Devdas (2002 Hindi film)
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Sanjay Leela Bhansali|
|Produced by||Bharat Shah|
|Screenplay by||Prakash Kapadia|
by Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay
|Starring||Shah Rukh Khan|
|Music by||Ismail Darbar|
|Edited by||Bela Segal|
|Distributed by||Mega Bollywood Pvt. Ltd|
Red Chillies Entertainment
|Box office||est. ₹1.02 billion (see below)|
Devdas is a 2002 Indian period romantic drama directed by Sanjay Leela Bhansali and based on the 1917 Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay's novel Devdas. This is the third Hindi version and the first film version of the story in Hindi done in colour. The film is set in the early 1900s and follows Shah Rukh Khan as Devdas, a wealthy law graduate who returns from London to marry his childhood sweetheart, Paro, played by Aishwarya Rai. However, the rejection of this marriage by his own family sparks his descent into alcoholism, ultimately leading to his emotional deterioration and him seeking refuge with a courtesan, Chandramukhi, played by Madhuri Dixit.
At the time of its release, Devdas was the most expensive Bollywood film ever produced, with a reported budget of ₹50 crore ($10.3 million). The film released worldwide on 12 July 2002. The film was a huge commercial success in India and abroad, becoming the highest grossing Indian film of the year. Shah Rukh Khan has bought the rights to this film under his banner, Red Chillies Entertainment.
Devdas received wide acclaim among Indian and western film critics, and is considered by many critics to be one of the greatest films ever made. It was nominated for the BAFTA Award for Best Foreign Language Film and was also India's submission for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film. It was ranked #74 in Empire magazine's "The 100 Best Films Of World Cinema" in 2010. TIME magazine named Devdas as the best film of 2002 among all the movies released around the world that year. The film was recently included in TIME's Top 10 Movies Of The Millennium Worldwide.
The film was screened at 2002 Cannes Film Festival, and the 2002, and 2014 International Film Festival of India in the "Devdas Section" and "Celebrating Dance in Indian cinema" section respectively. Devdas won the Filmfare Award for Best Film. The film also won 5 National Awards and a further 11 Filmfare Awards, breaking the record of 10 wins previously held by Dilwale Dulhania Le Jayenge (1995).
In the early 1900s, Kaushalya (Smita Jaykar) hears that her younger son, Devdas (Shah Rukh Khan), is about to return home after leaving 10 years ago for law school in England. Kaushalya tells her neighbour Sumitra (Kirron Kher), who is overjoyed.
Sumitra's daughter, Parvati "Paro" Chakraborty (Aishwarya Rai) and Devdas share a deep friendship rooted in childhood. When Devdas was sent to England, Paro had lit an oil lamp to prompt his return and never allowed it to extinguish.
When Devdas returns, the childhood friendship between him and Paro turned into love. Everyone believes that Devdas and Paro will get married, but Devdas' scheming sister-in-law Kumud (Ananya Khare) reminds Kaushalya of Paro's maternal lineage of nautch girls and nautanki performers, which is inappropriate for the Mukherjee family. Sumitra publicly announces her desire for Devdas and Paro to marry, and Kaushalya rejects and humiliates her in public by saying that she is from a lower-class family. Devastated, Sumitra hastily arranges Paro's marriage to a man from a family which is wealthier than the Mukherjee family: Thakur Bhuvan Chaudhry (Vijayendra Ghatge), a forty-year-old widower aristocrat with three grown children.
When Devdas' father also rejects Paro, Devdas leaves his parents' house and takes refuge at a brothel. He leaves a letter for Paro, falsely stating that love had never existed between them. At the brothel, he meets a good-hearted tawaif (courtesan) named Chandramukhi (Madhuri Dixit), who falls in love with him. Soon, Devdas realizes his mistake in abandoning Paro. He returns to her during her wedding and asks her to elope but Paro refuses, reminding him of the way he had discarded her so easily. Paro tearfully is married off to Bhuvan.
Paro learns from her new husband that he has married her only to be a mother to his children and lady of the estate, but that his love is only for his late first wife. She dutifully fulfills her responsibilities, while Devdas, heartbroken at having lost Paro, permanently moves to Chandramukhi's brothel and becomes an alcoholic. When Devdas' father is on his deathbed, he asks to see his son Devdas, but Devdas arrives later, at his father's funeral—shamefully and obviously drunk. He causes a scene and eventually passes out.
He returns to the family home and discovers that his sister-in-law has stolen his mother's keys to the family safe. He confronts her but Kumud tells his mother that Devdas had stolen the keys. His mother believes her and Devdas leaves, banished. Paro arrives at Chandramukhi's brothel, accusing her of driving Devdas to drink, but quickly realizes that Chandramukhi loves Devdas. Paro urges Devdas to stop drinking, but Devdas remains stubborn. He promises Paro that before he dies, he will come to her doorstep one last time.
Paro invites Chandramukhi to a celebration of Durga Puja at her husband's home and introduces her to her in-laws without revealing Chandramukhi's profession. However, Bhuvan's ill-natured son-in-law Kalibabu (Milind Gunaji), a frequent visitor to the brothel, reveals Chandramukhi's background and humiliates her in front of the guests. He later also tells Bhuvan of Paro's relationship with Devdas. As a result, Bhuvan permanently forbids Paro from leaving the mansion.
Eventually, Devdas becomes so ill that the slightest dose of alcohol could kill him. Devdas tells Chandramukhi that she must let him go, and decides to travel the country; on a train, he meets his old college friend Chunni Babu (Jackie Shroff), who urges him to drink in the name of friendship. Devdas drinks, knowing full well it will be fatal.
On the verge of death, Devdas travels to Paro's house to honour his promise, collapsing under a tree in front of the main gate. Paro runs through the mansion, attempting to reach him. Bhuvan sees this and orders the servants to shut the gates. Devdas sees a blurred image of Paro running towards him, but the gates close just before she can reach him, leaving her sobbing inside. Devdas whispers Paro's name with his last breath as he slowly dies, and immediately Paro's lamp flickers out.
- Shah Rukh Khan as Devdas Mukherjee
- Aishwarya Rai as Parvati 'Paro' Chakraborty
- Madhuri Dixit as Chandramukhi
- Jackie Shroff as Chunni Lal 'Chunni Babu', Devdas's friend
- Kirron Kher as Sumitra Chakraborty, Paro's mother
- Smita Jaykar as Kaushalya Mukherjee, Devdas' mother
- Ananya Khare as Kumud Mukherjee, Devdas' sister-in-law
- Vijayendra Ghatge as Bhuvan Chaudhary, Paro's husband
- Tiku Talsania as Dharamdas
- Manoj Joshi as Dwijdas, Devdas' brother
- Milind Gunaji as Kalibabu, Paro's son-in-law
- Neha Pendse as Chaurangi
- Ava Mukherjee as Devdas's grandmother
- Sunil Rege as Neelkanth
- Vijay Crishna as Sri Narayan Mukherjee, Devdas' father
- Jaya Bhattacharya as Manorama
- Disha Vakani as Sakhi
- Dina Pathak as Bhuvan's mother
- Amardeep Jha as Kalibabu's mother
- Radhika Singh as Yashomati
- Apara Mehta as Badi Aapa
- Muni Jha as Kaka
The major part of the movie was filmed in Mumbai, recreating early 20th-century Calcutta. Chandramukhi's kotha was constructed next to an artificial lake, to make it look like a set in Varanasi on the Ganges. A temple city surrounded the set, for which inspiration was taken from the Dilwara Temples in Rajasthan. For the creation of Paro's room in a haveli, 12,000 pieces of stained glass were used.
|Soundtrack album by|
|Released||14 June 2002|
Feature film soundtrack
|Label||Universal Music India|
|Ismail Darbar chronology|
The film's music was composed by Ismail Darbar and the lyrics were written by Nusrat Badr. It featured playback singers Kavita Krishnamurthy (as Chandramukhi and Parvati), Shreya Ghoshal (as Parvati and Chandramukhi), Udit Narayan (as Devdas) and Vinod Rathod (Chunni Babu). This also marked their second collaboration with Bhansali after Hum Dil De Chuke Sanam (1999). The background score was composed by Monty Sharma. The soundtrack features 10 songs with a theme music and one song "Kaahe Chhed" was composed by Pandit Birju Maharaj; the rest of the songs were composed by Ismail Darbar.
Shreya Ghoshal made her Bollywood debut through this film. She caught the attention of Sanjay Leela Bhansali's mother, who noticed her as a participant in Sa Re Ga Ma Pa while she was singing a bhajan of Lata Mangeshkar. She was then offered her the opportunity to playback for the character of Paro. The first Bollywood song Ghoshal recorded in her singing career was "Bairi Piya" when she was 16 years old. She sang 5 songs on the album, which won her critical acclaim and accolades, including the prestigious National Film Award for Best Female Playback Singer for "Bairi Piya".
|1.||"Silsila Ye Chahat Ka"||Shreya Ghoshal, Nishika, Rani, Javed||5:26|
|2.||"Maar Daala"||Kavita Krishnamurthy, Javed, Ismail Darbar||4:40|
|3.||"Bairi Piya"||Shreya Ghoshal, Udit Narayan||5:23|
|4.||"Kaahe Chhed" (Composed and written by Pandit Birju Maharaj)||Kavita Krishnamurthy, Madhuri Dixit, Birju Maharaj||5:23|
|5.||"Chalak Chalak"||Shreya Ghoshal, Udit Narayan, Vinod Rathod, Nishika, Rani, Javed, Ismail Darbar||5:12|
|6.||"Hamesha Tumko Chaha"||Kavita Krishnamurthy, Udit Narayan||6:02|
|7.||"Woh Chand Jaisi Ladki"||Udit Narayan||4:32|
|8.||"Morey Piya"||Shreya Ghoshal, Jaspinder Narula||5:40|
|9.||"Dev's Last Journey" (Theme music composed by Monty Sharma)||Rashmi Sharma, Raghab Chatterjee, Supriya||4:03|
|10.||"Dola Re Dola"||Kavita Krishnamurthy, Shreya Ghoshal, K.K.||6:35|
Devdas' soundtrack received highly positive reviews from music critics. Aniket Joshi of Planet Bollywood gave 9.5 stars stating, "Rarely have we an album where ALL the songs are perfectly sung, Devdas is such an album." The album sold about 2 million units. According to the Indian trade website Box Office India, this film's soundtrack album was the year's highest-selling Bollywood soundtrack album in India.
Devdas was the most expensive Bollywood films produced at the time, with its budget reporting to be ₹50 crore ($10.3 million). The film released worldwide on 12 July 2002.
In 2003, the film's cable and satellite rights for Indian television were sold to Sony Entertainment Television for ₹12 crore ($3 million). The film has also been shown a number of times on Chinese television, where it was declared a TV hit.
Devdas grossed ₹68.19 crore in India and $6.5 million (₹31.68 crore) in other countries, for a worldwide total of ₹99.87 crore, according to Box Office India, excluding China. The film had an extraordinary opening worldwide and recorded highest opening weekend and week of the year with collections of ₹19.83 crore and ₹33.45 crore respectively. It was the highest-grossing Bollywood film of 2002 worldwide.
It opened on Friday, 12 July 2002, across 325 screens, and grossed the highest opening-day of the year with figure of ₹2.09 crore nett. It became the second film to gross ₹2 crore nett opening day after Kabhi Khushi Kabhie Gham.... It also had highest opening weekend and week of the year with collections of ₹6.15 crore nett and ₹11.78 crore nett respectively. The film earned a total of ₹41.65 crore nett. It was the highest-grossing film of 2002 in India.
It had an opening weekend of $2 million (₹9.75 crore) and went on to gross $2.9 million (₹14.13 crore) in its first week. The film earned a total of $6.5 million (₹31.68 crore). Overseas, it was the highest-grossing Bollywood film of 2002. In China, the film later grossed CN¥2.75 million ($397,974) at the box office.
Devdas worldwide collections breakdown
|Territory||Territory-wise collections break-up|
CN¥2.75 million ($397,974)
$6.5 million (₹31.68 crore)
$6.91 million (₹33.59 crore)
|Worldwide||₹102 crore ($22 million)|
Reviewer Sukanya Verma writes, "Sanjay Leela Bhansali's labour-of-love Devdas is a larger-than-life, poignant and spectacular interpretation. Clearly Devdas is a work of art and heart. His penchant for colour, grandeur, heartbreak unspools throughout the film as it did previously in Khamoshi – The Musical (1996) and Hum Dil De Chuke Sanam (1999). The resplendent sets by Nitin Chandrakant Desai --- Paro's stained glass house before marriage, her towering mansion after marriage, Devdas' sprawling house, Chandramukhi's dazzling dance-court, even the railway compartment --- are a treat to the eyes." About the dances, she writes, "Saroj Khan and Pandit Birju Maharaj storm the screen with some sensational choreography. Madhuri Dixit's dances are breathtaking.....For all its hype, grandeur, money, blood, sweat, music, tragedy, Devdas is a must-see for even the most pragmatic and unromantic."
Film critic Subhash K. Jha gave the film 4.5 stars out of 5 stating, "Devdas is one of the most outstanding products of the much-maligned Bollywood. It is rich in visual details – and hats off to Nitin Desai for his grand sets and Abu-Sandeep, Neeta Lulla and Reza Sharifi for their classy costumes.The characters don't just move in their breathtakingly ornate clothes that seem to have been spun from the most exquisite threads obtainable. Bhansali's characters speak and sing to the viewer. The opulence never smothers the immensity of Chatterjee's emotional tragedy. Hence the film requires at least 2 viewings for one to understand the visual and emotional layers the narration secretes. In telling the story of Devdas' doomed love for Paro, Bhansali goes beyond places where legendary Bimal Roy had taken the original text in his make of the classic in the 1950s."
Critic Taran Adarsh reviewed, "Devdas has the budget, the canvas, the mounting that no Hindi film can boast of to date. The opulent sets, the grandiose look, the mounting and the ambience makes you gape in astonishment. Technically too, the film is a superior product. The shot execution, the sound quality and the cinematography bowl your mind as you embark on a journey that promises the world as far as entertainment is concerned. Bhansali also deserves bouquets for handling several sequences with aplomb. The Kirron Kher vs. Smita Jaykar fiery confrontation (first-half) deserves distinction marks. Ditto for the scene between Madhuri Dixit and Milind Gunaji, when the latter throws a challenge at her. The Madhuri vs. Aishwarya confrontation and the dramatic sequence soon after ''Dola Re Dola'', when Madhuri confronts Milind, are a few instances that endorse the fact that Bhansali is amongst the best in the business."
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