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|District in Tamil Nadu|
Location in Tamil Nadu, India
|Revenue division||Dharmapuri, Harur, Tamilnadu|
|• Collector||K. Vivekanandan, IAS|
|• Superintendent of Police||B Gangadhar, IPS|
|• Total||4,497.77 km2 (1,736.60 sq mi)|
|• Density||340/km2 (870/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|ISO 3166 code||[[ISO 3166-2:IN|]]|
Dharmapuri District is a district in Tamil Nadu state in southern part of India. The district came into existence from 2 October 1965. It is the first district splitted (from Salem district) in Tamil Nadu after independence of India. Dharmapuri is the district headquarters and other major towns in the district includes Palacode, Pennagaram, Harur and Pappireddipatti. Dharmapuri town is historically called "Tagadur".
Dharmapuri was called as Tagadur during the sangam era. The name Tagadur is from two Tamil words, "Thagadu" refers to Iron (Iron ore), "Oor" refers to Place. The name Tagadur is changed to Dharmapuri after the sangam period, possibly during Vijayanagar empire or Mysore empire period. Still the name Tagadur is in use among some people of dharmapuri.
The region is believed to have been controlled by the Pallava regime in the 8th century. The Rashtrakutas took over in the 9th century. The Rashtrakutas were defeated by the Cholas in the 11th century, and subsequently the district came under the Chola sphere of governance.
During 18th century present day dharmapuri district was under Mysore kingdom and it was called as Baramahal, As per treaty of Seringapatam (signed on 18 March 1792) after Third Anglo-Mysore War, tipu sultan agreed to give part of his territories including the present dharmapuri district to The British East India Company which was then merged into madras presidency.
It was part of the Salem district under British rule, until the founding of Dharmapuri district on 2 October 1965. The Dharmapuri district was split into Dharmapuri and Krishnagiri districts in 2004. Many historical rock sculptures are found in this district. Modhur,a village near dharmapuri has remains that dates back to neolithic age.A government museum in dharmapuri town displays some of these significant sculptures for people's view.
The district is located between latitudes N 11 47’ and 12 33’ and longitudes E 77 02’ and 78 40’. Occupies an area of 4497.77 km² (i.e. 3.46% of Tamil Nadu) and has a population of 2,856,300 (as of 2001). It is bounded on the north by Krishnagiri District, on the east by Tiruvannamalai District and Viluppuram District districts, on the south by Salem District, and on the west by Karnataka's Chamarajanagar District. The Whole district is surrounded by hills and forests.The terrain of dharmapuri is of rolling plains type. Dharmapuri is located on the geographically important area in south India.
The whole district is predominantly covered with forests.Spider valley located near hogenakkal is home for many wild animals. The district falls in the migratory path of elephants.Man and elephant conflicts are most common in these parts.Many tribal communities depend on these forests.Vathalmalai,a mountain hamlet on top of shervarayan hill chain has suitable conditions to cultivate coffee and jack fruit. Wild boars and spotted deers are commonly seen in morappur and harur forest region. Gaurs sometimes stroll near villages near bommidi region.Thoppur ghat section has one of the scenic highways surround by mountains and forests. This district lies in a geography where both Western and Eastern ghats make their presence.
According to 2011 census, Dharmapuri district had a population of 1,506,843 with a sex-ratio of 946 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929. A total of 167,940 were under the age of six, constituting 87,777 males and 80,163 females. The current average literacy of the district was 91.2% compared to the national average of 72.99%. The district had a total of 375,873 households. There were a total of 751,170 workers, comprising 191,080 cultivators, 217,062 main agricultural labourers, 11,308 in house hold industries, 233,546 other workers, 98,174 marginal workers, 10,248 marginal cultivators, 50,283 marginal agricultural labourers, 4,033 marginal workers in household industries and 33,610 other marginal workers. The population of the district is roughly equal to the nation of Gabon or the US state of Hawaii.
Dharmapuri and krishnagiri districts accounts for more than 60 -70% total mango production in TamilNadu It is the major producer of Ragi and saamai crops in the state. Exotic crops like dates are also being cultivated by some farmers in the areas around ariyakulam.
|Crop||Area under cultivation(in hect.)||in %|
|Paddy (Sornavari / Kuruvai / Kar / Samba / Thallady / Pisanam/ Navarai / Kodai)||9,465||5.60%|
|Other Minor Millets||69,162||40.90%|
Dharmapuri district shows vigorous increasing performance in literacy and education. Where by the year 2011 it secured last position in tamilnadu by scoring 62%,whereas by the year 2016 it showed 92% literacy by securing 12th rank in tamilnadu out of 32. It also shows vigorous increase in educational hubs by having colleges and school in various fields of education. Some of the major educational institutes are given below
- Government Dharmapuri Medical College (GDMC)
- DNV college of Nursing
- Sri Vijay Vidyalaya College of Nursing.
- Goverement college of Engineering, Dharmapuri
- Jayam college of Engineering
- Jayalakshmi Institute of Technology
- Sapthagiri college of Engineering
- Shreenivasa college of Engineering
- Varuvan vadivelan Institute of technology.
Arts & Science colleges
Dharmapuri district has around 30 arts & science colleges, including women's colleges.
CBSE & ICSE schools
Dharmapuri district has around 12 schools including CBSE & ICSE.
TN Board schools
Dharmapuri district has more than 500 TN Board based schools, including both government and private schools.
Tourism in Dharmapuri district is a fast expanding industry. The Kaveri river flows into the state through the district, and Hogenakkal, a town situated 46 km from Dharmapuri is the site where the river drops into as a scenic waterfall.
Another important tourist destination in the state is the hill-temple at Theerthamalai in Harur taluk which is a sacred religious place for the Hindus, and which had been existent right from the times of the Chola and the Vijayanagara empires.
There are temples built by the Ganga Dynasty in Dharmapuri and Adiamankottai. These include Mallikarjuna Temple in Dharmapuri, with special mention of Bhirava, Ashtadig Palakas etc. and an old basadi in Adiamankottai.
Vathalmalai or Vytla Hills (Tamil: வத்தல்மலை) is a village in Dharmapuri taluk and Dharmapuri district in Tamil Nadu having an area measuring nearly 225 km². Most of the native flora and fauna of Vytla have disappeared due to severe habitat fragmentation resultant from the creation of the plantations. However, some species continue to survive and thrive in several protected areas nearby, include Sheverayan Hills (Yercaud). These protected areas are especially known for several threatened and endemic species including Nilgiri Thar, the Grizzled Giant Squirrel, the Nilgiri Wood-pigeon, the Gaur, wild pig, the Nilgiri langur, the Sambar, and the Neelakurinji (that blossoms only once in twelve years). It is a small village situated at 3600 ft height (MSL). It is 25 km away from Dharmapuri Town (17 km to reach bottom of the hill and 8 km to hill top).
Hogenakkal Falls is located in the Dharmapuri district. With its fame for medicinal baths and hide boat rides, it is a major tourist attraction. Sometimes referred to as the "Niagara Falls of India," it is known for medicinal baths and hide boat rides, projecting itself as a major tourist attraction. Carbonatite rocks in this site are considered to be the oldest of its kind in South Asia and one of the oldest in the world. The Government of Tamil Nadu made a proposal to convert the falls into providing drinking water for the state.
- "History of Dharmapuri District". Dharmapuri District Official TN Website. Retrieved 1 March 2014.
- "Census Info 2011 Final population totals". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
- "Census Info 2011 Final population totals – Dharmapuri district". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01.
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-10-19. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- "Mango cultivation in TamilNadu(Dharmapuri & Krishnagiri Districts)". National Horticulture Board, Government Of INDIA.
- "Dharmapuri". tamilnadutourism.org. Retrieved 1 March 2014.
- Natarajana, M; Bhaskar Rao, B; Parthasarathy, R; Kumar, Anil; Gopalan, K (1994). "2.0 Ga old pyroxenite-carbonatite complex of Hogenakal, Tamil Nadu, South India". Precambrian Research. 65 (1–4): 167–81. doi:10.1016/0301-9268(94)90104-X. INIST:3910799.