Dhoraji

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Dhoraji
Town
Sardar Chowk, Dhoraji
Sardar Chowk, Dhoraji
Dhoraji is located in Gujarat
Dhoraji
Dhoraji
Location in Gujarat, India
Coordinates: 21°44′01″N 70°27′00″E / 21.73367°N 70.449915°E / 21.73367; 70.449915Coordinates: 21°44′01″N 70°27′00″E / 21.73367°N 70.449915°E / 21.73367; 70.449915
CountryIndia
StateGujarat
DistrictRajkot
Elevation73 m (240 ft)
Population (2014)
 • Total84,545
Languages
 • OfficialGujarati, Hindi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN360410
Telephone code+912824
Vehicle registrationGj 03
A very famous monument of Dhoraji. An ancient carving from around 200 years old and a prime identity of Dhoraji and Gondal state.
A very famous monument of Dhoraji. An ancient carving from around 200 years old and a prime identity of Dhoraji and Gondal state.

Dhoraji (About this soundpronunciation ) is a town situated on the banks of the River Safura, a tributary of the River Bhadar. It is a municipality in the Rajkot district in the state of Gujarat, India.

History[edit]

Dhoraji was acquired by Kumbhaji II of Gondal State from Junagadh State about the middle of the eighteenth century.[1] Sir Bhagwatsinhji, the noble ruler of Gondal State, was born at Dhoraji Darbargadh. He established a town planning department and in the late 19th century, introduced town planning principles to regularize and monitor the growth of the fortified town of Gondal, Dhoraji and Upleta and Patanvav.

With the arrival of railways, a new part of the Dhoraji town, between the railway station and the old town, was designed using axial planning, having broad avenues, road junctions, parks, bazaars and public buildings. It is a good. example of urban planning of an Indian town during British Raj.[2]

Galaxy Chowk, Dhoraji.

Temples[edit]

Rushiwadi Bileshwar Mahadev Temple, Since 1959, Ling Meet In, Bill Tree,

Rushiwadi Bileshwar Mahadev Temple, 56 years since founding.

Shri Chetaniya Hanuman, Since 1965, Janmashtami Mela Ground, near Vegetable Market,

Shri Chetaniya Hanuman Temple.
Batkeshwar Mahadev Temple located in Chetaniya Ground.
Kalbherav Temple located in Chetaniya Ground.
Chetandhuna located in Chetaniya Ground.

Shri Panchnath Mahadev, Since 1820, Jamnagar Highway, Dhoraji.

Panchnath Mahadev Temple, 195 years since founding.

Shree Swaminarayan Mandir[3] is also a very popular spiritual centre in the town

Murli Manohar Temple, Supedi - Supedi is a village located near Dhoraji, Gujarat. Murli Manohar Temple here is a beautiful temple older than 350 years, bearing various architectural styles like Gujarati ornamental, Rajasthani and Indo-mughal styles.

Dargahs & Mosques in Dhoraji[edit]

  • Hazrat Khwaja Mokmuddin Serani
  • Hazrat Lal Shah Baba
  • Hazrat Fazal-e-Haq Baba
  • Hazrat gebanshah baba
  • Hazrat sai zamalshah baba
  • Hazrat aadam pir baba
  • Hazrat akbar pir baba
  • Hazrat sehzada pir baba
  • Farooqui Masjid
  • Jumma Masjid
  • Haroonia Masjid
  • Khan mohmmed masjid
  • Chistya masjid
  • Rustam masjid
  • Qadri masjid
  • Sairani masjid
  • Khalifa masjid
  • Aqsha masjid
  • Madina masjid
  • Makka masjid

Ghar Ni Dhoraji Fort[4][edit]

The fortification of Dhoraji was completed in 1755 AD. The massive fort wall has several bastions, 4 main gates and 3 smaller gates, known as baris. The four main gates are Kathiawadi Darwaja in the East, Porbandar Gate in the West, Halar Gate in the North and Junagadh Gate in the South. The smaller gates are- Darbari Bari, Bhimji Bari and Sati Bari. Darbargadh in Dhoraji is located at the highest point in the town and is approached by Darbari Bari; a beautiful gate adorned with jharokha, resting on brackets of 4 elephant statues in different poses. A finely carved entrance gate leads to Darbargadh in the middle of a courtyard. Darbargadh is a three a multi-storey structure on a high plinth. The facade is ornamented with sculptures of musicians, complex geometric pattern, images of lions in different postures on long caves, profusely carved pillars, horizontal friezes, decorative kanguras and windows framing the skyline. It is designed like a jewel box - in the same architectural style of Navlakha Places at Gondal.

Situated next to Darbargadh is the exceptionally elegant building of Pani No Kotho. The beautifully structured balconies on all the four sides make the building give an impression of a palace building. In reality, it houses a pumping station and a water tank. It is a perfect specimen of blending utilities and aesthetics to create a delightful architecture [5]

Located on the left of Darbargadh is the temple of Goddess Ashapura. Though at present the royal temple needs restoration, but it is still magnificent enough to attract tourist’s interest.

A further walk from the temple leads the tourists to some of the most beautiful houses of rich and prosperous Memon merchants.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[6] Dhoraji had a population of 80,807. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Dhoraji has an average literacy rate of 71%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 78% and, female literacy is 65%. In Dhoraji, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Transport[edit]

Air[edit]

Rajkot and Porbandar are the nearest airports. Keshod and Jamnagar are also nearby airports.

Road[edit]

Dhoraji is on National Highway 27. NH27 connects Dhoraji with Upleta, Rajkot, Porbandar, Gondal and Jetpur. National Highway 927D connects Dhoraji to Jamnagar via Kalavad.

State transport corporation and private bus operators provide bus services.

Railway[edit]

Dhoraji railway station lies on the Wansjaliya-Jetalsar railway line that connects with Rajkot, the nearest large city. Wansjaliya railway junction is west of Dhoraji and connects with Porbandar, Jamnagar. Dhoraji railway station and Jetalsar railway junction are east of Dhoraji and connect with Rajkot. The railway line is broad gauge.

Environmental Issues[edit]

  • Major pollution is caused due to Jetpur cotton industries. There are many production units located in Jetpur. Jetpur is located 25 km on upstream of Bhadar river. Polluted water from Jetpur cotton industries is directly thrown in Bhadar river without treatment and it pollutes Bhadar river up to a great extent.
  • In Last 5 years, Many of the Jetpur cotton Industries have closed down and business of cotton dyeing has shifted to Pali Town in Rajasthan and the present Cotton units are asked to take pollution control measures and also effluent disposal to avoid pollution of the river hence the pollution is much less now. Water for sanitation and drinking is now better than earlier. People are also more aware about environmental issues as they are educated and know the consequences of pollution.

Major Business[edit]

  • Edible Oil production industry. There are many oil production units located in Dhoraji because to this, it is called locally, "Telia Raja" meaning King of Oil.
  • Agriculture - the main crops are cotton, groundnuts, peanut, sugar cane, corn, vegetables and onion.
  • More than 250 plastic production units are located in and near Dhoraji. The first plastic pipe factory was started in 1978 as Jolly Plastic Industries Limited. It has now closed. The factory was the first in the Saurashtra kutch region.[7]
  • Nowadays Dhoraji is developing as a Plastic Hub. Here there are lots of Plastic Industries. Virgin products to Reprocessed products are manufactured here by experienced people using highly skilled employees and the latest technology.
  • Back in the old days there were lots of sugar factories (sugar mills) located on the national highway 8B between Dhoraji and Upleta, Dhoraji and Junagadh and Dhoraji and Bhavnagar.
  • There are many Mosaic tiles factories located between Dhoraji and Upleta. The tiles were known for their design and quality for many years.
  • One of the major business is food manufacture. Foods made here include ganthia, a deep fried snack in the shape of a stick made from gram flour. It is arguably one of the most famous dishes from Dhoraji. Many of the people from Dhoraji start their morning with a plate of Ganthia. Other dishes from the region include pav bhaji, spicy potato (lasaniya batata), dabeli and many farsan and sweets.
  • Dhoraji has many boarding schools, which attract students from nearby small villages. These include many private schools as well as government schools.
  • Some famous recipe from Dhoraji includes, "Gafar na bateta","Rangoli no icecream" "Pravinbhai na gathiya(pavalo gathiyavalo)","popat ni dabeli", "fauji no khimo","Adinath nu farsaan", "azad ni pyali","khodiyar nu panjabi chinese", "kailash ni pavbhaji","Raghuveer purisaak","jamaal no golo", "ambassador na gathiya (nirav)", "Bapani Panipuri".

References[edit]

  1. ^ Imperial gazetteer of India: provincial series - Volume 9 - Page 395
  2. ^ "Gujarat Dhoraji, Forts of Gujarat, Historical Monuments, Dhoraji Forts, Temple of Goddess Ashapura, Excursions of Dhoraji, Pani No Kotho in Gujarat". Retrieved 27 October 2016.
  3. ^ dhoraji, swaminarayan mandir kadiyawad. ":: Welcome to Shree Swaminarayan Temple, Dhoraji. ::". Retrieved 27 October 2016.
  4. ^ info@astrolika.com, astrolika,. "Dhoraji Fort Rajkot Gujarat & it's History". Retrieved 27 October 2016.
  5. ^ "Dhoraji Fort Porbandar - Ancient Fort in Gujarat". Retrieved 27 October 2016.
  6. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
  7. ^ "Plastic Industries in Dhoraji, Plastic Factories in Dhoraji Town". Retrieved 27 October 2016.