University of Dhaka

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University of Dhaka
ঢাকা বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়
Logo of the University of Dhaka
Motto সত্যের জয় সুনিশ্চিত (Bengali)
Motto in English
Truth Will Prevail
Type Public, Coeducational
Established 1921
Chancellor Abdul Hamid
Vice-Chancellor AAMS Arefin Siddique
Academic staff
2,156[1]
Administrative staff
3,887[1]
Students 30,015[1]
Undergraduates 23,620[1]
Postgraduates 5,362[1]
764[1]
Other students
269[1]
Location Dhaka, Bangladesh
Campus Urban, 240 hectares (600 acres) (without the Institute of leather engineering and tech.)
Website www.du.ac.bd; www.univdhaka.edu
University of Dhaka Logo

The University of Dhaka (Bengali: ঢাকা বিশ্ববিদ্যালয় [ɖʰaka biʃʃobid̪d̪alɔe̯], also known as Dhaka University or simply DU) is the oldest university in modern Bangladesh. Established in 1921 during the British Raj, it has been a significant contributor to the modern history of Bangladesh.[2][3][4][5] After the Partition of India, it became the focal point of progressive and democratic movements in Pakistan. Its students and teachers played a central role in the rise of Bengali nationalism and the independence of Bangladesh.

The university's distinguished alumni include Fazlur Rahman Khan (pioneer of modern structural engineering), Muhammad Yunus (winner of the 2006 Nobel Peace Prize, pioneer of Microcredit), Muhammad Shahidullah (Famous educator, philologist, and linguist), Rehman Sobhan (social democratic economist), Mohammad Ataul Karim (physicist), Abul Fateh (one of the founding fathers of South Asian diplomacy), Buddhadeb Bose (20th century Bengali poet), and Sheikh Mujibur Rahman (the founding father of Bangladesh). It also enjoyed associations with Satyendra Nath Bose, Vijayaraghavan, and Kazi Nazrul Islam.[citation needed]

Today, it is the largest public university in Bangladesh, with a student body of 33,000 and a faculty of 1,800. It was identified by AsiaWeek as one of the top 100 universities in Asia.[6] However, since the 1990s, the university has suffered from intensely politicized, partisan, and violent campus politics promoted by Bangladesh's political parties.[7]

History[edit]

Earliest Bachelor of Arts certificate from the University, 1928
1904 image of Dhaka College, which was in existence from 1841 to 1921 before the founding of Dhaka University

Before Dhaka University was established, near its grounds were the former buildings of Dhaka College. In 1873 the college was relocated to Bahadur Shah Park. Later it shifted to Curzon Hall, which would become the first institute of the university.[8]

The establishment of the university was a compensation of the annulment of the 1905 Partition of Bengal. The partition had established East Bengal and Assam as a separate province, with Dhaka as its capital. However, the partition was abolished in 1911 due to severe opposition from Indian National Congress and Bengali Hindus.[9] To appease the people of East Bengal, Lord Curzon declared that a university as a center of excellence would be established in Dacca. Khwaja Salimullah, the Nawab of Dhaka, also played a pioneering role in establishing a university in Dhaka.[10]

In 1913, public opinion was invited before the university scheme was given its final shape. The secretary of state approved it in December 1913.[8] The first vice-chancellor of the university, Dr. Philip Joseph Hartog, formerly academic registrar of the University of London for 17 years was appointed.[11]

Meeting on the University of Dhaka premises on 21 February 1952

Established in 1921 under the Dacca University Act 1920 of the Indian Legislative Council, it is modelled after British universities. Honorable Chancellor Lord Ronaldshay was the Governor of Bengal between 1917 and 1922. He designated Nawaab Syed Shamsul Huda as a life member. On his recommendation, Lord Ronaldshay designated Sir Ahmad Fazlur Rahman as a provost, earlier he was in Aligarh Muslim University.[12] Academic activities started on July 1, 1921 with 3 Faculties: Arts, Science and Law; 12 Departments: Sanskrit and Bengali, English, Education, History, Arabic and Islamic Studies, Persian and Urdu, Philosophy, Economics and Politics, Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, and Law; 3 Dormitories for students: Salimullah Muslim Hall, Dacca Hall and Jagannath Hall.[13]

The university played a significant role in the Bengali Language Movement, when Bengalis joined together to fight against Urdu being the official language in East Pakistan. Dhaka University was the main place where the movement started with the students joining together and protesting against the Pakistan government. Later countless students were massacred in where the Shaheed Minar stands today. After the incident, Bengali was restored as official language.[14]

The Dhaka University Order, 1973[edit]

President's Order No. 11 of 1973 re-constitute and re-organize the University of Dhaka to improve the teaching and research provided thereby and the administration after 1971 Independence war. Throughout this order the word Dhaka was substituted for the word Dacca by section 2 of the University Laws (Amendment) Act, 1987 (Act No. XXXVI of 1987).

Campus[edit]

Residential facilities[edit]

There are 23 residence halls for the students and dormitories for the teachers as well as for the officials of the university.[15]

Residence halls[edit]

Bank of pond at Shahidullah Hall, University of Dhaka.
  1. A.F. Rahman Hall
  2. Amar Ekushey Hall
  3. Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Hall
  4. Bangladesh-Kuwait Maitree Hall
  5. Begum Fazilatunesa Mujib Hall
  6. Bijoy Ekattor Hall
  7. Fazlul Haq Muslim Hall
  8. Haji Muhammad Mohshin Hall
  9. IBA Hostel
  10. ILET Hostel
  11. Jagannath Hall
  12. Kabi Jashimuddin Hall
  13. Kabi Sufiya Kamal Hall
  14. Muktijoddha Ziaur Rahman Hall
  15. Nawab Faizunnessa Chowdhurani Chhatrinibash (Hostel)
  16. Ruqayyah Hall
  17. Salimullah Muslim Hall
  18. Sergeant Zahurul Haq Hall (formerly Iqbal Hall)
  19. Shahidullah Hall
  20. Shahnewaz Hostel
  21. Shamsunnahar Hall
  22. Sir P.J. Hartog International Hall
  23. Surya Sen Hall[15]

Quarters[edit]

  1. Bangabandhu Tower
  2. Fuller Road Teacher's Quarter
  3. Isha Khan Road Residential Area
  4. Shaheed Abul Khair Bhaban
  5. Saheed Munir Chowdhury Bhaban[16]

Libraries[edit]

The University Library, housed in three separate buildings, is the biggest in Bangladesh. The library holds a collection of more than 617,000 volumes, including bound volumes of periodicals. In addition, it has a collection of over 30,000 manuscripts in other languages and a large number of microfilms, microfiche and CDs. It subscribes to over 300 foreign journals.[17]

The Dhaka University Library comprises three buildings: The administrative building, the main library building, and the science library building. The administrative building has the administrative offices, a book acquisition section, a book processing section, a reprographic section, a book binding section, a manuscript section, and a seminar section.[18]

Besides the Faculty of Business Studies of the university has an E-Library which is the largest in the Asia of its kind.[19] This advanced level E-Library is connected with 35 internationally renowned libraries and publication houses in the world. Teachers, students and researchers are able to read all journals, books research papers and articles of these leading libraries, including the Dhaka University, Oxford University and Cambridge University libraries, by using the E-Library facilities.[19]

Pohela Boishakh (Bengali new year) celebrations in Dhaka, Bangladesh

Health services[edit]

The Medical Center of the University of Dhaka, near the Science Annex Building, offers free medical service and free pathological examinations to students, teachers and staff and also family members of the teachers and staffs. The centre provides service round the clock, seven days a week, with 30 doctors working in shifts. The centre has a dental unit, eye unit, X-ray department and two ambulances.[20]

Cafeteria[edit]

There are cafeterias on campus, some of which hold historical and architectural interest. In 1971 Pakistani soldiers killed the owner of the Madhur Canteen.[21]

The Teacher-Student Centre, University of Dhaka of the university has its own cafeteria while another cafeteria stands on the Dhaka University Snacks (DUS) chattar. The Faculty of Business Studies has a modern food court for its students.[22]

Academic departments[edit]

The university has 70 departments under 13 faculties.

Faculty of Arts[edit]

  • Department of Arabic
  • Department of Bengali
  • Department of English
  • Department of Persian Language and Literature
  • Department of History
  • Department of Philosophy
  • Department of Islamic Studies
  • Department of Pali and Buddhist Studies
  • Department of Sanskrit
  • Department of Urdu
  • Department of Theater and Performance Studies
  • Department of Linguistics
  • Department of Music
  • Department of Islamic History and Culture
  • Department of World Religions and Culture
  • Department of Information Science and Library Management

Faculty of Business Studies[edit]

  • Department of Finance
  • Department of Accounting and Information System (AIS)
  • Department of Marketing
  • Department of Management Information System (MIS)
  • Department of Management
  • Department of Banking and Insurance
  • Department of International Business
  • Department of Tourism and Hospitality Management

Faculty of Biological Science[edit]

  • Department of Botany
  • Department of Soil, Water and Environment
  • Department of Microbiology
  • Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
  • Department of Fisheries
  • Department of Genetic Engineering and Bio-technology
  • Department of Psychology
  • Department of Clinical Psychology
  • Department of Zoology
  • Department of Educational and Counseling Psychology

Faculty of Engineering and Technology[edit]

  • Department of Electrical & Electronic Engineering
  • Department of Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
  • Department of Computer Science and Engineering
  • Department of Nuclear Engineering

Faculty of Education[edit]

  • Technical Teachers' Training College (technical education)

Faculty of Fine Arts[edit]

  • Department of Crafts
  • Department of Drawing and Painting
  • Department of Graphic Design
  • Department of Printmaking
  • Department of Oriental Art
  • Department of Sculpture
  • Department of History of Art
  • Department of Ceramics

Faculty of Law[edit]

  • Department of Law

Faculty of Medicine[edit]

Faculty of Postgraduates Medical Sciences & Research[edit]

Faculty of Pharmacy[edit]

  • Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry
  • Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacology
  • Department of Pharmaceutical Technology

Faculty of Science[edit]

  • Department of Applied Mathematics
  • Department of Physics
  • Department of Mathematics
  • Department of Statistics, Biostatistics & Informatics
  • Department of Theoretical Physics
  • Department of Biomedical Physics and Technology
  • Department of Chemistry

Faculty of Social Sciences[edit]

  • Department of Anthropology
  • Department of Communication Disorders
  • Department of Criminology
  • Department of Development Studies
  • Department of Economics
  • Department of International Relations
  • Department of Sociology
  • Department of Mass Communication and Journalism
  • Department of Population Sciences
  • Department of Political Science
  • Department of Public Administration
  • Department of Peace and Conflict Studies
  • Department of Women's and Gender Studies
  • Department of Television and Film Studies

Faculty of Earth and Environmental Sciences[edit]

  • Department of Geography and Environment
  • Department of Geology
  • Department of Oceanography
  • Department of Disaster Science and Management
Students of Charukala (Fine Arts) Institute of University of Dhaka preparing for Pohela Boishakh

Institutes[edit]

  1. Institute of Education and Research
  2. Institute of Statistical Research and Training
  3. Institute of Business Administration
  4. Institute of Nutrition and Food Science
  5. Institute of Social Welfare and Research
  6. Institute of Modern Languages
  7. Institute of Health Economics
  8. Institute of Information Technology
  9. Institute of Renewable Energy
  10. Institute of Disaster Management and Vulnerability Studies
  11. Institute of Leather Engineering & Technology

Bureaus, research centers and scholarship programs[edit]

  • Bureau of Economic Research
  • Bureau of Business Research
  • Bose Centre for Advanced Study and Research in Natural Sciences
  • Centre for Advanced Studies and Research in Biological Sciences
  • Dev Centre for Philosophical Studies
  • Renewable Energy Research Centre
  • Centre for Advanced Research in Humanities
  • Centre for Advanced Research in Social Sciences
  • Semiconductor Technology Research Centre
  • Biotechnology Research Centre
  • DU Cyber Centre
  • Nazrul Research Centre
  • Nazmul Karim Study Centre
  • Disaster Research Training and Management Centre
  • Dr. Sirajul Haque Islamic Research Centre
  • Centre for Biomedical Research
  • Bangladesh-Australia Centre for Environmental Research
  • Delta Research Centre
  • Centre for Advanced Research in Physical, Chemical, Biological and Pharmaceutical Sciences - The Centre of Excellence
  • Centre for Advanced Research in Arts and Social Sciences - The Centre of Excellence
  • Centre for Corporate Governance and Finance Studies
  • Center for Microfinance and Development
  • Japan Study Centre
  • History Research Centre
  • Centre for Development and Policy Research
  • University and Industry Alliance
  • Professor Dilip Kumar Bhattacharya Research Centre
  • Organic Pollutants Research Centre
  • Refugee and Migratory Movement Research Unit
  • Center for Administrative Research and Innovation-CARI
  • Dhaka University Earthquake Observatory
  • Centre for Interreligious and Intercultural Dialogue
  • Dhaka University Arboriculture Section
  • Centre for Genocide Studies[23]
Graduates of University of Dhaka celebrate the day of Convocation
Curzon Hall, a British Raj-era building and home of the Faculty of Science at University of Dhaka
Aparajeyo Bangla, a statue on the Bangladesh Liberation War, at the center of Dhaka University Campus
Teacher Student Centre

Trusts, foundations and scholarship programs[edit]

The university contains about 220 trusts and foundations offering scholarships and medals to meritorious students of the University. Besides, a large number of scholarships are offered by the university, Dhaka University Alumni Association and the government.

Ranking[edit]

International ranking[edit]

In 2011-12, the University of Dhaka made it into the list of 'Top World Universities' by QS World University Rankings. Out of over 30,000 universities around the world, DU was placed at 551.[24] In 2014-15, the University of Dhaka was ranked 701 by QS World University Rankings (formerly Times Higher Education–QS World University Rankings).[25] In 2015-16,Times Higher Education partnering with Elsevier ranked the university at 654th position among top 800 globally reputed universities.[26] In September 2015, QS World University Rankings published their 2015 edition of World University Rankings of 2015/16 and ranked DU at 126th position in Asia.[27]

Asian level ranking[edit]

In 2016–17, the University of Dhaka was ranked 109 by QS Asian University Rankings in Asia.[25]

In the best Asian (and Australian) universities ranking, AsiaWeek ranked the University of Dhaka 37th in 1999[28] and 64th (overall and multi-disciplinary category) out of 77 ranked universities in 2000.[29]

In 2000, the university got a comparatively higher rank in student selectivity (23rd) while got lower ranking in academic reputation (74th), faculty resources (59th), research (65th) and financial resources (74) categories.[30]

Sports and extracurricular activities[edit]

The university of Dhaka organizes sports and other extracurricular and recreational activities. Office of the director of physical education provides three types of programs:

  • Compulsory Physical Education,
  • Certificate course in coaching major games and sports, and
  • Intramural and extramural programs.

University of Dhaka ground is the official stadium of the University of Dhaka. It hosts many inter-collegiate sports tournaments at inter-city and national levels.

Intramural and extramural program (games and sports)[edit]

Directorate organizes and conducts interdepartmental and inter-hall tournaments, individual hall athletics, Dhaka university athletics, and inter- university games and sports. Students participate in national championships in games and sports for which prior training and coaching are offered.

Dhaka University Rover Scout Group[edit]

The Dhaka University Rover Scout Group established in the 1960s. Till now 21 rover scouts from this group have received the "President's Rover Scout Award" from the Honourable President of the People's Republic of Bangladesh. In 2016, the group will be celebrating its golden jubilee with year-long programs and activities.

BNCC, DU Wing[edit]

After the establishment University of Dhaka in 1921, the BNCC Corps initiated its activities under the provisions of the Indian Territorial Forces Act, 1923. Captain E. Groom was the first Adjutant of the Corps. He imparted military training to 100 students and 16 teachers in November 1927. The University Training Corps was officially founded in June 1928. In 1943, the name of the Corps was changed to University Officers Training Corps (UOTC). The members of this Corps took part in the liberation war of Bangladesh in 1971. After independence, Bangladesh Cadet Corps comprising college students and Junior Cadet Corps comprising junior students were formed in addition to the University Officers Training Corps. On 23 March 1979, University Officers Training Corps, Bangladesh Cadet Corps and Junior Cadet Corps were all merged by President Ziaur Rahman; he has united Bangladesh National Cadet Corps (BNCC).[31]

DUTIMZ[edit]

DUTIMZ which is officially known as The Dhaka University Times, is an online portal of the University of Dhaka which was inaugurated on 26 February 2013.[32]

Badhan[edit]

Badhan is a voluntary blood donors' organization that mobilizes fresh blood donors in Bangladesh. It started its journey from the Shahidullah Hall of the University of Dhaka in 1997. The organization came to light through a free blood group testing program at the Shahidullah Hall premises of the university on October 27 of the same year.[33]

Since then, Badhan has become a pioneer of voluntary blood donors with 34 wings in universities of the country. The zonal office of Badhan in the university is on the ground floor of Teacher-Student Centre. Other than donating blood, Badhan motivates the youths and the students to donate blood, tests the blood group of the students and the poor population for free, etc.[34]

Dhaka University Cultural Society[edit]

The Dhaka University Cultural Society, from 2015, also known as DUCS is a university affiliated voluntary organization with the motto is 'Express to Explore'.

Dhaka University Model United Nations Association[edit]

Dhaka University Model United Nations Association, popular as DUMUNA is the only Model United Nations (MUN) club of the university and the first of its kind in Bangladesh. DUMUNA promotes the concept of Model United Nations in the university and practices it since 2011 after being established by one of the students of the university, Mr. Sheikh Mohd. Erfan Uddin[35][36] on January 13 of same year with the motto, "United We Work, United We Achieve".[37] The Chief Advisor of DUMUNA is Professor Dr. AAMS Arefin Siddique with Professor Dr. Delwar Hossain as the Moderator of the club.

DUMUNA is credited for organizing the most prestigious internationally recognized MUN conference of Bangladesh, Dhaka University National Model United Nations (DUNMUN).[38][39] DUMUNA has been successfully organizing this conference since 2012. In addition, DUMUNA organizes workshops on MUN, mock MUN, and sends delegation to MUN conferences including Harvard National Model United Nations. DUMUNA, besides being a campus based voluntary organization, is recognized by United Nations Information Center, Dhaka.[40]

Dhaka University Tourist Society[edit]

Dhaka University Tourist Society was formed on October 30 of 1995 and has been being functional till date. The motto of DUTS is “To develop the tourism sector we need a social movement”.[41]

DUTS focuses on the tourism development of the country and facilitates tours for the students of the university at comparatively lower cost. DUTS works to create awareness among the people of the country regarding tourism and promote tourism in every aspect. DUTS organizes programs like National Tourism Rally, Migratory Bird Fair, Indigenous Fair etc.

Dhaka University Information Technology Society[edit]

Dhaka University Information Technology Society (DUITS) was formed in September, 2011 with a view to digitalizing the university campus and make the students of the university aware of the uses of information technology. DUITS has been working to enhance the knowledge of the students with the best utilization of the information technology.

DUITS aims to build ICT based campus through technology friendly environment for students. National Campus IT Festival, an event to encourage the innovations and creativity of the students from national arena, is one of the most significant initiatives DUITS has taken so far.[42] DUITS is organizing the festival since 2012.[43]

Dhaka University Film Society[edit]

Dhaka University Film Society also known as DUFS is a voluntary students' organization of the University of Dhaka in Bangladesh.[44][45]

It is one of the pioneers of film society movement in Bangladesh. DUFS's motto is 'Better Films, Better Viewers'. DUFS is an active member of the Bangladesh Federation of Film Societies (BFFS).[46] DUFS is TSC based students' organization. Professor Dr. Mohammad Touhidul Anwar was the first club moderator. Present moderator of Dhaka University Film Society is AAMS Arefin Siddique; present vice chancellor of the university.

Dhaka University Photographic Society[edit]

Dhaka University Photographic Society (DUPS) was established on August 29 of 1999 and is working till date relentlessly to encourage the students of the university to learn to art of photography to open the eyes of the society.[47] DUPS not only facilitates the privileged and professionals, and motivates the passionate ones.

DUPS organizes photography courses for the students of the university. National Photography Festival is one of the flagship projects of DUPS while it is well known for arranging many local and international exhibitions and photography contests.[48]

List of vice chancellors[edit]

  1. Sir. Philip Hartog[49] 01.12.1920 - 31.12.1925
  2. George Harry Langley 01.01.1926 - 30.06.1934
  3. Sir. A. F. Rahman 01.07.1934 - 31.12.1936
  4. Dr. Ramesh Chandra Majumdar 01.01.1937 - 30.06.1942
  5. Dr. Mahmud Hasan 01.07.1942 - 21.10.1948
  6. Dr. Sayed Moazzem Hossain 22.10.1948 - 08.11.1953
  7. Dr. Walter Allen Jenkins[50] 09.11.1953 - 08.11.1956
  8. Justice Muhammad Ibrahim[51] 09.11.1956 - 27.10.1958
  9. Justice Hamoodur Rahman[52] 05.11.1958 - 14.12.1960
  10. Dr. Mahmud Hussain 15.12.1960 - 19.02.1963
  11. Dr. M Osman Ghani[53][54] 20.02.1963 - 01.12.1969
  12. Justice Abu Sayeed Chowdhury 02.12.1969 - 20.01.1972
  13. Dr. Muzaffar Ahmed Chowdhury 21.01.1972 - 12.04.1973
  14. Dr. Abdul Matin Chowdhury[55] 13.04.1973 - 22.09.1975
  15. Professor Muhammad Shamsul Huq 23.09.1975 - 01.02.1976
  16. Dr. Fazlul Halim Chowdhury 02.02.1976 - 20.03.1983
  17. Dr. A. K. M. Siddiq[56] 21.03.1983 - 16.08.1983
  18. Dr. Md. Shamsul Huq 17.08.1983 - 12.01.1986
  19. Professor Abdul Mannan 12.01.1986 - 22.03.1990
  20. Professor Mohammad Moniruzzaman Miah 24.03.1990 - 31.10.1992
  21. Professor Emajuddin Ahamed 01.11.1992 - 31.08.1996
  22. Professor Shahid Uddin Ahmad 31.08.1996 - 29.09.1996
  23. Professor A. K. Azad Chowdhury[57] 30.09.1996 - 12.11.2001
  24. Professor Anwarullah Chowdhury 12.11.2001 - 31.07.2002
  25. Professor Dr. A F M Yusuf Haider[58] 01.08.2002 – 23.09.2002
  26. Professor Syed Mohammad Abul Faiz 23.09.2002 - 16.01.2009
  27. Professor AAMS Arefin Siddique 17.01.2009 – present

Notable alumni and faculty members[edit]

See also[edit]

Coordinates: 23°43′53.57″N 90°23′32.99″E / 23.7315472°N 90.3924972°E / 23.7315472; 90.3924972

References[edit]

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External links[edit]