Dhaka Medical College and Hospital
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Logo of Dhaka Medical College
|Type||Public medical school|
|University of Dhaka|
|Principal||Khan Abul Kalam Azad|
|Director||Brig. Gen. Mohammad Mizanur Rahman|
|Campus||25 acres (10 ha)|
he capital city of Bangladesh. It is situated in the Bakshi Bazar area of the city, close to the University of Dhaka and the Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology.
The college's original building was built before the Partition of Bengal of 1905. As of 1904, the building was being used as the secretariat (headquarters) of the newly formed provinces of East Bengal and Assam. In 1921, it was turned over to the University of Dhaka, which was founded that year. A part of the huge building was used as the university's medical center, another part as the students' dormitory, and the rest as the office of the administrative wing of the Arts faculty.
In 1939, the Dhaka university council requested that the British Government establish a separate medical college in Dhaka. The proposal was postponed because of the onset of the Second World War.
During World War II the medical center building became an American armed forces hospital. The Americans vacated the building at the end of the war.
Finally, Dhaka Medical College was established in 1946, and the college began admitting students. Academic classes started on 10 July which is celebrated as "DMC DAY". The 1st year, beginning class, or "Batch", was named K-5, 2nd year K-4, 3rd year K-3, 4th year K-2, and 5th year K-1. All the advanced students (K-4 through K-1) had transferred from the Calcutta Medical College, in large part because of the partition of India.
At first there were no female students, but now about half of the students are females.
Major W. J. Virgin, the head of the committee formed to establish the Dhaka Medical College, was the first principal. In the beginning there were only four departments – medicine, surgery, gynecology and otolaryngology (ENT). Since the college did not initially have anatomy or physiology departments, the students at first attended those classes at Mitford Medical School (now the Sir Salimullah Medical College); but, after a month, Professor of Anatomy Pashupati Basuand and Professor of Physiology Hiralal Saha joined the staff and their specialties were taught in ward no. 22 of the hospital.
There was no lecture hall nor dissection gallery at first. These needs were met after the construction of new academic buildings in 1955. The college did not have any student housing. Male students were allowed to reside in the Dhaka University's student halls, but female students did not have the use of that facility. The college and hospital premises were expanded with temporary sheds, some of which were built for outdoor services of the hospital and some for student housing. New buildings for housing, college, and hospital were constructed in phases: a dormitory for girls in 1952, a dormitory for male students in 1954–55, a new complex of academic buildings in 1955, and a dormitory for internee doctors in 1974–75. A new academic and hospital building, adding 500 beds, Dhaka Medical College Hospital-2 (DMCH-2), was inaugurated by Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina on 3 October 2013.
Over time, the original 100-bed hospital has grown to become Bangladesh's largest hospital. After adding the 500 beds in 2013, DMCH now has 2300 beds in a 25-acre campus.
Every year, after passing their Higher Secondary School Certificate examinations, nearly 66,000 applicants from all over the country sit for the medical college admission test. The top 200 students get the opportunity to study at Dhaka Medical College. About 20 foreign students are admitted according to merit. Each entering Class of the college, which is known as a "Batch", is designated by the prefix 'K' followed by the batch number. Every batch also has a special name: for example, Hottogol K-61, Baundule K-62, Shopnochari K-63, Jatrik K-64, Kolpok K-65, Shonkhoneel K-66, Lubdhok K-67, Deepro K-68, Uttal K-69, Suprovo K-70, Anirban K-71, Badhvanga K-72, etc.
In order for students to post graduate, they must undergo intensive preparation, to become members of the College of Physicians and Surgeons. If desired, one can measure oneself online, to justify post graduation admission preparation. Sample questions and model tests are provided online, which can aid in this process.
|1.||Major W. J. Virgin||01.07.46 – 14.08.47|
|2.||Colonel E. G. Montgomery||15.08.47 – 19.07.48|
|3.||T. Ahmed||19.07.48 – 01.01.52|
|4.||Colonel A. K. Afridi||01.01.50 – 20.03.53|
|5.||Surajit Sarker||21.03.53 – 10.04.54|
|6.||A. K. M. A. Wahed||11.04.54 – 20.01.55|
|7.||Nowab Ali||21.01.55 – 01.02.57|
|8.||Quasi Deen Mohammad||27.01.08 – 09.01.14|
|9.||Md. Ismail Khan||09.01.2014- 14-06-2017|
|10.||Khan Abul Kalam Azad||15-06-2017-|
Role in national politics
The Dhaka Medical College has been involved in all the national movements of Bangladesh.
Bengali Language Movement
The college dormitories that were known as barracks were at the heart of the Bengali Language Movement from 1948 to 1952. The barracks were formerly situated at the current location of the Shaheed Minar.
There were about 20 tin shed barracks where the medical students resided. Because they were close to the Parliament of East Pakistan (presently Jagannath Hall of Dhaka University), the medical dormitories were chosen as the center of the student movement.
In the early hours of 21 February 1952, all the students of Dhaka Medical College gathered in front of the medical college dormitories. In the afternoon the group headed for the parliament which was in session. No procession was allowed due to the imposition of Section 144 (a section of the penal code that prohibited unlawful assembly). The students decided to defy Section 144 at 4:00 PM at the historic Aam-tola (which was situated beside the present day Emergency gate).
The police fired at the procession, resulting in the deaths of Salam, Barkat, Rafique, Jabbar and Shafiur.
After sunset on 21 February, at the site of the deaths, the students of Dhaka Medical College decided to build a monument. They worked continuously on 22 and 23 February and finished the construction, using bricks, gravel and cement reserved for the hospital.
Liberation War, 1971
Moazzem Hossain, Selim Ahmed, Ali Hafiz Selim, Abu Yusuf Mia, Iqbal Ahmed Faruq, Muzibul Haque, Mostafa Jalal Mahiuddin, Mozaffar, Amzad Hossain, Wali, Osman, Golam Kabir, Zillur Rahim, Dalu, Nurujjuman, Shahadat, and many more students took part in the war as liberation fighters. Many of them fought in Dhaka city itself.
Clubs, associations, and extracurricular achievements
- Computer Club of DMC
- DMC Debating Club (DMCDC)
- Ex-Cadets' Association of DMC
- Medicine Club, DMC Unit
- Rotaract club
- Sandhani, DMC branch (blood, organ donating charitable organization)
The notable alumni of DMC include:
- Former President of Bangladesh A. Q. M. Badruddoza Chowdhury
- Education Minister Dipu Moni
- Former Health Advisor to the Prime Minister Syed Modasser Ali
- Cardiac surgeon Lutfor Rahman
- Pioneer of colorectal surgery in Bangladesh AKM Fazlul Haque
- Pioneer of paediatrics in Bangladesh M R Khan
- Quasi Deen Mohammad
- Mohammad Shamsul Islam, FRCS
- "History of Dhaka Medical College". Dhaka Medical College. 9 May 2016. Retrieved 9 March 2017.
- Litu, Monilal Aich; Tablu, Abdul Hanif (19 July 2009). "Sixty Three Years of Dhaka Medical College". Star Campus. The Daily Star. 2 (128). Retrieved 6 August 2015.
- "DMC wins SK+F debate contest in Ctg". The Daily Star. 30 March 2014. Retrieved 27 February 2018.
- "AIUB Sets Precedence in Global Health Education in Bangladesh". American International University-Bangladesh. 15 June 2014. Retrieved 27 February 2018.
- রেমিয়েন ভাষা কুইজে চ্যাম্পিয়ন ঢাকা মেডিকেল কলেজ [Dhaka Medical College champion in Remian language quiz]. Platform-med.org (in Bengali). 23 September 2015. Retrieved 27 February 2018.
- আন্তঃবিশ্ববিদ্যালয় ফ্রেঞ্চ কালচারাল কুইজে চ্যাম্পিয়ন ঢাকা মেডিকেল কলেজ [Dhaka Medical College in the Inter-University French Cultural Quiz]. Platform-med.org (in Bengali). 16 March 2016. Retrieved 27 February 2018.
- নটর ডেম বিজ্ঞান উৎসবের আন্তঃবিশ্ববিদ্যালয় কুইজে চ্যাম্পিয়ন ঢাকা মেডিকেল কলেজ [Dhaka Medical College is the Champion of the Interdisciplinary Quiz of Notre Dame Science Festival]. Platform-med.org (in Bengali). 13 September 2016. Retrieved 27 February 2018.
- "Sandhani". Retrieved 5 September 2014.
- Ahmed, Hana Shams (23 June 2006). "A Life-saving Innovator". Star Weekend Magazine. The Daily Star. Retrieved 1 February 2016.
- "Islam, Mohammed Shamsul (1937 - 2005)". Royal College of Surgeons. 2018. Retrieved 17 September 2019.