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Category Sulfate minerals
(repeating unit)
Strunz classification 7.DD.30
Crystal system Monoclinic
Crystal class Prismatic (2/m)
(same H-M symbol)
Space group P21/c
Unit cell a = 20.870, b = 6.135
c = 22.91 [Å], β = 102.73°
V = 2,861.23 Å³
Color green, blueish green; green in transmitted light
Crystal habit prismatic, lamellar, platy pseudohexagonal crystals
Twinning On {010}
Cleavage perfect (001) distinct (110) and (101)
Tenacity Brittle
Mohs scale hardness 2.5
Luster vitreous, pearly
Streak light green

measured- 3.13 g/cm3

calculated- 3.084 g/cm3
Optical properties biaxial negative
Refractive index nα=1.585, nβ=1.649, nγ=1.660
Birefringence δ=0.075
Pleochroism visible
2V angle 42°
Solubility Insoluble in water and concentrated H2SO4. Completely soluble in HNO3.
References [1][2]

Devilline is a sulfate mineral with the chemical formula CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6•3H2O. The name originates from the French chemist's name, Henri Etienne Sainte-Claire Deville (1818–1881).

Devilline crystallizes in the monoclinic system.[3] Crystallographically, it contains three vectors of unequal lengths and two pairs of vectors are perpendicular while the other pair makes an angle other than 90°. Devilline is prismatic and belongs to the crystal class 2/m. This mineral belongs to the space group P 21/c. Devilline is an anisotropic mineral, meaning that the mineral has different properties in different directions. Optically, this mineral is biaxial negative, meaning that it contains two optic axes. Devilline has a moderate mineral relief. Mineral relief refers to the way a mineral appears to stand out when viewed under polarized light and it is dependent on the mineral's index of refraction.

Devilline is a rare and unusual secondary mineral found in the oxidized portions of copper sulfide ore deposits.[4] Because Devilline occurs in such oxidation zones, this mineral often is of post-mining origin. Devilline is found in mines all around the world.

Devilline group[edit]

Devilline group minerals are monoclinic sulfates.[5]

Mineral Chemical formulae Crystal system
Campigliaite Cu4Mn2+(SO4)2(OH)6·4H2O Monoclinic
Devilline CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6·3H2O Monoclinic
Kobyashevite Cu5(SO4)2(OH)6·4H2O Triclinic
Ktenasite Zn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6·6H2O Monoclinic
Lautenthalite PbCu4(SO4)2(OH)6·3H2O Monoclinic
Serpierite Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6·3H2O Monoclinic


  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^ Back, M., and Mandrine, J. (2008) Fleischer's Glossary of Mineral Species 2008. 58 p. Mineralogical Record, Tuscan, Arizona
  4. ^
  5. ^ Back, Malcolm E. (2014). Fleischer’s Glossary of Mineral Species (11 ed.). Tucson AZ: Mineralogical Record Inc. p. 434.