Dhoraji

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Dhoraji
City
Three Gates (Tran Darwaja), Dhoraji
Three Gates (Tran Darwaja), Dhoraji
Dhoraji is located in Gujarat
Dhoraji
Dhoraji
Location in Gujarat, India
Coordinates: 21°44′01″N 70°27′00″E / 21.73367°N 70.449915°E / 21.73367; 70.449915Coordinates: 21°44′01″N 70°27′00″E / 21.73367°N 70.449915°E / 21.73367; 70.449915
CountryIndia
StateGujarat
DistrictRajkot
Elevation
73 m (240 ft)
Population
 (2014)
 • Total84,545
Languages
 • OfficialGujarati, Hindi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
360410
Telephone code+912824
Vehicle registrationGJ 03
A very famous monument of Dhoraji. An ancient carving from around 200 years old and a prime identity of Dhoraji and Gondal state.

Dhoraji (pronunciation ) is a town situated on the banks of the River Safura, a tributary of the River Bhadar. It is a municipality in the Rajkot district in the state of Gujarat, India.

History[edit]

Dhoraji was acquired by Kumbhaji II of Gondal State from Junagadh State about the middle of the eighteenth century.[1] Sir Bhagwatsinhji, the noble ruler of Gondal State, was born at Dhoraji Darbargadh. He established a town planning department and in the late 19th century introduced town planning principles to regularize and monitor the growth of the fortified towns of Gondal, Dhoraji and Upleta and Patanvav.

With the arrival of the railway, a new part of the Dhoraji town, between the railway station and the old town, was designed using axial planning, having broad avenues, road junctions, parks, bazaars and public buildings, it is a good example of urban planning of an Indian town during the British Raj.[2]

Galaxy Chowk, Dhoraji.

Attractions[edit]

Next to the temples of Shri Panchnath Mahadev, Rushiwadi Bileshwar Mahadev and Shri Chetaniya Hanuman, Shree Swaminarayan Mandir is also a popular spiritual centre in the old town. Murli Manohar Temple located is older than 350 years, bearing various architectural styles like Gujarati ornamental, Rajasthani and Indo-mughal styles.

Ghar Ni Dhoraji Fort was completed in 1755 AD. The massive fort wall has several bastions, 4 main gates and 3 smaller gates, known as baris. The four main gates are Kathiawadi Darwaja in the East, Porbandar Gate in the West, Halar Gate in the North and Junagadh Gate in the South.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[3] Dhoraji had a population of 80,807. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Dhoraji has an average literacy rate of 71%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 78% and, female literacy is 65%. In Dhoraji, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Transport[edit]

Air[edit]

Rajkot and Porbandar are the nearest airports. Keshod and Jamnagar are also nearby airports.

Road[edit]

Dhoraji is on National Highway 27. NH27 connects Dhoraji with Upleta, Rajkot, Porbandar, Gondal and Jetpur. National Highway 927D connects Dhoraji to Jamnagar via Kalavad.

Railway[edit]

Dhoraji railway station lies on the Wansjaliya-Jetalsar railway line that connects with Rajkot, the nearest large city. Wansjaliya railway junction is west of Dhoraji and connects with Porbandar, Jamnagar. Dhoraji railway station and Jetalsar railway junction are east of Dhoraji and connect with Rajkot.

Environmental Issues[edit]

Major pollution is caused by Jetpur cotton industries.[4]

Economy[edit]

The area's economy was long centered around sugar and tile production. Today, it relies on agriculture, specifically cotton, groundnuts, peanut, sugar cane, corn, vegetables, as well as edible oil production. However, Dhoraji is also developing into a hub for the plastics industry.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Imperial gazetteer of India: provincial series - Volume 9 - Page 395
  2. ^ "Gujarat Dhoraji, Forts of Gujarat, Historical Monuments, Dhoraji Forts, Temple of Goddess Ashapura, Excursions of Dhoraji, Pani No Kotho in Gujarat". Retrieved 27 October 2016.
  3. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  4. ^ Bhayani, Himanshu (27 January 2006). "Apparel park to revive Jetpur's textile trade fortunes". Business Standard India. Retrieved 7 April 2020.