Dhule

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Dhule
City
Recently inaugurated 'Dhule to Pune' Rail Service
Recently inaugurated 'Dhule to Pune' Rail Service
Dhule is located in Maharashtra
Dhule
Dhule
Location of Dhule City in Maharashtra state
Coordinates: 20°53′59″N 74°46′11″E / 20.89972°N 74.76972°E / 20.89972; 74.76972Coordinates: 20°53′59″N 74°46′11″E / 20.89972°N 74.76972°E / 20.89972; 74.76972
CountryIndia India
StateMaharashtra
RegionKhandesh (North Maharashtra)
DivisionNashik
DistrictDhule District
TalukasDhule
Government
 • TypeMayor–Council
 • District CollectorMr. Rahul Rekhavar (IAS)
 • Superintendent of PoliceMr. M Ram Kumar (IPS)
 • Municipal CommissionerMr. Sudhakar Vishnu Deshmukh
 • MayorMrs. Kalpana Mahale
Area
 • Total137 km2 (53 sq mi)
Area rank9 (Maharashtra), 18 (India)
Elevation
319 m (1,047 ft)
Population
(2011)[1]
 • Total6,59,559
 • Density4,800/km2 (12,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Dhulekar
Languages
 • OfficialMarathi
 • LocalAhirani
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
42400x
Telephone code+91 256
ISO 3166 code[[ISO 3166-2:IN|]]
Vehicle registrationMH-18
Sex ratio52/48 /
ClimateAw (Köppen)
Avg. summer temperature44 °C (111 °F)
Avg. winter temperature20 °C (68 °F)
Websitewww.dhule.nic.in

Dhule is a city located in the Dhule District in the northwestern part of Maharashtra state, India known as Khandesh, situated on the banks of Panzara River.

The city, with industrial areas, schools, hospitals, supermarkets and residential areas, has communications and transport infrastructures. Dhule is the regional headquarters of MIDC, RTO, and MTDC. Dhule is largely emerging as one of the upcoming hubs of textile, edible oil, and power-loom across the state and has gained a strategic advantage for being on the junction of three National Highways viz. NH-3, NH-6, and NH-211 and on most anticipated Manmad - Indore Rail Project. Recently Ministry of Surface Transport has granted conversion of surrounding 4 state highways to National Highway, after which Dhule would be the one amongst very few cities in India being located on convergence of 7 National Highways. Conversion of NH-3 from four lanes to six lanes between Dhule and Nashik with modern facilities is under process.[2][3]

Dhule city is also a part of Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor Project, as Node - 17, India's most ambitious infrastructure program, aiming to develop new industrial cities and converging next generation technologies across infrastructure sectors.[4][5][6]

As a part of creating employment across smaller cities, Ministry of Electronics and IT has also given in-principal approval for setting BPO at Dhule.[7][8]

Geography[edit]

Dhule is located at 20°54′N 74°47′E / 20.9°N 74.78°E / 20.9; 74.78.[9] It has an average elevation of 250 metres (787 feet). Dhule lies in the Khandesh region, which forms the northwest corner of the Deccan Plateau.

The Dhule district is bordered in the west by the Gujarat State and in the north by Madhya Pradesh along with Nandurbar district, and in the south and east by Nashik district and Jalgaon district respectively. It is situated in a valley of the Tapi River along the banks of the Panzara River. The Devi Ekveera (Goddess Ekveera) being regarded as a Gramadevata of the city and her temple is situated on the banks of the Panzara River.

Throughout the district the neem trees have been planted as avenue trees on roadsides. Less common is the tamarind, peepal, babul, and other types of trees. In the urban area of the district around 50% population is agriculturalists and agricultural labors, whereas in the rural area more than 95% population is agriculturalists and agricultural labors.

This region consists of residual hills and dykes of poor dry and stony soils intervened by well watered valleys of the eastward trending upper courses of streams with somewhat better soils and intense agricultural activity based on canal and well irrigation. This region is one of the few regions in Maharashtra with well developed canal irrigation even in Pre-British times, probably on account of the rivers flowing in a region of light soils derived from the slow weathering of the dykes. The soils of Tapi valley region are extremely fertile except in some portions near the main river and its tributaries.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Dhule
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29
(84)
32
(90)
36
(97)
38
(100)
39
(102)
34
(93)
30
(86)
29
(84)
30
(86)
32
(90)
30
(86)
28
(82)
32
(90)
Average low °C (°F) 12
(54)
14
(57)
19
(66)
22
(72)
25
(77)
24
(75)
22
(72)
21
(70)
21
(70)
19
(66)
15
(59)
12
(54)
19
(66)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 33.33
(1.3122)
2.1
(0.083)
3.3
(0.13)
3.5
(0.138)
4.4
(0.173)
114.2
(4.496)
115.6
(4.551)
119.6
(4.709)
121.6
(4.787)
60.8
(2.394)
10.7
(0.421)
6.5
(0.256)
595.63
(23.4502)
Source: Dhule Weather

The climate of the district is on the whole dry except during the south-west monsoon season. The year may be divided into four seasons. The cold season from December to February is followed by the hot season from March to May. The south-west monsoon season which follows thereafter, lasts till September. October and November constitute the post-monsoon season.

The average annual rainfall in the district is 674.0 mm. The rainfall is heavier in the hilly regions of the Western Ghats mountain range and the Satpura ranges. From about the latter half of February, temperatures increase steadily till May which is the hottest part of the year with the mean daily maximum temperature at 40.7 degrees Celsius.

From November, both day and night temperatures drop rapidly till January which is the coldest month with the mean daily minimum at 16.2 degree Celsius. Except during the south-west monsoon season when the humidity is above 70 per cent, the air is rather dry over the district during the rest of the year.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 India census,[1] Dhule had a population of 376,093. At the 2001 census, males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Dhule has an average literacy rate of 85%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 80% and, female literacy is 69%. 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.

History[edit]

Until the beginning of the 19th century, Dhule was an insignificant village, subordinate to Laling, the capital of the Laling or Fatehabad Subdivision. Under the rule of the Nizam, Laling was incorporated with the District of Daulatabad. The town passed successively through the hands of the Arab kings, the Mughals, and the Nizam, and into the power of the Peshwas about 1795. In 1803, it was completely deserted by its inhabitants on account of the ravages of Holkar and the terrible famine of that year. In the following year, Balaji Balwant, a dependant of the Vinchurkar, to whom the parganas of Laling and Songir had been granted by the Peshwa, repeopled the town, and received from the Vinchurkar, in return for his services, a grant of inam land and other privileges. He was subsequently entrusted with the entire management of the territory of Songir and Laling, and fixed his headquarters at Dhule, where he continued to exercise authority till the occupation of the country by the British in 1818. Dhule was immediately chosen as the headquarters of the newly formed District of Khandesh by Captain John Briggs. In January 1819, he obtained sanction for building public offices for the transaction of revenue and judicial business. Artificers were brought from distant places, and the buildings were erected at a total cost of £2700. Every encouragement was offered to traders and others to settle in the new town. Building sites were granted rent free in perpetuity, and advances were made both to the old inhabitants and strangers to enable them to erect substantial houses. At this time, Captain Briggs described Dhule as a small town, surrounded by garden cultivation, and shut in between an irrigation channel and the river. The town was located on the southern bank of the Panzara River with an area of about one square mile. In 1819, the population numbered only 2509 persons, living in 401 houses. In 1863, there were 10,000 inhabitants; while by 1872 the number had further increased to 12,489, with 2620 houses. From the date of its occupation by the British, the progress of Dhule had been steady. Towards the end of the 19th century the town had already become significant trading centre due to the trade in cotton and linseed. Coarse cotton, woolen cloths and turbans were manufactured for local use around this time. In 1872, Dhule was visited by a severe flood, which did much damage to houses and property.[10][11]

Dhule was a cantonment town, and in year 1881 had two hospitals, telegraph and post offices. In 1873-74 there were four Government schools, with 551 pupils. Historically, the town has been divided into New and Old Dhule. In the latter, the houses were irregularly built, the majority being of a very humble description.[10][11]

Education[edit]

Dhule hosts a big number of educational institutes. Following table names a few of them:

Type Names
Schools

1. North Point High School
2. Chavara Vidyaniketan, Chavara English Medium School and Chavara High School ( SSC + CBSE )
3. Holy Child English School
4. Garud High School
5. Podar International School
6. Swami Teunram High School
7. Sadhvi Preeti Sudhaji Model School
8. NSB Day School
9. J.R. City High School
10. Maharana Pratap High School
11. K. S. K. New City High School
12. Shree Ekvira Devi Madyamic High School
13. R. K. Chitale Madhyamik Vidhyalay
14. Unnati Madhyamik Vidhyalay
15. Jai Hind High School
16. Rajeev Gandhi Madhyamik Vidyalay
17. Kamalabai Shankarlal Kanya Shala
18. Jijamata Kanya High School
19. L.M. Sardar Urdu High School & Jr. College
20. Haji Badlu Sardar High School
21. St. Xavier's Canossa Convent School
22. Canossa Convent High School
23. New City High School
24. S.T.T.K Mahajan High School
25. R.R. Padvi Nutan High School & Jr. College
26.Raje Chhatrapati Sambhaji Vidyalaya Dhule
27. Swami Teuram High School
28. Agrasen Maharaj High School
29. Navjeewan English Medium School
30. Sindhuratna Sanstha's English School
31. Little Angels Nursery
32. Sant Shri Asharamji Gurukul />st.anns
33. WKDSPM's Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar High School
34. Nanasaheb Z.B. Patil High School, Deopur Dhule.

Colleges Jai Hind Junior College of Arts, Commerce and Science

Z.B. Patil College, Dhule (Formerly, Jai Hind College Of Arts, Science & Commerce)
SSVPS's College

NIT ( Nikam Institute Of Technology )
L.M. Sardar Urdu Jr. College
Vidya Vardhini College
Palesha College of Commerce
Institute of Management Education (Palesha Campus)
Sanmati Educational Trust's Institute of Information Technology, Deopur, Dhule
WKDSPM's Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Memorial College of Law, Dhule

Engineering Colleges SSVPS College of Engineering and Polytechnic
SES College of Engineering
Gangamai College of Engineering
Government Polytechnic, Dhule
Industrial Training of institute
Mukesh Patel Technology Park - Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies (Shirpur Campus)
Mukesh Patel School of Technology Management & Engineering
School of Pharmacy & Technology Management
Medical Colleges Shri Bhausaheb Hire Government Medical College, Dhule
JMF's ACPM Medical College
JMF's ACPM Dental College
Others College of Agriculture, Dhule
SSVPS's Lalit Kala Mahavidhyalay [Fine Art College]
Annasaheb Ramesh Ajmera College of Pharmacy
KMRC's Bss Community College
Institute For Education, Training and Research, Dhule
Sports
District Sports Office, Dhule

Government Hospital[edit]

Shri Bhausaheb Hire Government Medical College was founded in 1989. Earlier hospital of Medical College was sub-merged with that of District Civil Hospital. However, since it was leading to several conflicts amongst staff of respective departments, Department of Medical Education decided to venture out itself from District Civil Hospital and erected its new building with state of the art medical facilities at Chakkar Bardi area of the city; around 8 km away from city alongside NH-6 with total capacity of 500 beds and have shifted with effect from 14.03.2016.

At the old site in city, New Civil Hospital with total capacity of 200 to 250 beds is proposed. MSRTC has resumed city-bus service connecting Central Bus Stand to Chakkar Bardi, so as to avoid any inconvenience to public.[12][13]

Industries and Economy of the City[edit]

Dhule is well known for purest ‘milk-ghee’ production, maximum cultivable land, and production of groundnut, foremost in agro-based industries, leader in wind power generation.[14]

Dondaicha in Shindkheda taluka is famous for the chilly market. There is also a Starch factory here. Many cottage industries are operational in the district. Beedi rolling, pottery, brick making, knitting saris on handlooms, oil extraction from ground nut and sesame are few of them. Wood cutting units are operated at Dhule, Shirpur and Pimpalner.[15][better source needed]

Being centrally located on about to complete Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor Project (DMIC), Safexpress has established India's largest Logistics Park in the outskirts of Dhule City on National Highway No. 6.[16][17]

As part of the successful development of the region under DMIC, there is a need to focus on ensuring requisite irrigation infrastructure for ensuring availability of water throughout the year.

Reasons for selecting Dhule- Nardana Investment Region (DNIR):

  • Being located close to the intersection of NH-6, NH-3 and NH-211, this region enjoys advantage of excellent connectivity to ports and hinterland.
  • With abundant supply of raw materials and human resources, this region has wide potential for setting up of manufacturing units for textile products.
  • Dhule Airport is also located close to the proposed region.
  • This region is served by the major rive basin formed by Tapi River[18][19][20]

Keep apart proposed DNIR, snapshot of existing Dhule M.I.D.C. is as under:[21]

1) Dhule Industrial Area:

M.I.D.C. has planned to develop an industrial area on 400.35 Hect. of land. About 278.08 Hect. of land has come into possession of MIDC. MIDC has provided all the basic infrastructure such as roads, street lights, water supply pipe lines in this area.

MIDC has constructed an earthen dam on Motinala to fulfill the requirement of water of the industrial area. MIDC has provided water supply scheme of 4.50 MLD capacity. Presently the consumption of the water is about 2.20 MLD. The rate of allotment of industrial plot is Rs. 100.00 per sqm. The Association namely "Dhule Avdhan Manufacturers Association Avadhan, Dhule" has been established for development of Industries in MIDC Dhule Industrial Area.

The expansion of existing MIDC has been proposed vide Phase- II in Raver area, situated in outskirts of the city, which is having area of more than 1600 acres (643 hectares) and currently this proposal is under consideration of State Government.

It is also worthwhile to note that, planned Manmad-Dhule-Indore Railway line have also been considered in the original proposal of DMIC (Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor Project), which will boost Industrial growth in and around city.[22][23]

2) Nardana Central Government sponsored Growth Centre:

MIDC has planned to develop an industrial area on 750.09 Hect. of land. About 648.56 Hect. of land has come in possession of MIDC. The reservation of water for 4.38 MM3 per year has been granted by Irrigation Department. MIDC has provided the water supply scheme for this industrial area. This scheme includes Jackwell, 600 mm dia PSC raw water rising main (13.50 km.), 400 mm dia PSC pure water rising main (9.50 km.) water treatment plant of 6 MLD capacity & 1000 cum capacity ESR. Presently MIDC is developing phase I having land 480 Hect. MIDC has completed 7.22 km. WBM roads, out of which asphalting of 2.10 km road is completed. MIDC has also provided the water supply distribution pipe lines. The rate of allotment of industrial plot is Rs. 50.00 per Sqm.

Under proposed DMIC, The Nardana Textile Park is being set up 30 km from Dhule City. The total area of the park will be approximately 648 hectares, on which 72 plots will be demarcated. The Dhule airstrip, just 30 km away from the industrial area, will provide accessibility to the park and facilitate a quick movement of material.[24]

Manmad - Dhule - Indore Rail Project[edit]

Recently Central Railways has floated tender for submitting project report within 6 months. Said report shall be submitted to Railway Planning Committee for further approval and thereafter provision shall be made in rail budget.[25][26][27][28][29][30][31][32][33]


Transportation[edit]

Dhule- Central Bus Stand

Air[edit]

Dhule Airport is located in the Gondur area of Dhule city. It has a runway 1,400 metres (4,600 ft) long. Nearby airports with scheduled services are at Aurangabad (148 km), Pune (340 km), and Mumbai (350 km). Dhule airport has provided facility of Aircraft Training and Pilot training.

Rail[edit]

Dhule Terminus (Station Code: DHI) is connected to Chalisgaon Junction Railway Station under Central Railways. The Chalisgaon Dhule Passenger runs between the two stations four times a day.

Road[edit]

Dhule is one of the few cities in the Maharashtra State which is located on the junction of three National Highways, these being NH-3, NH-6 and NH-211. Through the Asian Highway project, portions of NH3 and NH6 passing through Dhule have been converted into numbered Asian Highways AH47 & AH46 respectively.

Due to the heavy use of Central Bus Stand and traffic congestion within the city, one more bus stand has been built in Deopur, which became fully operational from March 23, 2015. From this stand, about 120 route buses are running on a daily basis.[34][35][36] Central Bus Stand is connected to Deopur Bus Stand by four 25 seater mini-buses by Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation (MSRTC). These buses run from Central Bus Stand to Nagav and from Deopur Bus Stand to Laling.[34][37] Recognizing ongoing expansion of the city limits and the increased population, Shri Annasaheb Misal (IAS), The Collector & District Magistrate of Dhule and Shri Rajendra Deore (Dhule Depot Controller) of MSRTC started city-bus services in July 2016. This service is available on four different routes - Laling to Nagav, Fagne to Morane, Walwadi to Vadjai, and CBS to Chakkar Bardi.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
  2. ^ "धुळे-नाशिक महामार्गाच्या सहापदरीकरणास मान्यता". 17 July 2016.
  3. ^ "'नाशिक-धुळे' सहापदरी -Maharashtra Times". 17 July 2016.
  4. ^ DMICDC. DMICDC. Retrieved on 2016-03-16.
  5. ^ ::: Welcome to Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor :::. Delhimumbaiindustrialcorridor.com. Retrieved on 2016-03-16.
  6. ^ Tourism in Dhule, Best Places in Dhule. TourismGuideIndia.com. Retrieved on 2016-03-16.
  7. ^ http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/economy/policy/it-minister-approves-9000-seats-for-call-centres-in-small-towns/articleshow/54659119.cms
  8. ^ Reporter, B. S. (4 October 2016). "Govt approves about 9,020 seats under BPO promotion scheme" – via Business Standard.
  9. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Dhule. Fallingrain.com. Retrieved on 2016-03-16.
  10. ^ a b Hunter, William Wilson (1881). The imperial gazetteer of India. London: Trubner and Company. p. 580.
  11. ^ a b "The imperial gazetteer of India [by] W.W. Hunter". W.W. Hunter. Trubner and Company. Retrieved 10 January 2012.
  12. ^ Dhule, 15th March Dhule : readwhere. :. Retrieved on 2016-03-16.
  13. ^ LOKMAT E-Paper. Epaper.lokmat.com. Retrieved on 2016-03-16.
  14. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20160305011823/http://www.downtoearth.org.in/node/4854. Archived from the original on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 20 March 2016. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  15. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20150406042923/https://www.manase.org/en/maharashtra.php?mid=68&smid=22&did=35&dsid=9. Archived from the original on 6 April 2015. Retrieved 20 March 2016. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  16. ^ Safexpress opens logistics parks in Dhule and Jammu – The Financial Express. Financialexpress.com (2015-04-05). Retrieved on 2016-03-16.
  17. ^ Inauguration of India's Largest Logistics Park at Dhule - Safexpress. YouTube (2015-02-04). Retrieved on 2016-03-16.
  18. ^ ::: Welcome to Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor :::. Delhimumbaiindustrialcorridor.com. Retrieved on 2016-03-16.
  19. ^ http://www.ilfsindia.com/downloads/bus_rep/DMIC_brief.pdf
  20. ^ The Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion - About DMIC. Dipp.nic.in. Retrieved on 2016-03-16.
  21. ^ dhule.nic.in. dhule.nic.in. Retrieved on 2016-03-16.
  22. ^ Welcome to. Deshdoot.com. Retrieved on 2016-03-16.
  23. ^ industrial corridor - Maharashtra Times. Maharashtratimes.indiatimes.com (2015-04-07). Retrieved on 2016-03-16.
  24. ^ ::: Welcome to Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor :::. Delhimumbaiindustrialcorridor.com (2008-01-24). Retrieved on 2016-03-16.
  25. ^ "07/20/2016 : Divya Marathi e-Paper, dhule, e-Paper, dhule e Paper, e Newspaper dhule, dhule e Paper, dhule ePaper".
  26. ^ Clearance to Indore manmad rail line and two project of Malwa region 676650. Naidunia.jagran.com (2016-02-25). Retrieved on 2016-03-16.
  27. ^ Rail budget: Maharashtra's outlay for FY17 up 10% at Rs 4,767 cr | Business Line. Thehindubusinessline.com (2016-02-25). Retrieved on 2016-03-16.
  28. ^ 02/26/2016 : Divya Marathi e-Paper, dhule, e-Paper, dhule e Paper, e Newspaper dhule, dhule e Paper, dhule ePaper. Epaperdivyamarathi.bhaskar.com. Retrieved on 2016-03-16.
  29. ^ मनमाड- इंदूर रेल्वेमार्गावर ४० स्थानके, दोन बोगदे | सकाळ. Esakal.com. Retrieved on 2016-03-16.
  30. ^ मनमाड- इंदूर रेल्वेमार्गास अखेर मंजुरी! | सकाळ. Esakal.com. Retrieved on 2016-03-16.
  31. ^ Railway Budget 2016: 4 of 9 state projects get nod | Latest News & Updates at Daily News & Analysis. Dnaindia.com (2016-02-26). Retrieved on 2016-03-16.
  32. ^ New track to connect Nashik with Pune | Latest News & Updates at Daily News & Analysis. Dnaindia.com (2016-02-26). Retrieved on 2016-03-16.
  33. ^ Madhya Pradesh gets 3 rail lines under PPP mode | bhopal. Hindustan Times (2016-02-26). Retrieved on 2016-03-16.
  34. ^ a b 03/24/2015 : Divya Marathi e-Paper, dhule, e-Paper, dhule e Paper, e Newspaper dhule, dhule e Paper, dhule ePaper. Epaperdivyamarathi.bhaskar.com. Retrieved on 2016-03-16.
  35. ^ Welcome to. Deshdoot.com. Retrieved on 2016-03-16.
  36. ^ devpur bus stop - Maharashtra Times. Maharashtratimes.indiatimes.com (2015-03-11). Retrieved on 2016-03-16.
  37. ^ Dhule, 24th Mar Dhule : readwhere. :. Retrieved on 2016-03-16.

External links[edit]