Devil's Tower Road

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Devil's Tower Road
Gibraltar roads3.png
Devil's Tower Road extends southeast from Winston Churchill Avenue.
Location Gibraltar
Coordinates 36°08′50″N 5°20′42″W / 36.147310°N 5.344977°W / 36.147310; -5.344977Coordinates: 36°08′50″N 5°20′42″W / 36.147310°N 5.344977°W / 36.147310; -5.344977
East Eastern Beach Road
West Winston Churchill Avenue

Devil's Tower Road is a road in the British Overseas Territory of Gibraltar. The road, in the northeastern part of the settlement, runs south of Gibraltar International Airport, from Winston Churchill Avenue southeast to Eastern Beach Road. It was named after Devil's Tower, a seventeenth-century watchtower that was formerly at the eastern end of the road. By 2011, Devil's Tower Road had been changed to a dual carriageway, with on-street parking eliminated, and the Government's plan to change the name of the road to North Front Avenue met with community opposition. A new access road was planned, such that Winston Churchill Avenue, which crosses the runway, would no longer serve as the main road to the Gibraltar-Spain border. As of 2015 the project has yet to be completed.

Overview and early history[edit]

Devil's Tower Road is a street in Gibraltar, the British Overseas Territory at the southern end of the Iberian Peninsula.[1][2] The road, in northeastern Gibraltar, generally runs in an east-west direction; it is one of only two roads in Gibraltar to cross the full width of the peninsula. Located south of Gibraltar International Airport, North Front Cemetery, and Devil's Tower Camp, it extends from the roundabout at Winston Churchill Avenue east to Eastern Beach Road and provides access to the northern and eastern sides of Gibraltar.[3][4][5] The road was named after Devil's Tower, a seventeenth-century watchtower which was located at the eastern end of the road.[6][7]

Recent history[edit]

In May 2007, the Gibraltar government revealed plans for a new terminal at the Gibraltar International Airport, as well as the new road to the North Front which – per stipulations in the Córdoba Agreement – was not allowed to cross the runway. It was to be diverted, first passing along Devil's Tower Road. At the junction with Eastern Beach Road, there would be a roundabout. The new road, a four lane road, with two lanes in each direction, would U-turn to the north and parallel Eastern Beach Road. Then, it would go through a tunnel at the eastern end of the runway. After emerging on the north side, the new road would parallel the frontier extending to the west. The road would then split, with one branch leading to the terminal, North Front, and Winston Churchill Avenue, and the other leading to the border itself and the loop of road north of the runway. Winston Churchill Avenue would continue to cross the runway, but would only be used for emergencies or other exceptions. Pedestrian traffic across the runway would be unchanged.[8]

In May 2009, the government announced that Devil's Tower Road would be changed to a divided highway, to connect the new road at the North Front with Winston Churchill Avenue. In addition, the route of the road's eastern end would be linked with a new roundabout adjacent to Eastern Beach. The redevelopment of the road continued into 2011.[9][10] After the change of Devil's Tower Road to a dual carriageway, parking on the road was eliminated. Instead, parking spaces were made available at a new parking garage on Devil's Tower Road and an enlarged parking lot at Forbes' Quarry.[11]

In May 2011, the Government of Gibraltar revealed that it was renaming Devil's Tower Road as North Front Avenue, as it would no longer pass in close proximity to the former site of Devil's Tower. The proposal was met with opposition, from both citizens and political parties, owing to the historical significance of the road and perceivedly unnecessary inconvenience to residents.[6][10][12] The Gibraltar Socialist Labour Party (GSLP)/Liberal Opposition suggested instead that the road be named Bishop Devlin Avenue to commemorate the late Bishop Bernard Devlin, the former pastor of St. Theresa's Church for many years, who was said to have always been "uncomfortable for a church to be located in a road of that name."[13] On 2 June 2011, a one hour silent protest organized by lawyer Patrick Canessa was held over the announced plans to change the names of both Devil's Tower Road and Cannon Lane.[14][15]

The project for a new road has since been cancelled, reportedly for "the contractor's failure to comply with the terms of the contract and to proceed with the works as required by the contract."[16] This decision was met with legal action from the contractor, the Spanish-based Obrascón Huarte Lain.[17] In August 2012, Gibraltar's government began a new tender process for construction of an access road and tunnel, with the closing date for submission of bids 12 Oct 2012.[18][19]

Notable buildings and monuments[edit]

  • The foundation stone of the new St. Theresa's Church was laid in 1992 by Bishop Devlin. St. Theresa's had formally become a parish in 1974. However, Mass has been celebrated for "parishioners" since the end of World War II.[7]
  • The Devil's Tower Emplacement is a World War II monument. A plaque on the bunker reads: "The Devil's Tower Emplacement Guarding The Caledonian Canal and Tank Trap which Existed Some Metres In Front Of This Spot During World War II (1939 -1945)."[29]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "List of Crown Dependencies & Overseas Territories". fco.gov.uk. Foreign and Commonwealth Office. Retrieved 9 October 2012. 
  2. ^ Roach, John (13 September 2006). "Neandertals' Last Stand Was in Gibraltar, Study Suggests". National Geographic News. National Geographic Society. Retrieved 9 October 2012. 
  3. ^ "Sections from the above Map - East side". discovergibraltar.com. DiscoverGibraltar.com. Retrieved 8 October 2012. 
  4. ^ "File:Gibraltar roads3.png". commons.wikimedia.org. Wikimedia Commons. Retrieved 9 October 2012. 
  5. ^ "Map of Devil's Tower Road". maps.google.com. Google Maps. Retrieved 9 October 2012. 
  6. ^ a b "PDP Against Re-naming of Our Historic Streets". Vox - The Truly Independent Gibraltar Newspaper. 28 May 2011. Retrieved 8 October 2012. 
  7. ^ a b "A historical event". 7 Days - Gibraltar's Free Weekly Newspaper. Retrieved 8 October 2012. 
  8. ^ "New Air Terminal at Gibraltar Airport". gibraltarairterminal.com. GibraltarAirTerminal.com. 17 May 2007. Retrieved 9 October 2012. 
  9. ^ "New Road to North Front - Devil's Tower Road Works" (PDF). gibraltar.gov.gi. Government of Gibraltar. 21 May 2009. Retrieved 8 October 2012. 
  10. ^ a b "Two Bishops' Names See Devil Removed From Our Streets". Gibraltar Chronicle. 17 May 2011. Retrieved 8 October 2012. 
  11. ^ "Government establishes North District Pilot Parking Scheme". 7 Days - Gibraltar's Free Weekly Newspaper. Retrieved 8 October 2012. 
  12. ^ "Heritage Trust Supports Retaining Old Street Names". Gibraltar Chronicle. 2 June 2011. Retrieved 9 October 2012. 
  13. ^ "Opposition Suggest Devil's Tower Name to be Wholly Changed". Gibraltar Chronicle. 27 January 2011. Retrieved 8 October 2012. 
  14. ^ "Save Cannon Land and Devil's Tower Road - 1 hour silent protest". facebook.com. Facebook. Retrieved 8 October 2012. 
  15. ^ "Protestors Fire Broadside over Cannon Lane". Gibraltar Chronicle. 4 June 2011. Retrieved 9 October 2012. 
  16. ^ "Govt Terminates OHL Contract After 'Lack of Progress'". Gibraltar Chronicle. 1 August 2011. Retrieved 10 October 2012. 
  17. ^ "Airfield Tunnel Contractor Sues Gib Govt for £20M". Gibraltar Chronicle. 4 May 2012. Retrieved 10 Oct 2012. 
  18. ^ "Green light for airport tunnel". GBC News. 10 August 2012. Retrieved 10 October 2012. 
  19. ^ "Govt Seeks Tenders for Airport Tunnel and Road". Gibraltar Chronicle. 13 August 2012. Retrieved 10 October 2012. 
  20. ^ "North Front Cemetery". aboutourrock.com. About Our Rock. Retrieved 9 October 2012. 
  21. ^ Hassid, Rabbi Roni. "The Windmill Hill (Jews’ Gate) Cemetery". jewishgibraltar.com. Gibraltar Jewish Community. Retrieved 10 October 2012. 
  22. ^ "Cemetery Search". cwgc.org. Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Retrieved 10 October 2012. 
  23. ^ "Gibraltar (North Front) Cemetery". cwgc.org. Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Retrieved 9 October 2012. 
  24. ^ "The World's 18 Strangest Military Bases". popularmechanics.com. Popular Mechanics. Retrieved 10 October 2012. 
  25. ^ "MOD Lands Deal: Govt Unveils Huge New Property Portfolio". Gibraltar Chronicle. 1 August 2011. Retrieved 10 October 2012. 
  26. ^ "Government announces details of the recent Lands Agreement with MOD". 7 Days - Gibraltar's Free Weekly Newspaper. Retrieved 10 October 2012. 
  27. ^ "Healthcare & Hospitals - PIctures: BMH/RNH Gibraltar". archhistory.co.uk. The Army Children Archive (TACA). Retrieved 10 October 2012. 
  28. ^ "The Princess Royal visits Gibraltar again" (PDF). Rock Talk (2): 9. July 2009. Retrieved 10 October 2012. 
  29. ^ "Devils Tower Emplacement Gibraltar". en.tracesofwar.com. STIWOT (Stichting Informatie Wereldoorlog Twee). Retrieved 9 October 2012. 

External links[edit]