Dharapuram

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Dharapuram
தாராபுரம்
Rajarajapuram, Viradapuram
town
Dharapuram is located in Tamil Nadu
Dharapuram
Dharapuram
Location in Tamil Nadu, India
Coordinates: 10°44′N 77°31′E / 10.73°N 77.52°E / 10.73; 77.52Coordinates: 10°44′N 77°31′E / 10.73°N 77.52°E / 10.73; 77.52
Country  India
State Tamil Nadu
District Tirupur
Elevation 245 m (804 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 67,007
Languages
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 638656,638657
STD Code 04258
Vehicle registration TN 78
Website municipality.tn.gov.in/dharapuram/

Dharapuram (also known as Rajarajapuram by the Cholas,[1] is a town in Tirupur district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Dharapuram is one of the oldest towns in Tiruppur District[2] and was the capital of Kongu Nadu under Kongu Cholas, at which time it was known as Vanchipuri.[3] Amaravathi River flows through the town.[4] As of 2011, the town had a population of 67,007.

Early history[edit]

Dharapuram was part of the Chera kingdom until 850 A.D. From 1000 A.D. to 1275 A.D., the area was ruled by the Kongu Cholas who renamed Dharapuram as Vanchipuri. The Cholan capital was under attack by a hitherto unknown group in South India, called Kalabhars. As a result, the Kongu Cholas made Dharapuram their military and political headquarters.[5] The Thanjavur Cholas named the city as Rajarajapuram. After 1276 A.D. the Pandyan empire took control of the region. The Muslims (Modern Sulthans) ruled next, after which the Nayaks of Madurai ruled. They were followed by Hyder Ali and Tippu Sultan. In 1799, when Tippu fell to the British, the East Indian Company took over administration of this region.

The Viradapuram Raja built a fort in the heart of Vanchipuri. The Muslims (Modern Sulthans) ruled next, after which the Nayaks of Madurai ruled. They were followed by Hyder Ali and Tippu Sultan. In 1799, when Tippu fell to the British, the East Indian Company took over administration of this region. The British stationed their military camp in Therupatti on the Palani road, regularly practicing rifle firing in the Kannimar Hills. The ancient foundry of the Chera, Kongu Nadu (Kollan Pattari), is also found in the same village.

Dharapuram and Coimbatore gained the status of Municipality on the same day. The town has attained the status of a Municipality in the year 1916[6] and it was promoted to first grade municipality on May 9, 1983.[6] Dharapuram Town is situated along 9.62 km2 of the bank of River Amaravathi. Under British control, Dharapuram was the capital of South Noyyal District, and Bhavani was the capital of North Noyyal District. Now Tiruppur district has taken the leadership role.

Demographics[edit]

According to 2011 census, Dharapuram had a population of 65,007 with a sex-ratio of 1,045 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929.[7] A total of 5,048 were under the age of six, constituting 2,566 males and 2,482 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 21.48% and .1% of the population respectively. The average literacy of the town was 80.4%, compared to the national average of 72.99%.[7] The town had a total of 15842 households. There were a total of 23,722 workers, comprising 506 cultivators, 1,227 main agricultural labourers, 652 in house hold industries, 17,553 other workers, 3,784 marginal workers, 51 marginal cultivators, 697 marginal agricultural labourers, 204 marginal workers in household industries and 2,832 other marginal workers.[8]

Geography and climate[edit]

Dharapuram is located at 10°44′N 77°31′E / 10.73°N 77.52°E / 10.73; 77.52.[9] It has an average elevation of 245 metres (803 feet). It is strategically located in the line of Palakkad pass which provides the wind that activates the town's numerous windmills. The area has a significant water shortage.The town features a hot semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification;BSh).

Climate data for Dharapuram
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29
(84)
32
(90)
33
(91)
35
(95)
36
(97)
35
(95)
32
(90)
32
(90)
32
(90)
31
(88)
30
(86)
29
(84)
32.2
(90)
Average low °C (°F) 19
(66)
21
(70)
22
(72)
23
(73)
24
(75)
25
(77)
24
(75)
23
(73)
23
(73)
22
(72)
21
(70)
20
(68)
22.3
(72)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 16
(0.63)
11
(0.43)
23
(0.91)
44
(1.73)
65
(2.56)
34
(1.34)
21
(0.83)
31
(1.22)
50
(1.97)
164
(6.46)
138
(5.43)
43
(1.69)
640
(25.2)
Source: Dharapuram Municipality

Temples[edit]

The Amaravathi river is one of the very special rivers in South India coz the flow from the south to north is (Amaravathi reaches their fall in Lord Shiva's foot Himalaya) is notified. Uppar River, Nallathankal River, Palar (of palani) all join at the river Amaravathi. The temples and village on the banks of the river Amaravathi show the ancient history.

It also includes the Kadu Hanumantharaya SwamiTemple, which is one of the sacred temples for Lord Hanuman. This is one of the Akila Bharatha Madwa Shekthram. Every year the devotees celebrate the month of May car festival, called Narashimma Jeyanthi Day. In Tamil Nadu the Hanumath Jayanthi (Lord Anjaneya Swami's Date of Birth) is celebrated on the new moon day of the Markazhi month.

Inside of the famous Bhagavan Kovil
The world famous Bhagavan kovil near Dharapuram.

Bhagavan Koil which is very famous and Ugadhi is celebrated here in April, nearer to temple there is tourist attraction Nallathankal dam and A Siva temple known as Eswaran Malai sits on a small hill very close to Nallathangal Dam at Ponnivadi village. Ugathi function is celebrated on every year at the day of Telugu new year. 3 days function is going well on every year. Special buses operate during the festival from Dharapuram, Oddanchathram and Mulanur.

Shri Angalamman temple is also very familiar for all community which is located at Ponnivadi. Ponnivadi is 15 km away from Dharapuram. The Sevvaya kulam people celebrate Ugadhi every year in this temple.

Kottai Mariamman Temple in the bank of Amaravathy River near Sankarandampalayam is very famous for cures of eye problems. Sri Rathinamoorthy Samy temple is near by to Kottai Mariamman temple, Thean Easwaran Temple and Sri Periya Nachiamman Temple are also situated on the same river Bank near the village "Kothanoor" (Kotrai Nadu)

Konguvadukanatha Swami (Bairavar) with Siva, ShivakamiAmman, Perumal and Murugan is very ancient and very famous. It is situated in Kundadam on Coimbatore Road. Saint Kongu Siddhar lived around Oothiyur hill. Konganar siddhar has visited this hill, Shiva temple is in the hill and nearby Vatta malai.

'Chakrathalvar Koil in bank of the river Amaravathi at Athukalputhur is also famous temple for God Chakrathalvar. It has a uppar dam which situated 10 km west of city.

mamangam koilwith sivalingam, amman, ganesh temple is very ancient and famous it is situated in kanchipuram (suriyanallure) on Coimbatore Road. For every 12 years, there was well in temple it will overflow automatically with yellow coloured water. It was very special in that temple. This temple was built in the period of ramayanam. The lingam in that temple was built by sita during the vanavasam. Shri Kaliamman Temple located in Angitholuvu is also a famous temple and having Perumal Temple nearby, which is a lotus-like construction (looks like god is inside lotus). It is located about 15 km from the city.

Connectivity[edit]

Location : Dharapuram is well connected by roads to many major towns and cities in Tamil Nadu like Coimbatore, Tirupur, Erode, Tiruchy, Palani, Kangayam, Karur, Dindigul, Madurai, Chennai, Ooty, Theni, Madurai and Kodaikanal. Dharapuramm is located on State Highway, which is a major commercial(Garments) and passenger route also running through Tiruppur-Dharapuram-Oddanchatram-Madurai-Thoothukudi(Harbour) and Coimbatore -Dharapuram -Madurai or Theni. A State Highway running through Dharapuram connects Major cities Erode to Palani, Tiruppur to Theni, Coimbatore to Madurai, Karur to Pollachi. There are buses which connect Dharapuram with other parts of Tamil Nadu. The roads around Dharapuram are one of the busiest in Tamil Nadu. Other state highways that run through Dharapuram are NH 89(Coimbatore - Palladam) and SH86 (Palladam -Dharapuram), SH 96(Erode - Perundurai - Kangayam - Dharapuram), SH 172 Road (Tiruppur - Dharapuram) and SH 187 Road(Pollachi-Dharapuram-Mulanur-Karur). Dharapuram is about 78 km from Erode (a major textile centre in Tamil Nadu), 80 km from Coimbatore (the textile capital of South India), 48 km from Tiruppur (a major knitwear production centre).35 km from Palani (A famous Murugan Temple) and 58 km from Pollachi. Dharapuram to Chennai Direct Bus Available (SETC and Private)There is no Train facility.

Education[edit]

Many higher secondary schools are available:

  • Government Higher Secondary School, Dharapuram (Boys), started in 1857
  • St. Aloysius Hr. Sec. School for Girls Dharapuram
  • N.C.P Municipal Higher Secondary School for Boys Dharapuram
  • Veveaham Higher Secondary boys School Dharapuram
  • Veveaham Higher Secondary girls School Dharapuram
  • Centwin Matriculation Higher secondary school Dharapuram
  • CSI Boys Higher Secondary School Dharapuram
  • CSI Girls Higher Secondary School Dharapuram
  • Govt. High School for Girls Dharapuram
  • Thenmalar Higher Secondary School Dharapuram
  • Sindhu matric Higher Secondary School & sainik school Dharapuram
  • Vishnu Lakshmi Matric Higher Secondary School Dharapuram
  • Ponnu Matriculation Higher Secondary School Dharapuram
  • V.M.C.D.V Higher Secondary School, (Thayampalayam) Dharapuram
  • Govt. Higher Secondary School, (Kundadam) Dharapuram
  • Govt. Higher Secondary School, Kolathuppalayam Dharapuram
  • Manikaswamy Naidu Higher Secondary School Gvp, Dpm
  • Govt. High School (Elugamvalasu) and Govt. High School (Kuppichipalayam) Dharapuram,
  • Dr. Nallini High School, Dharapuram

CBSE SCHOOL

  • Agaram Public School (CBSE), Karur Main Road, Dharapuram

Colleges

  • Govt ITI DPM and two more private ITIs
  • Bishop Thorp College Dharapuram
  • Bishop Nursing College Dharapuram
  • Sara Nursing College Dharapuram
  • TRN Polytechnic College Dharapuram
  • Maharani Arts and Science College for Women Dharapuram
  • Maharani college of education Dharapuram
  • Maharani teacher training institute Dharapuram
  • Maharani Polytechnic College Dharapuram
  • Dr. Nallini Institute of Engineering and Technology, Dharapuram
  • Dr. Nallini College of Education, Dharapuram
  • Dr. Nallini Institute of Teacher Training Dharapuram
  • Vishnu Lakshmi B.Ed college Dharapuram

Business[edit]

Agriculture is the primary industry in Dharapuram. There are Textile (Spinning or Cotton) Mills, Rice Mills, Oil Processing Plants, Bricks, Big Lorry Market, Famous vegetables Market, Automobiles and Finance.

Banks and ATM[edit]

  • State Bank of India with ATM
  • Canara Bank with ATM
  • ICICI Bank with ATM
  • Indian Overseas Bank with ATM
  • Indian Bank with ATM
  • Lakshmi Vilas Bank with ATM
  • Axis Bank with ATM
  • Karur Vysya Bank with ATM
  • HDFC Bank with ATM.
  • Central Bank Of India
  • Punjab National Bank with ATM
  • Andhra Bank with ATM
  • City Union Bank
  • Tamilnad Mercantile Bank
  • Corporation Bank
  • Dharapuram Co Op Urban Bank

Administration and politics[edit]

Dharapuram has been reserved constituency from 1967 to still day. The assembly constituency (SC) is part of Erode (Lok Sabha constituency).[10] K. Ponnusamy is a present member of the Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly from the Dharapuram constituency.[11] He represents the Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam party.

Dharapuram Revenue division below

1. Dharapuram Taluk
2. Kangeyam Taluk

Notable personalities[edit]

  • Nagesh, Legendary film comedian

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ "History Of Tipu Sultan By Mohibbul Hasan". Archive.org. Retrieved 2013-08-15. 
  3. ^ "| உலகச் செம்மொழியாம் தமிழ் வளர்த்த திருப்பூர் Dinamalar". Dinamalar.com. 2010-06-18. Retrieved 2013-08-15. 
  4. ^ "Tiruppur District - Rivers". Tiruppur.nic.in. Retrieved 2013-08-15. 
  5. ^ "Villages in Dharapuram Tehsil in Erode". Erode.org.in. Retrieved 2013-08-15. 
  6. ^ a b "Welcome to Dharapuram Municipality Home Page". Municipality.tn.gov.in. 1983-05-06. Retrieved 2013-08-15. 
  7. ^ a b "Census Info 2011 Final population totals". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014. 
  8. ^ "Census Info 2011 Final population totals - Dharapuram". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014. 
  9. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Dharapuram
  10. ^ "List of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies" (PDF). Tamil Nadu. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-10-11. 
  11. ^ "List of MLAs from Tamil Nadu 2011" (PDF). Govt. of Tamil Nadu.