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The Duhur prayer (Arabic: صلاة الظهر, ṣalāt aẓ-ẓuhr IPA: [sˤalaːt aðˤðˤuhr], "noon prayer"; also transliterated Duhur or Duhur) is the prayer after midday (but before the time for the Asr prayer.) It has been said that the name Dhuhr was given to this prayer because it falls halfway between two daily prayers, those being Fajr (or Fajer) which denotes the beginning of dawn and Isha, the first instant of complete darkness. Performed daily by practicing Muslims, it is the second of the five daily prayers (salat, known to be one of the most important pillars.) The Islamic day begins at Fajr which is the first prayer. The five daily prayers collectively are one of the Five Pillars of Islam in Sunni Islam, and one of the ten Practices of the Religion (فروع الدين furūʿ ad-dīn) according to Shia Islam. The Holy Qur'an has reiterated its importance, "Attend constantly to prayers and to the middle prayer and stand up truly obedient to Allah". It is reduced to two rakaʿāt when traveling.
In both of the sects, four rakaʿāt are mandatory (Fard) and are prayed silently. However, in Sunni Islam, four rakaʿāt prior to the Fard raka'ah and two rakaʿāt following the Fard raka'ah are recommended; these are nawafil which are nonobligatory.
On Friday the Zuhr prayer is replaced by Jumu'ah, it is obligatory for Muslim men who are above the age of puberty to pray in congregation either in the mosque of the city they live in or with a group of Muslims. Women, however, are recommended but not obligated to pray in a congregation on Friday prayer. The Zuhr prayer, on Friday, is led by a Khutba which is a speech given by the leader of the mosque (Imam) with a purpose to educate, bond, guide, and improve the quality of the community as well as propagate Islam (Dawa).
It is known as ‘the middle prayer’ (ṣalāt al-wusṭā):165
|Arab World||Arabic||صلاة الظهر
|Pakistan, India||Urdu||نماز ظہر
|Albania, Kosovo||Albanian||Namaz i mesditës|
|Bangladesh, East India||Bengali||যুহর, যোহর (Zuhor, juhor)|
|Somalia, Somaliland||Somali||Salaada Duhur|
|Southeast Asia||Bahasa Indonesia, Bahasa Melayu||Salat zuhur, Solat zuhur|
|Indonesia (West Java, Banten)||Basa Sunda||Lohor|
|Iraqi Kurdistan||Sorani||نوێژی نیوەڕۆ|
Time of Zuhr prayer
The waqt (prescribed time) of the Zuhr salat is determined differently by the different branches of Islam. In each case, however, it is best to perform the prayer as soon as the waqt is "in", and it is inadvisable to unnecessarily delay it.
The time frame of the zuhr daily prayer is as follows:
- Time begins: once the sun has crossed the celestial meridian (true noon), exactly halfway between sunrise and sunset. This is when the sun is at the highest point in the sky.
- Time ends: before the time of the daily Asr prayer (afternoon prayer) (there is scholarly disagreement as to exactly when that occurs). Also, according to the Maliki school, the dharoori time (Time of Necessity for those who had a legitimate excuse to miss the prayer during the Prescribed Time) for zuhr lasts all the way until a little before sunset, the beginning of Maghrib prayer. Thus, according to the Maliki school, if someone prays zuhr 30 minutes before sunset, he is considered to have prayed the prayer "on time", though he would be sinful if he had delayed that long without a legitimate excuse.
- This is for the individual prayer. In the congregation, the recitation will also be unnoticeable except for the expressions which indicate each of the stages of the prayer.
- The Best Guide of Zuhr Prayer Benefits, Prayer Time NYC website, Retrieved 14 May 2017
- Mohammad Taqi al-Modarresi (26 March 2016). The Laws of Islam (PDF). Enlight Press. ISBN 978-0994240989. Retrieved 22 December 2017.
- (Noon) Prayer [Four rak^ahs (cycles): The Basics of the Muslims Prayer on sunna.info website, Retrieved 14 May 2017
- A detailed guide on how to perform Zuhr prayer, qul.org website, Retrieved 14 May 2017
- https://www.islamicfinder.org/prayer-times/ Chart for Prayer Times anywhere in the world available on IslamicFinder website, Retrieved 14 May 2017