Dhaka Metropolitan Police

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Dhaka Metropolitan Police
ঢাকা মেট্রোপলিটন পুলিশ
Abbreviation DMP
Logo of DMP.svg
Logo of the Dhaka Metropolitan Police
Agency overview
Formed 1 February, 1976
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
Constituting instrument The Dhaka Metropolitan Police Ordinance, 1976
General nature
Operational structure
Headquarters 36, Shaheed Captain Mansur Ali Swarony, Ramna, Dhaka 1000
Agency executive MD. Asaduzzaman Mia, Police commissioner
Parent agency Bangladesh Police
Facilities
Stations 49
Website
dmp.gov.bd

The Dhaka Metropolitan Police (DMP) is the division of Bangladesh Police responsible for law enforcement in the metropolis of Dhaka, the national capital and most populous city in Bangladesh. The DMP is the largest police force in Bangladesh.

History[edit]

During a major reorganisation and expansion of Bangladesh's national police forces, the Dhaka Metropolitan Polices (DMP) was established on 1 February 1976 to maintain law and order in the country's capital and largest city. It initially had 6,000 personnel in 12 police stations.[1] With the rapid population growth of the city, the need of an expanded and better equipped police increased. The government planned a major expansion of police. Consequently, the establishment of 49 police stations has been completed.[1][2] The number of personnel has been expanded, with newer ranks and officer corps.[1]

Organisation[edit]

The current total strength of stands at around more than 26,661( including ministerial staff ) personnel and 49 police stations.[1][2] The DMP organisation is divided into 5 operational divisions headed by a joint commissioner aided by deputy commissioners, additional deputy commissioners and assistant commissioners.[1] The 5 divisions are:

  1. Detective and Criminal Intelligence Division: the detective and criminal investigation arm of the police, it is responsible for fighting organised crime, homicide, theft, drug trafficking, crimes against women and human trafficking.[3]
  2. Crime and Operations Division: administers and oversees the functions of all the city police stations.[4]
  3. Traffic Division: serves as the traffic police of the city, regulating vehicular traffic, speed and parking laws, pedestrian and road security.
  4. Protection and Protocol Division: the division is responsible for providing security to VIPs, members of parliament, government officials, foreign dignitaries and others.[5]
  5. Public Order Management and Headquarters Division: comprising 10,500 officers, the division forms the governing arm of the police, handling appointments, training, logistics, supplies and other administrative functions.

The DMP also collaborates and maintains organizational links with the Bangladesh Ansar, Border Guard Bangladesh, Special Branch, Bangladeshi intelligence community, Rapid Action Battalion and other national security agencies.

SWPC[edit]

Female officers were first inducted into the DMP in 1978.[6][7] The DMP also raised a Special Women Police Contingent in 2008 with the intention of developing a special unit consisting only of women that would investigate crimes involving female criminals. An assistant commissioner heads the SWPC force of 24 women officers.[8] [9]

SWAT[edit]

The SWAT (Special Weapons And Tactics) is another elite tactical unit of the Dhaka Metropolitan Police which was established on 28 February 2009. SWAT (Bangladesh) operate under the Detective Branch of Dhaka Metropolitan Police.

Controversy[edit]

  • Mahbubur Rahman Sujon a small trader was arrested by Sub Inspector Jahidur Rahman of Mirpur Police Station.[10] He was killed in custody in July 2014. SI Jahidur who was previously stationed in Pallabi area was also involved in the custody death of Jony arrested from a Mirpur Bihari camp[11] Jahidur was taken into custody as a murder case over the death of Sujon had been filed against him and 6 other accused in July 2014 after the incident.[12] Sujons wife had filled the case under Torture and Custodial Death (Protection) Act-2013; the investigation was handed over to Detective Branch. Officer in Charge of Mirpur Station Salahuddin Khan[13] was also accused of being involved by Sujon's wife.[14][15] Salahuddin Khan was killed in the July 2016 Dhaka attack by terrorists.[16]
  • In March 2014, Jisan, a 17 year old student, of Dhaka City College was arrested by Police from Dhanmondi Police Station. He was allegedly tortured by Sub-inspector Sahidul Biswas, who demanded 1 million taka to end the torture. Jisan's father gave .4 million taka to plainclothes individuals inside the Police Station. Jisan had to be admitted to Dhaka Medical College Hospital for his injuries.[17][18] Dhaka Metropolitan Police denied the allegations of torture.[19]
  • In January 2015, three teenagers were killed in Police custody in Mirpur Police Station. The teenagers were handed over to Police on accusation of attempted arson during Bangladesh Nationalist Party protests. Police claimed they died from mob beating. This was contradicted by evidence that the teenagers had 56 bullet injuries.[20]
  • In November 2016 Dhaka Metropolitan Police asked the Directorate General of Health Services not to release the detailed autopsy report of people killed in Crossfire with Police to the Press.[21]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "History of the DMP". Dhaka Metropolitan Police. Retrieved 18 October 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "DMP – New Initiatives". Dhaka Metropolitan Police. Archived from the original on 16 September 2010. Retrieved 30 September 2008. 
  3. ^ "DMP – Detective Division". Dhaka Metropolitan Police. Retrieved 30 September 2008. 
  4. ^ "DMP – Crime Division". Dhaka Metropolitan Police. Retrieved 30 September 2008. 
  5. ^ "DMP – Protection Division". Dhaka Metropolitan Police. Retrieved 30 September 2008. 
  6. ^ "History of the Bangladesh Police". Archived from the original on 13 August 2009. Retrieved 29 September 2008. 
  7. ^ "Women in the Police". The New Nation. Retrieved 29 September 2008. 
  8. ^ "Bangladesh raises new unit of women police". Zee News. 30 August 2008. Retrieved 30 September 2008. 
  9. ^ Official Facebook page 
  10. ^ "Policemen accused of custodial murder". bdnews24.com. Retrieved 2017-04-03. 
  11. ^ "Youth dies in Mirpur police custody". archive.newagebd.net. New Age. Retrieved 2017-04-03. 
  12. ^ "Mirpur SI remanded". archive.newagebd.net. New Age. Retrieved 2017-04-03. 
  13. ^ "new age". newagebd.net. Retrieved 2017-04-16. 
  14. ^ "Wife sues Mirpur cops". The Daily Star. 2014-07-21. Retrieved 2017-04-03. 
  15. ^ "Police officer Jahid, source remanded in police custody". Prothom Alo. Retrieved 2017-04-03. 
  16. ^ ntv.com. "Banani OC killed as hostage crisis intensifies". NTV Online. Retrieved 2017-04-16. 
  17. ^ "Cops needed Tk 10 lakh". The Daily Star. 2014-07-24. Retrieved 2017-04-03. 
  18. ^ Nation, The New. "Supreme Court must intervene to stop abuse of police remand". The New Nation. Retrieved 2017-04-03. 
  19. ^ http://www.banglanews24.com. "'Torture claim on Jisan baseless, ill-motivated'". www.banglanews24.com. Retrieved 2017-04-03. 
  20. ^ "Police role questioned as probe going nowhere". The Daily Star. 2016-02-22. Retrieved 2017-04-03. 
  21. ^ "Police against revealing details of crossfire deaths to media | Dhaka Tribune". Dhaka Tribune. 2016-11-11. Retrieved 2017-04-03.