The hat is made of a fabric called dhaka, which is also used for a type of blouse, a dhaka-ko-cholo. The word topi means "hat" in the Nepali as well as Maithali language. Men wear a long kurta dawra suruyal and patuka[clarification needed] instead of a belt. The hat is worn by many Madhesis, Tharus, Nepali Maithils, Paharis and Indian Gorkhas communities. Dhaka topis are also given away as gifts during Dashain, Tihar and Chhath festivals.
The founder of the Art of Living Sri Sri Ravi Shankar announced March 1st as the Dhaka topi Day in India celebrated by Indian Gorkhas. But in Nepal, 1 January has been celebrated as Dhaka topi day.
The Dhaka topi is so called because the design of the print can be traced to a traditional weaving and design style originating in Dhaka—Capital City of Bangladesh. This is evident when comparing Nepali Dhaka topi designs by hand made machine .
Topis are generally manufactured in Palpa and in the Eastern Region of Nepal mainly Bhojpur. They are made in hand looms set in Nepali homes. In India, Dhaka topi industry is in Gorkhaland established by native Indian Gorkha peoples.
Two Nepalese men, one (on left) wearing a Bhaad-gaaule topi , and the other wearing the Dhaka topi
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