Dhanbad Junction railway station

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Dhanbad Junction
Indian Railway Station
Dhanbad Junction
Location Station Road, Dhanbad, Dhanbad district, Jharkhand
Coordinates 23°47′32″N 86°25′42″E / 23.7922°N 86.4283°E / 23.7922; 86.4283Coordinates: 23°47′32″N 86°25′42″E / 23.7922°N 86.4283°E / 23.7922; 86.4283
Elevation 235.00 metres (771.00 ft)
Owned by Government of India
Operated by Indian Railways
Line(s) Asansol-Gaya section of Grand Chord, Howrah-Gaya-Delhi line , Howrah-Allahabad-Mumbai line, Dhanbad- Singrauli line, Dhanbad-Bhojudih-Adra Line
Platforms 9(Platforms 1A,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8)
Tracks 11
Parking Available
Other information
Status Operational
Station code DHN
Zone(s) East Central Railway
Division(s) Dhanbad railway division
Opened 1880
Rebuilt 1956
Electrified 1960-61
Previous names Dhanbad
Passengers 100,000+
Dhanbad Junction railway station is located in Jharkhand
Dhanbad Junction railway station
Dhanbad Junction railway station
Location in Jharkhand

Jharia Coalfield rail network
to Bokaro and Barkakana 
 to Asansol-Gaya section of Grand Chord
 Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Gomoh
 Nichitpur Halt
to Talgora
Adra-Netaji SC Bose
Gomoh branch line
18 Sonardih
00 Dhanbad
07 Jharia
09 Lodna
16 Pathardih
to Bhojudih
Adra-Netaji SC Bose
Gomoh branch line
10 Pradhankhanta
 to Asansol-Gaya section of Grand Chord
Grand Chord
 Gaya–Mughalsarai section 
to Mughalsarai–Kanpur section
Up arrow
of Howrah–Delhi main line
and Howrah–Gaya–Delhi line
Right arrow
to Sitarampur
via Howrah–Delhi main line
Chandauli Majhwar
Karmanasa River
Uttar Pradesh
Bhabua Road
Nehru Setu bridge
across Son River
Son Nagar
Left arrowto Barkakana
Anugrah Narayan Road
Gaya Junction
 Asansol–Gaya section 
Gaya Junction
Right arrowPatna–Gaya line
Falgu River
Right arrowGaya–Kiul line
Left arrowto Hazaribagh Town
Right arrowto Giridih
Barakar River
Hazaribagh Road
NSC Bose Gomoh
Left arrowto Bokaro Steel City
Left arrowto Adra
Barakar River
West Bengal
Right arrow
to Mughalsarai
via Howrah–Delhi main line
Down arrowto Asansol

Dhanbad Junction (Hindi: धनबाद जंक्शन) (Bengali: ধানবাদ জংশন), station code DHN, is a railway station of the Indian railway serving the city of Dhanbad, the headquarters of Dhanbad district in the Indian state of Jharkhand. It is the largest railway station in Jharkhand, handling over 100 trains and 100,000+ passengers every day. Dhanbad is also the headquarters of the Dhanbad Rail Division of the East Central Railway zone. Grand Chord rail-line that connects Howrah and New Delhi passes through Dhanbad junction. Dhanbad is located at 23°47′32″N 86°25′42″E / 23.79222°N 86.42833°E / 23.79222; 86.42833.[1] It has an elevation of 235 metres (771 ft).

One of the largest and busiest railway junctions, it is arguably the most important station on the Grand Chord. In fact Dhanbad is the junction at which the Grand Chord really diverges from the CIC section. CIC rail line starts from Dhanbad and ends at Singrauli in Madhya Pradesh. Besides the CIC section there is a direct line to Ranchi which goes through Bokaro and Chandrapura. Most trains bound for Ranchi take this route. Dhanbad has a rail connectivity with the other major parts of the country such as Kolkata, Mumbai, Delhi, Chennai, Ahmedabad, Hyderabad, Kochi, Indore, Bhopal, Gwalior, Jabalpur, Jaipur, Nagpur, Pune, Guwahati, Jamshedpur, Daltonganj etc. Another rail line passing through the district, starts at Kharagpur and ends at Gomoh, this rail line comes under South Eastern Railway. Dhanbad is connected with most of the states through rail network. Every train passing through Dhanbad has a stop here.

There used to be another railway line from Dhanbad connecting it to Jharia and Pathardih. The line used to intersect the CIC section, requiring a Diamond Crossing. Now that the line has been dis-mantled, the Diamond Crossing is no longer operational. Previously when there were much less trains from Ranchi and adjoining areas, Dhanbad along with Tatanagar railway station served as the main railway stations for the entire state of Jharkhand.

Dhanbad Junction platformboard
12259 Sealdah - New Delhi Duronto Express at Dhanbad Junction


Mining-industry zone[edit]

"The entire belt between Durgapur (158 km from Howrah), and all the way up to Dhanbad and beyond is industrialized. Apart from factories, there are many coalmines, some closed now, and some with fires burning deep in the mineshafts. The mining area extends for a large area, mostly to the south of the tracks. Quite a portion of the track passes through cuttings, where the surrounding area is higher than the track level, resulting in the profusion of characteristic small masonry bridges crossing the tracks." This description is from "Gomoh loco shed and CLW trip record" by Samit Roychoudhury.[2]


The East Indian Railway Company extended its lines to Katrasgarh via Dhanbd in 1894.[3]

In the Jharia Coalfield rail network, amongst the major sections of EIR were the Dhanbad-Phularitand section (21.6 km) opened in 1894 to Katrasgarh and extended to Phularitand in 1924, and the Dhanbad-Pathardih section opened in 1903.[4]

New developments

In February 2012, The Indian Railways had planned to set up a Railway Station Development Corporation (RSDC) that will work on improving the major railway stations including Dhanbad Junction by building and developing Restaurants, shopping areas and food plaza for commercial business and improving passenger amenities[5]


The Kumardhubi-Dhanbad, Pradhankhanta-Pathardih and Dhanbad-Gomoh sectors were electrified in 1960-61.[6]


The station houses all the major facilities like waiting rooms, computerized reservation facility, dormitory, retiring rooms, cafeteria, bookshop, food plaza etc.[7] Existing facilities are being revamped for developing it as model station. The Railway station is a divisional headquarters of East Central Railway and houses a number of non-passenger related facilities like loco sheds, washing lines etc. in its premises.

escalator has been installed in platform 2 and 3 at the station. This proves to be of high help to the senior citizens and the handicapped.

External video
Video of Rajdhani Express from Dhanbad Junctionretrieved 8.03.2012

Transport and connectivity[edit]

Dhanbad station is very well connected by roadways. There is a bus stand just outside the railway station, where buses for nearby cities like Kolkata, Jamshedpur, Ranchi, Bokaro, Asansol and Durgapur are easily available.

Outside the station, there is a taxi stand wherein a lot of taxis are always available.

Dhanbad along with Ranchi and Jamshedpur were provided with buses under JNNURM scheme, for city transportation. These buses can be used for local transportation.

Autos remain the mainstay of civilian transport in the city. These autos can be used to travel throughout the length of the city, using very nominal fares.

Significance and importance in the region, as well to IR as a whole[edit]

Dhanbad Jn is a Category A1,[8] station as well as the divisional headquarters. It is the largest station in the adjoining area, and every train has a halt here. Lying centrally on the Grand Chord it is flanked by Gaya Junction on the Delhi side and Asansol railway station on the Howrah side. It is not uncommon to find long distance trains getting their locomotives and rakes (occasionally) changed here. All the Duronto Express passing through Dhanbad have a technical stoppage here. Due to shortage in spaces, Dhanbad does-not have any loco-shed at present. It used to have a steam loco shed earlier. It has a trip loco shed at its outer section, has its electric loco shed at Gomoh and its diesel loco shed at Patratu. Being the largest station in the area it finds a very heavy patronage and a huge number of passengers use this station every day. A lot of people from adjoining districts like Bokaro, Koderma, Giridih come to Dhanbad early morning to catch the 'morning trains' to various destinations like Kolkata, Durgapur, Jamshedpur, Ranchi, Patna, Burdwan and Gaya. Recently Dhanbad also became the 1st station in the country (along with Howrah) to have an AC double-decker express running in between them (see Howrah – Dhanbad Double Decker Express) though this train has been a rare failure plying through this route.

Howrah Dhanbad AC Double Decker Express


Dhanbad Junction railway station platform

Dhanbad Junction's location on the Delhi Kolkata Grand chord route, makes it served by numerous express and superfast trains from all over the country. Several electrified local passenger trains also run from Dhanbad to neighbouring destinations at regular intervals.

The Following is a sortable list of trains stopping at Dhanbad Junction (as on 1 April 2012)[9][10][11]

Trains at Dhanbad Junction
Train No. Train Name Train type Zone From
18621 Patliputra Express Exp SER Patna Junction/PNBE
63551 Asansol Dhanbad Passenger MEMU MEMU ER Asansol Junction/ASN
18605 Ranchi-Jaynagar Express Exp SER Ranchi Junction/RNC
15661 Ranchi-Kamakhya Express Exp NFR Ranchi Junction/RNC
13404 Vananchal Express Exp ER Bhagalpur/BGP
23010 Doon Express Exp ER Kotdwara/KTW
13010 Doon Express Exp ER Dehradun/DDN
18604 Bhagalpur-Ranchi Express via kiul Exp SER Bhagalpur/BGP
13009 Doon Express Exp ER Kolkata Howrah Junction/HWH
13009-Slip Doon Express Slip Exp ER Kolkata Howrah Junction/HWH
12324 New Delhi-Howrah SF Express SF ER New Delhi/NDLS
3062 Mumbai CST - Howrah Summer Special Exp ER Mumbai CST/CSTM
12321 Howrah-Mumbai Mail SF ER Kolkata Howrah Junction/HWH
15028 Maurya Express Exp NER Gorakhpur Junction/GKP
12274 New Delhi-Howrah Duronto Express Drnt ER New Delhi/NDLS
12176 Chambal Express SF NCR Gwalior Junction/GWL
19305 Shipra Express Exp WR Indore Junction BG/INDB
12178 Chambal Express SF NCR Mathura Junction/MTJ
12938 Howrah Gandhidham Garbha Express SF WR Kolkata Howrah Junction/HWH
12496 Pratap Express SF NWR Kolkata Chitpur/KOAA
12307-Slip Howrah-Bikaner SF Express SF ER Kolkata Howrah Junction/HWH
12307 Howrah-Jodhpur SF Express SF ER Kolkata Howrah Junction/HWH
12312 Kalka Mail SF ER Kalka/KLK
12987 Sealdah Ajmer Express SF NWR Kolkata Sealdah/SDAH
18622 Patliputra Express Exp SER Hatia/HTE
17005 Hyderabad-Darbhanga Express Exp SCR Hyderabad Deccan Nampally/HYB
13308 Ganga Sutlej Express Exp ECR Firozpur Cantt./FZR
13330 Ganga Damodar Express Exp ECR Patna Junction/PNBE
18606 Jaynagar-Ranchi Express Exp SER Jaynagar/JYG
12314 New Delhi-Sealdah Rajdhani Express Raj ER New Delhi/NDLS
12302 New Delhi-Howrah Rajdhani Express Raj ER New Delhi/NDLS
Amritsar - Kolkata Chitpur Biweekly SF ER Amritsar Junction/ASR 7:06
12250 New Delhi Howrah Yuva Express Yuva ER New Delhi/NDLS
12322 Mumbai-Howrah Mail SF ER Mumbai CST/CSTM
63542 Gomoh-Asansol MEMU MEMU ER Gomoh Junction/GMO
13319 Baidyanthdham-Ranchi Express Exp ECR Baidyanathdham Deoghar/BDME
53342 Muri-Dhanbad Passenger Pass ECR Muri/MURI
12260 New Delhi-Sealdah AC Duronto Express Drnt ER New Delhi/NDLS
12941 Ahmedabad-Asansol (Weekly) SF Express SF WR Ahmedabad Junction/ADI
12937 Garbha Express SF WR Gandhidham Bg/GIMB
12495 Pratap Express SF NWR Bikaner Junction/BKN
12019 Howrah-Ranchi Shatabdi Express Shtb ER Kolkata Howrah Junction/HWH
18628 Ranchi-Howrah InterCity Express Exp SER Ranchi Junction/RNC
53323 Sindri Town Dhanbad Passenger Pass ECR Sindri Town/SNDT
63550 Koderma Dhanbad Passenger MEMU MEMU ER Koderma/KQR
15662 Kamakhya-Ranchi Express Exp NFR Kamakhya Junction/KYQ
13152 JammuTawi-Kolkata Chitpur Express Exp ER Jammu Tawi/JAT
13026 Bhopal-Howrah Express Exp ER Bhopal Junction/BPL
19606 Sare Jahan se Accha Express Exp NWR Ajmer Junction/AII
19608 Ajmer-Kolkata Express Exp NWR Ajmer Junction/AII
12832 Bhubaneswar-Dhanbad Garib Rath GR ECoR Bhubaneswar/BBS
53061 Barddhaman-Hatia Passenger Pass ER Barddhaman Junction/BWN
12988 Ajmer Sealdah Express SF NWR Ajmer Junction/AII
22388 Black Diamond Express SF ECR Kolkata Howrah Junction/HWH
12371 Howrah - Jaisalmer SF Express SF ER Kolkata Howrah Junction/HWH
3061 Howrah - Mumbai CST Summer Special Exp ER Kolkata Howrah Junction/HWH
12381 Poorva Express SF ER Kolkata Howrah Junction/HWH
11045 Deekshabhoomi Express Exp CR Shahu Maharaj Terminus/KOP
12372 Jaisalmer - Howrah SF Express SF ER Jaisalmer/JSM
12382 Poorva Express SF ER New Delhi/NDLS
12320 Agra Cantt-Kolkata Superfast Express SF ER Agra Cantt./AGC
3126 Delhi - Kolkata Weekly SF Summer Special SF ER Old Delhi/DLI
53325 Sindri Town Dhanbad Passenger Pass ECR Sindri Town/SNDT
12330 West Bengal Sampark Kranti Express SKr ER Old Delhi/DLI
12380 Amritsar-Sealdah Express SF ER Amritsar Junction/ASR
12385 Howrah - Dhanbad AC DD Express SF ER Kolkata Howrah Junction/HWH
13352 Alappuzha-Dhanbad Express Exp ECR Alappuzha/ALLP
68019 Jhargram Dhanbad Passenger MEMU SER Jhargram/JGM
63545 Asansol Dhanbad Passenger MEMU ER Asansol Junction/ASN
53062 Hatia Barddhaman Passenger Pass ER Hatia/HTE
53340 Chandrapura Dhanbad Passenger Pass ECR Chandrapura/CRP
53327 Sindri Town Gomoh Passenger Pass ECR Sindri Town/SNDT
12357 Kolkata-Amritsar Superfast Express SF ER Kolkata Chitpur/KOAA
12273 Howrah-New Delhi Duronto Express Drnt ER Kolkata Howrah Junction/HWH
17006 Darbhanga-Hyderabad Express Exp SCR Darbhanga Junction/DBG
13332 Patna Dhanbad Express Exp ECR Patna Junction/PNBE
13151 Kolkata Chitpur-JammuTawi Express Exp ER Kolkata Chitpur/KOAA
3125 Kolkata - Delhi Weekly SF Summer Special SF ER Kolkata Chitpur/KOAA
12379 Sealdah- Amritsar Exp Express SF ER Kolkata Sealdah/SDAH
12329 West Bengal Sampark Kranti SKr ER Kolkata Sealdah/SDAH
12319 Kolkata-Agra Cantt Superfast Express SF ER Kolkata Chitpur/KOAA
19605 Sare Jahan se Accha Weekly Express Exp NWR Kolkata Chitpur/KOAA
19607 Kolkata Ajmer Express Exp NWR Kolkata Chitpur/KOAA
13025 Howrah-Bhopal Express Exp ER Kolkata Howrah Junction/HWH
12020 Ranchi-Howrah Shatabdi Express Shtb ER Ranchi Junction/RNC
13320 Ranchi-Baidyanathdham Express Exp ECR Ranchi Junction/RNC
53321 ASANSOL DHANBAD PASS Pass ER Asansol Junction/ASN
53328 Gomoh Sindri Town Passenger Pass ECR Gomoh Junction/GMO
18627 Howrah-Ranchi InterCity Express Exp SER Kolkata Howrah Junction/HWH
13302 Suvarna Rekha Express Exp ECR Tatanagar Junction/TATA
13403 Vananchal Express Exp ER Ranchi Junction/RNC
11448 Shaktipunj Express Exp WCR Kolkata Howrah Junction/HWH
53522 Varanasi-Asansol Passenger Pass ER Varanasi Junction/BSB
18603 Ranchi-Bhagalpur Express via Kiul Exp SER Ranchi Junction/RNC
12301 Howrah-New Delhi Rajdhani Express Raj ER Kolkata Howrah Junction/HWH
12313 Sealdah-New Delhi Rajdhani Express Raj ER Kolkata Sealdah/SDAH
12249 Howrah New Delhi Yuva Express Yuva ER Kolkata Howrah Junction/HWH
12942 Asansol Ahmedabad (Weekly) Parasnath Express SF WR Asansol Junction/ASN
53333 Sindri Town Dhanbad Passenger Pass ECR Sindri Town/SNDT
13306 Gaya-Dhanbad InterCity Exp ECR Gaya Junction/GAYA
53336 Ranchi Dhanbad Passenger Pass ECR Ranchi Junction/RNC
12339 Coalfield Express SF ER Kolkata Howrah Junction/HWH
63544 Gomoh Asansol Passenger MEMU MEMU ER Gomoh Junction/GMO
15027 Maurya Express Exp NER Hatia/HTE
12259 Sealdah-New Delhi AC Duronto Express Drnt ER Kolkata Sealdah/SDAH
19306 Shipra Express Exp WR Kolkata Howrah Junction/HWH
12175 Chambal Express SF NCR Kolkata Howrah Junction/HWH
12177 Chambal Express SF NCR Kolkata Howrah Junction/HWH
13304 Dhanbad InterCity Express Exp ECR Ranchi Junction/RNC
12323 Howrah-NewDelhi SF Express SF ER Kolkata Howrah Junction/HWH
58603 Kharagpur-Dhanbad Passenger Pass SER Kharagpur Junction/KGP
11447 Shaktipunj Express Exp WCR Jabalpur Junction/JBP
12311 Kalka Mail SF ER Kolkata Howrah Junction/HWH
22308 Bikaner-Howrah SF Express SF ER Bikaner Junction/BKN
12308 Jodhpur-Howrah SF Express SF ER Jodhpur Junction/JU

Nearest airports[edit]

The nearest airports to Dhanbad Junction are:[12]

  1. Birsa Munda Airport, Ranchi 140 kilometres (87 mi)
  2. Gaya Airport 207 kilometres (129 mi)
  3. Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport, Kolkata 269 kilometres (167 mi)
  4. Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Airport, Patna 271 kilometres (168 mi)
  5. Dhanbad Airport coming soon, Dhanbad,Template:5km

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Dhanbad Junction". Wikimapia. Retrieved 1 December 2011. 
  2. ^ "Gomoh loco shed and CLW trip record". Indian Railway Reports. IRFCA. 
  3. ^ E.R., Gee. "History of Coal Mining in India" (PDF). pages 314-315. Retrieved 17 July 2013. 
  4. ^ "Chapter VII - Communications" (PDF). Dhanbad district administration. Retrieved 17 July 2013. 
  5. ^ "Railways to set up body to develop stations". The Times of India. 11 February 2012. Retrieved 27 April 2012. 
  6. ^ "History of Electrification". information published by CORE (Central Organization for Railway Electrification). CORE (Central Organization for Railway Electrification). Retrieved 17 July 2013. 
  7. ^ "List of Locations (Irrespective Of States) Where Computerized Reservation Facilities Are Available". Official website of the Indian Railways. Retrieved 18 April 2012. 
  8. ^ "Dhanbad Railway Station to provide a host of amenities shortly | RailNews". railnews.co.in. Retrieved 30 June 2014. 
  9. ^ "Arrival / Departure at Station - DHANBAD JN (DHN) : Indian Railways Reservation Enquiry, PNR Status, Running Status, Time Table, Train Route, Route Map, Arrival/Departure, Fare, Indian Rail (etrain.info)". etrain.info. Retrieved 30 May 2014. 
  10. ^ "Trains at Dhanbad". India Rail Info. Retrieved 1 April 2012. 
  11. ^ "Dhanbad Junction Railway Station Details". indiantrains.org. Retrieved 1 April 2012. 
  12. ^ "Dhanbad Railway Station". onefivenine.com. Retrieved 31 March 2012. 

External links[edit]

Dhanbad travel guide from Wikivoyage