Dhour El Choueir

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Dhour El Choueir
ضهور الشوير
City
Dhour El Choueir road - 1947
Dhour El Choueir road - 1947
Map showing the location of Dhour El Shuwayr within Lebanon
Map showing the location of Dhour El Shuwayr within Lebanon
Dhour El Choueir
Location within Lebanon
Coordinates: 33°54′43.32″N 35°42′32.54″E / 33.9120333°N 35.7090389°E / 33.9120333; 35.7090389Coordinates: 33°54′43.32″N 35°42′32.54″E / 33.9120333°N 35.7090389°E / 33.9120333; 35.7090389
Country Lebanon
GovernorateMount Lebanon Governorate
DistrictMatn District
Elevation
1,200 m (3,900 ft)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Dialing code+961

Dhour El Choueir (Arabic: ضهور الشوير), sometimes Dhour Shweir, is a mountain town in Lebanon ('dhour' meaning 'summit, top [of a mountain]') located in the Matn District. It lies slightly north of the main Beirut - Damascus highway, overlooking the city of Beirut and the Mediterranean sea, some 30 km from Beirut and 42 km from Beirut International Airport in Khalde. This mountain town is one of Mount Lebanon's favored summer resorts, known for its extraordinary fresh air and is also important for its August yearly carnival, honoring Lebanon's emigrants. It is linked to Beirut via the Matn Express Highway, also known as the M90 through Baabdat.

Demographics[edit]

The inhabitants of Dhour El-Choueir are predominantly Christians, with half of the population being Eastern Orthodox, while the other half is mostly Melkite and Maronite.

History[edit]

The Greek Catholic monk Abdallah Zakher set up an Arabic language printing press using movable type at the monastery of Saint John at Choueir, the first homemade press in Lebanon. He personally cut the type molds and did the founding of the elegant typeface. He created the first true Arabic script type in the Middle East. The first book off the Zakhir press was printed in 1734; this press continued to be used until 1899.[1]

The town was on the front line during the Lebanese Civil War from 1975 to 1990.

Education[edit]

  • Dhour Shweir Public Secondary School

Notable people[edit]

  • Antun Saadeh, the founder and historical leader of the Syrian Social Nationalist Party (SSNP)[2] was born here
  • Tanios Bou-Nader Khneisser, the father of the Sword & Shield Folkloric Dance.
  • Naameh Yafeth
  • Abraham Rihbany (1869-1944), a writer on politics and religion.
  • Khalil Hawi (1919-1982) was one of the most famous Lebanese poets of the 20th century.
  • Asad Rustum (4 June 1897 - 23 June 1965) a Lebanese historian, academic and writer.
  • Salwa Nassar (1913 — February 17, 1967) was a Lebanese nuclear physicist and college administrator
  • The family of Edward Said (1935-2003) regularly vacationed in the resort, and Said was married there (1962).[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-12-29. Retrieved 2007-03-11.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ Brennan, Timothy. Places of Mind: A Life of Edward Said (2021).

External links[edit]