Devils Island Light

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Devils Island Light
Devils Island Light is located in Wisconsin
Devils Island Light
Location Devils Island, Wisconsin
Coordinates 47°04′46.288″N 90°43′41.13″W / 47.07952444°N 90.7280917°W / 47.07952444; -90.7280917Coordinates: 47°04′46.288″N 90°43′41.13″W / 47.07952444°N 90.7280917°W / 47.07952444; -90.7280917[1]
Year first lit 1901
Automated 1978
Foundation Concrete
Construction Cast iron
Tower shape Cylindrical Free Standing[1][2]
Height 80 feet (24 m)[3]
Focal height 100 feet (30 m)[4]
Original lens 3rd order Fresnel lens[5][6]
Range 11 nautical miles (20 km; 13 mi)[1]
Characteristic Red, Flashing, 10 sec[1]
ARLHS number USA-228
USCG number 7-15565

The Devils Island Lighthouse is a lighthouse located on Devils Island, one of the Apostle Islands, in Lake Superior in Ashland County, Wisconsin, near the city of Bayfield.

Currently owned by the National Park Service and part of the Apostle Islands National Lakeshore, it was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1977, as reference number 77000145. Listed in the Library of Congress Historic American Buildings Survey, WI-324. Several other structures in the vicinity are also listed in HABS.

The original third order Fresnel lens manufactured by Henry-Lepaute was removed by the U.S. Coast Guard in 1989, but a new third order Fresnel lens was replaced by the N.P.S. in 1992.[7]

The site originally had a 10-inch (250 mm) steam whistle in a fog signal building. That was removed in 1925, and "a much improved air-operated diaphone fog signal" was accomplished. In 1928, a diesel-powered electrical generator was installed, and the light intensity increased to 300,000 candela for the white flash and 180,000 candela for the red.[8]

A previous skeletal, wooden structure was constructed in 1891 has since been demolished. Historical brick Queen Anne style keepers quarters (1896) are collocated with the current lighthouse. Also on the premises were two oil houses, a tramway, a brownstone tramway engine building, a dock, wooden boathouse (1 mile distant) and a radio beacon.[7]

Getting there[edit]

Most of the Apostle Islands Lighthouses may be reached on the Apostle Islands Cruise Service[9] water taxi or by private boat during the summer. During the Annual Apostle Island Lighthouse Celebration[10] ferry tour service is available for all the lighthouses. In the tourist season, volunteer park rangers are on many of the islands to greet visitors.[11]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d Light List, Volume VII, Great Lakes (PDF). Light List. United States Coast Guard. 
  2. ^ Pepper, Terry. "Database of Tower Design". Seeing the Light. Archived from the original on 2009-11-15. 
  3. ^ Pepper, Terry. "Database of Tower Heights". Seeing the Light. Archived from the original on 2000-09-18. 
  4. ^ Pepper, Terry. "Database of Focal Heights". Seeing the Light. Archived from the original on 2008-08-30. 
  5. ^ "Historic Light Station Information and Photography: Wisconsin". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office. 
  6. ^ Pepper, Terry. "Database of Original Lenses". Seeing the Light. Archived from the original on 2000-09-18. 
  7. ^ a b National Park Service, Maritime Heritage Project, Inventory of Historic Light Stations - Wisconsin
  8. ^ Terry Pepper, Seeing the Light, Devil's Island Light. Archived September 12, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  9. ^ Apostle Islands Cruise Service.
  10. ^ Apostle Island Lighthouse Celebration.
  11. ^ Wobser, David, La Pointe Light, Originally in Great Laker Magazine.

Additional reading[edit]

USCG archive photo

External links[edit]

USCG archive photo