Dexketoprofen

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Dexketoprofen
Dexketoprofen.png
Dexketoprofen ball-and-stick.png
Clinical data
AHFS/Drugs.com International Drug Names
ATC code
Legal status
Legal status
  • UK: POM (Prescription only)
Identifiers
CAS Number
PubChem CID
ChemSpider
UNII
KEGG
ChEBI
ChEMBL
ECHA InfoCard 100.118.639
Chemical and physical data
Formula C16H14O3
Molar mass 254.28056 g/mol
3D model (Jmol)
 NYesY (what is this?)  (verify)

Dexketoprofen is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug. It is manufactured by Menarini, under the tradename Keral. It is available in the UK, as dexketoprofen trometamol, as a prescription-only drug and in Latin America as Enantyum, produced by Menarini. Also, in Italy and Spain it is available as an over-the-counter drug (OTC) under the tradenames Enantyum, and Ketesgel, respectively. In Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia it is available as an over-the-counter drug (OTC) under tradename Dolmen.[1] In Mexico it is available in tablet form as "Stadium" made by Menarini. It is the dextrorotatory stereoisomer of ketoprofen.[2]

Medical uses[edit]

Short-term treatment of mild to moderate pain, including dysmenorrhoea.

Side effects[edit]

It may cause dizziness and therefore, patients should not drive or operate heavy machinery or vehicles until they are familiar with how dexketoprofen affects them. Concomitant use of alcohol and other sedatives may potentiate this effect. In a small subset of individuals, the dizziness may be intolerable and require transition to an alternative treatment.

Pharmacology[edit]

Dexketoprofen belongs to a class of medicines called non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). It works by blocking the action of a substance in the body called cyclo-oxygenase. Cyclo-oxygenase is involved in the production of chemicals in the body called prostaglandins. Prostaglandins are produced in response to injury or certain diseases and would otherwise go on to cause swelling, inflammation and pain. By blocking cyclo-oxygenase, dexketoprofen prevents the production of prostaglandins and therefore reduces inflammation and pain. Along with Peripheral analgesic action it possesses central analgesic action.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Medicinal products authorised in Estonia". State Agency of Medicine. 22 May 2014. Retrieved 23 May 2014. 
  2. ^ http://topics.sciencedirect.com/topics/page/Dexketoprofen