Dhërmi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Dhërmi
Δρυμάδες
A view of the Dhërmi coastline
A view of the Dhërmi coastline
Dhërmi is located in Albania
Dhërmi
Dhërmi
Coordinates: 40°9′0″N 19°38′20″E / 40.15000°N 19.63889°E / 40.15000; 19.63889Coordinates: 40°9′0″N 19°38′20″E / 40.15000°N 19.63889°E / 40.15000; 19.63889
Country Albania
CountyVlorë
MunicipalityHimarë
Municipal unitHimarë
Elevation
200 m (700 ft)
Population
 • Total1,800
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal Code
9422
Area Code393

Dhërmi (definite Albanian form: Dhërmiu; Greek: Δρυμάδες, Drymádes) is a village in Vlorë County, Albania. It is part of the municipality of Himarë.[1] The village lies 42 kilometers south of the city of Vlorë and about the same distance north of the southern city of Sarandë. It is built on a slope of the Ceraunian Mountains at approximately 200 meters in altitude, and comprises three neighborhoods: Gjilek, Kondraq, Kallami, and Dhërmi itself. The mountains descend to the southwest into the Ionian coast and Corfu in the distance to the south. Nearby is the village of Palasë. The local inhabitants of Dhërmi mainly speak a variant of the Greek Himariote dialect, and partly the Tosk Albanian dialect.[2][3] Recently[when?], the coastal area has seen a boom in the construction of accommodation facilities, such as wooden villa complexes.

History[edit]

Around 1627-1633 a Greek-language school was founded in Dhërmi.[4] In 1632 an Albanian-language school was founded in Dhërmi.[5][6] Additional Greek schools operated by 1682 with the support of the local bishopric of Himara. During the 17th century (precise year is unknown) another Greek school (the Vizilios School) opened under the sponsorship of a local benefactor. In the 1898-1899 school season three Greek schools were operating: elementary, secondary and a girls' school.[7]

At November 5, 1912, when the nearby town of Himara was controlled by the Greek forces of the local major Spyros Spyromilios, armed groups from Dhermi declared that they were prepared to assist his movement for the incorporation of the rest of the region into Greece.[8]

In 2015 the demolition of the local church of St. Athanasios by the state authorities caused a storm of reactions and sparked tensions between the Orthodox Church of Albania and the Albanian state.[9]

As of 2018, Dhërmi has been hosting many music festivals, making it a popular tourist destination.[10]

Demographics[edit]

The inhabitants of Dhërmi are primarily Greek-speaking and partly Tosk Albanian-speaking, calling themselves horiani or Drimadiotes, a term used to denote that they are locals who originate from the village.[2][3] They speak a variety of the Greek Himariote dialect,[2][3] which is characterized by archaic features not retained in Standard Modern Greek.[11] There are also some Tosk-speaking and Gheg-speaking newcomers and seasonal workers, who moved to Dhërmi from other parts of Albania during the communist era (1945-1990).[3]

Landmarks[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Gallery[edit]

View of part of the village.

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "Law nr. 115/2014" (PDF) (in Albanian). p. 6376. Retrieved 25 February 2022.
  2. ^ a b c Tourism, Culture & Communication. Cognizant Communication Corporation. 2006. p. 124. The local people of Dhërmi/Drimades, its neighboring village Palasa, and the municipal town Himarë/Himara mainly use the local Greek dialect and partly the southern Albanian (Tosk) dialect in their day-to-day conversations.
  3. ^ a b c d Gregorič Bon 2008b, p. 9: "The official Albanian name Dhërmi is mainly used by those inhabitants and seasonal workers who use the southern (Tosk) or the northern (Ghek) Albanian dialects. Many of these newcomers and seasonal workers moved to the village from other parts of Albania during (1945-1990) or after the communist era. In contrast to Dhërmi, the local, Greek name Drimades is mainly used by the inhabitants who are believed to 'originate' from the village and declare themselves to be locals, horiani or Drimadiotes. They primarily use the local Greek dialect and partly the southern Albanian (Tosk) one in their day to day conversations, as is the case with the neighbouring village Palasa and the municipal town of Himarë/Himara. The people inhabiting the other five villages of the Himarë/Himara area (Ilias, Vuno, Qeparo, Pilur, and Kudhes) mainly speak the southern Albanian dialect."
  4. ^ Gregorič Bon 2008a, p. 67
  5. ^ Temo, Sotir (1985). Education in the People's Socialist Republic of Albania. "8 Nentori" Publishing House. p. 7. ... the primary schools in Korça (1637), in Pedhanë and Blinisht in the Shkodra district (1639) where a secondary school was opened that same year, the Albanian schools in the region of Himara : Dhërmi, Vuno, Palasë (1632) .
  6. ^ Gaçe, Bardhosh (1999). Lëvizja kombëtare në Vlorë, 1878-1912 (in Albanian). Botimet Toena. p. 224. ISBN 978-99927-1-185-9. Shkollat e para u çelën në Dhërmi, Palasë, Vuno dhe Himarë . Këtu vinin nxënës nga Dukati, Tërbaçi, Kuçi, Lukova, Piqerasi e tjerë . Shkollat e para i çeli Noefit Rodinoja, që besohet se në fshatrat e Himarës arriti në vitin 1632
  7. ^ Koltsida, Athina. Η Εκπαίδευση στη Βόρεια Ήπειρο κατά την Ύστερη Περίοδο της Οθωμανικής Αυτοκρατορίας (PDF) (in Greek). University of Thessaloniki. pp. 126, 174. Retrieved 27 December 2014.
  8. ^ Kaphetzopoulos Ioannis; Flokas Charalambos; Dima-Dimitriou Angeliki (2000). The struggle for Northern Epirus (1.udg. ed.). Athens: Hellenic Army General Staff, Army History Directorate. ISBN 9789607897404. Retrieved 27 December 2014.
  9. ^ Giakoumis, Konstantinos (6 June 2020). "The policy of non-discrimination and the protection of minority cultural heritage in Albania". International Journal of Cultural Policy. 26 (4): 490–509. doi:10.1080/10286632.2019.1567722. S2CID 150417947. Retrieved 5 August 2022.
  10. ^ "How music festivals are putting the Albanian Riviera on the map". Time Out Europe. Retrieved 2022-11-14.
  11. ^ Gregorič Bon 2008a, p. 60

References[edit]

External links[edit]