Reload (Metallica album)

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Reload
Metallica - Reload cover.jpg
Studio album by Metallica
Released November 18, 1997
Recorded May 1, 1995 – October 1, 1997
Studio The Plant Studios in Sausalito, California
Genre
Length 76:02
Label
Producer
Metallica chronology
Load
(1996)
Reload
(1997)
St. Anger
(2003)
Singles from Reload
  1. "The Memory Remains"
    Released: November 11, 1997[6]
  2. "The Unforgiven II"
    Released: February 23, 1998[7]
  3. "Fuel"
    Released: June 22, 1998[8]
  4. "Better Than You"
    Released: July 16, 1998

Reload is the seventh studio album by American heavy metal band Metallica, released on November 18, 1997 by Elektra Records. The album is a follow-up to Load, released the previous year, and Metallica's last studio album to feature bassist Jason Newsted. Reload debuted at number one on the Billboard 200, selling 436,000 copies in its first week. It was certified 3× platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) for shipping three million copies in the United States.

Background[edit]

Reload was recorded at The Plant, a wood-panelled studio in Sausalito, California. The ringmaster for the session was Bob Rock, who produced Metallica's previous two albums. The album artwork displays a photo by Andres Serrano. The original idea was to release Load and Reload as a double album. However, with problems recording so many songs at one time, the band decided that half of the songs were to be released and the band would continue to work on the remaining songs and release them the following year. Speaking about the recording sessions in an interview for Guitar World, guitarist Kirk Hammett stated that "We were gonna do them both as a double album, but we didn't want to spend that long in the studio. Also, if we did a double album, it would have been a lot more material for people to digest, and some of it might have gotten lost in the shuffle."[9] It was the final Metallica studio album to feature bassist Jason Newsted, though it was not his last release with the band.

This was the second album to feature most songs in E♭ tuning, with "Bad Seed" being played in D♭ tuning and "Devil's Dance" in D tuning. D tuning was earlier used for "The Thing That Should Not Be" on Master of Puppets, "Sad but True" on Metallica and later used for "Sabbra Cadabra", and "Whiskey in the Jar" from Garage Inc. Six songs from the album have been played live, including "Fuel", "The Memory Remains", "Devil's Dance", "The Unforgiven II", "Carpe Diem Baby", and "Low Man's Lyric". There were occasional jam sessions of songs such as "Better Than You", "Bad Seed", and "Fixxxer". "Carpe Diem Baby" premiered at Metallica's 30th anniversary concert in 2011.[10] Songs that have not been played live in their entirety are "Better than You", "Slither", "Bad Seed", "Where the Wild Things Are", "Prince Charming", "Attitude", and "Fixxxer".[11]

Reception[edit]

Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
AllMusic 3/5 stars[12]
Collector's Guide to Heavy Metal 7/10[13]
Encyclopedia of Popular Music 3/5 stars[14]
Entertainment Weekly B[4]
Rolling Stone 3/5 stars[3]
The Rolling Stone Album Guide 2/5 stars[15]

AllMusic's Stephen Thomas Erlewine thought the record was worthwhile and noted it was heavily influenced by Southern rock. He did not approve the idea of doing the sequel "The Unforgiven II", but praised the collaboration with Marianne Faithfull on "The Memory Remains".[12] Dan Snierson from Entertainment Weekly said Reload "continues Metallica's journey into stripped-down maturity while toying with fresh melodic textures" and "also forsakes some of the punchy hooks and gut-clenching heft that elevated recent Metallica CDs".[4] Rolling Stone's Lorraine Ali opined the album was rooted in heavy metal despite some songs being influenced by "bluesy rock & roll". She said Reload was not Metallica's best, but named it a steppingstone in Metallica's legacy.[3] On the other hand, Musician described the album as "greasy, driving, full of fat grooves, lyric and rhythmic hooks, and sonic curveballs". The magazine felt it "captures one of rock's greatest bands at its peak".[16] Canadian journalist Martin Popoff lamented the "dull, unfinished, unrealized" songwriting in many songs, but praised the production and groove of the album.[13]

Reload sold 436,000 units in first week and debuted at number one on the Billboard 200.[17] The album remained on the chart for 75 weeks,[18] and sold just over four million copies in the United States by December 2009.[19] It was certified 3× platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) for shipping three million copies in the United States. Reload peaked at number two on the Canadian Albums Chart, and was certified double platinum by Music Canada.

Track listing[edit]

All lyrics written by James Hetfield.

No. Title Music Length
1. "Fuel" 4:30
2. "The Memory Remains" (featuring Marianne Faithfull)
  • Ulrich
  • Hetfield
4:39
3. "Devil's Dance"
  • Ulrich
  • Hetfield
5:19
4. "The Unforgiven II"
  • Hammett
  • Ulrich
  • Hetfield
6:36
5. "Better than You"
  • Hetfield
  • Ulrich
5:22
6. "Slither"
  • Ulrich
  • Hetfield
  • Hammett
5:13
7. "Carpe Diem Baby"
  • Hetfield
  • Ulrich
  • Hammett
6:12
8. "Bad Seed"
  • Hetfield
  • Hammett
  • Ulrich
4:05
9. "Where the Wild Things Are"
6:53
10. "Prince Charming"
  • Ulrich
  • Hetfield
6:05
11. "Low Man's Lyric"
  • Hetfield
  • Ulrich
7:36
12. "Attitude"
  • Ulrich
  • Hetfield
5:17
13. "Fixxxer"
  • Hetfield
  • Hammett
  • Ulrich
8:15
Total length: 76:02

Personnel[edit]

Credits are adapted from the album's liner notes.[20]

Charts[edit]

Chart Peak
position
Australian Albums Chart[21] 2
Austrian Albums Chart[21] 2
Belgian Albums Chart[21] 4
Canadian Albums Chart[22] 2
Danish Albums Chart[23] 2
Dutch Albums Chart[21] 3
Finnish Albums Chart[21] 1
French Albums Chart[21] 3
German Albums Chart[21] 1
New Zealand Albums Chart[21] 1
Norwegian Albums Chart[21] 1
Spanish Albums Chart[24] 5
Swedish Albums Chart[21] 1
Swiss Albums Chart[21] 3
UK Albums Chart[25] 4
US Billboard 200[22] 1

Year-end charts[edit]

Chart (1998) Position
German Albums Chart[26] 30

Certifications[edit]

Region Certification Certified units/Sales
Australia (ARIA)[27] Platinum 70,000^
Austria (IFPI Austria)[28] Gold 25,000*
Canada (Music Canada)[29] 2× Platinum 200,000^
Finland (Musiikkituottajat)[30] Platinum 45,271[30]
Germany (BVMI)[31] Platinum 500,000^
Poland (ZPAV)[32] Platinum 131,494[33]*
Sweden (GLF)[34] Platinum 40,000^
United Kingdom (BPI)[35] Gold 100,000^
United States (RIAA)[36] 3× Platinum 3,000,000^
Summaries
Europe (IFPI)[37] 2× Platinum 2,000,000*

*sales figures based on certification alone
^shipments figures based on certification alone

References[edit]

  1. ^ Eduardo Rivadavia. "16 Years Ago: Metallica Release 'Reload'". Ultimateclassicrock.com. Retrieved 2015-09-09. 
  2. ^ vh1 (2015-05-18). "A Different Take On Metal's Biggest Sound Departures". VH1. Retrieved 2015-09-09. 
  3. ^ a b c Ali, Lorraine (November 20, 1997). "Metallica: Reload". Rolling Stone. Retrieved June 3, 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c Snierson, Dan (November 21, 1997). "Metallica: Reload". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved June 3, 2012. 
  5. ^ Scott, Niall (2016). Heavy Metal, Gender and Sexuality: Interdisciplinary Approaches. Routledge. p. 18. ISBN 9781317122982. Retrieved 7 January 2017. 
  6. ^ "The Memory Remains". Metallica.com. Retrieved August 7, 2016. 
  7. ^ "The Unforgiven II". Metallica.com. Retrieved August 7, 2016. 
  8. ^ "Fuel". Metallica.com. Retrieved August 7, 2016. 
  9. ^ Wiederhorn, Jon. "James Hetfield and Kirk Hammett of Metallica Discuss Their 1997 Album, 'Re-Load'". Guitar World. Retrieved July 9, 2013. 
  10. ^ Merlin. "Metallica: Extended 30th Anniversary Highlights". Metal Hammer. Retrieved July 11, 2013. 
  11. ^ Bowar, Chad. "Metallica: Reload". Ultimate Metallica. Retrieved July 11, 2013. 
  12. ^ a b Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Metallica: Reload". AllMusic. Retrieved June 16, 2013. 
  13. ^ a b Popoff, Martin (August 1, 2007). The Collector's Guide to Heavy Metal: Volume 3: The Nineties. Burlington, Ontario, Canada: Collector's Guide Publishing. pp. 277–278. ISBN 978-1-894959-62-9. 
  14. ^ Larkin, Colin (2006). Encyclopedia of Popular Music. 5 (4th ed.). Oxford University Press. p. 725. ISBN 0-19-531373-9. 
  15. ^ Brackett, Nathan; Hoard, Christian David (2004). The New Rolling Stone Album Guide. Simon and Schuster. p. 538. ISBN 0-7432-0169-8. 
  16. ^ "Metallica - Reload CD Album". Musician. CD Universe. Retrieved October 6, 2013. 
  17. ^ "Aggressive Start For Metallica's 'Anger'". Billboard: 57. June 21, 2003. Retrieved March 6, 2012. 
  18. ^ "Metallica - Chart History". Billboard. Retrieved June 27, 2015. 
  19. ^ "Metallica's 'Black' LP Is Top-Selling Album Of Soundscan Era". Blabbermouth.net. December 23, 2009. Retrieved July 11, 2013. 
  20. ^ Reload liner notes. Vertigo Records. 1997. 
  21. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Metallica – Reload" (in German). Hung Medien. Retrieved June 27, 2015. 
  22. ^ a b "Reload - Metallica: Awards". Allmusic. Retrieved July 8, 2013. 
  23. ^ "Listen - Danmarks Officielle Hitliste - Udarbejdet af AIM Nielsen for IFPI Danmark - Uge 47". Ekstra Bladet (in Danish). Copenhagen. 1997-11-23. 
  24. ^ "Hits of the World – Spain". Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. December 13, 1997. p. 51. Retrieved 2017-06-10. 
  25. ^ "British Phonographic Industry statistics". British Phonographic Industry. Archived from the original on March 8, 2008. Retrieved April 6, 2008. 
  26. ^ "Top 100 Album-Jahrescharts" (in German). GfK Entertainment. Retrieved September 8, 2016. 
  27. ^ "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 1997 Albums". Australian Recording Industry Association. 
  28. ^ "Austrian album certifications – Metallica – Reload" (in German). IFPI Austria.  Enter Metallica in the field Interpret. Enter Reload in the field Titel. Select album in the field Format. Click Suchen
  29. ^ "Canadian album certifications – Metallica – Re-Load". Music Canada. 
  30. ^ a b "Metallica" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland. 
  31. ^ "Gold-/Platin-Datenbank (Metallica; 'Reload')" (in German). Bundesverband Musikindustrie. 
  32. ^ "Polish album certifications – Metallica – Re-Load" (in Polish). Polish Society of the Phonographic Industry. 
  33. ^ "Sales in Poland by April 1998" (in Polish). ZPAV. Retrieved August 28, 2015. #36 in April 1998 
  34. ^ "Guld- och Platinacertifikat − År 1987−1998" (PDF) (in Swedish). IFPI Sweden. 
  35. ^ "British album certifications – Metallica – Re-Load". British Phonographic Industry.  Enter Re-Load in the search field and then press Enter.
  36. ^ "American album certifications – Metallica – Reload". Recording Industry Association of America.  If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH
  37. ^ "IFPI Platinum Europe Awards – 2007". International Federation of the Phonographic Industry. 

External links[edit]