Devil's Advocate Unit
The Devil's Advocate Unit (Hebrew: מחלקת הבקרה, Makhleket HaBakara – lit. "the monitoring section")" is a small unit in the Israeli Military Intelligence Directorate. Its purpose is to evaluate intelligence assumptions and products in a professional and critical manner, including serving as the "Devil's advocate" or the "Ifcha Mistabra" (Aramaic - lit. "appears to be the opposite") function. This means examining unlikely scenarios and questioning common assumptions of the Research Department as well as proposing adversarial evaluations. The unit works as an independent part of the Research Department.
The Devil's Advocate Unit was founded after Yom Kippur War as part of the implementation of the Agranat Commission recommendations. The head of the unit is a Colonel (Aluf Mishne) that operates directly under the head of Aman and not under the head of the Research Department. Notable previous heads of this unit are Yaakov Amidror and Amos Gilad. In 2008, the head of the unit was quoted as saying that there are not many cases where the Devil's Advocate evaluation turned out to hold. An exception is Israel's withdrawal from Lebanon. Intelligence evaluations predicted Gog and Magog in the north, and the unit has said that Hezbollah will keep things quiet, which turned out to be mostly the case until 2006.
- Gur, Jonathan (2008). "המודיעין האחר" [The Other Intelligence] (in Hebrew).
- "חיל המודיעין". צה"ל בחילו (in Hebrew). רביבים. 1981.