Dhauli is located on the banks of the river Daya, 8 km south of Bhubaneswar in Odisha, India. It is a hill with vast open spaces adjoining it, and has major Edicts of Ashoka engraved on a mass of rock, by the side of the road leading to the summit of the hill.
The Rock Edicts found here include Nos. I-X, XIV and two separate Kalinga Edicts. In Kalinga Edict VI, he expresses his concern for the "welfare of the whole world". The rock-cut elephant above the Edicts is the earliest Buddhist sculpture of Odisha. The stone elephant shows the animal's foreparts only, though it has a fine sense of form and movement. It is considered as one of the few remains of Mauryan art.
Ashoka had a special weakness for Dhauli, where the battle was fought. The Daya river is said to have turned red with the blood of the many deceased after the battle, and enabled Ashoka to realize the magnitude of horror associated with war. He saw to it that Dhauli became an important centre of Buddhist activities. He built several chaityas, stupas and pillars there. He instructed that hermitages be excavated where recluses could meditate, issued instructions to be inscribed for officials, expounded the main principles of dandaniti (strict enforcement of laws) for the public, and thereby provided special status to his new kingdom including the stupas at Dhauli.
On the top of the hill, a dazzling white peace pagoda has been built by the Japan Buddha Sangha and the Kalinga Nippon Buddha Sangha in the 1970s.
- "Kalinga War and its impact on Ashoks". India Video. Retrieved 2 April 2011.
- Lahiri, Nayanjot (2015). Ashoka in Ancient India. Harvard University Press. p. 425. ISBN 9780674915251.
- Singh, Upinder (2008). A History of Ancient and Early Medieval India: From the Stone Age to the 12th Century. Pearson Education India. p. 361. ISBN 9788131711200.
- "Dhauli Hills, Bhubaneswar, Odisha". Retrieved 2 April 2011.
- "Dhauli". Odisha Tourism, Government of Odisha. Retrieved 3 August 2018.
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