Mount Diablo Thrust Fault
The Mount Diablo Thrust Fault, also known as the Mount Diablo Blind Thrust, is a thrust fault in the vicinity of Mount Diablo in Contra Costa County, California. The fault lies between the Calaveras Fault, the Greenville Fault, and the Concord Fault, all right-lateral strike-slip faults, and appear to transfer movement from the Calaveras and Greenville Faults to the Concord Fault, while continuing to uplift Mount Diablo.
The Pacific Plate is a major section of the Earth's crust, gradually expanding by the eruption of magma along the East Pacific Rise to the southeast. It is also being subducted far to the northwest into the Aleutian Trench under the North American Plate well north of San Francisco. In California, the plate borders the North American Plate along a transform boundary, the San Andreas Fault. The westward component of the North American Plate's motion and the irregularity of the San Andreas Fault results in some compressive force along the San Andreas and its associated faults, thus helping lift the Coast Ranges. The Mount Diablo Thrust Fault and the Great Valley Blind Thrust faults are consequences of this compression.
Movement along the Mount Diablo Thrust Fault includes crustal shortening of about 2.6 mm and uplift of about 1 mm per year.
Compressive stresses are produced by offset and converging slip-strike motions between the Calaveras Fault and the Clayton-Marsh Creek-Greenville Fault which manifest in the Mount Diablo Thrust Fault.
The Mount Diablo Thrust Fault is approximately 25 km long, and dips at an angle of 38 degrees to the northeast. The Mount Diablo Thrust Fault is capable of generating an earthquake of magnitude MW=6.7. The predicted rupture surface begins 8 km below the surface, and there is thus no surface expression of the fault, and a low likelihood of surface rupture in the event of a large earthquake on the fault. No large historic earthquakes are known to have occurred on the Mount Diablo Thrust Fault. The recurrence interval for large earthquakes along the fault is predicted to be about 400 years.
- Sawyer, Thomas L. (April 2015). "Characterizing rates of contractional deformation on the Mt. Diablo thrust fault, eastern San Francisco Bay region, northern California" (pdf). U.S. Geological Survey, National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program. doi:10.13140/RG.2.1.2223.0567. Retrieved January 8, 2016.
- "The 1906 San Francisco Earthquake, 100 Years Later". Online NewsHour, The Science Reports. PBS.org. March 20, 2006. Archived from the original on November 2, 2012.
- "2002 CALIFORNIA FAULT PARAMETERS – San Francisco Bay Region". California Geological Survey. 2003. Retrieved 2010-01-05.
- Working Group On California Earthquake Probabilities (May 31, 2003). "Earthquake Probabilities in the San Francisco Bay Region: 2002–2031". Open File Report 03-214. U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved 2010-01-05.