Dharmanagar

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Dharmanagar
Town
Dharmanagar is located in Tripura
Dharmanagar
Dharmanagar
Location of Dharmanagar in Tripura
Dharmanagar is located in India
Dharmanagar
Dharmanagar
Dharmanagar (India)
Coordinates: 24°22′42.7″N 92°10′41.9″E / 24.378528°N 92.178306°E / 24.378528; 92.178306Coordinates: 24°22′42.7″N 92°10′41.9″E / 24.378528°N 92.178306°E / 24.378528; 92.178306
Country India
StateTripura
DistrictNorth Tripura
Area
 • Total7.77 km2 (3.00 sq mi)
Elevation
21 m (69 ft)
Population
(2015)
 • Total45,887
 • RankSecond largest town of Tripura after capital Agartala.
 • Density5,906/km2 (15,300/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialBengali,, English.
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
799250
Telephone code03822
Vehicle registrationTR 05 XX YYYY
Websitewww.northtripura.gov.in

Dharmanagar (Dhôrmônôgôr) is a town with a Municipal Council in the North East of India and the North Tripura district of the state of Tripura, India. It has many schools, both Bengali and English medium. The city also has also been ruled by several emperors. Earlier in the ancient times the city had a large geographical area but along time it has been reduced due to partition and other reasons. The city is located in the western hemisphere of the state of Tripura. The city of Dharmanagar has many historic ruins which display the ancient old history of the city. The town is relatively small geographically, stretching up to 7.7 km2 in area.[1]

As per the latest measured census the population of the town of Dharmanagar was around 40,595. The climate of the city has been very stable. The city has been close to the coastal area in the south and the mountain range in the north experiences heavy rainfall. The summers and winters both are mild in the city and not extreme.[2]

Former map of State of Tripura showing 4 districts, roadways & a railway network.

History[edit]

Majority of the known history of Dharmanagar is derived from the ancient Rajmala scripts, which is the ancient Royal chronicles of the Kings of Tripura written in the 14th century.

The origin of the name 'Dharmanagar' cannot be accurately traced back in time. The Rajmala refers to at least four known ancient kings whose names include the word 'Dharma'. So it remains a matter of speculation as to which king had lent his name to the town. Various uncovered documents however, indicate that the existence of Dharmanagar goes back deep into time. The Rajmala further indicates that the name 'Faticuli' was used to mean Dharmanagar back in those ancient times.

According to indegenous people in dharmanagar, the name dharmanagar is from the name of zamindar, name Dharmajeet Singh. who was the zamindar of dharmanagar under king of tripura.

Geography[edit]

The exact geographical boundaries of Dharmanagar in the ancient times, have not been clearly documented. However, a general idea about the size obtained from various sources indicate that one major position of Sylhet (now in Bangladesh) was included in Dharmanagar. Sources also indicate that Dharmanagar in those days was not as small as it is today. The size of Dharmanagar has been greatly diminished over the ages and what was once the mighty capital of Tripura has now been reduced to a district town of the state.

At present Dharmanagar is bound by Maulvi Bazar of Sylhet, Bangladesh in the North, Karimganj district of Assam in the East and Mizoram state in the South and Kailashahar subdivision of Unakoti district in the west.

Demographics[edit]

Kali Dighi
Others include Sikhs, Jains & Other religions (0.10%)
Religion in Dharmanagar[3]
Religion Percent
Hinduism
76.60%
Islam
18.40%
Christian
1.00%
Buddhist
2.00%
Others
2.05%

The population of Dharmanagar, as estimated in late 2006, is around 32,912.[4]

Dharmanagar has an average literacy rate of 73.66%, higher than the national average of 65.38%: male literacy is 81.47% and female literacy is 65.41%.[5]

Year Population Change
1991 25,897 -
2001 30,790 +1.4%
2011 40,595 +2.8%

As seen in the table where the population 1991 to 2011 is displayed, Dharmanagar had a population of 25,897 in the year 1991 and it rose to 1.45 in 2001 which stood to 30,790 further more the population had increased more 2.4% in the year 2011 and it went to 40,595[1]

Climate[edit]

Dharmanagar is blessed with a peaceful climate most of the year. However, summer time can be excessively hot, dry, humid and interspersed with rains and thunderstorms. Winter generally starts towards the end of November and lasts until February, where the temperatures can reach very low conditions. The monsoon season in Dharmanagar starts in April during the Bengali month of Baishakh. During the monsoon season, Dharmanagar is inundated frequently due to excessive rainfall and flooding by the local rivers.

Climate data for Dharmanagar
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 30
(86)
33
(91)
38
(100)
40
(104)
38
(100)
40
(104)
37
(99)
37
(99)
37
(99)
35
(95)
32
(90)
28
(82)
40
(104)
Average high °C (°F) 23
(73)
25
(77)
30
(86)
31
(88)
31
(88)
31
(88)
32
(90)
32
(90)
31
(88)
30
(86)
27
(81)
24
(75)
29
(84)
Average low °C (°F) 10
(50)
12
(54)
15
(59)
20
(68)
22
(72)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
24
(75)
21
(70)
16
(61)
11
(52)
19
(66)
Record low °C (°F) 5
(41)
6
(43)
6
(43)
11
(52)
16
(61)
18
(64)
20
(68)
21
(70)
20
(68)
15
(59)
10
(50)
5
(41)
5
(41)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 11.4
(0.45)
12.8
(0.50)
57.7
(2.27)
142.3
(5.60)
248.0
(9.76)
350.1
(13.78)
353.6
(13.92)
269.9
(10.63)
166.2
(6.54)
79.2
(3.12)
19.4
(0.76)
5.1
(0.20)
1,717.7
(67.63)
Source: wunderground.com[6]

Transport[edit]

Dharmanagar railway station

The nearest airport to Dharmanagar is in Silchar and airfield at Agartala. There is also a helipad for helicopter rides or for quick journeys to the capital Agartala. Kailashahar Airport was the nearest airport to the city but it is currently non-active and abandoned. Recently the AAI surveyed the zone and has agreed to invest in upgrading the abandoned airport there.[7] The state government has also agreed to acquire 79 acres to support this project.

Daily bus service runs from Dharmanagar to Shillong and Guwahati which goes through National Highway 44. Bus services to nearby cities of Assam and Tripura from Dharmanagar ISBT are more frequent. Buses also connect Dharmanagar to state capital. Connectivity via bus is one of the most important forms of transportation for local residents.

The city has good train connectivity. Daily multiple passenger trains run from Dharmanagar to Assam and state capital Agartala. Agartala is connected to rest of India through the lines of Dharmanagar. On 2008 Agartala became the second capital of Northeast India to get connected to railway network. Agartala-anandvihar Tripurasundari Express,Rajdhani express,kanchanjhunga express,Humsafar express,Habibganj express,Deogarh express connects dharmanagar with cities like Delhi,Kolkata,Bangaluru,Habibganj(Madhya Pradesh), Deogarh (Jharkhand) respectively.

Education[edit]

There are eight higher secondary schools in Dharmanagar. Bir Bikram Institution (BBI), DMR Girls Higher Secondary School, DNV, Chandrapur, Padmapur, Nayapara, Rajbari, Golden Valley H.S (+2 Stage) School, Holy Cross, North Point School, and Siksha Bhavan Montessori School, last four are fully taught in English language. There's also a degree college which was called Dharmanagar Govt. Degree College(DGDC). It been graded by NAAC and is the highest ranked degree college in Tripura.Siksha Bhavan Montessori School is the Education Partner of TATA Interactive Systems and North Point School is the Education partner of MEXUS Education Pvt. Ltd. for providing Digital classes for the students. The school using the Digital Class System 'Class Edge' brand from the TATA Interactive Systems.

NGO's[edit]

  • Growing Seed: Nowadays it is one of the major NGOs in the state which is operating in the many field of social activity without any profit. Major activities are health camp, blood donation camp, publishing of "uttaran" magazine, awareness camp, vermi-compost project, tree plantation, cultural programme etc.
  • Lions Club: Lions Club, Dharmanagar is one of the leading NGO's in the township. They have many permanent projects like Ambulance service, Oxygen service, drinking water projects etc. Their outstanding project is Lions Children Park which is one of the best parks in Tripura.

Neighbouring Towns and Cities[edit]

North Tripura

Panisagar

Unakoti[edit]

West Tripura[edit]

South Tripura[edit]

Dhalai[edit]

Outer Tripura[edit]

Local Sights and Attractions[edit]

Durga Puja Festival[edit]

During the Durga Puja Festival, the streets come alive and people from the entire town come to the town centre to visit the many statues of goddess Durga scattered around the town. Durga Puja is an annual Hindu festival that celebrates worship of the Hindu goddess Durga. It refers to all the six days observed as Mahalaya, Shashthi, Saptami, Ashtami, Navami and Bijoya Dashami.

The Durga pandals of Dharmanagar secured second place in the Maa Durga contest; after the Capital City of Tripura Agartala.

Kali Puja Festival[edit]

One of the main festivals is the Kali Puja which occurs between September and October. Dharmanagar is also known for its bright lights during this Puja where the entire town is lit up.[citation needed]

Kali Bari DMN.

Dighi, Shops, Markets and Temples[edit]

The playgrounds (BBI & DNV), shopping mall (RANA PLAZA),Vishal mega mart,City life,Big mart, My Shop at Kalibari road. Temples like Kalibari, Hari mandir, Officetilla Kalibari, Shib Bari, Ramakrishna Seba Samiti, Choto Kalibari are tourist attractions.[citation needed]

Unakoti[edit]

A short distance away is the ancient site of Unakoti, which literally means "one less a crore" in Bengali, hosts an ancient place of worship with huge rock-cut images and stone idols of Lord Shiva. It is the prime tourist spot of North Tripura District, and is located in the neighbouring town of Kailashahar Subdivision in the North-eastern Indian state of Tripura.

Politics[edit]

Dharmanagar assembly constituency is part of Tripura East (Lok Sabha constituency); the main political parties are CPI(M) and Congress(I).and in 2018 elections BJP won and now rulling party is BJP[8] The assembly constituency is now represented by BJP MLA.

Media & communications[edit]

Radio[edit]

Television[edit]

Newspapers[edit]

No daily newspaper is published from Dharmanagar, except a few weekly. Daily newspapers published from Agartala, Karimganj and Silchar reaches dail morning in this town. Besides above, national dailies like The Telegraph, Anandabazar Patrika, Dainik Sambad,Bartaman, The Times of India, The Statesman, Hindustan Times etc. are also available.

Website[edit]

Dharmanagar Live


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Dharmanagar (North Tripura, Tripura, India)". www.citypopulation.de.
  2. ^ "Dharmanagar Travel Guide". www.placesonline.com.
  3. ^ "Census of India – Socio-cultural aspects". Government of India, Ministry of Home Affairs. Retrieved 2 March 2011.
  4. ^ "Population Of Dharmanagar". population-of.com.
  5. ^ "Literacy Rate in India". www.iloveindia.com.
  6. ^ "Historical Weather for Delhi, India". Weather Underground. Retrieved 27 November 2008.
  7. ^ "Tripura sanctions 72 acres for airport expansion - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2017-12-03.
  8. ^ "Assembly Constituencies – Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies" (PDF). Tripura. Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 November 2005. Retrieved 8 October 2008.

External links[edit]