:

Category Recipient(s)
Best Film Bharat Shah
Best Actor – Male Shahrukh Khan
Best Actor – Female Aishwarya Rai
Best Director Sanjay Leela Bhansali
Best Playback Singer – Female Shreya Ghoshal
Kavita Krishnamurthy for "Dola Re Dola"
True Indian Beauty Aishwarya Rai
Best Choreography Saroj Khan
Stardust Awards
MTV Asia Awards

Devdas won the 2003 Asian Film Award.[20][21][22]

British Academy Film Awards

Devdas was nominated for the BAFTA Award for Best Foreign Language Film, 2003.

Box office[edit]

Devdas grossed 68.19 crore (US$10 million) in India and $6.5 million (31.68 crore) in other countries, for a worldwide total of 99.87 crore (US$15 million), against its 44 crore (US$6.5 million) budget. The film had an extraordinary opening worldwide and recorded highest opening weekend and week of the year with collections of 19.83 crore (US$2.9 million)[23] and 33.45 crore (US$5.0 million) respectively.[5][24] It is the highest-grossing film of 2002 worldwide.[25]

India[edit]

It opened on Friday, July 12, 2002, across 325 screens, and grossed highest opening day of the year with figure of 2.09 crore (US$310,000) nett.[26] It became the second film to gross 2 crore (US$300,000) nett opening day after Kabhi Khushi Kabhie Gham.... It also had highest opening weekend and week of the year with collections of 6.15 crore (US$910,000) nett[27] and 11.78 crore (US$1.8 million) nett respectively.[28] The film earned a total of 41.65 crore (US$6.2 million) nett, and was declared "Hit" by Box Office India.[5] It is the highest-grossing film of 2002 in India.[29]

Overseas[edit]

The film opened to an overwhelming response outside India. It had an opening weekend of $2 million (9.75 crore)[30] and went on to gross $2.9 million (14.13 crore) in its first week.[31] The film earned a total of $6.5 million (31.68 crore).[5] Overseas, It is the highest-grossing film of 2002.[32]

'Devdas' worldwide collections breakdown
Territory Territory wise Collections break-up
India Nett Gross:
41.65 crore (US$6.2 million)
Distributor share:
24.75 crore (US$3.7 million)
Total Gross:
68.19 crore (US$10 million)
International
(Outside India)
$6.5 million (31.68 crore)
Worldwide 99.87 crore (US$15 million)

Reviews[edit]

Writing for BBC, Shamaila Khan said it was one of the best films she has ever seen.[33]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Chapman, James (2004). Cinemas of the World: Film and Society from 1895 to the Present. Reaktion Books. p. 346. ISBN 1861895747. Retrieved 12 August 2015. 
  2. ^ Sheela Raval and Anupama Chopra (20 May 2002). "Devdas: Bollywood's gamble". India Today. Retrieved 20 April 2016. 
  3. ^ Sharma, Devesh (2 November 2015). "All hail the King". Filmfare. Retrieved 20 April 2016. 
  4. ^ "Top Lifetime Grossers Worldwide (IND Rs)". Box Office India. Archived from the original on 6 October 2013. Retrieved 22 July 2015. 
  5. ^ a b c d "Devdas". Box Office India. Retrieved 22 July 2015. 
  6. ^ a b "No expense spared in Devdas remake". BBC News. 12 July 2002. Retrieved 2011-08-15. 
  7. ^ "Devdas over the years …". YouthTimes.in. 
  8. ^ http://www.iffi.nic.in/Indian%20Cinema%20Catalogue%202014.pdf
  9. ^ "The 100 Best Films Of World Cinema – 74. Devdas". Empire. 
  10. ^ "2002: Best and worst". Time. Archived from the original on 25 August 2010. 
  11. ^ "Time ranks Devdas in millennium's top 10". NDTV.com. 20 May 2012. Retrieved 2012-07-11. 
  12. ^ Indiatimes. "India Times: Devdas: The Making - Monuments and More - The Sets". Devdas.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 2011-06-30. 
  13. ^ "Devdas -Bollywood's Gamble". India Today. 20 May 2002. Retrieved 2011-06-30. 
  14. ^ "Times of India: Dheeraj sets his sights on sets of Devdas". The Times of India. 1 May 2002. Retrieved 2011-06-30. 
  15. ^ a b "Devdas Music Review by Reviewed by: Aniket Joshi - Rating: 9.0 / 10". Planet Bollywood. Retrieved 7 February 2012. 
  16. ^ Priyanka Dasgupta (21 July 2002). "Singing in Devdas was God's greatest gift: Shreya Ghoshal". Times of India. Retrieved 2002-07-21. 
  17. ^ "Shreya Ghoshal - Biography". Incredible People. Retrieved 2010-11-15. 
  18. ^ "Festival de Cannes: Devdas". festival-cannes.com. Retrieved 2009-11-03. 
  19. ^ "Flashback: Record breaking films". filmfare.com. 
  20. ^ "The Hindu : 2003 MTV Asia Awards". Hinduonnet.com. 31 January 2003. Archived from the original on 7 April 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-30. 
  21. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 27 September 2009. Retrieved 12 August 2008. 
  22. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 7 April 2011. Retrieved 12 August 2008. 
  23. ^ "Top Worldwide First Weekend 2002". Box Office India. 22 July 2015. Retrieved 22 July 2015. 
  24. ^ "Top Worldwide First Week 2002". Box Office India. 22 July 2015. Retrieved 22 July 2015. 
  25. ^ "Top Worldwide Grossers 2002". Box Office India. 22 July 2015. Retrieved 22 July 2015. 
  26. ^ "Top India First Day 2002". Box Office India. 22 July 2015. Retrieved 22 July 2015. 
  27. ^ "Top India First Weekend 2002". Box Office India. 22 July 2015. Retrieved 22 July 2015. 
  28. ^ "Top India First Week 2002". Box Office India. 22 July 2015. Retrieved 22 July 2015. 
  29. ^ "Top India Total Nett Gross 2002". Box Office India. 22 July 2015. Retrieved 22 July 2015. 
  30. ^ "Top Overseas First Weekend 2002". Box Office India. 22 July 2015. Retrieved 22 July 2015. 
  31. ^ "Top Overseas First Week 2002". Box Office India. 22 July 2015. Retrieved 22 July 2015. 
  32. ^ "Top Overseas Gross 2002". Box Office India. 22 July 2015. Retrieved 22 July 2015. 
  33. ^ "BBC - Manchester Masti - Devdas Film Review". bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2015-08-26. 

External links[edit]