The Dewey Arch as it appeared in 1900.
|Location||New York, New York|
|Designer||Charles R. Lamb|
|Length||70 feet (21 m)|
|Width||30 feet (9.1 m)|
|Height||85 feet (26 m)|
|Opening date||September 1899|
|Dedicated to||George Dewey|
Dewey Arch was a triumphal arch that stood from 1899 to 1900 at Madison Square in Manhattan, New York. It was erected for a parade in honor of Admiral George Dewey celebrating his victory at the Battle of Manila Bay in the Philippines in 1898.
Planning for the parade, scheduled for September 1899, began in the spring of that year. The architect Charles R. Lamb built support for a triumphal arch among his fellow members of the National Sculpture Society. A committee of society members, including Lamb, Karl Bitter, Frederick W. Ruckstull, John Quincy Adams Ward and John De Witt Warner, submitted a proposal for an arch to the City of New York, which approved the plan in July 1899.
With only two months remaining before the parade, the committee decided to build the arch and its colonnade out of staff, a plaster-based material used previously for temporary buildings at several World's Fairs. Modeled after the Arch of Titus in Rome, the Dewey Arch was decorated with the works of twenty-eight sculptors and topped by a large quadriga (modeled by Ward) depicting four horses drawing a ship. The arch was illuminated at night with electric light bulbs.
After the parade on September 30, 1899, the arch began to deteriorate. An attempt to raise money to rebuild it in stone (as had been done for the arch in Washington Square Park) failed, owing to the growing unpopularity of the Philippine War. The arch was demolished in 1900, and the larger sculptures sent to Charleston for an exhibit, after which they were either destroyed or lost.
Notes and references
- Brody, David (2010-09-01). "Celebrating Empire". Visualizing American Empire: Orientalism and Imperialism in the Philippines. University Of Chicago Press. p. 133.
- Cusack, The Dewey Arch.
- "Art and Artists", New York Times, December 30, 1900.
- Gray, Streetscapes...
- Smithsonian, Scrapbook....
- Sharp p. 52f.
- Nye, p. 51.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Dewey Arch.|
- Cusack, A.: The Dewey Arch, January 19, 2005. URL last accessed 2007-01-30.
- Gray, C.: Streetscapes: Monumental Parallels; The Arch and the Bandshell, The New York Times, May 10, 1992. URL last accessed 2007-01-30.
- Nye, D. E.: Electrifying America: social meanings of a new technology, 1880-1940, MIT Press, July 1992. ISBN 0-262-64030-9.
- Sharp, L. I.; Ward, J. Q. A.: John Quincy Adams Ward, Dean of American Sculpture, University of Delaware Press, July 1985.ISBN 0874132533.
- Smithsonian: Charles R. Lamb scrapbook on the Dewey Arch, 1899-1901.