Dhumketu (magazine)

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Dhumketu
Cover of Dhumketu magazine by Kazi Nazrul.jpg
Front page of the first issue
EditorKazi Nazrul Islam
FrequencyBi-weekly
First issueAugust 11, 1922 (1922-08-11)
Final issueMarch 1923
CountryBengal Presidency
LanguageBengali

Dhumketu (Bengali: ধূমকেতু dhūmkētu, "comet") was a bi-weekly magazine edited by Kazi Nazrul Islam which was first published on 11 August 1922. The magazine was started with a four-page format, later elaborated to eight pages.[1] The last issue of the magazine was published in March 1923. Many of the popular poems of Nazrul including Anandamoyeer Agamane, Dhumketu etc. were published in this magazine. Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay also contributed to the magazine.[1]

Editorial Board[edit]

Kazi Nazrul Islam edited several special issues of the magazine including the Muharram issue in August 1922, the Agamani issue on 26 September 1922, Puja Issue on 22 September 1922, the Diwali issue on 20 October 1922 and the Congress issue on 27 December 1922. While Nazrul was in jail, Biren Sen Gupta and Amaresh Kanji Lal edited the magazine.[1]

Anti-British publication[edit]

In the Puja Issue of the Dhumketu magazine published on 22 September 1922, Nazrul wrote an anti-British political poem[2] named Anandamoyeer Agamane (English:The Advent of the Delightful Mother). On 23 January 1923, Nazrul was arrested by the police of the Bengal Presidency on charge of sedition for his statements in the poem.[1][3] Nazrul demanded complete freedom from the British government in the poem. Following the arrest, the 27 January 1923 issue of the paper was named as the Nazrul issue. After this issue, the publication was temporarily suspended. Later, it appeared again under Biren Sen Gupta and Amaresh Kanji Lal as the editors.[1]

After the arrest, Nazrul was transferred to Hooghly Jail from Presidency Jail. He was sentenced to one year imprisonment by the government. While in jail, Nazrul and his co-prisoners started an indefinite fast as a protest against the Bengal Police administration's atrocities and oppression that lasted for 39 days. Rabindranath Tagore sent a telegram to Nazrul and requested him to give up his fast, saying, "Give up hunger strike. Our literature claims you". Nazrul was released from jail on 15 December 1923.[4][5]

Fate[edit]

The revolutionary fervor of the magazine decreased after the arrest of Nazrul, and its circulation declined as a result. Publication became irregular, and completely stopped by March 1923.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Nawaz, Ali (2003). Banglapedia : national encyclopedia of Bangladesh (1. publ. ed.). Dhaka: Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. ISBN 9789843205766. Retrieved 19 March 2015.
  2. ^ Bhattacharya, Brigadier Samir (13 December 2013). Nothing But!: Book Two: The Long Road To Freedom. Partridge Publishing. p. 70. ISBN 1482814749.
  3. ^ Ghosh, Sutanuka (26 February 2009). "Priti Kumar Mitra: The Dissent of Nazrul Islam: Poetry and History. 330 pp. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2007. Rs. 695". Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies. 72 (01): 194. doi:10.1017/S0041977X09000299. ISBN 978-0-19-568398-1.
  4. ^ Majumdar, A.K. Basu (1993). Rabindranath Tagore : the poet of India (1. publ ed.). New Delhi, India: Indus Pub. pp. 93–94. ISBN 8185182922.
  5. ^ Chakrabarti, Kunal; Chakrabarti, Shubhra (2013). Historical dictionary of the Bengalis. p. 235. ISBN 0810880245.