Dhanu jatra

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Dhanu jatra
Dhanu jatra.jpg
Kansa of Bargarh Dhanu jatra
Observed by Residents of Bargarh and Ambapali with other non-local visitors
Begins Pausha Shukla Chaturthi
Ends Pausha Purnima
2015 date 26 Dec- 06 jan
Related to Sri Krishna, Kansa

Dhanu jatra or Dhanu yatra is an annual drama-based open air theatrical performance celebrated in Bargarh, Odisha. Spread across a 6km radius area around the Bargarh municipality, it is considered as world's largest open air theater.[1][2][3][4][5][6][7] It is based on mythological story of Krishna (locally known as Krusna), and his demon uncle Kansa. Originating in Bargarh, in the present day play, the enactments of the play are being performed in many other places in Western Odisha. The major one of these is the original one at Bargarh.[8] It is about the episode of Krishna and Balaram's visit to Mathura to witness the Dhanu ceremony organized by their (maternal) uncle Kansa. The plays start with the dethroning of emperor Ugrasena by the angry prince Kansa, over the marriage of his sister Debaki with Basudeba, and ends with death of Kansa, and Ugrasen restoring back to become the king. There is no written script used in these enactments. During this festival Kansa can punish people with penalty for their mistakes. Biju Patnaik, the former chief minister of Odisha was fined once along with his ministers.[7]

History[edit]

Kansa being killed by Krishna in the Dhanu jatra at Bangomunda, Balangir district, Odisha.

It is said by some old people that as a way to celebrate the freedom, of newly formed independent India after the British rulers, the labor class workers started this festival. Death of Kansa symbolised the end of colonial rules.[9]

Venues[edit]

The main municipality area turns into the historical town of Mathura Nagari, river Jeera turns into Yamuna, Ambapaali village (now a ward - part of Bargarh municipality) becomes Gopapura. A Pond by the side of Jeera river in Ambapali becomes the Kalindi Lake of the mythology. Since 2005, Nishamani School Ground has been used as the Rangamahal - Cultural stage of the festival.

There are many other towns/ villages of western Odisha, where this drama enactment is done in recent years, following the success and popularity of the Bargarh stage. The notable places are Thuaapaali, Remanda,

Mathura[edit]

The daily vegetable market inside the heart of the town becomes the main stage of the festival. Temporary stage is built up using bamboo, cloth and other decorating materials. The cement concrete roof of market shops works as main platform. cultural troops, perform here in presence of King Kansa, invited guest and eager audience ranging from children to old people.

There is the historical place of starting point, at the rear area of the daily market, where the holy mast is erected few days before the actual festival begins. Historically this place has been used by "Sanchaar" dance [10] form performers. It is a declining and going extinct form of dance. Only handful old performers of this dance form are left, who still come every year to perform. This dance goes on throughout out the night to keep the visitors of the villages engaged with entertainment, question answers etc.

Gopapura[edit]

Nearby village Ambapaali is rendered as Gopapura, during the festival. Villagers paint their houses to the themes of the mythology, hand drawings on walls showing various stories of Krishna. Wall writing of poetic stanzas are quite common on almost all walls of the village.

Yamuna River[edit]

Jeera river, flowing on West side to the main town, is transformed into river Yamuna for these 10 days. The river is used in the drama in 3 days of the play -

  1. When Krishna is born and Vasudeva goes to leave Krishna, his son at king Nanda's place, for the safety from the killer hands of Kansa
  2. During Raas Leela of Krishna with Gopis along the banks of the river (Gopapura - Ambapaali)
  3. When minister Akrura goes and brings Krishna Balaram Brother duos to show them Dhanu jatra at Mathura (Bargarh) city.

Ashramas[edit]

Gobindpaali:

Year wise prime actors[edit]

2009 - 2015 Dhanuyatra - Kansa- Hrushikes bhoi.



Makeup artist Ghasiram Sahu of Bargarh, Odisha was actively associated with this festival since 1951 without a break, died at the age of 84 years on 31 July, 2015. He is credited for giving unique tyrant look to Kanssa, the principle actor of this play.




Events that require a special mention[edit]

Known as the world's biggest open-air theatre,[11][12] it is held at bargarh since 1947.[13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dash, Prakash. "Dhanu Yatra World's biggest open-air theatre". Newsonair.com. News on Air: All India Radio. Retrieved 14 January 2016. 
  2. ^ "Dhanu Jatra". Festivalsofindia.in. Retrieved 14 January 2016. 
  3. ^ Mohapatra, Prabhukalayan (2005). "Dhanuyatra of Bargarh : World's Biggest Open-Air-Theatre" (PDF). Orissa Review. Retrieved 14 January 2016. 
  4. ^ Mishra, Biranchi. "Dhanu Yatra: Largest Open Air Ethnic Theatre". ISKCON News. Retrieved 14 January 2016. 
  5. ^ "The Hindu : Other States / Orissa News : Bargarh gears up for Dhanu Yatra". hindu.com. 2008. Retrieved 18 January 2013. The 11-day cultural extravaganza is globally known as world’s largest open-air theatre. 
  6. ^ "All of Bargarh's a stage for Dhanu Yatra - Times Of India". indiatimes.com. 2011. Retrieved 18 January 2013. It is also referred to as the world's biggest open-air theatre 
  7. ^ a b Dehury, Chinmaya (27 December 2015). "Odisha town turns into Mathura for world's biggest open air theatre". Sify (Sify News). IANS. Retrieved 14 January 2016. 
  8. ^ Koshal Discussion and Development Forum
  9. ^ Bargarh Dhanu Yatra Govt. website, maintained by National Informatics Centre
  10. ^ http://www.orissasangeetnatak.org/folkart.html
  11. ^ "The Hindu : Other States / Orissa News : Bargarh gears up for Dhanu Yatra". hindu.com (Chennai, India). 23 December 2008. Retrieved 18 January 2013. The 11-day cultural extravaganza is globally known as world’s largest open-air theatre. 
  12. ^ "All of Bargarh's a stage for Dhanu Yatra - Times Of India". indiatimes.com. 12 January 2011. Retrieved 18 January 2013. It is also referred to as the world's biggest open-air theatre 
  13. ^ Guru, Sudeep Kumar (16 December 2011). "Dhanu yatra to begin in Puri". telegraphindia.com (Calcutta, India). Retrieved 18 January 2013. The festival is being held Bargarh since 1947. 

Booklet brochure published by Dhanuyatra Mahotsav Samiti, Bargarh on the occasion of 65th year, from 6th Jan. 2014 till 16th Jan 2014.

External links[edit]