Dharmapuri

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This article is about the municipality in Tamil Nadu, India. For its namesake district, see Dharmapuri district.
For other uses, see Dharmapuri (disambiguation).
Dharmapuri City
தருமபுரி தேர்வுநிலை நகரம்
தகடூர்
City Corporation
Nickname(s): MANGO CITY (மாம்பழநகரம்)
Dharmapuri City is located in Tamil Nadu
Dharmapuri City
Dharmapuri City
Location in Tamil Nadu, India
Coordinates: 12°07′34″N 78°09′14″E / 12.1260°N 78.154°E / 12.1260; 78.154Coordinates: 12°07′34″N 78°09′14″E / 12.1260°N 78.154°E / 12.1260; 78.154
Country  India
State Tamil Nadu
District Dharmapuri
Established 17th Century
Founded by Adhiyaman Naduman Angi
Government
 • Type Selection Grade Municipality
 • Body Dharmapuri City Municipality
Elevation 469 m (1,539 ft)
Languages
 • Official Tamil
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 636701
Telephone code 04342
Vehicle registration TN-29
Website www.dharmapuri.nic.in

Dharmapuri is a city and the administrative headquarters of Dharmapuri district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. Dharmapuri which came into existence from 02.10.1965 is suituated in north western corner of Tamil Nadu city is located at just 126 kilometres from Bangalore ,220 kilometres from coimbatore,265 kilometres from Mysore,300kilometres from Chennai. It is located between latitudes N 11 47’ and 12 33’ and longitudes E 77 02’ and 78 40’. The total geographical area of Dharmapuri District is 4497.77 km2, i.e. 3.46% of Tamil Nadu.

Geography[edit]

Dharmapuri is situated in the northwestern corner of Tamil Nadu and is bounded by vytla Hills on the east, Nallampalli on the South, Palacode taluk on the north and the Pennagaram taluk on the west. It is located between latitudes N 11 47’ and 12 33’ and longitudes E 77 02’ and 78 40’. The total geographical area of Dharmapuri district is 4497.77 km² which is 3.46% of Tamil Nadu. Dharmapuri was called Thahadoor when King Adhiyaman ruled the Kongu Nadu. Dharmapuri is located on one of the geographically important area in south India. It is 130 km away from Bangalore city and 300 km from State Capital Chennai. All the corporations in Tamilnadu except Thoothukudi and Tirunelveli lies within 300 km from Dharmapuri. Neighboring states cities like Bangalore, Mysore, Tumkur, Chittoor, Tirupathi, Thrissur, Palakkad, Puducherry also lie within a 300 km radius.

Climate[edit]

The climate is generally normal and warm condition . The summer period of March, April, May, May and June reaching a maximum temperature of up to 38 °C . The temperatures drop in December and the low temperatures continue up to February, touching a minimum of 12 °C in January. The district has an average annual rainfall of 895.56 mm. The tropical forests here generally have short shrubs and thorned-plants.[citation needed]

Transport[edit]

Dharmapuri is well connected by the major National Highway - NH 7. It is also well connected with SH-17, SH-60 (Hogennakal-Dharmapuri-Tirupattur), and SH-60A (Dharmapuri city -Harur).

Dharmapuri is well connected by Southern Westeren Railway.The Nearest International Airport is Kempegowda International Airport Bengaluru

Demographics[edit]

Religious census
Religion Percent(%)
Hindu
  
88.99%
Muslim
  
9.65%
Christian
  
0.99%
Sikh
  
0.02%
Buddhist
  
0.01%
Jain
  
0.01%
Other
  
0.33%

According to 2011 census, Dharmapuri had a population of 68,619 with a sex-ratio of 1,013 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929.[1] A total of 6,759 were under the age of six, constituting 3,470 males and 3,289 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 6.92% and .14% of the population respectively. The average literacy of the city was 77.08%, compared to the national average of 72.99%.[1] The city had a total of 17136 households. There were a total of 26,943 workers, comprising 606 cultivators, 427 main agricultural labourers, 1,052 in house hold industries, 22,566 other workers, 2,292 marginal workers, 54 marginal cultivators, 77 marginal agricultural labourers, 213 marginal workers in household industries and 1,948 other marginal workers.[2]

As per the religious census of 2011, Dharmapuri (M) had 88.99% Hindus, 9.65% Muslims, 0.99% Christians, 0.02% Sikhs, 0.01% Buddhists, 0.01% Jains and 0.33% following other religionsr.[3]

Places of interest[edit]

Hogenakkal Falls[edit]

Main article: Hogenakkal Falls
Hogenakkal Waterfall on Kaveri river, Dharmapuri district

Hogenakkal Falls is located at the border of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu, around 46 km from Dharmapuri. In Hogenakkal, the Kaveri River enters Tamil Nadu as a big river with gushing water. The name 'Hogenakal' is derived from Kannada means Smoky Rocks. When the river falls on the rock below, the gushing force of water causes a smoke-like mist, leading to the origin of the name. At Hogenakal, the water spreads for miles around and cruising on country-made dinghies (Parisal) is possible. Hogenakkal Falls is also called "Indian Nayagara". The place is very famous for Film shooting.

Vathalmalai or Vytla Hills[edit]

(Tamil: வத்தல்மலை) is a Village in Dharmapuri taluk and Dharmapuri district in Tamil Nadu having an area measuring nearly 225 km². Most of the native flora and fauna of Vytla have disappeared due to severe habitat fragmentation resultant from the creation of the plantations. However, some species continue to survive and thrive in several protected areas nearby, include Sheverayan Hills (Yercaud). These protected areas are especially known for several threatened and endemic species including Nilgiri Thar, the Grizzled Giant Squirrel, the Nilgiri Wood-pigeon, the Gaur, wild pig, the Nilgiri langur, the Sambar, and the Neelakurinji (that blossoms only once in twelve years). It is a small village situated at 3600 ft height (MSL). It is 25 km away from Dharmapuri Town (17 km to reach bottom of the hill and 8 km to hill top).

Sitheri hills[edit]

Sitheri(Sitteri ) is a hill station in Dharmapuri district located in Tamil Nadu, India. In Tamil Language சித்தேரிமலை.Sitheri Hills are one of the segments of Eastern Ghats of Tamil Nadu.Which comes under the Pappireddipatti taluk. It is situated at an altitude of 1097.3metres(3600 ft)The area comprises various vegetation types such as the evergreen, semi-evergreen, riparian, dry deciduous scrub and southern thorn scrub forests. The minimum and maximum temperature is 19 °C in winter and 40 °C in summer respectively. The average annual rainfall is 900 mm attained from both northeast and southwest monsoons. Topographically, the area is undulating with an altitude varying from 240 to 1266 m.The total area of Sitheri village is found to be 400 km2 with a total population of 9045 (Male 4656 & female 4389) as of 2010

Theerthamalai temple[edit]

Theerthamalai is a sacred place in Harur taluk. The temple is located at the top of a hillock. Chola and Vijayanagara kings donated liberally to this temple. A lot of devotees attend the temple during the Maha Shivarathiri. It is believed that Lord Rama created the waterfall to do abhishek for Lord Shiva, after waiting for a long time for Hanuman to bring water.

Hanumanthathirtham[edit]

This place is situated on the bank of Pennaiyar at a distance of 10 km from Uthangarai and traditionally associated with Tirtamalai. It is believed that Hanuman was instructed by Lord Rama to bring water, but after waiting for a long time, Rama created a waterfalls, Hanuman was said to have thrown down the vessel in which he brought the holy water and this spilled water is believed to be the "Hanumantatirtham".

Kottai Kovil[edit]

Kottai Kovil, located on the northern side of Dharmapuri, is temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. This temple is known among the tourists for its rare sculptures and paintings. One of the highlights of this temple is the 'Hanging pillar'. As per the locale belief, a secret passage in this temple connects it to Adhiyamankottai.

Adhiyamankottai[edit]

The capital of Adhiyamans, ancient rulers of Thahadoor, was Adhiyamankottai which is situated on the Salem-Dharmapuri road, 7 km from Dharmapuri. The ruins of the roughly oval shaped fort is still there. The Chenraya Perumal temple there is a protected monument and is thought to have been constructed both by the King Krishna Devaraya and the Hoysala kings. There is a mandapam which leads to the sanctum sanctorum. There are paintings in the ceiling depicting scenes from the Mahabharata, Viswarupa darshan of Lord Krishna and some scenes from the Ramayana. All the paintings belong to the 13th century. Further KALABAIRAVAR TEMPLE is most famous temple in Dharmapuri District located in Adhiyamankottai, West seeing shiva temple is located here only. This place is worshipped by siddhars.

Subramanya Siva Memorial Papparapatti[edit]

Subramanya Siva was born on 19 September 1884 in Vathalagundu, Dindugal district. He was a revolutionary independence fighter who worked closely with other freedom fighters, such as V.O Chidambaram Pillai and Subramanya Bharathi, and inspired many young men to join the freedom movement. He was the first political prisoner of the Madras presidency and described his jail experiences in a book, Jail Life. He also published Gnana Bhanu, a collection of poems. He was an admirer of the philosopher, Swami Vivekanandha and his religious master Ramakrishna Paramhamsa. Siva disagreed on many things with Gandhian Philosophy. He believed in using violent methods where constructional methods had failed. Siva died on 23 July 1925.His memorial has been constructed in Papparapatti,Dharmapuri Dt by the Tamil Nadu government.

Mosques[edit]

Tntj Pallivasal, Thowheeth mosque, Ahle hadees Pallivasal and Jumma Mosque are some of the mosques in Dharmapuri.

Churches[edit]

Mount Carmel church of British is situated in B. Pallipatty, which is known for its Grotto festival. This is a three-day feast celebrated on the second Friday after Easter. The Sacred Heart cathedral is the seat of the Jewish Diocese of Dharmapuri.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Census Info 2011 Final population totals". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014. 
  2. ^ "Census Info 2011 Final population totals - Dharmapuri". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014. 
  3. ^ "Population By Religious Community - Tamil Nadu" (XLS). Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2011. Retrieved 13 September 2015. 

See also[edit]