Dhaniakhali (community development block)
|Community development block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
|• Type||Community development block|
|• Total||353.44 km2 (136.46 sq mi)|
|Elevation||16 m (52 ft)|
|• Density||910/km2 (2,300/sq mi)|
|• Official||Bengali, English|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Telephone code||+91 3213|
|Vehicle registration||WB-15, WB-16, WB-18|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Hooghly, Arambag|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Dhanekhali, Tarakeswar|
Dhaniakhali (also spelt Dhanekhali) is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Chinsurah subdivision of Hooghly district in the Indian state of West Bengal. The place has lent its name to the tant (handloom) sari it produces.
- 1 Geography
- 2 Demographics
- 3 Human Development Report
- 4 Economics
- 5 Transport
- 6 Communication
- 7 Education
- 8 Healthcare
- 9 References
Hooghly district forms a part of the flat alluvial plains of the lower Gangetic delta. It lies on the western bank of the Hooghly, a distributary of the Ganges. The river bank of the Hooghly is heavily industrialised. The Dwarakeswar, in the western part of the district, forms the dividing line between the uplands and the plains. It is subsequently joined by the Shilabati to form the Rupnarayan, flowing along the western boundary of the district. The Damodar intersects the district. Human intervention in the form of construction of roads and railways and flood control measures have affected the topography. Urbanisation and industrialisation has altered land use pattern of the district. With a very high density of population (1,601 per sq km), about 66% of the population live in the rural areas. In 2001, Hindus formed 83.63% of the population followed by Muslims, who formed 15.14% of the population. The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes together constituted 43% of the population.
Dhanekhali is located at.
Dhaniakhali CD Block is bounded by Pandua CD Block, in a part of the north and a part of the east, Polba Dadpur CD Block in a major portion of the east, CD Block in the east, Haripal and Tarakeswar CD Blocks, in the south and Pursurah CD Block and Jamalpur CD Block, in Bardhaman district, in the west.
Area and administration
Dhanekhali CD Block has an area of 353.44 km2. Dhaniakhali police station serves this CD Block. Dhaniakhali panchayat samity has 18 gram panchayats. The block has 214 inhabited villages. Headquarters of this block is at Dhaniakhali.
Gram panchayats of Dhaniakhali block/ panchayat samiti are: Belmuri, Bhanderhati I, Bhanderhati II, Bhastara, Dasghara I, Dasghara II, Dhaniakhali I, Dhaniakhali II, Gopinathpur I, Gopinathpur II, Gurap, Gurbari I, Gurbari II, Khajurdaha-Milki, Mandra, Parambua-Sahabazar, Somaspur I and Somaspur II.
As per 2011 Census of India Dhaniakhali CD Block had a total population of 320,534, all of which were rural. There were 160,789 (50%) males and 159,745 (50%) females. Population below 6 years was 31,228. Scheduled Castes numbered 105,811 and Scheduled Tribes numbered 45,715.
As per 2001 census, Dhaniakhali block had a total population of 293,305, out of which 148,265 were males and 145,040 were females. Dhaniakhali block registered a population growth of 13.86 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for Hooghly district was 15.72 per cent. Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.
Large and other villages
Large (4,000+ population) villages in Dhaniakhali CD Block (2011 census figures in brackets): Srikrishnapur (10,345), Shrirampur (4,170), Gopinagar (5,424), Mandara (7,610), Bhandarhati (6,928), Samaspur (4,113), Gurap (7,856), Bhastara (5,084) and Cheragram (4,328).
As per 2011 census the total number of literates in Dhaniakhali CD Block was 218,902 (75.66% of the population over 6 years) out of which 119,539 (55%) were males and 99,363 (45%) were females.
As per the 2001 census, Dhaniakhali block had a total literacy of 48.55 per cent. While male literacy was 68.42 per cent, female literacy was 46.07 per cent.
|Literacy in CD Blocks of
|Arambagh – 79.10|
|Khanakul I – 77.73|
|Khanakul II – 79.16|
|Goghat I – 78.70|
|Goghat II – 77.24|
|Pursurah – 82.12|
|Haripal – 78.59|
|Singur – 84.01|
|Tarakeswar – 79.96|
|Balagarh – 76.94|
|Chinsurah Mogra – 83.01|
|Dhaniakhali – 75.66|
|Pandua – 75.86|
|Polba Dadpur – 75.14|
|Chanditala I – 83.76|
|Chanditala II – 84.78|
|Jangipara – 75.34|
|Sreerampur Uttarpara – 87.33|
|Source: 2011 Census: CD Block Wise
Primary Census Abstract Data
In 2011 census Hindus numbered 259,152 and formed 80.85% of the population in Dhaniakhali CD Block. Muslims numbered 52,384 and formed 16.34% of the population. Others numbered 8,998 and formed 2.81% of the population.
In 2011, Hindus numbered 4,574,569 and formed 82.89% of the population in Hooghly district. Muslims numbered 870,204 and formed 15.77% of the population. In West Bengal Hindus numbered 64,385,546 and formed 70.53% of the population. Muslims numbered 24,654,825 and formed 27.01% of the population.
Human Development Report
|Important Handicrafts of Hooghly District|
Source:District Human Development Report 2010: Hooghly P. 67
The first wave of industrialisation (in Hooghly district, as well as the region) came with the establishment of jute mills along the banks of the Hooghly River long back in the British era. The district has moved from an overwhelmingly rural society with a mere 14.92% of the population living in urban areas in 1901 to a more urban society with 33.47% of the population living in urban areas in 2001. Increasing urbanisation has opened up a broader range of livelihood opportunities. However, in 12 out of the 18 community development blocks in the district the entire population continued to live in the rural areas in 2001. The district presents a unique picture of 12 municipalities surrounded by rural areas.
In the rural areas of the district while 14.95% of the total workers were cultivators, agricultural labourers were 24.31%, thereby indicating the huge pressure on land that outstrips its ownership. In Dhaniakhali CD Block, while cultivators were 19.68% of the total workers, agricultural labourers formed 48.03%. Household workers formed 4.52% and other workers 27.77%. Up to 30.11.2006 a total of 5,260 hectares of vested agricultural land was distributed amongst 71,643 persons in Hooghly district. Amongst different categories of workers engaged in agriculture in Dhaniakhali CD Block 11.09% were bargadars, 7.62% patta (ownership document) holders, 4.75% small farmers, 18.21% marginal farmers and 58.34% agricultural workers in 2001.
Agricultural activities or cultivation is divided into two categories: crop cultivation and plantation (orchards). There is a general belief that plantations are more remunerative. In Dhaniakhali CD Block 82.92% of the land is used for crop cultivation and 8.78% for orchards. In Dhaniakhali CD Block 99.26% of the land is sown more than once. Dhaniakhali CD Block produced 48,880 tonnes of Aman paddy from 18,541 hectares, 26,200 tonnes of Boro paddy from 10,964 hectares, 51,620 tonnes of jute from 2,650 hectares and 183,030 tonnes of potatoes from 7,543 hectares in 2005-06. In Dhaniakhali CD Block out of the total cultivated area of 21,572 hectares 1,000 hectares is drought prone and 1,580 hectares is flood prone. The irrigation system in Hooghly district is based on five rivers: Bhagirathi, Damodar, Mundeswari, Darakeswar and Sankari. Erosion of the river banks of these rivers pose a problem in many areas, particularly the Khanakul area.
Handloom saris of Dhaniakhali, Begampur, Jangipara and Rajbalhat areas, and dhutis of Haripal, Rajbalhat and Khanakul areas are familiar all over the country. However, in spite of Government support, the problems of adequate finance, raw materials and marketing persist. Low remuneration is forcing weavers to switch over to other professions. Dhaniakhali produces three varieties of saris – 100 counts (fine), 80 counts (medium) and 60 counts (general). A weaver’s wage for finishing a sari is Rs.47 for 60 counts, Rs.62 for 80 counts and Rs. 135 for 100 counts. It takes two days to complete a sari.
Hooghly district has the distinction of all mouzas (villages) being electrified by 2005. In Dhaniakhali CD Block all 214 mouzas were electrified. However, in Dhaniakhali CD Block 33.34% of households owned houses with electricity and 34.25% households owned houses with toilets in 2001.
In the rural areas of Hooghly district there are wide variations amongst the CD Blocks regarding families living below poverty line (BPL). The data provided in the table given below is based on a household survey for BPL list carried out by the state government in 2005.
in CD Blocks of
|Goghat I – 29.97%|
|Goghat II – 17.25%|
|Arambagh – 49.89%|
|Khanakul I – 11.10%|
|Khanakul II – 16.47%|
|Pursurah – 31.51%|
|Chinsurah Sadar subdivision|
|Dhaniakhali – 31.85%|
|Pandua – 34.30%|
|Balagarh – 11.19%|
|Chinsurah Mogra – 15.99%|
|Polba Dadpur – 28.54%|
|Tarakeswar – 18.62%|
|Haripal – 27.56%|
|Singur – 18.39%|
|Jangipara – 32.05%|
|Chanditala I – 9.07%|
|Chanditala II – 8.98%|
|Sreerampur Uttarpara – 7.59%|
District Human Development Report:
Hooghly, 2010, page 89
Dhaniakhali CD Block had 15,075 hectares of canals. In Dhaniakhali CD Block 2544.23hectares was the nett area under effective pisiculture and 7,353 persons were engaged in the profession. Approximate annual production in 2003-04 was 101,557.6 qtl. In 2003-04 Dhaniakhali had 92.72 km of surfaced roads under PWD, 103 km surfaced roads under Zilla Parishad and 371 km unsurfaced roads under Zilla Parishad.
This is a rich agricultural area with several cold storages. Though rice is the prime crop of the district, the agricultural economy largely depends on potato, jute, vegetables, and orchard products. Vegetable is a prize crop in the blocks of Haripal, Singur, Chanditala, Polba and Dhaniakhali being grown in a relay system throughout the year. Though potato is cultivated in all the blocks of this district Dhaniakhali, Arambagh, Goghat, Pursurah, Haripal, Polba-Dadpur, Tarakeswar, Pandua and Singur contributed much of its production of this district.
Some of the primary and other hats or markets in the Dhaniakhali bloc area are at: Belmuri, Gopinagar, Hazipur, Kananadi, Bhastara, Chowghata, Sahabazar, Dashghara, and Gurap.
Pailan Group's Ascon Agro has set up a Rs 500 million potato flakes plant at Dhaniakhali. The potato plant, built on 65 acres (260,000 m2), has a capacity of 3,600 tons per annum. The project, with Export Oriented Unit-Special Economic Zone status, used machinery imported from The Netherlands and would employ 1500 people.
According to The Hindu Business Line, "The Bengal cotton sari is a fashion statement, wherever it is worn" and have a market all over the country. The Times of India says that Dhaniakhali, Shantipur and Phulia are well–known for the traditional handloom saris of West Bengal. "In Dhaniakhali block every household has at least one loom. The sari produced here is named after the place". The material for the Dhaniakhali sari is somewhat coarse and heavier than other textiles from Bengal but suits the middle class budget and as such is popular. An ordinary Dhaniakhali sari takes a minimum of two days (10–12 hours each day), to be woven, and the weaver collects Rs. 50 for it. It sells for Rs. 100 in the market. The most exotic ones take four to five days to weave, fetches the weaver Rs. 450, and is sold for Rs. 800.
The weaving of Jamdani saris originated in Dhaka in Bangladesh. Dhakai jamdani was famous among the aristocratic ladies in olden days. Places like Shantipur, Dhaniakhali, Begampur and Farasdanga started producing the jamdani saris, after the partition of India.
In earlier days Dhaniakhali also produced superfine dhotis but has switched over to saris as per changes in market demand. Now, they also want to weave material for salwar-kurtas in order to cater to the needs of the changing market.
The Times of India reports that the weavers of Dhaniakhali have been facing financial problems. More than half are members of a co-operative, Dhaniakhali Union Tant Silpi Samabaya Samity. The rest who operate through mahajans (middlemen or money-lenders) have a tough time. It is not that the saris are not selling, but the trouble is that they are not being paid in time by the state government-run emporia, who are the main buyers. It is difficult to function without cash since the raw material provided by the cooperative to the weavers cannot be bought on credit.
Dhaniakhali CD Block has 5 originating/ terminating bus routes.
There are two main bus stoppages, Madan Mohan Tala Bus stop and Cinematala Bus stop. Daily road transportation occurred through 17 number bus route which connects Dhaniakhali with Chinsurah - Tarakeswar - Haripal. It also connects with National Highway No 2 (NH -2) at Maheswarpur, 8 km towards Chinsurah.
Dhaniakhali area exchange with code 3213 serves: Belmuri, Bhandarhati, Boinchi, Dasghara, Dhaniakhali, Gajinadaspur, Guptipara, Gurap, Jirat, Khejurdaha, Khannan, Kuliapara, Mahanad, Pandua, Puinan, Rameshwarpur.
Dhaniakhali panchayat samiti area had 190 primary schools, 23 secondary schools, 6 higher secondary schools and one degree college. In 2003-04, Dhaniakhali CD Block had 195 primary schools with 28,543 students, 6 middle schools with 2,734 students, 26 high schools with 17,201 students and 11 higher secondary schools with 13,951 students. Dhaniakhali CD Block had 1 general college with 1,392 students and 157 institutions with 10,854 students for special and non-formal education.
Sarat Centenary College was established at Dhaniakhali in 1978. Dhaniakhali Mahamaya Vidyamandir is one of the best higher secondary schools in that area. It has Science, Arts as well as Commerce stream.
Little magazine-Lipika is one of the oldest little magazines published from Somospur.
Dhaniakhali CD Block had 2 hospitals, 6 health centres, 50 clinics and 6 dispensaries with 111 beds and 12 doctors in 2003.
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