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The early Buddhist scriptures give various lists of the constituents of the person:
- Nāma and rūpa, "name" and "form," or the mental and material elements;
- The five skandhas (aggregates): rupa (material elements), vedana (cognition), sañña (perception), sankhara ("mental formations," impulses), vijnana (consciousness);
- Six dhatus (elements): pathavi (earth), apo (water), tejo (temperature), vayo (air), akasa (space), vijnana (consciousness);
- Twelve Sense BasesTwelve ayatanas, means for the arising of sense-perception and the corresponding mental cognition: the eye, ear, nose, tongue, body, and mind; and the related external objects: form, sound, smell, taste, touch, and mental objects;
- Eighteen dhatus (elements); the twelve ayatanas, supplemented with the six kinds of consciousness which arise when perception takes place: the visual, auditory, olfactory, gustatory, tactile, and mental consciousnesses.
- Karunadasa, Y. (1996), The Dhamma Theory. Philosophical Cornerstone of the Abhidhamma, Buddhist Publication Society