Residential area in Dharanikota
|• Total||35.48 km2 (13.70 sq mi)|
|Elevation||8 m (26 ft)|
|• Density||210/km2 (550/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+05:30 (IST)|
Dharanikota is a village in Guntur district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is located in Amaravati mandal of Guntur revenue division. Dharanikota is the capital of Kamma Kings for several centuries.
In 500 BCE, Dharanikota was known as Dhanyakatakam. Lord buddha in 16th year after enlightenment visited dhanayakatakam and preached his ten Dharanis. Thatswhy, it is called Dharanikota.Archaeological excavations at Dharanikota revealed viharas in Dharanikota and nearby areas. It is the site of ancient Dhanyakataka, which was the capital of the Satavahana dynasty that ruled in the Deccan around the 1st to 3rd centuries CE. It was also the capital of the Kota Vamsa, which ruled during the medieval period until the mid 12th century. The Krishna River Valley is an important rice producing area. It was also an important centre of trade with other parts of India and foreign countries. The place is also famous for the great stupa; a very large Kalachakra ceremony was conducted there in January, 2006. Xuanzang visited Amaravathi village, Guntur district and wrote a glorious account of the place and the viharas that existed then. Dharanikota enjoyed its glory under the Kamma kings who ruled it for several centuries.
As of 2011[update] Census of India, Dharanikota had a population of 7,534. The total population constitute, 3,734 males and 3,800 females —a sex ratio of 1018 females per 1000 males. 725 children are in the age group of 0–6 years, of which 368 are boys and 357 are girls —a ratio of 970 per 1000. The average literacy rate stands at 66.06% with 4,498 literates, slightly lower than the state average of 67.41%.
The villages plays a major role in education for the rural students of the nearby villages.The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state. As per the school information report for the academic year 2015–16, the village has more than 906 students enrolled in over 08 schools.
- "District Census Handbook – Guntur" (PDF). Census of India. The Registrar General & Census Commissioner. pp. 14, 252. Retrieved 13 May 2016.
- "Census 2011". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 6 September 2014.
- "The Buddha preached at Dharanikota". The hindu. Guntur. 25 August 2005. Retrieved 6 September 2014.
- The Hindu : Magazine / Events : On a mission for enlightenment
- The Hindu : Andhra Pradesh News : Amaravathi gearing for Buddhist festival
- "Literacy of AP (Census 2011)" (PDF). Official Portal of Andhra Pradesh Government. p. 43. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 5 September 2014.
- "School Education Department" (PDF). School Education Department, Government of Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 December 2015. Retrieved 7 November 2016.
- "School Information Report".
- "Student Information Report". Commissionerate of School Education. Child info 2015-16, District School Education - Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 10 November 2016.