Dhrishtadyumna

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Dhristadyumna)
Jump to: navigation, search
Dhrishtadyumna
Mahabharata Edit this on Wikidata character
Drishtadumnya announces about the Draupadi Swayamvara.jpg
Drishtadumnya announces the Draupadi Swayamvara
Information
Parent(s) Drupada Edit this on Wikidata
Teacher(s) Drona Edit this on Wikidata

Dhrishtadyumna (Sanskrit: धृष्टद्युम्न, dhṛṣṭadyumna, lit. he who is courageous and splendorous), also known as Draupada (Sanskrit: द्रौपद, lit. son of Drupada), was the son of Drupada and brother of Draupadi and Shikhandi in the epic Mahabharata. He was the commander of the Pandava army during the Kurukshetra War. Dhrishtadyumna killed Drona, the royal guru, when he was meditating which was against the rules of engagement.[1]

Story[edit]

Dhristadyumna in Javanese Wayang

The king of Panchala, Drupada undertook a Putrakameshti yajna, a sacrifice to please the gods and obtain offspring by their blessing. Drupada desired a son who could kill Guru Dronacharya, who had humiliated Drupada in battle and taken half his kingdom.

With the help of two saints (Maharishis Yaja and Upayaja), Drupada undertook the sacrifice. After his wife made the sacrificial offerings, Dhrishtadyumna emerged from the fire, a fully grown powerful young and armed man, together with his sister Draupadi. He already had martial and religious knowledge. Despite being younger than them, Dhristadyumna is appointed as the heir over his two siblings due to his heavenly parents.

Even though he was the prophesied killer of Drona, he was accepted as a student by Drona, and he learned advanced military arts. When his sister Draupadi was won in an archery competition by a young Brahmin at her swayamvara, in front of all the princes and nobility, Dhrishtadyumna secretly followed the Brahmin and his sister, only to discover that the Brahmin was in fact Arjuna, one of the five Pandava brothers.[1]

In the war[edit]

At the great battle of Kurukshetra, on the advice of Krishna and Arjuna, Dhrishtadyumna was appointed the commander of the Pandava army.

Drishtadyumna as Commander in chief of Pandava's Army

With Lord Krishna's plan a success, Drona laid down his arms and sat in meditation. Dhrishtadyumna took this opportunity and beheaded him. After the killing of Drona, Dhristadyumna was attacked by Arjuna, who was a devoted student of Drona but was defended by Draupadi and Krishna.[citation needed]

On the 18th night of the war, Ashwathama attacked the Pandava camp during the night, and killed Dhristadyumna. As Dhristadyumna begs for an honorable death, asking to die with a sword in his hand, Ashwathama ignores him, proceeding to beat and smother him to death.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Positive thinking: Dhrishtadyumna". DNA. December 7, 2012. 
  2. ^ K M Ganguly(1883-1896). The Mahabharatha Book 10: Sauptika Parva section 8 Ashwatthama killing Dhrishtadyumna, October 2003