Device neutrality

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Device neutrality law states that the users have the right of non-discrimination of the services and apps they use, based on platform control by hardware companies.[1]

The term device neutrality is closely connected to net neutrality, and shares a correlation. Net neutrality is a concept that ensures equal access to the internet[2] and Device neutrality is a concept that ensures equal access to applications.

History and effects[edit]

The concept was first proposed in Italy in 2014. Member of the Italian Parliament Stefano Quintarelli proposed a bill[3] which states that users should be free to access content and use the applications they wish, provided they are legal, they do not impair safety and security, and they are not in violation of other laws or court orders. A limitation of this freedom by device manufacturers should be examinable on the grounds of anti consumeristic behaviour[4].

The Android operating system supports installation of third party software on the devices beyond the Google Play store whereas Apple Inc. restricts the third party installation of applications.[1]  

After a long and in depth-examination and approval by all committees of the Chamber of Deputies and of the Senate, at the verge of the final vote, some articles in mainstream press argued the proposed bill had potential to ban the use of iPhones in Italy[5].

In 2019 the presidential candidate Sen. Elizabeth Warren has embraced Device Neutrality calling for a structural separation of the Apple Computer's app store from the device manufacturing business[6] to allow app installation from other sources, like competing App stores.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "After Net Neutrality, Device Neutrality | HERMES Center for Transparency and Digital Human Rights". www.hermescenter.org. Retrieved 2018-03-28.
  2. ^ "Net Neutrality Explained: What It Means (and Why It Matters)". Fortune. Retrieved 2018-03-28.
  3. ^ "Disposizioni in materia di fornitura dei servizi della rete internet per la tutela della concorrenza e della libertà di accesso degli utenti" (in Italian). 2014-07-08. Retrieved 2019-03-13.
  4. ^ Mastrolonardo, Raffaele. "Net neutrality could become law in Italy - unless internet users would rather opt out". ZDNet. Retrieved 2018-03-28.
  5. ^ while international news outlets and commentators held a less dramatic stand"No, Italy isn't banning the iPhone". Boing Boing. 2017-06-24. Retrieved 2018-03-28.
  6. ^ "Elizabeth Warren wants to break up Apple, too". 2019-03-09. Retrieved 2019-03-13.