Devils Island Lighthouse is a lighthouse located on Devils Island, one of the Apostle Islands, in Lake Superior in Ashland County, Wisconsin, near the city of Bayfield.
Currently owned by the
National Park Service and part of the Apostle Islands National Lakeshore, it was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1977, as reference number 77000145. Listed in the Library of Congress Historic American Buildings Survey, WI-324. Several other structures in the vicinity are also listed in HABS.
The original third order
Fresnel lens manufactured by Henry-Lepaute was removed by the U.S. Coast Guard in 1989, but a new third order Fresnel lens was replaced by the N.P.S. in 1992. [7 ]
The site originally had a 10-inch (250 mm)
steam whistle in a fog signal building. That was removed in 1925, and "a much improved air-operated diaphone fog signal" was accomplished. In 1928, a diesel-powered electrical generator was installed, and the light intensity increased to 300,000 candela for the white flash and 180,000 candela for the red. [8 ]
A previous skeletal, wooden structure was constructed in 1891 has since been demolished. Historical brick
Queen Anne style keepers quarters (1896) are collocated with the current lighthouse. Also on the premises were two oil houses, a tramway, a brownstone tramway engine building, a dock, wooden boathouse (1 mile distant) and a radio beacon. [7 ]
Getting there [ edit ]
Most of the
Apostle Islands Lighthouses may be reached on the Apostle Islands Cruise Service water taxi or by private boat during the summer. During the Annual Apostle Island Lighthouse Celebration [9 ] ferry tour service is available for all the lighthouses. In the tourist season, volunteer park rangers are on the many of the islands to greet visitors. [10 ] [11 ]
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ a b c d Light List, Volume VII, Great Lakes (PDF). Light List. United States Coast Guard.
^ Pepper, Terry. "Database of Tower Design". Seeing the Light. terrypepper.com.
^ Pepper, Terry. "Database of Tower Heights". Seeing the Light. terrypepper.com.
^ Pepper, Terry. "Database of Focal Heights". Seeing the Light. terrypepper.com.
^ "Historic Light Station Information and Photography: Wisconsin". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office.
^ Pepper, Terry. "Database of Original Lenses". Seeing the Light. terrypepper.com.
^ a b National Park Service, Maritime Heritage Project, Inventory of Historic Light Stations - Wisconsin
^ Terry Pepper, Seeing the Light, Devil's Island Light.
^ Apostle Islands Cruise Service.
^ Apostle Island Lighthouse Celebration.
^ Wobser, David, La Pointe Light, boatnerd.com Originally in Great Laker Magazine.
Additional reading [ edit ]
Devils Island Light Station. Lighthouse Digest (Jan 1999), pp. 14–15. Havighurst, Walter (1943)
The Long Ships Passing: The Story of the Great Lakes, Macmillan Publishers. Oleszewski, Wes,
Great Lakes Lighthouses, American and Canadian: A Comprehensive Directory/Guide to Great Lakes Lighthouses, (Gwinn, Michigan: Avery Color Studios, Inc., 1998) ISBN 0-932212-98-0.
Pepper, Terry. ". Seeing the Light: Lighthouses on the western Great Lakes" Wright, Larry and Wright, Patricia,
Great Lakes Lighthouses Encyclopedia Hardback (Erin: Boston Mills Press, 2006) ISBN 1-55046-399-3.
External links [ edit ]
Aerial photos of Devils Island Light, Marina.com.
Anderson, Kraig. Lighthouse friends Devil's Island Light article.
Library of Congress Historic American Buildings Survey Survey number HABS WI-324
Library of Congress Historic American Buildings Survey Survey number HABS WI-324-A
National Park Service, Maritime History Project, Inventory of Historic Light Stations - Wisconsin, Devils Island Light.
NPS - Devils Island Light Station
Terry Pepper, Seeing the Light, Devil's Island Light.
Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of the United States: Northern Wisconsin". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Light List, Volume VII, Great Lakes (PDF). Light List. United States Coast Guard.
Wobser, David, Devil's Island Lights, boatnerd.com. originally in Great Laker Magazine.