Devotion (video game)

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Devotion - Steam cover image.png
Developer(s)Red Candle Games
Publisher(s)Red Candle Games[a]
Producer(s)Doy Chiang
  • Tien Jung Huang
  • Hans Chen
  • Chuan Hsiang Dang
  • Shun Ting Yao
Platform(s)Microsoft Windows, macOS
  • WW: February 19, 2019
Genre(s)Survival horror, puzzle
Traditional Chinese還願
Literal meaningFulfill a vow

Devotion (Chinese: 還願; lit. 'Fulfill a vow') is a first-person psychological horror video game developed by Red Candle Games. It is set in Taiwan in the 1980s, with a majority of the game happening in an apartment complex in Taipei. The game also incorporates elements based on Taiwanese culture and folk religion. The game was released on February 19, 2019, but was removed from Steam shortly afterwards on February 26, after a controversial Easter egg referencing Xi Jinping, then-General Secretary of the Chinese Communist Party, was found in the game.[1][2][3]

Devotion's background music was composed by Taiwanese composer Vincent Yang. The soundtrack was released with the game on Steam as a DLC.


Players, for the most part, control the troubled screenwriter Du Feng Yu (杜豐于) through a Taipei apartment complex with rooms that represent various years in the lives of the Du family during the 1980s. The family consists of Feng Yu, his wife Gong Li Fang (鞏莉芳), a retired singer, and their daughter Du Mei Shin (杜美心), an aspiring child singer. Feng Yu's screenwriting career has stagnated while Mei Shin begins to show signs of a mysterious illness. As the family's financial situation deteriorates, Li Fang has frequent arguments with Feng Yu about whether she should come out of her retirement to help support the family.

In the midst of the domestic disputes, Mei Shin enters a popular singing contest, seeking to please her parents by becoming a popular singer. However, Mei Shin's performance of her mother's signature song "Lady of the Pier" (碼頭姑娘) comes one point shy of advancing to the next round. Mei Shin's condition worsens after the setback, to the point she's unable to sing. Despite a doctor's suggestion that the family seek psychiatric care for Mei Shin's illness, Feng Yu instead begins to follow the teachings of cult leader Mentor Heuh (何老師) regarding the folk deity Cigu Guanyin (慈孤觀音), who could supposedly help cure his daughter and her singing career. When Feng Yu becomes increasingly obsessed with Mentor Heuh, Li Fang attempts to convince her husband to snap out of his obsession, but Feng Yu accuses her of being possessed by evil spirits. Realizing her husband will not listen to her, Li Fang eventually leaves the family.

Seeing the downward spiral of her family, Mei Shin asks her father to help her fold origami tulips, believing that she will be healed when enough have been folded to fill her room. Instead, as instructed by Mentor Heuh after a séance, Feng Yu performs a dark ritual by submerging his daughter in a bathtub filled with rice wine, then locking her up in the bathroom for seven days, presumably causing her death. A post-credits scene shows Feng Yu sitting alone in his apartment watching noise on a TV.


The player looking through their inventory

The game is a adventure game, where the player explores the apartment complex where Feng Yu and his family live.[4] In certain sections the player can also play as Mei Shin.[5] Devotion is composed of different levels which each represent a different year, which can be freely switched between through the lobby. The player can interact with different objects and examine them, and read letters and diaries scattered around the home. Players can add certain items to their inventory, which can be used to solve puzzles which often require items from different time periods.[4]


Devotion draws inspiration from atmospheric first-person games like P.T., What Remains of Edith Finch and Layers of Fear.[6] Red Candle cites the reason for creating a horror game was a narrative decision to introduce players to Taiwanese culture.[7] The developers of the game expressed a desire to make an atmospheric game that feels familiar with Taiwanese players, explaining that the culture of Taiwan rarely gets showcased in video games.[6] In its planning stages, Devotion was not visualized to be a first-person 3D game, but subsequent discussions steered the game into that direction to realize producer Doy Chiang's vision. The development team, which consists of 12 people, had to learn the Unity 3D game engine as a result.[8]

Unlike their first game, Red Candle says that Devotion was not intended to be political, but was instead about "religious fanaticism". The studio also mentions that translation was difficult, as they had to communicate Taiwan-specific concepts to an international audience in different languages.[7] Devotion launched for Microsoft Windows through Steam on February 19, 2019.[9]


The original soundtrack of Devotion seeks to capture the ambiance of the 1980s in Taiwan by incorporating traditional Asian instruments and folk music elements. The album includes a title track written and performed by the Taiwanese indie band and 2017 Golden Melody Awards winner, No Party for Cao Dong, and the original song "Lady of the Pier" (碼頭姑娘), which appeared during the game and in the ending.


A number of critics made favorable comparisons of Devotion with P.T. and Gone Home, all first-person exploration games that subvert the safe and secure feeling of home.[6] David Jagneaux of IGN gave Devotion a positive review, praising it as "a fantastic psychological horror game that’s short, concise, and well-paced from start to finish." Despite the "wonderful environmental storytelling", Jagneaux felt that the actual gameplay is "relatively unimpressive and boring".[4] Richard Wakeling from GameSpot singled out Red Candle Game's attention to detail that "establishes and effectively reinforces Devotion's disconcerting sense of familiarity", but pointed out that the chase sequence late in the game is "regrettable" in what is otherwise a game that resists frustrating trial-and-error stealth sections and monotonous combat in many contemporary horror games.[16] Michelle Brohier from Stuff Malaysia praised the game's references to East Asian culture in lore and horror, but commented that its epilogue didn't deliver much impact after its captivating build up.[17]

In February 2020, Devotion as well as Red Candle's other game Detention were selected for preservation at the Harvard–Yenching Library, the largest collection of East Asian works maintained at an American university.[18]


On February 21, 2019, two days after the game's release, players discovered a fulu talisman decorating a wall in the game contained the words "Xi Jinping Winnie the Pooh" (Chinese: 習近平小熊維尼) in Chinese seal script, referencing a recent Chinese internet meme that compared the Chinese general secretary to the Disney character. Also on the talisman were the transcribed words "ní ma bā qì" (呢嘛叭唭), which sounds similar to "nǐ mā bā qī" (你媽八七) in Mandarin. "你媽" means "your mother (is a)"; and "八七" (peh tshit) sounds similar to "白痴" (pe̍h-tshi, means "moron") in Taiwanese Hokkien. Taken together, this was interpreted by Chinese gamers as an insult to the Chinese leader. As a result, Devotion was heavily review bombed by Chinese gamers on Steam, and the game went from having "Overwhelmingly Positive" reviews overall to being "Mostly Negative".[19] Red Candle Games responded by patching out the offending art material, replacing it with a talisman that reads "Happy New Year" (恭賀新禧), explaining that the original talisman was a placeholder that was supposed to be replaced, and apologizing for the oversight. Nevertheless, other aspects of the game were analyzed as insults to China, leading to the game being removed from Steam in China on February 23. Publishers Indievent and Winking Skywalker cut ties with Red Candle Games, with Red Candle Games being liable for their losses as a result of the controversy.[20] On February 25, Red Candle removed the game from Steam globally to fix technical issues, as well as to confirm that no other hidden messages remain.[21]

Taiwan's Vice Premier Chen Chi-mai spoke out in defense of the game regarding the "Easter egg", saying: "Only in countries with democracy and freedom can creation be free from restrictions." Red Candle's Sina Weibo account remains blocked, and posts containing the hashtag #Devotion, which had hundreds of millions of views before the controversy, were hidden by Chinese censors.[1] The episode has raised concerns about the future of the Steam platform in China, which did not gain official approval to operate there but remains accessible with up to 30 million users from China.[1]

In July 2019, the Chinese government revoked the license of Indievent. The official statement from the government stated that the revoking was due to violating relevant laws.[22] Red Candle Games released an apology later in the month stating that they have no plans to re-release Devotion in the near term in order "to prevent unnecessary misconception", but would reconsider re-releasing the game in the future if "the public would be willing to view this game rationally".[23]

In June 2020, Red Candle announced that it would begin running pre-orders for a physical edition of the game, available only in Taiwan from June 8 to 15.[24]

On December 16, 2020, Red Candle Games and announced that the game would be available on GOG's store on December 18. However, a few hours later, GOG issued a statement on Twitter[25] that "after receiving many messages from gamers," they had decided not to move forward with the release.[26] The statement rapidly garnered thousands of comments and retweets, the majority of which came from fans who were angered to see the store cancelling the release.[27][28] Jeff Grubb at Venture Beat questioned whether the company indeed received a significant amount of complains from gamers, of whether it was just trying to protect its brand from Chinese authorities, suggesting that the company's tweet shifted the "blame" from itself or Chinese authorities to the "gamers".[29]

By March 2021, Red Candle Games opened their own digital storefront to sell Devotion as well as their prior game Detention and future games. The games were offered as DRM-free versions. A macOS version was released alongside this.[30][31]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Formerly published by Indievent and Winking Skywalker.


  1. ^ a b c Allen, Kerry (February 25, 2019). "China bans game over Winnie the Pooh joke". BBC News. Retrieved February 28, 2019.
  2. ^ Muncy, Julie (February 28, 2019). "'Devotion' Is a Brilliant Videogame—Too Bad You Can't Play It". Wired.
  3. ^ Official Temporary Removal Notice
  4. ^ a b c Jagneaux, David (February 26, 2019). "Devotion Review". IGN. Retrieved March 21, 2019.
  5. ^ Evans-Thirlwell, Edwin (February 27, 2019). "Devotion review - short, smart 1980s apartment horror that channels the spirit of PT". Eurogamer. Retrieved March 16, 2021.
  6. ^ a b c Carpenter, Nicole (February 22, 2019). "How Devotion, Twitch's hottest horror game, builds on the genre's legacy". The Verge. Retrieved March 1, 2019.
  7. ^ a b Chan, Khee Hoon (May 12, 2020). "Red Candle Games Looks Back on Devotion, And The Controversy That Shook a Region". USgamer. Retrieved March 16, 2021.
  8. ^ 歪力 (January 28, 2019). "《還願》是否有多結局?赤燭遊戲回以「玩家體驗至上」一貫堅持". 4Gamers (in Chinese). Retrieved March 21, 2019.
  9. ^ "Detention follow-up Devotion is spooking up a storm today". Rock Paper Shotgun. February 20, 2019. Retrieved April 24, 2021.
  10. ^ "Devotion for PC Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved March 1, 2019.
  11. ^ Wakeling, Richard (February 28, 2019). "Devotion Review - House Of Horrors". GameSpot. Retrieved March 1, 2019.
  12. ^ Jagneaux, David (February 26, 2019). "Devotion Review". IGN. Retrieved March 1, 2019.
  13. ^ "Devotion : Un condensé d'horreur narrative perfectible mais efficace". Retrieved April 23, 2021.
  14. ^ Evans-Thirlwell, Edwin (February 27, 2019). "Devotion review - short, smart 1980s apartment horror that channels the spirit of PT". Eurogamer. Retrieved March 1, 2021.
  15. ^ Stewart, Marcus (March 24, 2021). "Devotion Review – An Exceptional And Frightening Homecoming". Game Informer. Retrieved April 23, 2021.
  16. ^ Wakeling, Richard (March 1, 2019). "Devotion Review - House Of Horrors". GameSpot. Retrieved March 21, 2019.
  17. ^ "Red Candle Games: Devotion". Stuff. Retrieved March 29, 2019.
  18. ^ Van Allen, Eric (February 21, 2020). "Devotion, the Taiwanese Horror Game Removed From Steam, Is Getting Preserved in a Harvard Library". USGamer. Retrieved February 21, 2020.
  19. ^ Yin-Poole, Wesley (February 23, 2019). "Chinese users review-bomb Steam horror hit Devotion over Xi Jinping Winnie the Pooh meme reference". Eurogamer. Retrieved February 28, 2019.
  20. ^ Yin-Poole, Wesley (February 25, 2019). "Devotion developer calls for calm as fallout from China Winnie the Pooh poster goes from bad to worse". Eurogamer. Retrieved February 28, 2019.
  21. ^ Lum, Patrick (February 27, 2019). "Taiwanese game removed from sale after anti-China messages discovered". The Guardian. Retrieved February 28, 2019.
  22. ^ McAloon, Alissa (July 1, 2019). "Chinese government revokes business license of Devotion publisher Indievent". Gamasutra. Retrieved July 1, 2019.
  23. ^ McWhertor, Michael (July 15, 2019). "The future of one of the year's best horror games seems grim". Polygon. Retrieved July 24, 2019.
  24. ^ "Controversial Taiwanese Horror Game Returns With Beautiful Physical Edition". Kotaku. Retrieved June 9, 2020.
  25. ^ GOG.COM (December 16, 2020). "Twitter". Earlier today, it was announced that the game Devotion is coming to GOG. After receiving many messages from gamers, we have decided not to list the game in our store.
  26. ^ Yin-Poole, Wesley (December 16, 2020). "CD Projekt under fire for dramatic U-turn on Devotion GOG release". Eurogamer. Retrieved December 16, 2020.
  27. ^ Nicole Carpenter (December 16, 2020). "GOG nixes re-release of censored horror game Devotion".
  28. ^ Yin-Poole, Wesley (December 17, 2020). "CD Projekt under fire for dramatic U-turn on Devotion GOG release". Eurogamer. Retrieved July 28, 2021.
  29. ^ "CD Projekt Red risked the reputations of others to insulate Cyberpunk 2077". VentureBeat. December 16, 2020. Retrieved July 28, 2021.
  30. ^ Prescott, Shaun (March 15, 2021). "Devotion is finally available to buy after two years in limbo". PC Gamer. Retrieved March 15, 2021.
  31. ^ Marshall, Cass (March 15, 2021). "Censored horror game Devotion available once again on new store". Polygon. Retrieved March 15, 2021.

External links[edit]