|Systematic (IUPAC) name|
(6aS,10aS)-9-(Hydroxymethyl)- 6,6-dimethyl- 3-(2-methyloctan-2-yl)- 6a,7,10,10a-tetrahydrobenzo [c]chromen-1-ol
|Molar mass||386.567 g/mol|
|(what is this?)|
Dexanabinol (HU-211 or ETS2101) is a synthetic cannabinoid derivative in development by e-Therapeutics plc. It is the "unnatural" enantiomer of the potent cannabinoid agonist HU-210. Unlike other cannabinoid derivatives, HU-211 does not act as a cannabinoid receptor agonist, but instead has NMDA antagonist effects. It therefore does not produce cannabis-like effects, but is anticonvulsant and neuroprotective, and is widely used in scientific research as well as currently being studied for applications such as treating head injury, stroke, or cancer. It was shown to be safe in clinical trials and is currently undergoing Phase I trials for the treatment of brain cancer and advanced solid tumors.
Dexanabinol has been studied in IV administration and oral dosing. e-Therapeutics is evaluating the compound in clinical trials for brain and solid cancers. Phase II studies are planned based on the results of the current trials.
A phase 1b study for hepatocellular carcinoma and pancreatic cancer was started in 2015.
"HU-211 ((6aS,10aS)-9-(Hydroxymethyl)-6,6-dimethyl-3-(2-methyloctan-2-yl)-6a,7,10,10a-tetrahydrobenzo[c]chromen-1-ol)" is a Schedule I controlled substance in the state of Florida making it illegal to buy, sell, or possess in Florida.
- e-therapeutics Clinical Development Pipeline
- Pop E (September 2000). "Nonpsychotropic synthetic cannabinoids". Current Pharmaceutical Design 6 (13): 1347–60. doi:10.2174/1381612003399446. PMID 10903397.
- Feigenbaum JJ; et al. (December 1989). "Nonpsychotropic cannabinoid acts as a functional N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor blocker". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 86 (23): 9584–7. doi:10.1073/pnas.86.23.9584. PMC 298542. PMID 2556719.
- Biegon A; Joseph AB (August 1995). "Development of HU-211 as a neuroprotectant for ischemic brain damage". Neurological Research 17 (4): 275–80. PMID 7477742.
- Darlington CL (October 2003). "Dexanabinol: a novel cannabinoid with neuroprotective properties". IDrugs : the Investigational Drugs Journal 6 (10): 976–9. PMID 14534855.
- Vink R; Nimmo AJ (January 2009). "Multifunctional drugs for head injury". Neurotherapeutics : the Journal of the American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics 6 (1): 28–42. doi:10.1016/j.nurt.2008.10.036. PMID 19110197.
- Maas AI; et al. (January 2006). "Efficacy and safety of dexanabinol in severe traumatic brain injury: results of a phase III randomised, placebo-controlled, clinical trial". Lancet Neurol 5 (1): 38–45. doi:10.1016/S1474-4422(05)70253-2. PMID 16361021.
- University of California, San Diego "Synthetic Cannabinoid May Be Used as Brain Cancer Treatment". (28 September 2012) Laboratory Equipment. Retrieved 28 September 2012.
- "A Phase 1 Study of Dexanabinol in Patients With Advanced Solid Tumours". ClinicalTrials.gov. NIH. January 26, 2015.
- "e-Therapeutics Reports Progress in ETS2101 Phase 1a and Oral Dosing Studies" (PDF). 18 December 2014.
- "Clinical Development Pipeline". Retrieved Feb 5, 2015.
- "A Study of Dexanabinol in Combination With Chemotherapy in Patients With Advanced Tumours - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov". clinicaltrials.gov. Retrieved 2015-09-18.
- 21 CFR — SCHEDULES OF CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES §1308.11 Schedule I.
- Florida Statutes - Chapter 893 - DRUG ABUSE PREVENTION AND CONTROL
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