Typical commercial preparations list the major ingredient as "meat including pork". It is usually composed of several types of pork, basic spices, and a binder.
It is referred to as "polony" in Western Australia, "luncheon sausage" in northern areas of New Zealand, "fritz" in South Australia and far western areas of New South Wales, "Belgium" and "devon" in Victoria, Tasmania, Queensland and East New South Wales, and "Belgium" in southern areas of New Zealand. It is also referred to as "bung" or "bung fritz" in South Australia, some parts of Tasmania, and "Windsor sausage" in Queensland. Devon would be classed as "luncheon meat" in the UK. Originally known in some parts of Australia as "German sausage", this name fell out of favour during World War I when Australia was at war with Germany. It is similar in appearance and taste to the bologna sausage and the cooked pork sausage known in Australia as Berliner. It is considered to be a cheap meat product.