This article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2015) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
From top clockwise: Dhanbad Railway Station, Golchakkar,
'The Coal Capital of India', 'Koylanchal'
City For All
|• Body||Dhanbad Municipal Corporation|
|• Mayor||Chandrashekhar Agarwal (BJP)|
|• Metropolitan City||577 km2 (223 sq mi)|
|Elevation||222 m (728 ft)|
|• Metropolitan City||1,162,472|
|• Density||2,000/km2 (5,200/sq mi)|
|• Metro rank||42nd|
|• Official||Bengali, Hindi, English, Khortha, Urdu|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
Dhanbad is the second-most populated city in the Indian state of Jharkhand. Dhanbad ranks 33rd largest city in India and ranks 42nd largest million-plus urban agglomeration in India. It has been ranked 94th among 111 cities for the Ease of Living Index and is the 96th fastest growing urban area of the world by City Mayors.
Dhanbad shares its land borders with Paschim Bardhaman, West Bengal. Dhanbad is also called Coal Capital of India for housing one of the largest coal mines of India. The prestigious institute, Indian School of Mines (now IIT) is also situated in Dhanbad.
Dhanbad is the 56th cleanest city of India, according to Swachh Survekshan 2019. It showed a great change in terms of cleanliness which was considered the dirtiest city in Swachh Survekshan 2018. Dhanbad Municipal Corporation also worked for increasing more green cover in the city. Among the rail divisions of Indian Railway, Dhanbad Rail Division is the second-largest in revenue generation after the Mumbai division.
The present district used to be a part of Manbhum region and was occupied by Mundari tribals in the wilderness of South undivided Bihar. In the seventh century A.D. some information is available from the account of the travels of Hieun Tsang. These accounts narrate existence of a powerful kingdom which comprised the district and adjoining areas, ruled by Sasanka.
Manbhum was one of the districts of the East India during the British Raj. The region has thick forests, with rich mineral resources, and had a mixed demographic profile with people from different religious and social groups, including adivasis, particularly the Santals and the Mundas before the city was established. After India's independence, the district became a part of Bihar state, and upon re-organization of the Indian states in the mid-1950s, the district became a part of the West Bengal. Present Purulia district was carved out of the district of Manbhum.
In the Settlement Report for Manbhum (1928) it was stated that no rock inscriptions, copper plates or old coins were discovered and not a single document of copper plate or palm leaf was found, during the Survey and Settlement operations. The oldest authentic documents produced were all on paper and barely even a hundred years old.
Dhanbad city was in Manbhum district from 1928 up to 1956. However, on 24 October 1956, Dhanbad was declared a district on the recommendation of the States Reorganization Commission vide notification 1911. This was done under the strong commitment and leadership from a renowned journalist, Satish Chandra. In the year 2006, Dhanbad celebrated 50 years of being an independent district and city. From 1956 to 14 November 2000, it was under Bihar. At present, it is in Jharkhand, after the creation of the state on 15 November 2000.
The discovery of rich deposits of coal in the region caused the city to flourish with wealth but also bought notorious coal-mafia and gang wars which continues to this day with areas of city like Wasseypur being most affected by the conflict.
Geography and climate
|Climate chart (explanation)|
Dhanbad has an average elevation of 227 m (745 ft). Its geographical length (extending from north to south) is 15 miles (24 km) and the breadth (stretching across east to West) is 10 miles (16 km). It shares its boundaries with West Bengal in the eastern and southern part, Dumka and Giridih in the North and Bokaro in the west. Dhanbad comes under the Chota Nagpur Plateau.
This section does not cite any sources. (September 2020) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
The Damodar is a major river of the Chota Nagpur Plateau. It rises in Palamu and flows eastward between the plateaus of Ranchi and Hazaribag. It is joined by the Bokaro, the Konar and the Barakar rivers. The Damodar enters Dhanbad district at its confluence with the Jamuria, a stream which marks the western boundary of Dhanbad with Hazaribagh District. Further east, the Damodar is joined by the Katri River which rises in the foothills below Parasnath and traverses through the Coal-field Area.
The Barakar, which forms the northern boundary of the district, traverses about 77 km. It flows in south westerly direction up to Durgapur and then south till it joins the Damodar near Chirkuda.
Dhanbad features climate that is transitional between a humid subtropical climate. Summer starts from last week of March and ends in mid-June. Peak temperature in summer can reach 48 °C. Dhanbad also receives heavy rainfall. In winter, the minimum temperature remains around 10 °C with a maximum of 22 °C.
|Climate data for Dhanbad|
|Average high °C (°F)||25
|Average low °C (°F)||11
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||17
As of 2011[update] census, Dhanbad City had a population of 1,162,472. Males (614,722) constitute 53% of the population and females (547,750) 47%. It has a sex ratio of 891. Dhanbad has an average literacy rate of 79.47%, higher than the national average of 74.04%: male literacy is 86.14% and female literacy is 71.96%. In Dhanbad, 10.57% of the population is under 5 years of age.
Dhanbad have one of the oldest markets of region and is also a hotbed of large scale industries. It is famous for its coal mines and industrial establishments; the city is surrounded by about 112 coal mines with a total production of 27.5 million tonnes and an annual income of 7000 million rupees through coal business. There are a number of coal washeries present there.
BCCL have its headquarter in Dhanbad and SAIL, Tata Steel and Eastern Coalfields (at Mugma) also operates their mines. Om Besco Rail Products.Ltd, a public limited rail wagon manufacturing company at Mugma, Hindustan Zinc Ltd ( now Vendanta Resources) had a lead smelting pilot plant at Tundu, Maithon Power.Ltda J.V of Tata Power & DVC (first PPP project of India), Hindusthan Malleables & Forgings Ltd. are also operational in and around areas of Dhanbad.
Fertilizers Corporation of India (closed), Projects & Development India.Ltd and ACC.Ltd at Sindri are also available and being one of the 5 divisions of South Eastern Railway zone, Indian Railways is also a big employer in Dhanbad. Also, Kandra Industrial Area at Gobindpur houses some small & middle scale industries.
Universities and colleges
- Indian Institute of Technology (Indian School of Mines), Dhanbad, was established by the British in 1926.
- Birsa Institute of Technology, Sindri is one of the oldest govt. engineering college in India.
- SSLNT Women's College is one of the oldest women's science and art college in east India established in 1956.
- K. K. Collegeof Engineering and Management, Gobindpur
- Patliputra Medical College and Hospital, established in 1971
- Law College Dhanbad was established in 1976.
- Guru Nanak College
- Raja Shiva Prasad College, established in 1949 by Raja of Jharia
- P.K. Roy Memorial College, established in 1977.
- Al Iqra Teacher's Training College, Gobindpur
- B.S.S Mahila College
- Bholaram Shibal Kharkia College, Maithon
- Binod Bihari Mahato Koylanchal University, a public university established in 2017.
Dhanbad city and district is considered a BJP stronghold with majority of its MPs MLA's being of the party since the 1990s. Chandra Shekhar Agrawal of BJP is the mayor, otherwise known as the first citizen, of Dhanbad Municipal Corporation. He won by the margin of 42,525 votes.
Raj Sinha of BJP won in the 40-Dhanbad assembly constituency defeating Mannan Malick of Congress in 2014. Pashupati Nath Singh of BJP defeated Mannan Mallik of Congress in 2005, Prasadi Sao of RJD in 2000, and Ramadhar Yadav of JD in 1995. Surendra Prasad Roy of Congress defeated S.K. Shriva of JD in 1990 and Ram Chander Singh of Janata Party in 1985. Yogeshwar Prasad Yogesh of Congress defeated Gopi Kant Bakshi of CPI(M) in 1980 and Kalawati Devi of Janata Party.
Members of Parliament for Dhanbad
|1991||Rita Verma||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|1996||Rita Verma||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|1998||Rita Verma||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|1999||Rita Verma||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|2004||Chandra Shekhar Dubey||Indian National Congress|
|2009||Pashupati Nath Singh||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|2014||Pashupati Nath Singh||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|2019||Pashupati Nath Singh||Bharatiya Janata Party|
Dhanbad has a very good rail connectivity with the other major parts of the country such as Delhi, Mumbai, Patna, Kolkata, Bhagalpur, Munger, Gaya, Chennai, Ahmedabad, Hyderabad, Kochi, Indore, Bhopal, Gwalior, Jabalpur, Jaipur, Visakhapatnam Jodhpur, Nagpur, Pune, Varanasi, Guwahati etc.
Dhanbad Rail Division comes under East Central Railway zone. Grand Chord rail-line passes through Dhanbad junction, it connects Howrah and New Delhi. CIC rail line starts from Dhanbad and ends at Singrauli in Madhya Pradesh. There is one more rail line passing through the district, it starts at Kharagpur and ends at Gomoh, this rail line comes under South Eastern Railway. Dhanbad is connected with almost all states through rail network. Each and every train through this has a stop at Dhanbad. Now, even Sealdah and Howrah Duronto have their stoppage at Dhanbad.
On 1 October 2011, India's first AC double-decker train was flagged off to connect Howrah and Dhanbad. With this India joins the league of Europe and North America that run multi-deck trains. As of October 2011, the train runs daily except Sunday, departing from Howrah at 8:30 am to arrive at Dhanbad at 12:45 pm, and on return trip it departs Dhanbad at 6:30 pm to arrive at Howrah at 10:40 pm. It has a maximum permissible speed of 110 kilometres (68 mi)/hr with stops at Bardhaman, Durgapur, Asansol, Barakar and Kumardhubi on both legs of the route. This new AC design has several features namely stainless steel body, high-speed Eurofima design bogies with air springs and other safety-features.
National Highway 19 and National Highway 18 are the major highways passing through Dhanbad. NH 19 is part of Golden Quadrilateral (GQ) highway network; Dhanbad lies in Kolkata-Delhi link of the Golden Quadrilateral network. NH19 is being converted into six lane expressway; NH 18 connects Dhanbad to Bokaro-Jamshedpur.
Private and State buses are available for inter-city traveling.
Dhanbad Airport is used for private small aircraft and helicopters, currently there is no public air-link at the airport. The nearest public airports to Dhanbad are
- Kazi Nazrul Islam Airport, Asansol-Durgapur 85 kilometres (53 mi)
- Birsa Munda Airport, Ranchi 140 kilometres (87 mi)
- Gaya Airport 207 kilometres (129 mi)
- Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport, Kolkata 269 kilometres (167 mi)
- Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Airport, Patna 271 kilometres (168 mi)
Cricket is the most popular sport in Dhanbad, followed by Football. Dhanbad is one of the centres where 34th National Games was organised. Cricket Stadiums at present are at Tata Steel Stadium Digwadih, Nehru Stadium Jealgora and Railway Stadium where Ranji Trophy matches are organised. Women's International Cricket were also played at Railway Stadium. Football matches of national level were played at Railway Stadium but now it is converted into Cricket Stadium by the Railway management and Sijua Stadium.
For the preparation of Mission Olympic 2020 and 2024, the Dhanbad District Olympic Games Association is working day and night.
Dhanbad officially became the second town in the state to boast a cricket stadium with floodlights, with the inauguration of floodlights at Tata Digwadih Stadium.
Hindi newspapers are mainly published from the city, among them Hindustan Dainik is the most popular, followed by Prabhat Khabar, Dainik Jagran and Dainik Bhaskar. "Dhanbad Bokaro Live" is published from Dhanbad.
Doordarshan relay station is present in Dhanbad near Koyla Nagar. There are some local news channels in the city such as, Antarkatha which are creative media houses which broadcast on local cable on Dhanbad, Jharia, Bokaro, Chatra, Hazaribag, Kodrma, Ramgarh etc.
FM radio is available as Vividh Bharti Service of All India Radio at 101.8 MHz.
- Bibhu Bhattacharya, Bengali film & TV actor
- P. C. Bose, freedom fighter, labour activist & politician
- Meiyang Chang, Bollywood film & TV actor
- Purushottam K. Chauhan - freedom fighter, labour activist & politician, coal miner
- Seth Khora Ramji Chawda, railway contractor, coal mines owner, banker and philanthropist
- Anurag Dikshit – businessman (ranked 207th-richest person in the world by Forbes in 2006)
- Satya Narayan Gourisaria, British company secretary, Gandhian and a former secretary of the India League
- Chetan Joshi, classical Indian flautist
- Rishabh Kashyap, Bhojpuri Actor
- Shiv Khera, author and professional speaker
- Binod Bihari Mahato, politician, advocate, activist, founder of Shivaji Samaj and Jharkhand Mukti Morch
- Aseem Mishra, Indian cinematographer
- Zeishan Quadri, Bollywood actor, film maker
- A. K. Roy, founder of Marxist Coordination Committee
- Meenakshi Seshadri, former Bollywood actress
- Deven Sharma, former global president of Standard & Poor's
- Ram Krishna Singh, reviewer, critic, contemporary poet and retired professor of IIT-D
- Diwan Bahadur D.D. Thacker, noted coal miner and philanthropist, owner of Pure Jharia Colliery
- Madhurima Tuli, Indian film & TV actress
- Randhir Prasad Verma, IPS officer and recipient of Ashoka Chakra
- "Chandrashekhar is Dhanbad Mayor". Daily Pioneer. 30 May 2015. Archived from the original on 22 December 2015. Retrieved 20 October 2015.
- "BJP split on mayor aspirants". The Telegraph. 1 May 2015. Archived from the original on 22 July 2015. Retrieved 23 April 2017.
- "Dhanbad City Census 2011 data". Census2011. Archived from the original on 11 May 2017. Retrieved 23 March 2017.
- "Full list of India's Ease of Living Index: See where your city is ranked". The Indian Express. 14 August 2018. Retrieved 10 November 2019.
- "City Mayors: World's fastest growing urban areas (1)". www.citymayors.com. Retrieved 10 November 2019.
- "The Sad State of India's Coal Capital". Wall Street Journal. 5 April 2010.
- "Mines' school faces big dip in popularity as it readies to don IIT avatar". Times of India. 12 March 2015. Archived from the original on 11 February 2018. Retrieved 10 June 2017.
- "Swachh Survekshan 2019". swachhsurvekshan2019.org. Retrieved 10 November 2019.
- "Swachh Survekshan results: Mysuru cleanest city; Dhanbad, Varanasi among 10 least clean cities". Zee News. 15 February 2016. Retrieved 10 November 2019.
- 18 Feb, Bhupendra Srivastava | TNN | Updated; 2016; Ist, 9:29. "Green belt to fight pollution in Dhanbad | Ranchi News – Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 10 November 2019.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
- "Dhanbad Rail Division OVERVIEW". The Telegraph. Calcutta, India. 4 April 2012. Archived from the original on 18 October 2013. Retrieved 10 October 2013.
- undefinedMarch 28, Amritanshu Mukherjee; March 29, 2019UPDATED; Ist, 2019 12:03. "Dhanbad, Ranchi in Jharkhand have highest 4G availability in India, Delhi and Mumbai don't fare in top 10". India Today. Retrieved 10 November 2019.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
- "DHANBAD DISTRICT OVERVIEW". Archived from the original on 17 March 2011. Retrieved 6 October 2011.
- Encyclopædia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain
- Dhanbad Introduction/Jharkhand-Dhanbad Sightseeing-Dhanbad Jharkhand Transport-Places of Interest in Dhanbad Archived 13 March 2009 at the Wayback Machine. Indiatravelite.com. Retrieved on 14 April 2012.
- "History | District Dhanbad, Government of Jharkhand | India". Retrieved 10 June 2020.
- BIHAR REORGANISATION ACT,2000
- "In real life: Coal mafia gang wars continue in Wasseypur". Hindustan Times. 30 July 2014. Archived from the original on 22 April 2017. Retrieved 21 April 2017.
- "Damodar River | river, India". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 27 September 2020.
- "Dhanbad, India Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase. Retrieved 27 September 2020.
- LIST OF COAL MINES IN DHANBAD. dhanbad.nic.in
- "OmBesco Railway Wagons Manufacturer India". www.ombesco.in. Retrieved 10 November 2019.
- "Zinc officers in labour custody". www.telegraphindia.com. Retrieved 9 January 2020.
- "IIT Dhanbad Student Run Organization". iitism.com. Archived from the original on 29 March 2018.
- "13 kids rescued from BIT Sindri hostel mess". Times of India. 15 August 2016. Archived from the original on 1 March 2017. Retrieved 1 June 2017.
- "SSLNT row over poor Part I results". Times of India. 15 March 2016. Archived from the original on 19 March 2016. Retrieved 21 April 2017.
- "NSUI activist hurls ink at SSLNT head". Times of India. 24 November 2016. Archived from the original on 25 November 2016. Retrieved 21 April 2017.
- "Welcome to Law College Dhanbad". Archived from the original on 18 July 2015. Retrieved 28 July 2015.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 8 January 2016. Retrieved 30 October 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Al Iqra Teacher's Training College". www.aittc.org. Retrieved 10 November 2019.
- "B.S.S Mahila College". bssmc.in. Retrieved 10 November 2019.
- "Mr Builder & Mr Popular A pledge for clean city, clean image". TelegraphIndia.com. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 17 June 2017.
- Pioneer, The. "Chandrashekhar is Dhanbad Mayor". DailyPioneer.com. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 17 June 2017.
- "Chandra Shekhar Agrawal". www.Facebook.com. Retrieved 17 June 2017.
- "Jharkhand State Election Results 2009". Travel India Guide. Archived from the original on 16 April 2014. Retrieved 9 April 2010.
- "State Elections 2006 – Partywise Comparison for 40-Dhanbad assembly constituency of Jharkhand". Election Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 9 April 2010.
- "State Elections 2006 – Partywise Comparison for 40-Dhanbad assembly constituency of Jharkhand". Election Commission of India. Archived from the original on 28 September 2012. Retrieved 9 April 2010.
- "Dhanbad Loksabha Constituency (Jharkhand)". India Study Channel.com. Archived from the original on 13 June 2009. Retrieved 9 April 2010.
- "Double-decker train to run from howrah". Deccan Chronicle. 1 October 2011. Archived from the original on 3 October 2011. Retrieved 2 October 2011.
- Kanwar, Disha (2 October 2011). "First AC double-decker train flagged off from Bengal". Business Standard. Archived from the original on 2 October 2011. Retrieved 2 October 2011.
- "India's first AC double-decker train flagged off". Videos News. The Times of India. Archived from the original on 3 October 2011. Retrieved 2 October 2011.
- National Highways and their Length Archived 27 January 2018 at the Wayback Machine National Highway Authority of India (NHAI)
- The Public Website of Dhanbad (Black Diamond City of India) Archived 8 January 2016 at the Wayback Machine. dhanbad.jharkhand.org.in. Retrieved on 15 August 2015.
- COMPUTER Ed. "Official website for the 34th National Games 2009, Jharkhand – Ranchi – Jamshedpur – Dhanbad – India". Archived from the original on 24 September 2010. Retrieved 28 July 2015.
- "Glowing Dhanbad stadium". telegraphindia.com. Archived from the original on 25 June 2016. Retrieved 21 May 2016.
- "Anurag Dikshit, The World's Richest People - Forbes.com". www.Forbes.com. Archived from the original on 30 November 2017. Retrieved 17 June 2017.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Dhanbad.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Dhanbad.|