Devil's Night is a name associated with October 30, the night before Halloween. It is related to the "Mischief night" practiced in parts of the United States, but is chiefly associated with the serious vandalism and arson seen in Detroit, Michigan from the 1970s to the 1990s, finally prompting the "Angels' Night" community response.
Devil's Night dates from as early as the 1930s. Traditionally, city youths engaged in a night of mischievous or petty criminal behavior, usually consisting of minor pranks or acts of mild vandalism (such as egging, soaping or waxing windows and doors, leaving rotten vegetables or flaming bags of Canine feces on front porch stoops, or toilet papering trees and shrubs) which caused little or no property damage.
The crimes became more destructive in Detroit's inner-city neighborhoods, and included hundreds of acts of arson and vandalism every year. The destruction reached a peak in the mid- to late-1980s, with more than 800 fires set in 1984, and 500 to 800 fires in the three days and nights before Halloween in a typical year.
Decline of Devil's Night arson
By the early 1990s, Detroit saw little decline in Devil's Night arson. After a brutal Devil's Night in 1994, then-mayor Dennis Archer promised city residents arson would not be tolerated. In 1995, Detroit city officials organized and created Angels' Night on and around October 29–31. Each year as many as 50,000 volunteers gather to patrol neighborhoods in the city. As a result of the efforts, fires plunged to near-ordinary levels in the first decade of the 21st century. In 2010 the number of reported fires climbed to 169, a 42 percent increase compared to the previous year. However, in the early 2010s, the totals again declined to the low 90s for the three-day period. This average of about 32 fires per day is somewhat higher than the expected 26 fires per day through the year. 2015 saw the lowest recorded number of fires with only 52 fires recorded and only 24 considered possibly arson.
Angels' Night is an event that is designed to mitigate criminal acts associated with Devil's Night in Detroit, Michigan. After a brutal Devil's Night in 1994, then new mayor Dennis Archer promised city residents arson would not be tolerated. In 1995, Detroit city officials organized and created Angels' Night on and around October 29–31.
Currently as many as 40,000 Detroiters volunteer to keep the city safe on these nights. Many volunteers keep a high profile patrolling neighborhoods with magnetic-mount flashing amber beacons, on their personal vehicles, along with communicating with command centers via CB radios or by cellular phones to report any suspicious activity. In recent years, arson and other crimes have fallen, much to success of the Angels' Night volunteers. The drop in reported fires for the year 2008 has been credited to be because of the Angels' Night program.
Only once has Angels' Night been cancelled since it began. This cancellation took place in 2005 due to the death of Rosa Parks. Most Angels' Night and Devil's Night activities occurred that year in Flint and Lansing, Michigan, as well as in Toledo, Ohio.
Devil's Night in popular culture
- In 1993, underground Detroit rapper Esham released his song Devil's Night about arson and mayhem in the city.
- Devil's Night is an integral part of the 1994 film The Crow. At a meeting of criminal underworld figures, the main villain Top Dollar (Michael Wincott) is portrayed as having started the first fires himself, which were later emulated by others.
- In the 1997 film Grosse Pointe Blank, which takes place in the Detroit suburb of Grosse Pointe, the character Debi Newberry says that her apartment burned down on Devil's Night.
- Devil's Night is mentioned in the Insane Clown Posse song "Dead Pumpkins" which was released on the Forgotten Freshness 2-disc album in 1998.
- Detroit hip-hop group D12's 2001 debut album is titled Devil's Night which also features a song with the same title.
- The 2002 film 8 Mile features a sequence where the characters torch an abandoned house in Detroit that was used for crime, in reference to Devil's Night.
- Devil's Night is used as a plot device in the 2007 Canadian horror film Left for Dead.
- Devil's Night appears in Laura Bickle's 2010 urban fantasy novel Embers.
- "Devil's Night" is a rap song released in 2011 by Detroit artist Sonny! who depicts inner-city living on the night of October 30.
- Mischief Night appears in an episode of the Nickelodeon animated show Rocket Power.
- The sixth episode of the sixth season of the CBS drama Criminal Minds was titled "Devil's Night", and revolved around a burn victim who plotted his arsonist murders on the three days around Devil's Night.
- Devil's Night is mentioned in NCIS episode 143 "Code of Conduct".
- "Devil's Night" is a song featured on the 2012 album Infamous by metal band Motionless in White.
- Devil's Night is mentioned in the song "A Shrine to Madness" by Detroit metal band The Black Dahlia Murder. The song is about the history of Halloween and contains the line "Devil's Night, 'twas a scorcher, but on this eve we bring Hell."
- Influenced "Devilz Nite", an annual Halloween series composed of underground hip-hop artists doing dark songs.
- Rapper Boondox recorded a song called "Devil's Night" for Psychopathic Records' Hallowicked 2013 single.
- Devil's Night was also chronicled in journalist Ze'ev Chafets' 1990 nonfiction book Devil's Night and Other True Tales of Detroit.
- "Devil's Night", a song on the 2014 album Ghost Empire by German metalcore band Caliban.
- Devil's Night was mentioned as the release date of the Binding of Isaac: Rebirth expansion, Afterbirth.
- "Devil's Night", is the name of the season 5, episode 4 of, American Horror Story: Hotel, originally airing October 28, 2015; the series' 55th episode overall.
- Jack Santino, The Hallowed Eve, University Press of Kentucky (1998), Pg. 10.
- Roig-Franzia, Manuel (2007-10-30). "The Mischievous History of Devil's Night". The Washington Post. p. 3.[dead link]
- Published: November 03, 1991 (1991-11-03). "Devil's Night Fires Decline By More Than Half in Detroit, The New York Times, November 3, 1991". New York Times. Retrieved 2013-10-31.
- "City of Detroit Angel's Night Homepage, Accessed July 4, 2007". Ci.detroit.mi.us. Retrieved 2013-10-31.
- "Detroit fires drop over 3-day Halloween period". Daily Tribune. 2009-11-03. Archived from the original on March 6, 2012.
- "Significant rise in Detroit fires over Halloween weekend 2010". Digital Journal. 2010-11-01.
- "Detroit Angels' Night: Data behind this year's record-low fire count". MLive.com. 2012-11-02.
- "Detroit officials report 95 fires over three-day Angels' Night period leading up to Halloween". MLive.com. 2013-11-02.
- 38 fires a 'quiet' Angels' Night in Detroit, says Mayor Duggan's office, mlive, October 31, 2014
- City of Detroit records quietest Angels' Night on record with 52 fires, WXYZ Detroit, November 1, 2015
- Neavling, Steve (2016-07-05). "Devil returns on Fourth of July weekend: 140 fires break out in Detroit". Motor City Muckraker. Retrieved 2016-07-05.
- "Angels Night Information - Volunteer - How Do I - City of Detroit MI". angelsnight.org.
- "Hellterskkkelter". AllMusic.
- http://youtube.com/watch?v=BlLy_euNQzY youtube.com/watch?v=BlLy_euNQzY
- "†, Devil's Night (afterbirth update #23)". bindingofisaac.com.
- Chafets, Ze'ev. (1990). Devil's Night and Other True Tales of Detroit. New York: Random House. ISBN 0-394-58525-9.
- Davis, Adam Brooke. "Devil's Night and Hallowe'en: The Linked Fates of Two Folk Festivals." Missouri Folklore Society Journal XXIV(2002) 69–82