Dewas

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Dewas
City
Night view of Dewas city from atop the tekri (hill)
Night view of Dewas city from atop the tekri (hill)
Dewas is located in Madhya Pradesh
Dewas
Dewas
Dewas is located in India
Dewas
Dewas
Coordinates: 22°58′N 76°04′E / 22.96°N 76.06°E / 22.96; 76.06Coordinates: 22°58′N 76°04′E / 22.96°N 76.06°E / 22.96; 76.06
CountryIndia
StateMadhya Pradesh
DistrictDewas
TehsilDewas
Government
 • TypeMunicipal Corporation
 • BodyDewas Municipal Corporation DMC
Area
 • Total50 km2 (20 sq mi)
Area rank900th
Elevation
535 m (1,755 ft)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Total289,550
 • Rank6th highest in Madhya Pradesh
 • Density5,800/km2 (15,000/sq mi)
Language
 • OfficialHindi[2]
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
455001 to 455005
Telephone code91-(0)727
ISO 3166 codeMP-IN
Vehicle registrationMP-41
Websitewww.dewas.nic.in; dic.mp.nic.in; dmcdewas.org:89/index.php

Dewas is a city in the Malwa region of the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. The municipality was formerly the seat of two princely states during the British Raj, Dewas Junior state and Dewas Senior state, ruled by the Puar clan of the Marathas.[3] The city is the administrative capital of Dewas district. Dewas is an industrialised city and houses a government bank note press[4][5]

Etymology[edit]

The name Dewas is derived from the Devi Vaishini hill in the city, commonly known as Tekri.[6] The hill has a temple of the deities Devi Tulja Bhawani, Chamunda Mata and Kalika Mata. The word Dewas is believed to be a sandhi of the words Dev (deity) and Vas (abode in Marathi), so Dewas means house of the god. Swami Shivom Tirtha wrote the history of the hill (Tekri ) of Dewas in his book, Sadhan Shikhar. Inspired by the area, E.M. Forster wrote The Hill of Devi in 1953.[7]

The district takes its name from the district headquarters town, Dewas, which is said to have been derived based on the tradition that Dewas lies at the base of a 300-foot (91 m) conical hill, known as Chamunda hill, on top of which the shrine of Goddess Chamunda is located. The image of the goddess is cut into the wall of a cave, known as Devi Vashini or the goddess's residence. From this, the name Dewas (dev-vas) seems to have been derived. [8]

History[edit]

Dewas was formerly the capital of two princely states of British India. The original state was founded in the first half of the 18th century by the brothers Tukaji Rao (Senior) and Jivaji Rao (Junior), from the Puar clan of the Marathas. They had advanced into Malwa with the Maratha Peshwa, Baji Rao, in 1728. The brothers divided the territory among themselves; their descendants ruled as the senior and junior branches of the family. After 1841, each branch ruled its own portion as a separate state, though the lands belonging to each were intimately entangled; in Dewas, the capital town, the two sides of the main street were under different administrations and had different arrangements water supply and lighting.

The senior branch had an area of 446 sq mi (1,160 km2) and a population of in 62,312 in 1901, while the area of the junior branch was 440 sq mi (1,100 km2) and had a population of 54,904 that same year.[9] Both Dewas states were in the Malwa Agency of the Central India Agency.

Dewas Junior & Dewas Senior Darbars (Courts) were composed of many Jagirdars, Sardars, Istamuradars and Mankaris.[10][11]

After India's independence in 1947, the Maharajas of Dewas (Jr. & Sr.) acceded to India, and their states were integrated into Madhya Bharat, which became a state of India in 1950. Later, in 1956, Madhya Bharat was merged into Madhya Pradesh state.[12]

Geography[edit]

Dewas lies northeast of Indore, southeast of Ujjain, and southwest of Shajapur. The city is located on the level plains of the Malwa plateau; to the south, the land rises gently to the Vindhya Range, which is the source of the Chambal and Kali Sindh rivers that flow north through the district on their way to the Ganges. The main river in Dewas is Kshipra.

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 26.5
(79.7)
29.3
(84.7)
34
(93)
38.1
(100.6)
40.4
(104.7)
36.3
(97.3)
29.7
(85.5)
28.5
(83.3)
29.7
(85.5)
31.7
(89.1)
29.3
(84.7)
27.1
(80.8)
40.4
(104.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) 18.3
(64.9)
20.5
(68.9)
25.1
(77.2)
29.7
(85.5)
33
(91)
30.6
(87.1)
26.3
(79.3)
25.4
(77.7)
25.6
(78.1)
24.7
(76.5)
21
(70)
18.7
(65.7)
24.9
(76.8)
Record low °C (°F) 10.2
(50.4)
11.8
(53.2)
16.2
(61.2)
21.3
(70.3)
25.6
(78.1)
24.9
(76.8)
22.9
(73.2)
22.3
(72.1)
21.5
(70.7)
17.7
(63.9)
12.7
(54.9)
10.4
(50.7)
10.2
(50.4)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 9
(0.4)
2
(0.1)
7
(0.3)
3
(0.1)
7
(0.3)
122
(4.8)
327
(12.9)
274
(10.8)
240
(9.4)
30
(1.2)
13
(0.5)
5
(0.2)
1,039
(41)
Source: climate-data.org [13]


Demographics[edit]

As of the census, Dewas had a total population of 289,550, of which 150,081 were males and 139,469 were females. Population within the age group of 0 to 6 years was 35,437. The total number of literates in Dewas was 215,088, which constituted 74.3% of the population with male literacy of 79.9% and female literacy of 68.3%. The effective literacy rate of 7+ population of Dewas was 84.6%, of which male literacy rate was 91.1% and female literacy rate was 77.7%. The Scheduled Castes population was 56,366, while the Scheduled Tribes population was 9,861. Dewas had 57,397 households in 2011.[1]

Administration[edit]

The Member of Parliament from Dewas is Mahendra Singh Solanki of BJP who was elected in the Lok Sabha Election 2019.[14] As of the 2018 Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly election, the member of the Legislative Assembly for Dewas is Gayatri Raje Pawar.[15]

Industry[edit]

Dewas was known for being a production centre of retail opium in the 1800s, as noted in the 1895 first report of the Royal Commission on Opium.[16] Rapid industrialisation took place in the late 1970s and early 1980s, but due to inadequate infrastructure, the pace has slowed since the late 1980s. In recent years, some industries have closed their operations due to a shortage of sufficient infrastructure to support growth; there is a shortage of water due to excessive usage in previous decades.[citation needed]

The city has many industrial units providing employment to thousands of workers. The largest companies include Tata, Kirloskar and John Deere. Dewas is known as the Soy Capital of India and is a major part of the soy bean processing industry in the country.[citation needed]

Due to its location above sea level at one corner of the Malwa plateau, constant wind flows in the region are suitable for harvesting wind energy. There are more than 100 wind mills on a series of hills 13 km (8.1 mi) from Dewas, generating around 15 megawatts of power. These were financed by a few private companies which sought a reliable power supply.[17][18][19]

Educational Institutions[edit]

Media[edit]

In terms of print media, Satyakaar a daily evening newspaper is published from Dewas. Along with this, newspapers like Dainik Bhaskar, Naidunia, Patrika etc. published from Indore are also circulated here.

Transportation[edit]

Railways[edit]

Dewas Junction (station code: DWX) is the main railway junction of Dewas city. It is a 'B' Grade Railway Junction, under Ratlam division of the Western Railways zone. It is well connected to nearby junctions such as Indore Junction (INDB) to north-west and Ujjain Junction (UJN) south west, via electrified rail line. It is situated on Indore–Gwalior line rail line.

Road[edit]

Dewas is well connected to major cities across the state and country, via both National and State level highways. NH-47 and NH-52 connects Dewas to Indore and othe cities. MP SH-18 connects Dewas to Bhopal, Ujjain and Ahmedabad.

Air Route[edit]

Dewas does not have an airport or an air strip of its own. The nearest airport is Devi Ahilyabai Holkar International Airport in Indore, which is about 40 km (25 mi) away by road.

Places of interest[edit]

  • Dewas is known for the Devi Chamunda temple and the Devi Tulaja Bhavani temple situated on a 300-foot (91 m) hilltop (Tekri). A broad flight of stone steps leads to two shrines to the goddesses, Choti Mata (Chamunda Mata) and Badi Mata (Tulja Bhavani Mata). Numerous other temples spread over the Tekri can be explored on foot.[20][21]
  • Shri Sheelnath Dhuni at the Tekri foothills is a place of worship for followers of Saint Sheelnath Maharaj's of Gorakh Nath Sumpradaya. Sheelnath Maharaj belonged to a royal family of Jaipur and later became a Yogi of Gorakh Nath Sumpradaya, who lived in Dewas in his old age.[22]
  • The Pawar Chatries near the Meetha talab of Dewas are examples of Maratha architecture in the area.[23]
  • Kailadevi temple at Dewas is the largest in the state. It is situated at Mishri Lal Nagar (Agra Bombay Road). It was established in December 1995 by businessman Mannulal Garg. This modern temple was built by South Indian artists; it houses a 51-foot (16 m) statue of Lord Hanuman. The original Kaila Devi Temple is located on the banks of the Kalisil river in Karauli district of Rajasthan. The temple is devoted to the tutelary deity of the former princely rulers of the Karauli state, Kaila.[24][25]
  • Mahadev mandir is a temple in Shankar Gadh built by the Dewas ruler Shrimant Sadashive Rao Maharaja (Khase Saheb) in 1942. The temple is located on a small hill south of the city.[26]
  • Mahakaleshwar temple, Bilwali - Bilavali village is situated 3 km north of Dewas.[26]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Census of India: Dewas". www.censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 27 November 2019.
  2. ^ "52nd Report of the Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities in India" (PDF). nclm.nic.in. Ministry of Minority Affairs. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  3. ^ Meyer, William Stevenson, Sir; Burn, Richard, Sir; Cotton, James Sutherland; Risley, Sir Herbert Hope. Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 11. p. 278.
  4. ^ "Bank Note Press (BNP) Dewas". SPMCIL. Retrieved 25 August 2012.
  5. ^ "Amid cash crisis, Bank Note Press ropes in retired employees". 11 December 2016.
  6. ^ http://www.onlinedewas.com
  7. ^ Forster, Edward Morgan (1 January 1953). The Hill of Devi. Harcourt, Brace. ISBN 9780156402651.
  8. ^ "Geography". dic.mp.nic.in. Retrieved 30 September 2016.
  9. ^  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Dewas". Encyclopædia Britannica. 8 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 137.
  10. ^ Madan, T.N. (1988). Way of Life: King, Householder, Renouncer : Essays in Honour of Louis Dumont. Motilal Banarsidass. p. 129. ISBN 9788120805279. Retrieved 4 July 2015.
  11. ^ Russell, Robert Vane (1916). "Pt. II. Descriptive articles on the principal castes and tribes of the Central Provinces".
  12. ^ "History Of Dewas". dic.mp.nic.in. Retrieved 30 September 2016.
  13. ^ "Dewas climate: Average Temperature, weather by month, Dewas weather averages - Climate-Data.org". Retrieved 17 December 2020.
  14. ^ Standard, Business. "Dewas Lok Sabha Election Results 2019: Dewas Election Result 2019 | Dewas Winning MP & Party | Dewas Lok Sabha Seat". www.business-standard.com. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  15. ^ "DEWAS Election Result 2018, Winner, DEWAS MLA, Madhya Pradesh". Retrieved 31 May 2021.
  16. ^ First Report of the Royal Commission on Opium: With Minutes of Evidence and Appendices... H.M. Stationery Office. 1894. p. 149. dewas city.
  17. ^ "Handy Craft". dic.mp.nic.in. Retrieved 30 September 2016.
  18. ^ "Wind Energy". dic.mp.nic.in. Retrieved 30 September 2016.
  19. ^ "BANKS". dic.mp.nic.in. Retrieved 30 September 2016.
  20. ^ "जिला प्रशासन देवास, मध्य प्रदेश शासन | उद्योगों का शहर". dewas.nic.in (in Hindi). Retrieved 19 February 2021.
  21. ^ http://indoremerijaan.in/dewar-mata-tekari
  22. ^ "Ashram Center for Shaktipat". Narayan Kuti Sanyas Ashram. Retrieved 19 February 2021.
  23. ^ http://dmcdewas.org:89/files/meethatalab.pdf
  24. ^ http://www.onlinedewas.com/temples.aspx
  25. ^ http://www.ghumakkar.com/paying-tributes-dewas
  26. ^ a b "Religious places of Dewas". Archived from the original on 11 May 2015. Retrieved 9 July 2016.

External links[edit]